China Moves to Isolate Philippines, Japan

China News

The Philippines and Japan’s charm offensives towards China appear to have failed as Beijing seeks to isolate both powers within the region.

In recent weeks both the Philippines and Japan have made a number of overtures to China aimed at mending strained bilateral ties. Just this week, for instance, the chief of staff of the Philippine military, Emmanuel Bautista, pledged that his country would continue its no-confrontation doctrine in the South China Sea, while also saying that it would consider allowing Chinese naval ships to use the Subic port.

“Many foreign ships visit our ports and we welcome them, that is part of military diplomacy,” Bautista told The South China Morning Post, referring to the People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN).

Equally notable, Filipino President Benigno Aquino III announced earlier this month that he was accepting an invitation from China to attend a one day business expo in Nanning. He was expected to…

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China Steps up the Space Race: Lunar Rover by End of the Year

China News

China will launch a lander and rover to the moon by the end of this year, officials announced Wednesday, part of an ambitious plan to return samples from the lunar surface by 2017 and send humans within the next decade.

China will send a rover to the moon by the end of the year, officials announced Wednesday. Though it was originally slated for September, officials are now planning to launch early December 2 local time (December 1 in the US).

“The Chang’e-3 mission makes best use of a plethora of innovative technology. It is an extremely difficult mission that carries great risk,” said Ma Xingrui, head of China’s space exploration body and chief commander of the lunar program.

Unlike early NASA rover missions to Mars, the Chang’e-3 rover won’t bounce or hang-glide its way to the surface (the latter wouldn’t work anyway, as the moon has virtually no atmosphere)…

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China: Severe Anti-corruption Storm on the Horizon

This is a section in Chapter 19 of the second edition of my book Tiananmen’s Tremendous Achievements.

When the hearing of Bo Xilai’s case was over, the chief judge said that a severe sentence should be given. The next day, People’s Daily published a commentary that advocates persistence in fighting against corruption according to legal thinking and in the manner of the rule of law.

If the rule of law is persistently implemented, the following provisions of Articles 383 and 386 of China’s Criminal Law shall be imposed:

Article 383 A crime of embezzlement shall, depending on the seriousness of the circumstance, be punished according to the following provisions:
1. If the amount embezzled is not less than 100,000 yuan, the punishment shall be fixed-term imprisonment of not less than ten years or life imprisonment and may concurrently be confiscation of property; and if the circumstance is especially serious, death penalty and concurrently confiscation of property.
2. If the amount embezzled is not less than 50,000 yuan, but less than 100,000 yuan, the punishment shall be fixed-term imprisonment of not less than five years and may concurrently be confiscation of property; and if the circumstance is especially serious, life imprisonment and concurrently confiscation of property.
3. If the amount embezzled is not less than 5,000 yuan, but less than 50,000 yuan, the punishment shall be fixed-term imprisonment of not less than one year and not more than seven years; and if the circumstance is serious, fixed-term imprisonment of not less than seven years and not more than ten years. If the amount embezzled is not less than 5,000 yuan and not more than 10,000 yuan may, and if, after committing the crime, there have been signs of repentance and the money embezzled has been returned of his own accord, the punishment may be a mitigated one with exemption from criminal punishment, and in such a case, the unit the criminal belongs or the competent superior department may impose administrative sanctions.
4. If the amount embezzled is not more than 5,000 yuan but the circumstance is relatively serious, the punishment shall be a fixed-term imprisonment of not more than two years or criminal detention; and if the circumstance is relatively minor, the unit that the criminal belongs or the competent superior department may impose administrative sanctions according to the circumstance.
More than one count of embezzlement shall be unpunished according to the accumulated amount embezzled.

Article 386 A crime of acceptance of bribes shall be punished, depending on the amount of bribes and the seriousness of the circumstances in accordance with the provisions of Article 383 of this Law. Crime of extorting bribery shall be punished severely.

In fact, verdicts have not been given so harshly in accordance with the Criminal Law. It is certainly due to the malpractice of officials shielding one another.

The day after the next day, CCP Politburo had a meeting that stressed investigating and dealing with the cases of CCP members’ violation of law or discipline severely to fully strike awe. In order to strike awe and persist in implementing the rule of law, harsh punishment must be imposed, especially to those who like Bo Xilai resort to sophistry in their own defense.

Corrupt officials, especially high officials like Bo Xilai, are shrewd. They certainly will not accept gains in person, but rely entirely on their relatives or protégés to do so for them. That has become quite a common pattern of corruption now. If Bo Xilai’s sophistry in shifting his corrupt crimes to his wife and child can free him from his liability, almost all corrupt officials will be immune. Then it will be utterly impossible to overcome corruption.

Previously in this book, I think that failure to conduct hearing of Bo Xilai’s case 10 months after Jiang Zemin decided to punish him harshly on September 28, 2012, was due to conservatives’ great resistance. Now, I see that Xi Jinping has delayed the hearing on purpose till the time he is going to launch the anti-corruption storm so that he can fully strike awe by severely punishing Bo Xilai.

The Legalist masterpiece Han Fei Tze teaches sovereigns to control their officials by awe, tricks and intrigues. Xi Jinping has precisely been doing so. First, he took blitz actions on December 4, 2012 to close all the black jails set up by local despots to strike awe among them. Then, he intensified the awe by prompt investigation and punishment of the corruption cases exposed by netizens and media. Soon afterwards, he launched the mass line education practice campaign to tell officials to examine themselves before the masses of the people and receive their criticism. By so doing, he will sweep away every bit of their prestige into the dust. When the campaign has gradually become effective, Xi Jinping conducted the hearing of Bo Xilai’s case and gave Bo the chance to mount his feisty defense. At the same time he has detained protesters who demanded for asset declaration by officials. He tried to make corrupt officials arrogant by so doing. This will intensify the awe that his announcement of severe punishment of Bo Xilai will give rise to.

I have analyzed Xi Jinping’s characters and believe he is a man of quick decision and quick action.

According to his wife, the well-known folk song star Peng Liyuan, forty minutes after Xi Jinping met her, he decided to court her. At that time, he had no idea that she was very rich and not even knew that she was the original singer of some of his favorite songs. They married 9 months later.

At that time Xi was a medium-rank official while Peng, 24 then, was a beautiful singer with national renown nine years younger than Xi. If Xi had not taken quick actions to court Peng, with such beauty and renown, Peng would have possibly been courted by lots of Xi’s competitors such as well-known stars and scholars, high officials and wealthy tycoons.

I mentioned above that less than two weeks after Xi Jinping was elected as the general secretary, he put forth the China dream of the great revival of the Chinese nation to rally both the conservatives and reformists under his banner. Less than three weeks after being elected, he took blitz actions to close all black jails and thus began the political reform of democratic supervision. He began to promptly investigate cases of corruption exposed by netizens and media soon after he was elected and has launched with great fanfare a national campaign of mass line education practice. All these fully indicate his character of quick decision and quick action.

Moreover, he is a man who stresses doing practical jobs and refrains from empty talks. He did not talk about the political reform of democratic supervision, but took blitz actions to close all the black jails. As he refrains to talk about his next step, he makes it difficult for people to guess what his next actions will be. As a result his actions may give rise to sudden awe.

As soon as the trial of Bo Xilai’s case was over, Xi Jinping called a Politburo meeting to examine, discuss and adopt the 2013-2017 Work Plan for Establishment and Perfection of the System for Fighting, Punishing and Preventing Corruption to make preparations for a fierce anti-corruption campaign. Therefore, a severe anti-corruption storm has loomed on the horizon.

When initial success has been achieved in the mass line education practice campaign in September, a national struggle against corruption will be carried out with the suddenness of a thunderbolt after a harsh verdict is given to Bo Xilai. By that time, the 45 central mass line supervision and guidance teams and 10 Central Corruption Inspection teams are working with full steam and have gained some working experience and established their authority. Xi Jinping will take advantage of the universal awe caused by the severe verdict to switch the teams’ focus onto fighting corruption.

In addition, the meeting adopted “Opinions on Functional Transformation and Structural Reform of Local Governments” with a plan to vigorously reorganize local governments in order to better prevent corruption, streamline local governments and make them more effective in serving the general public.

The Politburo meeting decided to hold the third plenary session of the CCP Central Committee in November so that the corrupt officials found in the anti-corruption campaign may be expelled from the CCP in a timely manner and transferred to the judicial organs. It is estimated that those satisfactorily repentant will be treated leniently, but those who resist will be punished harshly. Perhaps quite a large number of officials will be imprisoned and a few will be put to death.

When there is an atmosphere of terror in fighting against corruption, quite a few officials will voluntarily surrender themselves. In order to reduce the percentage of people punished, many corrupt officials have voluntarily surrendered themselves will only receive lenient disciplinary punishment and have their illegal income confiscated. However, severe punishment will be meted out if they commit corruption again. The punishments provided in the Criminal Law were quite severe. A verdict of 10-year imprisonment or longer may be given for corruption involving an amount exceeding 100,000 yuan ($16,200). As it is quite a small amount, the provision will be quite a big restraint.

It seems that in order to give rise to fear, Xi Jinping has to give a sudden verdict of severe punishment to Bo Xilai so as to warn by example. That will create awe for the anti-corruption storm Xi Jinping will launch after the verdict. It seems that Bo Xilai’s life is in danger.

Previously, I think that Legalist master’s classic Han Fei Tzu is only useful for such tyrants as Shihuangdi of Qin and Mao Zedong. I now realize that my previous view was wrong. Under China’s current circumstances with lots of local despots and extremely evil tendencies in the society, the Legalist classic is very useful for a wise sovereign in rectifying officials and the society. Chinese people are quite lucky that they have such rich legacy from their wise ancestors.

Source: the book “Tiananmen’s Tremendous Achievements”

News Confirms Xi Jinping Chosen by Jiang Zemin as Successor Jiang as the Core

I describe in the first edition of my book “Tiananmen’s Tremendous Achievements” that China’s current political system is CCP (Chinese Communist Party) Dynasty with a core of leadership equivalent to an emperor, that Jiang Zemin remains the core after full retirement and that it was Jiang who selected Xi Jinping as Hu Jintao’s successor as the general secretary. I said that it was my speculation that Jiang selected Xi, but it was a well-based logical speculation.

There have been lots of debates whether Jiang remains dominant in the decade after his retirement, but the fact that Jiang presided over a Politburo meeting on September 28, 2012 and decided the date of the 18th CCP Congress and harsh punishment of Bo Xilai, has put an end to the debate. Jiang remains the core equivalent to an emperor.

In the section entitled “Succession to the Core Is the Trickiest Problem” in Chapter 6 “Succession to the Core, a Real Problem—Tiananmen Helped Jiang Become the Core”, I said,

One thing quite interesting in Chinese politics is that there are no definition, codes or rules whatever about the power of an emperor in the past and the core of the Party now. In fact, even if there are some codes or rules, there is no institution or mechanism to enforce them.

An emperor could have absolute power like Emperor Shihuangdi of Qin (259–221 BC), but might have almost no power like Shihuangdi’s successor Huhai, whose power was usurped by Zhao Gao, a eunuch.

That is why the art for being an emperor is so important for an emperor or core.

People, especially those outside China, think that it is unbelievable that Jiang is able to remain dominant years after his full retirement, but it is not difficult if one has mastery of the art for being an emperor.

In Chapter 1 of my book, I describe the emergence during the Cultural Revolution of a new generation of talented scholars with moral integrity who were making preparations for seizing state power. One thing they studied hard was the art for being an emperor. As a result, there are some scholars who have mastery of the art.

In the section entitled “Chinese Art for Being an Emperor” in Chapter 10 of the second edition of the book, I describe China’s richest tycoon Zong Qinghou’s art for being an emperor:

Looking back, I think that the art must be quite useful for an entrepreneur or executive because it in essence is an art of leadership.

When I read the report on the Sino-foreign joint venture disputes between Wahaha, a food giant in China, and Denon, a French multinational food giant, I was impressed that when Wahaha’s head Zong Qinghou had resigned, Denon could not effectively control Wahaha’s enterprises though it had a controlling shareholding of 51%. For years, all the managers, staff and workers in Wahaha remained loyal to Zong. Zong was just like the core in CCP. He remained in control though he was no longer the chief executive. Zong certainly has a mastery of the art for being an emperor that is indispensable for not only an emperor but also the core of CCP.

In Chapter 13 of the second edition “Fierce Battle for Succession to the Core—Xi Jinping’s Position as Hu Jintao’s Heir Precarious” there are the following passages and subheads on recent fierce power struggle for succession:

In the second edition, in Chapter 6, I said succession to the core was a real problem, but in Chapter 12, I said that Xi Jinping has proved his competence and has been selected by Jiang Zemin as his successor as the core of the leadership of the CCP Dynasty; therefore, if in the coming two decades, Xi remains alive and healthy, there will be no problem of succession to the core. However, as I am going to describe, Xi’s succession to Jiang as the core has been the outcome of a fierce power struggle between reformists and conservatives.

Bo Xilai Began to Covet the Top Post

At Stake Was the Succession to the Core
It struck him that Xi Jinping was very lucky as when Xi took over from Hu Jintao, Xi would have the greatest chance to succeed Jiang as the core of party leadership as Jiang would be 86 by that time.

Evidence of Bo Xilai’s Ambition to Grab the Right of Succession
SCMP described in its report the story given by businessman Chen Guixian about how he was arrested and tortured by more than 20 police under Bo’s close assistant Wang Lijun.

Chen said that they kept custody of him in a motel room…. they beat him up repeatedly to force Chen to admit the framed-up crime of giving former Chongqing mayor Wang Hongju 2 million yuan in bribes. Chen refused….

Despite such tortures for 37 days, Chen remained defiant. He told the police what they did was illegal and they could not produce any documents for the arrest. In addition Chen told them, “The government has policy and law.” SCMP says in its report: “Chen said the police replied that Bo Xilai was the policy and that his police chief, Wang Lijun, was the law.”

“‘Don’t you realize that our secretary Bo Xilai will become the president in the future, and that our police chief Wang will become minister Wang,’ they said. ‘But you may not live to see that, you zombie. You’re going to die if you don’t confess.’”

In the section “Signs of Jiang Zemin’s Intention to Have Xi Jinping Succeed Him as the Core” in Chapter 16, there is the following description:

In CCTV prime time news report on January 22, 2013, the wreaths placed in Jiang’s name came behind that of President Hu Jintao, party general secretary Xi Jinping and other Politburo Standing Committee (PSC) members at the funeral service for General Yang Baibing, who died at the age of 93 in Beijing on January 15, 2013.

It was the first time that Jiang’s name had been placed behind that of Politburo Standing Committee members other than the general secretary since he retired as general secretary at the 16th Party Congress in 2002 and stood down from his last official post as chairman of the Central Military Commissions in late 2004.

In Xinhua report earlier on the funeral of Bishop Ding Guangxun on November 27, 2012, Jiang’s name remained behind Hu and Xi but ahead of PSC member National People’s Congress chairman Wu Bangguo and Premier Wen Jiabao.

Xinhua says the change of order was done at Jiang’s request. The CCP is very particular about the order of appearance of leaders’ names in its official reports. The recent change in the order indicated Jiang’s desire for Xi to take over as the core.

In fact, due to Jiang’s position as the core that has the final say, no one dare to change the order except Jiang.

This new order is confirmed by Hunan Satellite TV’s report on August 29 on the funeral service of Liu Xiyao, an official well-known for his contribution to the development of China’s atomic bomb and ICBM. The order of names of the leaders and elders whose wreaths were shown on the screen is: current Politburo Standing Committee members Xi Jinping, Li Keqiang, Zhang Dejian, Yu Zhengsheng, Liu Yunshan and Wang Qishan; and elders Jiang Zemin, Hu Jintao, Zhu Rongji, Wei Jianxing, Li Lanqing, Wu Guanzheng, Li Changchun, He Guoqiang and Zhou Yongkang.

Jiang Zemin has kept his promise to have his name moved behind the current Politburo Standing Committee members.

Chinese boy has his eyes gouged out

China News

It’s beyond horrifying: a six-year-old Chinese boy lured into a field has his eyes gouged out by an assailant, blinding him forever — even more unthinkably, the woman suspected of committing the monstrous crime may have been trying to harvest the child’s corneas for cash.

According to Chinastate media via Reuters, the boy, who was from northern Shanxi province, was playing outside but went missing on Saturday, apparently led into a field by an unidentified woman, who then gouged out his eyes and left him bleeding for hours until his parents found him.

The child’s eyes were discovered nearby and retrieved, but doctors were unable to use them to restore his vision. Initial reports noted the corneas had been extracted and passed along public speculation that they’d been removed to be sold on China’s black market for harvested organs. But reports that Chinese police say they have…

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Denial-of-service attack shuts down Chinese Internet on Sunday morning

China News

The attack began at 2 a.m. Sunday morning and was followed by a more intense attack at 4 a.m., according to the China Internet Network Information Center, which apologized to affected users in its statement and said it is working to improve its “service capabilities.”

The attack, which was aimed at the registry that allows users to access sites with the extension “.cn,” likely shut down the registry for about two to four hours, according to CloudFlare, a company that provides Web performance and security services for more than a million websites. Though the registry was down, many service providers store a record of parts of the registry for a set period of time, meaning that the outage only affected a portion of websites for some users.

Denial-of-service attacks cause disruptions by overwhelming a computer or network with a high level of online activity. Usually the attacks originate…

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Chinese Boy Has His Eyes Gouged Out

China News

It’s beyond horrifying: a six-year-old Chinese boy lured into a field has his eyes gouged out by an assailant, blinding him forever — even more unthinkably, the woman suspected of committing the monstrous crime may have been trying to harvest the child’s corneas for cash.

According to Chinastate media via Reuters, the boy, who was from northern Shanxi province, was playing outside but went missing on Saturday, apparently led into a field by an unidentified woman, who then gouged out his eyes and left him bleeding for hours until his parents found him.

The child’s eyes were discovered nearby and retrieved, but doctors were unable to use them to restore his vision. Initial reports noted the corneas had been extracted and passed along public speculation that they’d been removed to be sold on China’s black market for harvested organs. But reports that Chinese police say they have…

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China Tired of Japan’s “Empty Talk” and Refuses Leaders’ Meeting to Discuss Disputed Islands

China News

Japan’s Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has been calling for more dialogue with Beijing since he came to office in December 2012, the same month a Chinese government plane violated Japan’s airspace over the Senkaku and Diaoyu islands.

China had been sending government ships in and out of what Japan calls its territorial waters since the Japanese government reached a deal to purchase three of the islands from the private Japanese owner, but China had yet to send an aircraft to the area.

Prime Minister Abe wants to improve ties with China by having a dialogue, which is a feeling China does not reciprocate. With the G20 summit coming up next week that both President Xi Jinping and Abe will be present for, the Chinese deputy foreign minister Li Baodong felt it necessary to make clear that China would like a meeting with Japan to resolve problems, not just to…

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Bo Xilai Tries to Save His Skin

China News

The trial of Bo Xilai started to turn into an episode of Maury. Revelations about the tangled web of strained and complicated relationships within his family were used as his testimony, particularly when the evidence seemed most piled up against him.

Throughout the trial, the Communist leader has ardently denied accusations of embezzlement and all other charges. A Telegraph article reports that lawyer Li Zhuang said that feigning ignorance will not save him.

Bo must sense that  this game is up, and has therefore resorted to a new tactic of uncovering family scandal. After a witness stated overhearing a phone conversation between Bo and his wife Gu Kailai where he promised to embezzle $775,800, Bo not only denied that he would have such a conversation over the phone, but also stated that his wife had left him upon discovering he was having an affair.

Back in 2000, Gu Kailai fled…

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China Launches Three ASAT Satellites: Small maneuvering orbiters include one with a robotic arm

China News

China’s military recently launched three small satellites into orbit as part of Beijing’s covert anti-satellite warfare program, according to a U.S. official.

The three satellites, launched July 20 by a Long March-4C launcher, were later detected conducting unusual maneuvers in space indicating the Chinese are preparing to conduct space warfare against satellites, said the official who is familiar with intelligence reports about the satellites.

One of the satellites was equipped with an extension arm capable of attacking orbiting satellites that currently are vulnerable to both kinetic and electronic disruption.

“This is a real concern for U.S. national defense,” the official said. “The three are working in tandem and the one with the arm poses the most concern. This is part of a Chinese ‘Star Wars’ program.”

China’s 2007 test of an anti-satellite missile shocked U.S. military and intelligence leaders who realized the U.S. satellites, a key to conducting…

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