Analysts believe that if lots of PLA’s Gaoxing-6 (GX-6) are commissioned, the era of US submarines’ free movement will end.
China’s GX-6 uses 4 turboprop engines, that consume less fuel and are suitable for long-distance medium-speed (800 to 900km/h).
Sources say: GX-6 weighs 61 tons and has a wingspan of 38 meters and cruise speed of 660km/h. Built on Y-9 transport, it is equipped with a 360 degree full view search radar and a very long “tail sting”, a special MAD for detecting submarines under water.
It can not only detect submarines, aircrafts and warships but also carries air-to-air missiles, depth charges, naval mines and/or anti-submarine torpedoes to directly attack them.
Recent analysis by US defense experts finds that GX-6 will perhaps enable China to catch up and put an end to its anti-submarine inferiority.
Source: qianzhan.com “Inspiring! PLA’s Gaoxing-6 Puts an End to Free Movement of US submarines”
Vietnam has imported 12 Su-30 fighter jets from Russia in order to be stronger to deprive China of its control of the South China Sea.
However, China has been producing a variety of clones of Russian weapons, including J-11, J-15 and J-16 fighter jets and various kinds of navy radars and guns that astounded Russian weapon industrialists.
J-16s have been commissioned in Chinese naval air force to greatly strengthen it.
It is a clone of Russian Su-27SK, but has increased range and has been enhanced by air refueling equipment and improved radar to have additional air-to-surface attack capability.
Source: qianzhan.com “China’s New Lethal Weapons Astounded Vietnam, Shocked Russian Weapon Industries Too” (summary by Chan Kai Yee based on the report in Chinese)
According to Russian media, great breakthrough has been made in developing China’s homegrown Turbofan-15 Taihang engine to free China from its reliance on Russian engines.
At lease one of the J-20 prototypes is installed with such engines. The engine has been found superior in its greater thrust and its entirely digital electronic control system that fell little behind those produced by the US and Europe.
An analyst of US media in East Asia also said that perhaps development of Turbofan-15 engine with a thrust of 18 tons had been finished.
Source: qianzhan.com “Foreign media reveals PLA VTOL fighter as good as US F-35B” (summary by Chan Kai Yee based on the report in Chinese)
China said on Wednesday it had caught five suspected Islamist militants after a vehicle burst into flames on Beijing’s Tiananmen Square in what police called a terrorist attack.
Authorities also moved to tighten security in the restive far western, energy-rich region of Xinjiang, where the suspects are from.
The Xinjiang-registered SUV involved in Monday’s incident in which five people were killed was driven by Usmen Hasan, police said, a man whose name suggested he is an ethnic Uighur, a Muslim people from Xinjiang.
His wife and mother were with him in the car, along with devices filled with gasoline, knives and a flag with “religious extremist content” written on it, police said on their official microblog.
The vehicle ploughed into pedestrians in the square, which has drawn occasional protests since 1989 pro-democracy demonstrations were suppressed by the military. Sources earlier told Reuters it was a suspected suicide attack.
“Police have identified Monday’s incident at Tiananmen Square as a violent terrorist attack which was carefully planned, organized and premeditated,” police said, adding the three people in the vehicle died after they set the gasoline on fire.
The other two people killed were tourists. At least 38 people were injured.
Five people connected with the incident were caught just 10 hours after the attack, with help from the Xinjiang government, the police added, all of whom also have names that suggest they are Uighur.
Police said they had seized Islamist militant flags and knives from where they were staying.
“As a common enemy of mankind, terrorism has no future, and is doomed to failure,” state television said in a commentary on its microblog. “We firmly believe that the Communist Party and government have the ability and the power to resolutely beat back and defeat all illegal terrorist activities.”
As authorities stepped up already-tight security in Xinjiang, Dilxat Raxit, a spokesman for the main exiled Uighur group, the World Uyghur Congress, warned against believing China’s side of the story.
“Beijing has always made these kind of accusations, but they refuse to make public the reasoning behind them. They will not make the story behind the accusations transparent,” he told Reuters.
Raxit said he was worried the incident would provide authorities with an excuse “to further repress Uighurs”.
“If an attack is committed by a Han Chinese, it’s not terrorism, but if a Uighur commits it, it is,” he said, referring to the majority community. “Beijing makes these accusations in service of an ulterior motive.”
The government denies accusations of repression.
It insists its respects the region’s people and traditions and blames separatist Uighur militants for provoking violence in Xinjiang, which borders the Central Asian states of the former Soviet Union as well as Afghanistan and Pakistan.
Reuters reporters in Xinjiang were turned back by police at a roadblock outside Lukqun town, and sent back to the nearby city of Turpan.
Police have identified one of the caught suspects as being from Lukqun, where 35 people died in June in what China also termed a terrorist attack.
“We have some police matters we are handling. For security reasons, you are not allowed in. I imagine it will be at least another month or two before this area is open,” a police officer at the checkpoint said.
In a small village near the checkpoint, a young Uighur man who declined to give his name said people were afraid.
“In the past few days, the police have been everywhere. At night, the sirens were all around. We are afraid to speak. If you speak, you will be taken away or shot,” the man said, making a pistol shape with his hand.
Xinjiang is home to the Turkic-speaking Uighurs, many of whom chaff at China’s controls on their religion and culture and there have been violent clashes there in the past.
But many experts, rights groups and exiles say China exaggerates the militant threat to justify its harsh rule, and that there is no cohesive separatist or extremist movement.
“The footage and photos that have been made available suggest a sense of randomness about the attack even though officials have said it was premeditated,” said Michael Clarke, a professor at Australia’s Griffith University who has studied Xinjiang.
“It’s perhaps not as sophisticated as it’s made out to be.”
Source: Reuters “China says five detained in connection with Tiananmen attack”
Related posts at tiananmenstremendousachievements.wordpress.com:
Tiananmen Terror Jeep Crash Attack, killing 5, Injuring 38 dated October 29
Chinese police launch manhunt for eight after Tiananmen jeep crash dated October 30
An article on qianzhan.com says that foreign media look down on Chinese high tech weapons and regard them as copies of foreign weapons or something based on stolen technology. But the reality is China has an effective second-strike nuclear force.
Chinese DF-41 ICBM has a range of 14,000 km, enough to reach anywhere in the US
China’s JL-3 SLBM has a range of 14,000 km and 6 to 8 250,000-ton warheads. As one Type 096 nuclear submarine can carry 24 JL-3 missiles with 144 to 192 warheads in all, it can destroy the US three times if a war breaks out between China and the US.
Source: qianzhan.com “War breaks out! One Chinese Type 096 strategic nuclear submarine can destroy the US three times” (summary by Chan Kai Yee based on the article in Chinese)
China’s official huanqiu.com gave a comprehensive report today on the rare front-page publication of lots of photos, charts and articles about Chinese strategic nuclear submarines in various major official media including the People’s Daily both domestic and overseas versions, PLA Daily, Chinese Youth Daily and Guangming Daily.
Chinese nuclear submarine unit has been established for 42 years now. It was not an occasion of the 10th, 20th, 30th or 40th major anniversary of the establishment of the unit. The sudden breaking of the strictly guarded mystery about the unit really puzzled analysts.
In the report, huanqiu.com hailed the successful development of China’s submarine strategic second-strike strength in addition to its mobile ICBMs hidden in tunnels and openly regarded it as a nuclear deterrent against the US.
The report provides 29 photos and charts of which I only post one. All the photos and charts can be seen at:
Source: huanqiu.com “China has for the first time effective underwater strategic nuke deterrent against the US” (summary by Chan Kai Yee based on the report in Chinese)
However, the revelation a few days before Chinese President Xi Jinping’s meeting with US President Obama amid grave tension between China and Japan gave people the impression that China wanted to warn the US that it had nuclear weapons to counter US intervention in a war between China and Japan.
The impression is especially true taking into account of the preceding revelations of the accuracy of China’s DF-21D missile and the superb stealth performance of China’s fleet of more than 80 Type 022 stealth fast speed missile boats, both of which are regarded as aircraft carrier killers.
Obviously the latter revelations plus the revelation of Chinese nuclear attack submarines’ capability in simultaneously launching several torpedoes constitute China’s attempt to show the US that it has deterrent against the US in a conventional naval war near China.
However, the revelations at least indicate China’s unwillingness to fight a war and hope that the US will tell Japan to restrain itself to avoid a war.
There are indeed hardliners in the PLA who advocate fighting a war with the US and inflicting heavy casualty to scare American people. For that purpose, China has to keep those weapons secret, but that is not what China’s wise leaders want to do. By the revelations, Chinese leaders have given clear indication that China wants a peaceful rise.
I still believe that the US is able to prevent the war between China and Japan if it clearly tells Japan that if Japan starts the war, the US will not support it. Anyway, the treaty between US and Japan aims at defending Japan instead of helping Japan attack a third country.
Am I too optimistic?
- Sino-Japanese War Imminent: Japanese Planes, Warships Watching Chinese Drill in Close Distance dated October 29
- Sino-Japanese War Imminent: Shinzo Abe’s Hardline Response to China dated October 28
- War Imminent between Japan and China dated October 28
- Japan PM says ready to be more assertive against China: media dated October 28
- U.S. says hopes China, Japan push diplomacy on isles spat dated September 15
Beijing police are searching for at least eight people believed to be linked to the apparent suicide car crash in front of the Tiananmen Square gate on Monday afternoon that left five dead and 38 injured.
Police set up a special team to investigate the case yesterday.
Hotels in the capital have been asked to be on the lookout for the suspects, according to a notice seen by the South China Morning Post and staff at several hotels.
The suspects include a 21-year-old Sichuan-born male named Liu Ke. The name suggests the suspect is Han Chinese. His registered address is a residential complex belonging to police in Changji, Xinjiang, an autonomous region known for ethnic tension between Turkic-speaking Muslim Uygurs and Han Chinese.
The seven others have ethnic Uygur names and come from Xinjiang, the same police notice said. The notice listed five Xinjiang vehicle number plates, including one of a motorcycle, that are of interest to police.
Police said an SUV careened 500 metres along the pedestrian walkway at the northern end of Tiananmen Square, ploughing into dozens of tourists before bursting into flames just after noon.
The three people in the vehicle, a male tourist from Guangdong and a Filipino woman were killed. Three other Filipino tourists and a Japanese man were among the injured. While the central government has said little about the incident, the manhunt suggests it was not an accident.
The crash – at the symbolic heart of the nation – came just days ahead of a key political congress. And on Monday morning, all seven members of the supreme Politburo Standing Committee attended an event at the Great Hall of the People, across the road from where the incident occurred.
In Xinjiang, police began searching for the suspects. A hotel employee in Hotan said officers had told staff to turn away Uygurs matching the description “big beard, Uygur and male,” said the employee, who refused to be named. “We are not allowed to accept guests who fit this description, even if they have valid documents to prove their identity.”
Police in Hotan and Beijing declined to comment. Xinjiang government spokesman Luo Fuyong said he could not confirm if the three people in the vehicle were Uygurs from the region.
Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying said the incident was being investigated.
Security near the crash site has been tightened, with more plain-clothes officers patrolling the area and a fire engine stationed nearby.
Source: SCMP “Chinese police launch manhunt for eight after Tiananmen jeep crash”
Related post at tiananmenstremendousachievements.wordpress.com:
Tiananmen Terror Jeep Crash Attack, killing 5, Injuring 38 dated October 29
China must rid its courts of corruption and stop officials interfering in decisions, a paper on reforms by the top court said on Tuesday, referring to a judicial system that answers to the Communist Party and almost never sides with defendants.
The paper, published on an official website managed by the Supreme People’s Court, comes ahead of the third plenum of the ruling Communist Party’s 205-member Central Committee next month, a key meeting of party elite where economic and social reforms are expected to emerge.
It also coincides with a report by Xinhua state news agency that the party had agreed to set up an anti-corruption mechanism which will oversee top military officers to ensure they are doing their jobs properly.
“Resolutely implement the courts’ independent exercise of judicial authority based on constitutional principles, and resolutely resist all forms of local and departmental protectionism,” the judicial document said in a long list of recommendations.
“Eliminate power, money, allegiances, relationships and other extrajudicial disturbances.”
Local protectionism refers to municipal officials exercising political influence over verdicts – a pervasive problem in China, where rule of law and independence of the judiciary are given lip service only and courts must answer to party authorities.
The document also called for making trials more efficient, greater protections for lawyers, and “open justice” through microblogs and other new technologies.
Guilty verdicts are usually a foregone conclusion in China. The trial of ousted politician Bo Xilai’s wife, Gu Kailai, accused of murdering a British businessman in China’s highest-profile political saga in decades, lasted just a day before she was found guilty and given a suspended death sentence.
Local governments are also charged with paying judges’ salaries and court proceedings are largely opaque.
President Xi Jinping has vowed to tackle corruption, calling it a threat to the party’s very survival. A top leader on Saturday promised “unprecedented” economic and societal reforms would come from the plenum.
Historically, third plenums in China have served as a springboard for key economic reforms. Former leader Deng Xiaoping launched reforms at the third plenum of the 11th party committee in 1978 to rescue the economy from the verge of collapse after Mao Zedong’s disastrous Cultural Revolution.
The party, which has shown no sign of giving up its tight grip on power, has struggled to contain public anger at a seemingly endless stream of corruption scandals, particularly when officials are seen as abusing their posts to amass wealth.
China intensified a crackdown on graft in the military in the late 1990s, banning the People’s Liberation Army from engaging in business. But it has crept back in recent years due to a lack of checks and balances.
Seeking to address that, the party began a trial program two years ago to improve oversight of the military and make sure its officers were incorruptible, something that will now be taken to the whole military, Xinhua news agency said.
“The basis of the inspection work is supervision, it is to discover problems, to reflect problems and to push for the resolution of problems,” the report said.
The inspection teams would focus on senior officers’ “work style” – the party’s euphemism for not slacking off and not being corrupt or extravagant – and making sure they are both clean and diligent.
Xi, on assuming leadership of the Communist Party, banned senior military officers from holding alcohol-fuelled banquets or from staying in luxury hotels when on work trips.
China has poured billions of dollars into the military in recent years to replace outdated equipment first designed in Soviet times and is now developing a formidable capacity including aircraft carriers and stealth jets.
Source: Reuters “China’s top court urges judicial independence, end to interference”
China’s leaders will hold a key meeting to discuss deepening financial reforms between November 9 and November 12, the official Xinhua news agency said, as the ruling Communist Party looks to set its economic agenda for the next decade.
The meeting marks the third time China’s 200-member Central Committee has gathered since last year’s leadership change. Historically, such meetings, known as third plenums, have been a springboard for economic change in China.
The meeting “must be a new historical beginning that comprehensively deepens reforms,” Xinhua said on Tuesday, citing a meeting of the elite Politburo.
No details were given on what changes will be pursued and in what manner, but where conditions for reform are ripe change must be rolled out quickly, Xinhua said.
Analysts and investors are eagerly awaiting the outcome of the meeting in the hope that it will outline a growth strategy for the world’s No. 2 economy as it matures and enters a stage of slower expansion. However, political reforms are not expected to be a major part of the meeting.
China’s leaders are trying to shift the economy away from a reliance on exports and investment and more towards consumption. That may mean the economy slows, but the leaders hope it will provide the basis for a more sustainable pace of expansion after years of double-digit growth. The government sees GDP rising this year by 7.5 percent, which would be its weakest increase in more than two decades.
Yu Zhengsheng, the fourth-ranked member of China’s elite Politburo Standing Committee of the Communist Party, said last weekend the meeting will unveil “broad” and “unprecedented” reforms.
People familiar with discussions about the meeting said last month that of a long list of proposed changes likely to be announced after the plenum, only financial reforms have garnered enough support to warrant a plan and a roadmap.
Other proposed reforms including fiscal, land and residency registration have been major sticking points as politicians debate how to implement change, and as they face resistance from powerful interest groups such as state firms.
Earlier this week, media said the Development Research Centre, an influential think tank linked to China’s state council, or cabinet, had recommended eight key areas for reform; finance, taxation, land, state assets, social welfare, innovation, foreign investment and governance.
It was not known if the suggestions would be discussed at the plenum.
Source: Reuters “China to hold key economic reform meeting Nov 9 to Nov 12”
Related post at tiananmenstremendousachievements.wordpress.com:
State Council think tank sets out roadmap for reform dated October 28, 2013
China’s Economic Slowdown Is Precisely What Xi Jinping Wants dated September 2, 2013
China: Obvious Sign of Further Economic Liberalization dated February 24, 2013
China’s 4th Wave of Economic Liberalization Earnestly Begins dated April 4, 2012
Can China Conduct Its 4th Wave of Economic Liberalization Smoothly? dated April 1, 2012
A chronic shortage of natural gas is hurting China’s plan to move away from burning coal to heat homes and offices, raising the prospect of more choking air pollution this winter and beyond.
The problem is worst in northern China, where air pollution mainly caused by decades of reliance on coal has lowered life expectancy by an estimated 5.5 years compared to the south, Chinese and international researchers said in July.
The frigid northeastern city of Harbin, home to 11 million people, virtually ground to a halt last week when airborne contaminants were around 50 times the level recommended by the World Health Organization. Beijing had its own emergency in January when air pollution was 45 times the level.
“I suspect we will have severe incidents of air pollution in Beijing again this winter,” said Alvin Lin, China Climate and Energy Policy Director for the U.S.-based Natural Resources Defense Council.
China sees natural gas as the way to cleaner air. Authorities have said Beijing’s urban core should use only gas for heating. But domestic output cannot keep up with demand.
“With the current natural gas situation, maybe you can guarantee (supply to) big cities like Beijing, but if you want to expand to the cities of northern China that need it … I think that’s still quite difficult,” said Tao Guangyuan, a renewable energy expert and columnist based in Beijing.
The shortage has forced the government to ration gas supplies, even banning construction of new natural gas-fired power stations. The government also said last week it would control the increase in new gas users, prioritizing supplies to residential users and public transport during the winter.
Nevertheless, the gas shortage may still be 10 percent higher this winter than last year because more users have switched over, official media said last week, citing an unidentified executive from PetroChina, China’s largest gas producer and importer.
The government has said it would raise natural gas use to 230 billion cubic meters by 2015, more than double the 2010 rate, but disappointing domestic production growth coupled with insufficient pipeline and storage capacity has left it increasingly reliant on imports and prone to shortages.
Importers also risk losses because the government keeps the price of gas low to curb inflation and ease the impact on consumers, although recent incremental price hikes have helped.
“If there’s not enough gas, many people will just go back to burning coal, secretly,” said Ming Sung, East Asia chief representative of the Clean Air Task Force, a U.S.-based environmental advocacy group.
SMOG ALERT SYSTEM FOR “GREYJING”
China wants to tackle air pollution to stem potential unrest as its increasingly affluent urban populace turns against a growth-at-all-costs economic model that has spoiled much of the country’s air, water and soil.
Its cities are among the world’s most polluted. Air pollution in Beijing, derided as “Greyjing” or “Beige-jing” by English-speaking residents, exceeded national standards 62 percent of the time during the third quarter, the Ministry of Environmental Protection said.
Beijing authorities have unveiled a new smog alert system that will impose curbs on driving and halt manufacturing and construction if three consecutive days of hazardous pollution are forecast for the capital, located in northern China.
“I think there’s now more attention being paid to what are the immediate, short-term things that could be done when the air pollution gets that bad,” said Lin.
Images of the acrid smog over Harbin on October 21 were beamed around the world after authorities literally turned on the heat by switching on a network of mostly coal-fired heating plants that warm large swaths of the city. Officials blamed thick fog on the same day for contributing to the pollution.
The same sort of plants are used across northern China, providing so-called centralized heating. Some also supply electricity while others burn coal just to generate steam which is piped into city grids for heat.
Centralized heating dates back to the 1950s in Beijing. It had spread across the north by the mid-1980s. At the time, China was still impoverished, which meant the government could only afford to give its colder north centralized heating. Residents in cities south of the Yangtze River such as Shanghai tend to rely on electric space heaters.
Most of the north’s heating plants are turned on around mid-November. Many institutions and residential complexes have private heating, but also use coal-fired boilers.
The coal-fired heating plants use coal-scrubbing filters which reduce soot emissions, said Tao, the renewable energy expert. The real pollution culprits are small coal boilers, as well as traditional “kang” – stove-heated beds that people sleep on – and other forms of “rustic heating” that residents depend on to survive chilly winters. Such stoves produce tar and hazardous smoke, experts say.
Air pollution in Harbin, which gets 65 percent of its warmth from public and private centralized heating, was within WHO recommended levels on Tuesday after being 7.5 times acceptable levels on Monday.
COAL IS STILL KING
Despite China’s rush to gas, coal still supplies the bulk of the country’s total electricity needs.
Under a new plan announced last month to tackle air pollution, China would cut consumption of the fossil fuel to below 65 percent of primary energy use by 2017, down from 66.8 percent last year.
The plan also aims to raise the share of non-fossil fuel energy to 13 percent by 2017, up from 11.4 percent in 2012.
PetroChina Chairman Zhou Jiping said earlier this year it would take at least four to five years to build up new natural gas supply capacity, which would still not be enough to meet demand.
“For the whole country to move to natural gas in the way that you kind of see in the U.S., … it’s going to be a few decades,” said Lin of the NRDC.
Natural gas demand rose 13.5 percent in the first nine months of 2013 for example, 4.3 percentage points faster than production, the government said last week.
With demand set to jump further, the government has put Beijing at the top of the list for supplies.
Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou in southern China are also expected to increasingly get energy from neighboring regions under last month’s anti-pollution plan.
The capital, for example, is supposed to get 70 percent of its power by 2017 from neighboring regions, such as Shanxi and Inner Mongolia, where coal is still in widespread use.
“You can think of it as a redistribution of pollution,” added Lin.
Source: Reuters “China’s anti-pollution drive risks running out of gas”
Related posts at tiananmenstremendousachievements.wordpress.com:
- China: Thick Smog Blocked Road, Train, Air Traffic for 2 Days in Three Northeast Provinces dated October 21
- Beijing and surrounding Regions blighted by smog yet again dated February 18