Photo of China’s ‘Apache’ Carrying 4 Missiles on One Side

WZ-10 with 4 missiles being loaded on one side

WZ-10 with 4 missiles being loaded on one side

Recently, a photo of China’s new WZ-10 attack helicopter being loaded with missiles was posted on the internet. According to a comprehensive report by the website, the helicopter was seen on one side being installed with an auxiliary fuel tank and four anti-missile missiles. The website has leant that the missiles were AKD-10 anti-tank missiles that China has newly developed for its attack helicopter as an air to surface attack missile. According to analysts, AKD-10 missile is a powerful missile able to quickly identify and automatically track its target and hit it with an accuracy of 3 meters. It is able to catch its target 3,000 meters away and has a range exceeding 5,000 meters.

According to previous report by, WZ-10 is better than US AH-64D Apache. However, foreign media has questioned WZ-10’s loading capacity and believed that due to restriction of the power of its engine, it cannot carry more than 4 anti-tank missiles. However, the website says that judging by the photos and information gradually revealed, a WZ-10 military helicopter is entirely able to carry 8 anti-tank missiles for its task. There shall be no doubt about the loading capacity of that type of new military helicopter.

The above-mentioned photo is accompanied by 15 other photos of the helicopters in the report. However, no Z-10 in those photos is seen to be carrying 8 missiles.

For all the 16 photos, please visit at:

In my post “China’s Aviation Industry’s Serious Bottleneck: Lack of Powerful Engine” on December 15, 2012, I quoted as saying: the prototype of China WZ-10 attack helicopter uses 1,300KW Canadian PT-6B engine, but due to US influence, Canada refuses to sell any more PT-6B engine. To give full play to Z-10’s designed capability especially in carrying enough fuel and weapons, it shall be powered by an engine exceeding 1,200KW, but China can only produce an engine of 1,000KW.

As there has been no news that China has developed an engine with enough power, it has to be satisfied with the inadequate carrying capacity of Z-10 until more powerful China-made engine is available.


Related post:

China’s Aviation Industry’s Serious Bottleneck: Lack of Powerful Engine dated December 5, 2012


China’s WZ-10 Armed Helicopter Better than US AH-64D Apache dated November 18 at


Chinese transport ‘workhorses’ extending military’s reach

China is expanding its long-neglected fleet of supply ships and heavy-lift aircraft, bolstering its military prowess in support of missions to enforce claims over disputed territory and to defend Chinese interests abroad.

These transport workhorses are unlikely to arouse the same regional unease as the steady rollout of high performance fighters, long-range missiles or potent warships, but they are a crucial element of the People’s Liberation Army’s (PLA) three-decade military build-up, defense analysts say.

Over time, the air and sea support will give the world’s second-largest navy greater geographical reach and will enhance the PLA’s capacity to assist troops on distant battlefields, potentially including Taiwan if Beijing were to launch a military assault to take control of the self-governing island.

China’s state-owned shipyards last year launched two 23,000-tonne type 903 replenishment ships, according to reports and photographs published on Chinese military affairs websites and blogs, with further orders in the pipeline.

Defense analysts say the state-of-the-art ships are undergoing sea trials and should be commissioned into the Chinese navy later this year.

China also confirmed last month that the PLA had conducted the first test flight of its Y-20 heavy lift aircraft from the Yanliang airbase near Xi’an in ShaanxiProvince.

State-run television showed footage of the four-engine Y-20, the biggest aircraft built in China, taking off and landing. The Y-20, built by AVIC Xi’an Aircraft Industry (Group) Co Ltd, would have a 66-tonne payload, according to official media reports.


The impending delivery of these support ships and aircraft is further evidence China intends to become a more ambitious global military power in a decisive break with its traditional security priorities of expanding or defending its extensive land borders.

“They are beginning to develop their capacity for power projection, there is no question about that,” says Li Nan, an expert on the Chinese military and a professor at the U.S. Naval War College in Newport, Rhode Island.

Steep increases in military outlays over three decades have allowed China to build an advanced navy that now ranks second to the United States fleet in terms of raw numbers.

The Chinese navy now has about 80 major surface warships including its first aircraft carrier, the Liaoning. It also deploys more than 50 submarines, about 50 landing ships and more than 80 missile attack boats, according to Pentagon estimates of PLA military strength.

However, construction of support and replenishment vessels in Chinese shipyards has lagged far behind the output of combatants.

China has only five major supply ships to support a fleet that is conducting increasingly intense patrolling and exercises around disputed territory in the South China Sea and East China Sea.

These vessels are also called upon to support the Chinese navy on a growing number of deployments far into the Indian and Pacific oceans.

By comparison, the U.S. navy has 34 big replenishment ships to support about 140 major surface warships, according to Pentagon figures.

The Chinese navy’s extended missions include regular deployments of naval task forces to the Gulf of Aden and waters off the horn of Africa as part of United Nations authorized anti-piracy operations.


These operations have stretched the logistics capacity of the China’s navy with its three most capable supply ships on almost permanent duty, according to details of the deployments announced by the Chinese military.

However, these deployments have provided an opportunity for the ships and crews to practice and refine the ongoing resupply of warships, highly skilled maneuvers that are essential to keeping warships at sea for long periods, naval experts say.

China’s defense ministry said that the frigate Mianyang, destroyer Harbin and the supply ship Weishanhu sailed on February 16 from Qingdao on the 14th of these anti-piracy deployments.

While extra supply ships will extend the range and endurance of Chinese fleets, Beijing’s strategic objectives still remain relatively limited outside the nearby seas where it is locked in territorial disputes with some of its neighbors.

“They are focusing on securing sea lanes, counter piracy and evacuating Chinese nationals in times of crisis,” says Li.

China’s expanding military transport capability is unlikely to have an immediate impact on its tense standoff with Japan over disputed islands in the East China Sea that are close to logistics bases on the Chinese mainland, naval analysts say.

“Support ships will not change the nature of operations in the East China Sea but will have an impact on the ability of the Chinese navy to conduct operations at sea, if the support ships are used to grow its professionalism and seamanship,” says Alessio Patalano, a Japanese military expert at King’s College in London.


For China’s top brass, the first test flight of the Y-20 was an important milestone as the PLA continues its transformation from a predominantly mass, ground army to a leaner, more mobile force.

“These aircraft are vital if you need to move a lot of people and a lot of equipment some place very, very fast,” says Reuben Johnson, a Kiev-based military analyst and correspondent for Jane’s Information Group, who has studied the Y-20 program.

Reports in the official Chinese media said the Y-20 could land and take off from restricted airstrips and had the capacity to carry most PLA combat and support vehicles.

Chinese military planners have drawn lessons from the importance of heavy-lift aircraft in recent U.S. and other Western military operations where the capacity to shift troops and supplies to distant battlefields or trouble spots has delivered an overwhelming advantage, military analysts say.

The U.S. military has a fleet of more than 300 heavy lift Galaxy and Globemaster aircraft in service along with more than 400 smaller-capacity transport aircraft.

Many of these aircraft can operate from short, uneven landing strips in remote and rugged terrain.

The PLA’s air-lift capacity is much smaller. It currently operates about 20 Russian-built Il-76 transport aircraft. The Il-76 has a 50-tonne payload compared with the Globemaster’s 77 tonnes and 118 tonnes for the Galaxy.

Additional Il-76 aircraft are reportedly on order from Russia but production bottlenecks are holding up deliveries, according to Russian military experts.

If China can introduce a sizeable fleet of Y-20 aircraft over the next decade, it will sharply enhance the PLA’s capacity to land troops and equipment on distant battlefields.

Military experts say this capability would be particularly important in an invasion of Taiwan should Beijing decide to use force to establish control there.

Some analysts predict the Chinese military will order hundreds of Y-20s benefiting the group’s listed unit, AVIC Aircraft Co Ltd, in coming decades if the aircraft can deliver acceptable performance.

They expect the PLA will also use the Y-20 as the basic airframe for its proposed fleet of in-flight refueling tankers and airborne early warning aircraft.

Source: Reuters “Chinese transport “workhorses” extending military’s reach”

Development of China-made Engine for Y-20 Close to Success


Photo posted on internet of the turbofan engine with big bypass ratio called “WS-20”

Photo posted on internet of the turbofan engine with big bypass ratio called “WS-20”

Photo of the metal real-size model of China-made turbofan engine with big bypass ratio displayed at Airshow China 2012

Photo of the metal real-size model of China-made turbofan engine with big bypass ratio displayed at Airshow China 2012

The successive maiden flight of Y-20 was indeed exciting news for Chinese people, however people shall be aware that the development of a large transport aircraft is very difficult and will take a lot of time. China cannot rely on import for the development of its air force as neither the US nor Russia is willing to sell their most advanced large transport aircrafts to China. Y-20 is better than Russian Il-76 in various indexes, but still faces many challenges

Major General Qiao Liang of Chinese air force was very excited at the successful maiden flight of Y-2 as he has the experience of flying on various Chinese transport aircrafts during his 40 years of career in the air force. He said none of the China-made Y-8 and Y7H or the Il-76 imported from Russia is enough for the development of Chinese air force.

In spite of rooms for improvement, the successful maiden flight of Y-20 was a stride in China’s efforts to enter the “elite aviation club” in the world.

Qiao said that the most challenging parts in developing an aircraft are the wings, alloy/synthetic material and engine.

Wings are one of the key parts which few top enterprises contract the development to outside contractor. Still the Aviation Industry Corporation of China seeks Ukrainian Antonov’s help in developing the wings of its ARJ-21 (jet).

The development of alloy is a very demanding job. Russia has invested huge resources in it. China seems to still lack knowledge in that area.

Finally, engine remains the weakest area of China’s aircraft industry, in fact, a bottleneck in China’s aircraft development.

For a military transport aircraft, turbofan has been proved the best choice of engines due to its low consumption of fuel.

Li Jie, research fellow of China Naval Military Studies Research Institute, told media that like other aircraft projects, Y-20 project faces the same difficult problem–engine. However, if China is able to resolve that problem, its capability to send troops to the battle field and relief materials to disaster-affected areas will be greatly enhanced.

“The cycle of engine development is 5 to 6 or even more years longer than that of fuselage development. Engine development has always been a bottleneck in China’s aircraft industry. There is Western technology blockage in that area against China,” said Qiao Liang.

Y-20 is now equipped with 4 Russian D-30 engines, but their thrust is not big enough. However, Qiao said China is developing China-made engines for Y-20 and close to success. In the future, Y-20 may carry 10 tons more load with such engines.


China: Restructuring of Government, a Further sign of Reform

Restructuring plan is to be formally adopted by NPC in two weeks along with leadership transition, but changes are not expected to be radical

The Politburo yesterday endorsed a draft of a State Council restructuring plan that will be tabled for approval in the National People’s Congress in two weeks’ time.

The draft proposes reform and the reassignment of duties of various organisations under the State Council. Xinhua quoted the Politburo as saying the restructuring was a priority, as it was crucial for administrative reform.

However, the statement also hinted that the restructuring would not be radical.

Xinhua gave no details of the restructuring, but a report by mainland magazine Caijing yesterday cited anonymous sources as saying the Ministry of Civil Affairs and the State Oceanic Administration would be expanded and given more responsibilities.

Monitoring food safety, which is now taken up by several departments, would also be reorganised, Caijing said.

The meeting, chaired by Communist Party general secretary Xi Jinping, who will be formally named state president at the NPC meeting, also endorsed nominations to key government leadership posts, Xinhua reported. The list will be endorsed by the NPC as a formality.

The NPC will announce who will fill top posts including those of president, vice-president, premier and vice-premiers, as well as chairmen for the NPC and Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC).

The appointments will mark the completion of the power transition from the fourth generation led by President Hu Jintao and Premier Wen Jiabao to the fifth-generation leaders led by Xi and Li Keqiang, who will be named premier. Top party posts were already transferred to the new generation of leaders at the 18th party congress in November.

The 25-strong Politburo also announced that the second meeting of the party’s Central Committee would be held from this Tuesday to Thursday. It would make final preparations for the NPC before its opening on March 5, Xinhua said. The CPPCC will be held largely concurrently and begin on March 3.

There has been speculation that the giant Ministry of Railways may be merged into the Ministry of Transport, while a mega Ministry of Culture may be created by amalgamating the General Administration of Press and Publication with the State Administration of Radio, Film and Television. However, the Caijing report said the latter was not likely. It also said there would be no major change of duties for the National Development and Reform Commission, despite earlier speculation.

Xinhua said the Politburo also reviewed the annual government report to be tabled for discussion at the NPC.

Source: SCMP “Politburo endorses draft restructuring plan”

China: Obvious Sign of Further Economic Liberalization

Reuters says that delaying Zhou Xiaochuan’s retirement aims at further economic reform.

China’s readiness to bend retirement rules to keep arch-reformer Zhou Xiaochuan at the helm of the central bank signals clearly that new Communist Party chiefs want to speed economic reform in the country’s most critical development phase in three decades.

Central bank insiders interviewed by Reuters say the People’s Bank of China (PBOC) is the country’s most potent force for reform in the face of powerful vested interests, echoing sources with leadership ties who last week said Zhou would keep his job despite reaching the mandatory retirement age of 65.

Keeping Zhou ensures that the PBOC will remain a trusted instrument through which China’s leaders can enact financial reforms designed to boost free markets and private enterprise, rebalance the economy, reinvigorate growth and ultimately heal a socially divisive rift between the country’s rich and poor.

“Governor Zhou has been rather bold in spearheading market reforms and sometimes does not care about the possible repercussions,” said a PBOC official who requested anonymity due to the sensitivity of the matter. “They really need someone who can sustain the reform momentum.”

The reform agenda espoused by Party leaders Xi Jinping and Li Keqiang is not always popular with the local government officials, state-backed business and cosseted national lenders who would find their power bases fundamentally weakened.

Liberalizing interest rates, for example, would hit fat lending margins at state banks.

Expanding capital markets would end subsidized access to funds for state-owned enterprises and cut private sector finance costs while creating investment options beyond real estate — cooling the property speculation that lays at the heart of local government corruption and debt risks.

The PBOC has a track record of getting the job done in the face of entrenched opposition.

It has modernized domestic bond and money markets, laid the groundwork for short-term market instruments to manage bank liquidity and credit, while simultaneously creating mechanisms that allow the PBOC to resist pressure from growth-obsessed local officials to constantly tweak interest rates.

Indeed, the last 12 months have produced the most important package of interest rate, currency and capital market reforms since the landmark July 2005 break of the yuan’s peg to the dollar — and all in a year when political change at the top of the Party was supposed to stall change elsewhere.

That’s despite a clear clash with the China Banking Regulatory Commission on the liberalization of interest rates.

“Big banks were definitely against interest rate reform, but they could not openly oppose it,” Zhao Qingming, senior economist at China Construction Bank, one of the so-called “Big Four” state banks.

When the PBOC proposed doubling the yuan’s trading band to 1 percent last year, it worked hard to soothe fears of the Commerce Ministry that it would not harm the export sector, according to sources familiar with the situation.

“We were persuaded that further sharp appreciation was very unlikely,” said a senior researcher with the Ministry.

Arguably it was Zhou’s 2005 success in engineering a break of the yuan’s dollar peg in the face of staunch opposition from the Commerce Ministry that most clearly states his credentials.


Yu Yongding, a respected economist and leading advocate of major currency reform, recalls the wrangling required to make the decision on a PBOC monetary policy committee stacked with senior officials from a variety of government departments.

Yu, an economist at the top government think-tank, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS), sat on the policy panel from 2004 to 2006, as the PBOC went head-to-head with critics of revaluation who complained that exporters could not withstand any rise in the value of the yuan.

“Their views had to reflect the stance of their respective departments,” Yu told Reuters, recalling the logjam as pro-export officials railed against the suggestion of some other committee members of a revaluation of as much as 10 percent.

Yu says Zhou’s pragmatic approach defused the row, agreeing to a small initial rise of 2.1 percent in the yuan’s value against the dollar, while forging a top-level consensus on the incremental annual pace of currency strengthening that has seen it gain around 33 percent in nominal terms since.

Despite the stronger yuan, China has become the world’s single biggest exporting economy while its companies have been forced to make productivity and quality improvements to stay competitive.

Xi and Li, due to take over in March as President and Premier, respectively, need to engineer an even more widespread move up the value chain to deliver enough growth to support China’s next stage of economic development — and the transfer of about 400 million people into cities from the countryside.

That’s no mean feat given the general conclusion that China’s export-oriented, state-driven economic model that delivered three decades of breakneck double-digit expansion, has reached the outer limits of its effectiveness.

Growth in the world’s second-biggest economy slowed in 2012 to a 13-year low, albeit at a 7.8 percent rate that is the envy of other major economies.

Many analysts believe China’s growth will be nearer 5 percent than 10 by the end of this decade without far-reaching economic reform — a worry for a government that has pledged to double household income over the coming decade in a bid to close a wealth gap so wide it threatens social stability.

About 13 percent of China’s 1.3 billion people still live on less than $1.25 per day according to the United Nations Development Programme and average urban disposable income is just 21,810 yuan ($3,500) a year.

Meanwhile China has 2.7 million dollar millionaires and 251 billionaires, according to the Hurun Report.


Using the PBOC as a catalyst for reforms is a smart move, provided the anticipated domino-effect works as expected and relatively straightforward liberalization efforts trigger more fundamental evolution in China’s economic structure.

The PBOC must make bank borrowing costs more market-driven to improve resource allocation and wean the economy off its reliance on state-led investment, analysts say.

But the financial system is dominated by big state-owned banks that channel the bulk of loans to state projects and state-owned enterprises, starving private enterprise of cash.

All of which conspires against the creation of additional investment options for Chinese households, lumbered mainly with low-yielding bank deposits that constrain consumption.

Optimists say that even if it doesn’t deliver entirely as anticipated, the PBOC is likely to be more effective in the short-term than trying more politically-charged reforms, such as China’s strict system of household registration, or Hukou.

A further advantage of using the PBOC as the instrument for change is that the most important decisions it disseminates are essentially edicts approved by the State Council – China’s cabinet – or by the Communist Party’s ruling Politburo.

Keeping a reform-oriented Zhou in the top PBOC job ensures the leadership is dealing with a like-mind.

“If we get someone who is tepid and does everything on an even keel, the reform process could be slowed,” said Xu Hongcai, a former PBOC staffer and now a senior economist at China Centre for International Economic Exchanges (CCIEE), a Beijing-based think-tank. “We must ensure policy continuity while injecting a new air into reforms.”

Source: Reuters “Analysis: China central bank takes lead in economic reform push”

China: Xi Jinping Stresses Promoting Rule of Law

Xinhua publishes today four reports on a seminar of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Political Bureau stressing the rule of law respectively titled “Xi stresses promoting rule of law”, “CPC should act according to law: Xi”, “Xi Jinping says all must act in conformity with Constitution, laws” and “Xi vows to ensure fairness, justice in every case”

Since Xi has stressed “Making empty talk is harmful to the nation, while doing practical jobs can help it thrive” and proved that he meant that in real actions, I believe a decade later, the rule of law will become relatively firmly established in China under Xi’s leadership.

The following are the full text of the four reports:

Xi stresses promoting rule of law

BEIJING, Feb. 24 (Xinhua) — Xi Jinping, general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee, has stressed promoting the rule of law in an all-around manner.

Xi called for scientific legislation, strict law enforcement, judicial justice and everyone in the country abiding by the law, while presiding on Saturday over a seminar of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee.

A socialist legal system with Chinese characteristics, with the Constitution as the “commander” has taken shape in the country, and on the whole, there are laws to follow in every respect of society, Xi noted.

“This is a significant achievement that we have scored,” he said.

Xi required that legislative planning be improved to highlight priorities and combine the making, amendment and annulment of laws.

The legislative mechanism and procedures should be enhanced, involving increased and orderly participation from the public and listening to the opinions of all parties, Xi said.

“In this way, the laws will accurately reflect the demands in socio-economic development and better coordinate interest-based relationships,” he added.

CPC should act according to law: Xi

BEIJING, Feb. 24 (Xinhua) — The Communist Party of China (CPC) organizations at all levels should act in accordance with the Constitution and laws, Xi Jinping, general secretary of the CPC Central Committee, has stressed.

As the ruling party, the CPC should insist on governing by law, which is of great significance to promoting the rule of law in an all-around way, Xi said while presiding on Saturday over a seminar of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee.

The leadership of the Party, people being masters of the country and the rule of law should be closely integrated, he added.

Leading cadres at various levels should take the lead in acting by law, and whether they can do it should be an important criterion that organizational departments at all levels use in evaluation, Xi said.

Xi Jinping says all must act in conformity with Constitution, laws

BEIJING, Feb. 24 (Xinhua) — Xi Jinping, general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee, said organizations and individuals must all act in conformity with the Constitution and the laws.

Presiding on Saturday over a seminar of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, Xi said that all citizens, social organizations and government agencies must exercise their rights or power, and fulfill their obligations in accordance with the Constitution and the laws.

He called for public education on laws, cultivation of rule-of-law spirit and the promotion of a social environment in which all people abide by law and settle their problems by legal means.

Furthermore, Xi said the rule of law and the rule of virtue must go hand in hand, and the rule of law must be better observed in social management.

Xi vows to ensure fairness, justice in every case

BEIJING, Feb. 24 (Xinhua) — Xi Jinping, general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee, has vowed to ensure fairness and justice for litigants in every judicial case.

Judicial organs at all levels should give priority to resolving deep problems that harm judicial justice and impede the enhancement of judicial capacity and make sure that litigants in every case can be treated with fairness and justice, Xi said while presiding over a seminar of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee on Saturday.

He urged judicial staff to uphold justice for the people, improve work style, and effectively resolve the issue of litigation that has long been a major difficulty for common people.

He stressed that more efforts should be made to provide legal assistance to people in straitened circumstances.

Xi called on judicial officials to keep in close touch with the public, improve judicial transparency, and live up to the people’s expectations for judicial fairness and transparency.

Judicial organs should be ensured of their rights in exercising authority independently and fairly in line with the law, he said.

Suicides by anti-corruption fighters in China highlight serious problems

SCMP says in its report today titled “Graft-fighters’ suicides linked to pressure of Xi’s corruption crackdown”, “A spate of recent suicides by local anti-graft and judiciary officials may be linked to a sweeping crackdown on corruption launched by new Communist Party boss Xi Jinping, analysts say.”

Before Xi Jinping’s blitz against corruption, the CCP (Chinese Communist Party) said a lot about the threat of corruption to its survival and had made lots of efforts against corruption, but corruption had grown from bad to worse because there had been no real battle against corruption.

Now, CCP has a new leader who has won the support of all powerful elders and who emphasizes “Making empty talk is harmful to the nation, while doing practical jobs can help it thrive.”

Xi’s thundering actions in closing all the black jails established by local governments to detain petitioners and informers and set free all the prisoners there has struck awe among corrupt officials.

No wonder, since then, there have been panic sales of properties bought with ill-gotten money, attempts of exodus of corrupt officials and businessmen and suicide of corrupt officials crushed by the pressure.

It proves that Xi is really doing practical jobs.

China’s rule of law and legal circles are but babies compared with Western ones. If China has to rely on its rule of law and legal circles to eliminate corruption, the CCP will collapse long before that and China will be in chaos. There will be no hope for the babies to grow up.

Xi shall have a Chinese way instead of waiting for decades for China’s rule of law and legal circles to mature. Xi has banned interception of petitioners to allow people to inform against corrupt officials, encouraged net users and the media to expose corruption and non-communist parties and people without party affiliation to criticize the CCP harshly. Those are really very effective ways.

However, as China is such a large country with a huge population, Xi needs quite a few talented assistants to help him do his jobs. Xi has proved himself a wise leader. He has to further prove that he has the talents to discover and employ talented scholars with moral integrity. In my book “Tiananmen’s Tremendous Achievements”, I describe the emergence of a generation of talented scholars with moral integrity; therefore, there is sufficient supply of such scholars. The key now is whether Xi is able to discover them, win their trust, use their talents and build bonds with them.

If he is competent in those areas, then one of the two formulae I have summed up from Chinese history will function:

Wise leader + talented scholars = superpower.

The following is the other parts of the full text of SCMP’s report:

Ke Jianguo, director of the anti-corruption bureau in Chongzhou, Sichuan jumped from his high-rise office at the city’s procuratorate headquarters last Sunday and was found dead at the scene.

There was no word on why he chose to end his life, but some reports, citing relatives, suggested he had been working under huge pressure and had been acting differently recently.

On the mainland, anti-corruption bureau chiefs at different levels of governments are invariably also deputy heads of local prosecution departments.

Ke’s suicide followed that of Qi Xiaolin, the deputy police chief in Guangzhou, who was found hanged on January 8, and Zhang Wanxiong, the deputy head of the Liangzhou District People’s Court in Wuwei, Gansu, who jumped to his death on January 11.

Dr James Sung Lap-kung, a City University political analyst, said the spate of suicides of law-enforcement officials was a side effect of the sweeping campaign targeting corrupt officials initiated by Xi after he succeeded Hu Jintao as party general secretary in November.

The new party leadership’s blitz saw dozens of local and provincial officials investigated or fired for corruption.

“Officials with the so-called political and legal affairs system at all levels have been put under immense work pressure, especially following Xi’s pledge to crack down on both ‘tigers’ and ‘flies’ in his graft-busting efforts,” Sung said.

Xi made the pledge at a meeting of the party’s top disciplinary officials in Beijing late last month, saying the crackdown would target both senior leaders and low-ranking bureaucrats in the government or the party.

Sung said it was no wonder that some graft-busting officials were depressed or suicidal. There has been widespread speculation online that some officials who committed suicide may have been the subject of anti-graft investigations.

In a system that lacks independent checks and balances, mainland graft-busters are often vulnerable to bribery, with some having been found to be notoriously corrupt.

Wang Huayuan, the top anti-corruption official in Guangdong and then Zhejiang between 1998 and 2009, was given a suspended death sentence in late 2010 for taking more than seven million yuan (HK$ 8.63 million) in bribes.

“Whatever the causes, the wave of suicides among law-enforcement officials may have just started,” Sung warned.

Source: SCMP “Graft-fighters’ suicides linked to pressure of Xi’s corruption crackdown”