The US has recently scrapped its plan to produce DDG1000 destroyers as the mainstay of its navy because DDG1000 is not significantly superior to China’s Type 052D.
DDG1000 is advanced mainly in its vertical launch system (VLS) and radar. However, when China’s first Type 052D was commissioned on March 21, 2014, its more details have been revealed to show its VSL is by no means inferior to DDG1000’s.
A launch tube in 052D’s VLS can launch and control 4 different kinds of missiles, including air-defense, anti-ship, anti-submarine and ship-to-ground missiles of different sizes. The maximum diameter of the missile is 850 mm, bigger than DDG1000’s MK41 VLS.
Unlike US VLS only capable of hot launch or Russian VLS, cold launch, 052D’s VLS tubes are capable of both cold and hot launches of missiles and they also have CCL devices so that the smoke in hot launching of a missile is discharged through a concentric tube.
There are separate launch control electronic equipment for the control of each missile launched to simplify the procedures of control so that there are no longer the complicated control procedures of multi-layer transmission of information and orders.
The new type active phased array radar used on 052D now has a liquid cooling system instead of the air cooling system in Type 346 phased array radar on 052C that has a curved case to increase the area of contact for cooling. In the new radar, liquid goes through the antenna for cooling. As a liquid cooling system has bigger cooling capacity and the contact area is bigger in the antenna array, the new radar must have greater power and better sustained performance.
Due to the above-mentioned advanced equipment and functions, a DDG1000 is better than 052D only in bigger displacement and 26 more launch tubes. However, China is designing 12,000-ton Type 055 destroyer bigger than DDG1000. When 055 is commissioned, DDG1000 will be inferior. Therefore the US has to scrap its DDG1000 plan and decides to produce 10 Virginia class submarines and spent $11.4 billion to produce unmanned long-range bombers to deal with China’s new destroyers.
In the past, the US always believed that it always had the newest ideas in weapon development, but now it seems to be China’s turn.
The most serious problem is that the US remains outdated in sticking to its Air-Sea Battle strategy while for a decade, China has adopted the space-era strategy for the development of integrated space and air capabilities.
Source: huanqiu.com “Preeminant new VLS makes China’s Type 052D destroyer rival to US DDG1000” and “Exposure of 052D destroyer’s mystic radar with overall performance better than existing one in US navy” (summary by Chan Kai Yee based on the reports in Chinese)
- Better Hypersonic Glide Vehicle Makes China Leader of Weapon Development dated June 1, 2014
- China challenging U.S. military technological edge: Pentagon official dated January 29, 2014
- China’s 12 Advanced Weapons to Be Turned out or Developed in 2014 dated January 24, 2014
- China Tests Mach 10 Hypersonic Weapon: US media dated January 14, 2014
- Arms Race between China and America dated March 5, 2012
China drew great interest when it smoothly commissioned its first Type 052D Destroyer the Kunming, the newest type of China’s Aegis destroyer, on March 21, 2014. Recently a web user posted the above photos on the Internet of three 052Ds being installed alongside at a certain Chinese shipyard. It has been known that China has already built 4 such destroyers.
Obviously China is building such destroyers vigorously to expand its navy.
There is in addition a fourth 052D. A photo has been taken before it would soon to be launched at the shipyard.
Recently a set of photos have appeared at Military Forum website that indicate imminent launch of China’s 10th Aegis destroyer.
Japan plans to build 4 Aegis destroyers, but China will build twice or thrice more similar or even better destroyers in the same period. China has begun series production 052D Aegis destroyer and will soon begin production of more advanced 055 destroyer with displacement exceeding 10,000 tons.
052D destroyer is equipped with new-type 64-cell VLS (vertical launch system) and a large active phased array radar. The VLS can launch various kinds of missiles the destroyer is armed with including DH-10 and CJ cruise missiles, HQ-9B long-range air defense missiles and YJ-18 anti-ship missiles. China is one of the three countries in the world that have mastery of the technology to launch anti-ship missiles from their VLS.
The destroyer has all kinds of battle systems including air-defense missile system, anti-ship missile system, anti-submarine system, anti-sonar system, electronic battle system, warning system, major gun system, close-range anti-missile system, navigation system and auxiliary systems.
Its advanced C41 combat command system is in charge of all the detection and monitor systems and control all its weapons and helicopter. It collects all the data and audio and video information it has detected and monitored, merges them to make synthetic analysis of them to make judgment of the tactical situation and thus help commanders in making their decisions. It can automatically or manually give combat orders to organize the destroyer’s weapons in combat.
The data and information it has collected will be transmitted to the command center above the destroyer for coordination in the battle with other warships in the fleet. The combat command system can also receive the coordinated plan from the command center to coordinate with other warships of the fleet in the attack.
The destroyer has 004B 3-cell torpedo launch devises on both sides that can launch Torpedo-7A, 7B and 7C and other torpedoes from one cell or all cells simultaneously.
It has especially strong anti-submarine capability due to its good sonar system and Torpedo-8 rocket boosting torpedoes specially designed to kill conventional and nuclear submarines.
Its single barreled 70 caliber, 130 mm gun is a new development with longer range and higher firing speed.
Source: huanqiu.com “The tenth Aegis destroyer launched imminently, China’s navy development superior to Japan’s” (summary by Chan Kai Yee based on the report in Chinese)
There are 30 photos in the report but only one is posted here. All be photos can be seen at http://mil.huanqiu.com/mlitaryvision/2013-11/2717308.html
- Photos of China’s Newest 052D Destroyer with Clear View of Its Fore and Back VLSs dated October 7, 2013
- China Is Building Lots of 052D Aegis Missile Destroyers dated July 24, 2013
- Photos of Chinese Aegis Destroyer (052D Destroyer) dated December 30, 2012
- 052D, China’s New ‘Aegis’ Destroyer for Its Aircraft Carrier Fleet dated October 27, 2012
Web users have recently taken 12 clear pictures of a China’s newest Type 052DPhotos of China’s Newest 052D Destroyer with Clear View of Its
Fore and Back VLSs destroyer at a certain military port. From the photographs, we can clearly see the two vertical launch systems on the worship.
Source: huanqiu.com “Photos clearly show the VLSs at fore and back decks of” (Translated from Chinese by Chan Kai Yee)
I give only one photo here. Those who want to see all the 12 photos, please visit the website http://mil.huanqiu.com/photo_china/2013-10/2711680.html
In its recent report, mil.huanqiu.com quotes foreign media as saying that a third Type-052D missile destroyer has been launched. 052D is China’s new generation of Aegis destroyer. Together with the existing three 052C and two 052D Aegis destroyers, China now has 6 Aegis destroyers.
As China has to build more such destroyers for the establishment of a carrier combat group for the Liaoning aircraft carrier, China is now building four 052D and two 052C destroyers and plans to build one 12000-ton 055 large destroyer before 2014 and six 052D destroyers before 2016. In addition, 15 more may be built in the future.
That is indeed the most ambitious navy expansion.
- China To Begin Building 12,000-ton 055 Large Missile Destroyer This Year dated January 26, 2013
- Photos of Chinese Aegis Destroyer (052D Destroyer) dated December 30, 2012
- 052D, China’s New ‘Aegis’ Destroyer for Its Aircraft Carrier Fleet dated October 27, 2012
- China: Photos of Newest Destroyers Being Built in One Shanghai Shipyard dated April 16, 2012
Source: mil.huanqiu.com “New 052D destroyer launched: the Liaoning will not fight battles alone” (translated from Chinese by Chan Kai Yee)
SCMP’s report entitled “As China’s navy grows, end of Deng’s dictum of keeping a low profile?” says, “Obama’s re-election means he can continue the strategic shift towards the Asia-Pacific region that started during his first term, which will see 60 per cent of US warships move to the region by the end of the decade. That’s a plan Beijing believes is intended to contain a rising China. It’s a plan that will lead to two maritime giants congesting a shrinking ocean.”
In my post “Arms Race between China and America” on March 5, 2012, I said, “Obama’s unprecedented participation in ASEAN summit meeting on November 11, 2011 and announcement of America’s return to Asia encouraged China’s neighbors to confront China in their border disputes with China.”
On Chinese TV screen, we saw how upset Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao looked after the summit when he told the press that the South China Sea disputes were not a topic of the summit, but since the disputes were talked at the summit, he had to say something.
That caused China to begin its arms race with the United States. It has since replaceed its late paramount leader Deng Xiaoping’s practice of taoguang yanghui, literally the practice of “keeping a low profile and hiding brightness”, with intensive publicizing of its weapon development.
I said in my post, “China has further stepped up its military buildup since then. It conducted two further tests of its aircraft carrier, launched its third 071 landing platform dock (LPD) in September 2011 and a fourth during the Chinese Lunar New Year Festival in early 2012. The Festival is the most important holiday for Chinese people and normally, nobody worked on the holiday. (071 LPD is a 20,000-ton amphibious transport dock similar to the US-built San Antonio-class LPD).
“In addition, China put its own satellite GPS system into trial operation and declared its plan to launch 6 more satellites in 2012 to improve the system. Guided by this system, China’s missiles and bombs will be much more accurate.”
The 6 satellites have indeed been launched and the system is now in operation to cover the Asian-Pacific region.
Cary Huang who wrote the SCMP report, thinks that like Theodore Roosevelt and Kaiser Wilhelm, Chinese leaders seem to be influenced by the key message in American historian Alfred Thayer Mahan’s weighty work “The Influence of Sea Power on History, 1660-1783” that “sea power is the means to ensuring commercial, political and military access to vital regions”.
For Cary Huang, that was why “Delivering his keynote policy speech at the 18th party congress held in Beijing in November, Hu (Jintao) for the first time declared China’s ambition to ‘build itself into a maritime power’.”
In fact, Hu’s moderate description “a maritime power” was only for the outside world in order not to make outsiders feel threatened.
For insiders, according to an annual report of the State Oceanic Administration (SOA), China’s State Council made a decision in 2003 that China shall become a maritime superpower.
If the US wants to remain the only superpower in the world, Huang is perhaps correct to say that China’s plan “will lead to two maritime giants congesting a shrinking ocean.”
However, Huang also mentions in his article, “becoming a ‘maritime power’ is the ‘Chinese dream’ – the way to end what has been called a ‘century of humiliation’ at the hands of foreign powers.”
If that is the Chinese dream, China’s development of its navy is defensive. I do not see any of America’s intention to bully China and believe that Obama’s strategic shift towards the Asia-Pacific region is also defensive because the US fears that China’s rise will perhaps constitute a threat to it. Therefore, I believe there will not be conflicts between the two giants even if China has become a maritime superpower unless the US is so stupid as to join Japan in fighting against China for some small uninhabited isles.
Even China or Japan shall not be so foolish as to start a war for those isles in the first place.
Taking a hard-line position is one thing, but fighting a real war is another. Chinese and Japanese economies are closely related. A war between them will do lots of harm to their interests.
However, as the US says that the Isles are covered by the security treaty between it and Japan, China is making preparations to counter that.
Judging by China’s recent achievements in its weapon development, its focus has been on its air capability while navy ranks the second. We saw China’s successful development of J-15 carrier-based fighter, test flights of J-31 stealth fighter and J-18 VTOL stealth fighter and taxi test of Y-20 transport aircraft within quite a short period of time.
Moreover, Chinese media published repeated reports and commentaries and organized lecture tour on Luo Yang, the engineer in charge of J-15 fighter project who died on job on China’s aircraft carrier after the successful landing of J-15 on the carrier. They call on people to learn from Luo’s dedication to the country by developing aircrafts.
That clearly shows the tremendously great importance China attaches to its air force.
In Chinese media reports, it is often mentioned that the US relies on its air force in war and that if China has made its air force stronger and more advanced than the US, the US will have nothing to rely upon.
Compared with air force, navy development is a little slower. China’s first two 052D Aegis destroyer were launched respectively in August and December, 2012 and there have to be two more for its first aircraft carrier to form an aircraft carrier battle group.
Chinese strategists hold that China has to develop a strong navy to protect its trade lifeline, but there is no urgent need for that as the US is now maintaining proper order in the sea satisfactorily.
I believe China will build its nuclear aircraft carriers gradually one by one and it will take two decades for China to become a maritime superpower comparable with the United States.
However, China’s navy may become much stronger than Japan’s soon. As China and Japan have the same trade lifeline. Japan may be in great trouble if the navy China has developed to protect China’s lifeline cut Japan’s lifeline.
Due to historical enmity caused by Japanese invasion of China and the maritime territorial dispute over the Diaoyu (Senkaku) Islands, the growth of Chinese navy may become a threat to Japan if Sino-Japanese relations sour.
For SCMP’s report, please visit SCMP website at:
Five photos of 052D destroyer are posted at bbs.huanqiu.com
052D destroyer is China’s most advanced new destroyer with Next generation shipborne AESA radar comparable to US Arleigh Burke class destroyer.
Four of them are being built in Shanghai while two of the four were respectively launched in August and December, 2012.
Tonnage: 7,500-8,000 tons fully loaded.
Length: 160 m
Beam: 18 m
Draught: 6.5 m
Propulsion: CODOG. Two QC-280 gas turbine engine, each generate 28MW of power, and two diesel engine each generate 6 MW of power.
Speed: 30 knots.
Sensors and processing systems: Next generation shipborne AESA radar
Type 517M L band long range radar 
1 x PJ-38 130mm gun
64 VLS for FL-3000N and Haihonqi-9 surface to air missiles, cruise missiles, anti submarine missiles, anti ship missiles, some of which can be quad packed
30 mm remote controlled gun
Type 730 CIWS
6 324mm torpedo tubes
4 x 18-tube decoy rocket launcher
Helicopter landing platform
According to various Chinese internet sources Type 052D is equipped with a newest Chinese data link which has just completed national certification in Jun 2012 and publicized by the end of year. The data link is designated as JSIDLS (Joint Service Integrated Data Link System) and regarded as the Chinese equivalent of Link 16. It won a national award after completion.
Chinese military, diplomatic, and media circles claim that the Type 052D is Chinese Aegis. In the West, the Aegis system is a distinct, ‘brand-name’ phased-array system which allows multiple Aegis-capable warships to share tracking and targeting data. So far, there is no information whether “Chinese Aegis” has such functions.
Sources: bbs.huanqiu.com, chinatimes.com, china.com
A set of six pictures of 052D are published at mil.huanqiu.com with the following detailed description:
People at home and abroad pay great attention to 052C type missile destroyers nicknamed “China’s Aegis” since they were commissioned. We have learnt that China’s new-type 052D destroyer is more advanced than all the existing ones in size, superior stealth and information technology.
According to a report by China Youth Daily, the development period from its experimental to successful construction is one fifth shorter than that for 052C. In addition to satisfying the requirements for seaworthiness and cruising radius in the design of the hull of the vessel, new stealth technology is adopted to further reduce the area of radar reflection to achieve superior stealth.
Moreover, the improved active phased array radar and vertical launching system enable it to discover and track more targets and deploy more missiles of greater varieties. It is armed with new-type air missiles, cruise missiles, anti-submarine missiles, anti-ship missiles, torpedoes, etc. and has more anti-submarine helicopters. As a result, its comprehensive combat strength has increased several times and is better suitable for blue sea battle.
According to US media reports not long ago, 052D destroyer with a tonnage of 6,000 tons marks a new stage in the PLA navy’s prolonged period of experimentation with different destroyers. According to the media, If China fielded 10-15 advanced destroyers like the Type 052D, it would, holding other numbers constant, become the second-largest surface combat force in the Asia-Pacific region after the U.S. Navy.
Captions of the six photos:
For all photos: Newest published photo of 052D destroyer. Foreign media guess that more than 10 of them will be built.
1. Identical to the second paragraph above (Source of photo: HSH Forum)
2. Identical to the third and fourth paragraphs above (Source of photo: HSH Forum)
3. According to an article at Wall Street Journal website on October 8 entitled “New Destroyer a Significant Development for Chinese Sea Power”, Now that the People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) has commissioned its first aircraft carrier and may be looking to assemble one or more carrier groups over time, what about the rest of the fleet?
One development that carries broad implications for the enhancement of Chinese sea power is the recent launch of the first editions of the new 6,000-ton Type 052D destroyer, which marks a new stage in the PLAN’s prolonged period of experimentation with different destroyers.
4. The Type 052D represents an evolution of the existing Type 052C Luyang II-class destroyer. The latter are now in mass production, with 8 hulls in service, the first commissioned in 2004. At least six 052Cs have been launched since the end of 2010, according to Chinese media reports, of which two are reportedly in service at present. Beijing appears to have decided that the Type 052 series, a rough analog of the Arleigh Burke-class destroyers that form the backbone of the U.S. Navy, is the (Source of photo: HSH Forum)
5. If China fielded 10-15 advanced destroyers like the Type 052D, it would, holding other numbers constant, become the second-largest surface combat force in the Asia-Pacific region after the U.S. Navy. Given the rapid ramp-up of Type 052C production in the past several years, we think the prospect of similar mass production of the Type 052D is quite possible. (Source of photo: HSH Forum)
6. The Type 052D’s emergence suggests that China’s naval shipbuilding capability is maturing further, with China State Shipbuilding Corporation (CSSC)’s new shipyard in Shanghai becoming a capable facility for constructing modern surface combatants. It offers further evidence that China can produce warships quickly using modular construction techniques and perhaps other advantages such as lower cost labor than its competitors can access.
This shows that at least three different Chinese shipyards are now able to mass produce advanced surface combatants, which demonstrates that China’s military shipbuilding institutions are clearly becoming “learning organizations.”
The 052D differs significantly from its predecessor the Type 052C in several important ways. It has a completely different type of vertical launch system (“VLS”), with missile canisters instead of what look like revolvers; a different gun system; and what appear to be bigger phased-array radar faces. The VLS system is potentially the biggest development.
Meanwhile, China’s long-established cruise missile industry is producing a wide range of extremely capable anti-ship cruise missiles (ASCMs). China’s record to date of developing advanced ASCMs gives every reason to believe that new variants of even greater capability will continue to emerge and be outfitted on PLAN vessels like the Type 052D.
The Type 052D appears to be a very modern warship that, with continued improvements in China’s maritime surveillance and targeting infrastructure and more intensive training of crews, can help make the PLA Navy even more formidable throughout the Asia-Pacific region. Regional neighbors such as the Philippines, Vietnam, Japan and South Korea are likely to respond by augmenting their own navies and reaffirming diplomatic and security ties with the U.S. (Writers: Gabe Collins and Andrew Erickson) (Source of photo: HSH Forum)
The photos can be found at: