China to Build Aircraft Carrier Rival to the Ford but Lacks Wide Thick Steel Plates


The Ford of the United States

The Ford of the United States

Fu Jie, a metal expert of the Expert Committee of the Chinese Society for Metals recently published an article on China Science Daily on the wide thick steel plates required in producing an aircraft carrier similar to the Ford, US newest most advanced aircraft carrier.

According to the expert, China shall make aircraft carriers similar to the Ford as it shall have the best carriers in the world for maintaining peace and exploiting deep- sea resources far away. For such carriers, China have to be able to produce quality wide thick steel plates for their decks and hulls and be able to weld them and provide coating for them.

The steel must be strong, tough, corrosion-resistant and easy to weld, have long service life and incur relatively low cost to produce.

First, China has already been a leader in the word in producing large steel ingot with its electroslag re-smelting technology. In developing the wide thick steel plates, China shall apply such technology and further develop it as the ingot produced by such technology has good functions and reliability.

Second, the research achievement in China’s Project 973 shall be exploited in the comprehensive treatment of the steel to make it stronger and tougher.

Zhejiang has promised to produce the ingot within six months. The ingots shall be made into wide thick steel plates in the 5-meter steel plate rolling mill at Baoshan Iron and Steel Co., Ltd. in Shanghai.

Fu believes with cooperation among Beijing University of Science and Technology, Northeast University, General Iron & Steel Research Institute and Beijing General Research Institute of Mining & Metallurgy, wide thick steel plates for nuclear aircraft carriers can be produced within 2 years. In that process, China needs the assistance from the experts from Ukraine, the country that built Soviet aircraft carriers and is the first to have developed electroslag smelting technology.

Source: huanqiu.com “Chinese metal expert: For nuclear aircraft carrier, China has to break the bottleneck related to wide thick steel plates”

Related posts

  • The Mystery of China’s Homegrown Aircraft Carriers dated October 3, 2012
  • China: Steel Plates and Welding, Bottlenecks in Building Its Aircraft Carriers dated December 11, 2012
  • Photos of the Electromagnetic Catapult for China’s Next Aircraft Carrier dated January 15, 2013
  • New Aircraft Carrier Confirmed Being Built for China to Have at Least 4 Carriers dated January 18, 2014
  • Photo of China’s Second Aircraft Carrier under Construction to be launched in 2015 dated January 23, 2014

Final China HSBC PMI dips to six-month low in January as new orders weaken


A worker assembles a generator at a factory in Hefei, Anhui province November 2, 2013. Credit: Reuters/China Daily

A worker assembles a generator at a factory in Hefei, Anhui province November 2, 2013. Credit: Reuters/China Daily

Business conditions for China’s manufacturers worsened in January as output and new order growth weakened, a private survey showed on Thursday, pointing to a weak start for the economy in 2014.

The Markit/HSBC final manufacturing PMI for January dipped to 49.5 from December’s 50.5, the first deterioration in six months. The figure was in line with the 49.6 reported in the preliminary version of the PMI released a week earlier.

A reading below 50 indicates a contraction while one above shows expansion.

The survey, an early indication of sentiment in the 56.9 trillion yuan ($9.4 trillion) economy, found growth rates in output and new business weakening, while companies cut jobs at the fastest rate since March 2009.

“A soft start to China’s manufacturing sectors in 2014, partly due to weaker new export orders and slower domestic business activities during January,” said Hongbin Qu, chief economist for China at HSBC, in a statement.

“Policymakers should pay attention to downside risks and pre-emptively fine-tune policy to steady the pace of growth if needed.”

Last week’s flash PMI reading, which coincided with renewed signs of tightening in China’s financial markets, had contributed to a fall in global markets as investors fretted over the impact worldwide of a China slowdown.

However, many economists and experts say that Beijing will act if the economy loses traction too quickly even as it pushes towards more balanced and sustained economic growth.

China’s leaders have pledged to push reforms to unleash new growth drivers as the world’s second-largest economy loses steam, burdened by industrial overcapacity, piles of debt and soaring house prices.

That means reducing government intervention to allow market forces to have a bigger say in allocating resources, and promoting domestic consumption at the expense of investment and exports.

China’s annual economic growth slowed to 7.7 percent in the fourth quarter of 2013 from 7.8 percent in the previous quarter, putting full-year growth at 7.7 percent, slightly ahead of the government’s target of 7.5 percent.

While the economy narrowly missed expectations for full-year growth to fall to a 14-year low in 2013, some economists say a further cooldown will be inevitable this year as officials hunker down for difficult reforms.

Still, the majority view of China economists polled by Reuters remains that Beijing will manage to sustain economic growth broadly in line with both last year’s 7.5 percent growth target and the International Monetary Fund’s predictions.

Sources with top think-tanks have said the government likely will stick with the 7.5 percent target this year.

The PMI showed a reduced amount of export orders in January, indicating weak demand overseas, and an increase in inventories.

Source: Reuters “Final China HSBC PMI dips to six-month low in January as new orders weaken”


China Got Ukrainian Engine for Light Stealth Fighter with Super Undetectability


J-20 with big front wings

J-20 with big front wings

According to speculation by such media as Russian “Armed Forces Journal” and American and US “Wired” monthly, Ukraine will probably provide advanced AI222K-95F engine to enable PLA to have a light stealth fighter.

Due to the engine’s satisfactory ability to hide its infrared emission, it will enable China to have a light fighter with super undetectability. In addition, with that engine, the fighter jet can fly at high supersonic speed.

As the J-31 already made public is perhaps merely an experimental model, with such an engine, China will really have a light stealth fighter jet comparable to US F-35 to supplement its heavy J-20 stealth fighter jet.

J-20, however, still lacks a powerful engine to provide it with satisfactory maneuverability. That is why it has such big front wings to improve its maneuverability.

Source: huanqiu.com “Exposure of the reason for the big size of the front wings of J-20: China may have fighter jet with ultimate superior undetectability” (summary by Chan Kai Yee based on the report in Chinese)


US Vice President Joe Biden Obviously Is Pro-Beijing and Lacks Trust in Abe


A Shinto priest leads Abe, center, at the Yasukuni shrine on Thursday. Agence France-Presse/Getty Images

A Shinto priest leads Abe, center, at the Yasukuni shrine on Thursday. Agence France-Presse/Getty Images

In my post yesterday “The Mystery of Abe’s Wonderful Advice to China: Build Trust between China and US” yesterday, I mentioned the trust built between the US and China by Biden’s visit to China in early December.

According to media report, on the first day of his visit, US Vice President Joe Biden was frustrated after his lengthy 5.5-hour meeting with Xi Jinping as Xi was not willing to budge in his attitude towards the East China Sea Air Defense Identification Zone (ADIZ). However, we saw on TV screen that Biden was beaming with smile when he met Chinese Premier Li Keqiang the next day.

I wondered what made Biden happy after his frustrating meeting with Xi in my post “The Mystery of What Biden Has Got in His Beijing Visit” on December 6.

In my post yesterday, I said that Biden was happy as China confirmed it would honor its promises in its economic talks with the US last July and that China has promised that it would not fire the first shot to begin a war with Japan.

Biden obviously has confidence in Chinese leaders. That was why SCMP says in its report on his visit titled “We must work together, Biden tells Chinese leaders”, “But he (Biden) stressed the importance of developing a ‘candid, personal and trustful’ relationship with China’s top leaders.”

There was the reports that Biden had built a friendship with Xi Jinping when Xi visited the US as China’s vice president while Biden’s Beijing visit enhanced the friendship and trust between them.

On the other hand, it seems there is no trust between Biden and Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe as according to AFP’s report, Abe refused Biden’s advice not to visit the Yasukuni Shrine despite Biden’s hard efforts to persuade Abe in their hour-long telephone conversation. Biden is certainly pro-Beijing or he would not have tried so hard to persuade Abe.

Article by Chan Kai Yee

The following is the full text of AFP’s report on Biden’s telephone conversation with Abe carried on Yahoo News:

Biden asked Abe not to visit war shrine: report

Tokyo (AFP) – US Vice President Joe Biden spent an hour trying to persuade Japan’s prime minister not to visit the controversial Yasukuni Shrine, two weeks before a pilgrimage that sparked fury in Asia, a report said Wednesday.

In a telephone conversation with Prime Minister Shinzo Abe on December 12, Biden repeatedly urged the Japanese premier to stay away from the shrine, Kyodo News said, quoting unnamed diplomatic sources.

Yasukuni is a memorial to around 2.5 million war dead, but is controversial because those commemorated include a number of senior figures condemned to death at the end of World War II for their role in directing the conflict.

“I will decide by myself whether I will go,” Abe reportedly responded, during what Kyodo said was a “tense” conversation with the US vice president. Biden finally gave up, saying he would leave the decision to the prime minister, the agency added.

Immediate confirmation of the report was not available.

Abe’s December 26 trip to the shrine drew condemnation from China and South Korea, who view visits there as a symbol of what they say is Japan’s unwillingness to come to terms with its wartime aggression.

The shrine is also controversial because of an attached museum that offers a narrative of the war most historians find unacceptable, and which presents Japan as a frustrated liberator and a victim, rather than an aggressor.

Washington also issued a rebuke after Abe’s visit, saying it was “disappointed” by Abe’s action.

US diplomats privately acknowledge they were surprised by the move and say they had made their opinions known to the prime minister’s office in advance.

But the news that personal overtures from Joe Biden, who has enjoyed a good working relationship with senior Japanese figures, were rejected will be an embarrassment to the White House.

Abe has defended his visit to Yasukuni as “natural” and said he had no intention of hurting the feelings of Chinese or Koreans.

The Japanese prime minister has not held a summit with Chinese president Xi Jinping or South Korean President Park Geun-Hye since taking office in December 2012, with Tokyo locked in separate sovereignty disputes with its neighbours.

Asked about the reports on Wednesday, Chinese foreign ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying said Abe’s visit to Yasukuni was the root of problems in Tokyo’s relations with its neighbours.

“It is a blatant trample on historical justice and human conscience,” she told reporters, adding that Beijing believed the visit had met opposition from the wider international community.

“We hope that countries around the world will express their voice of justice and urge the Japanese government to take concrete actions to correct its mistakes and improve its relations with neighbouring countries,” she said.

The parlous state of relations in northeast Asia is a headache for the US, which would like allies Japan and South Korea to get along, in part to help provide a counterweight to China’s growing military and economic might.

The spat between Tokyo and Beijing over uninhabited islands in the East China Sea has seen regular paramilitary standoffs and the increasing use of military planes and vessels, albeit at arm’s length thus far.

Observers warn it is a key geopolitical fracture point, with some suggesting the spat could descend into a conflict that would have disastrous economic consequences, possibly on a global scale.

At the World Economic Forum in Davos last week, Abe cause a stir when he drew a comparison between current Sino-Japanese relations and those between Britain and Germany in the run-up to World War I.

US President Barack Obama is expected to tour Asia in April and although no destinations have been announced, it is thought likely that he will stop in Tokyo, where regional tensions will be high on the agenda.

Source: Yahoo News “Biden asked Abe not to visit war shrine: report”

Related post

  • The Mystery of Abe’s Wonderful Advice to China: Build Trust between China and US dated January 29, 2014
  • The Mystery of Japanese PM Abe’s Wonderful Advice to China dated January 28
  • Japanese PM Abe, Chinese President Xi Jinping Both Want a War. Can It Be Avoided? dated January 25, 2014
  • China sends surveillance jets to East China Sea defense zone dated January 26, 2014
  • China Does Not Budge in its Brink of War Policy on Air Defense Identification Zone dated December 5, 2013
  • The Mystery of What Biden Has Got in His Beijing Visit dated December 6, 2014

China Developing DF-26 Aircraft Carrier Killer Missile with Hypersonic Warhead


Vehicle foreign media regards as for carrying and launching DF-25 or 26 missile

Vehicle foreign media regards as for carrying and launching DF-25 or 26 missile

US “Aviation Technology and Space Weekly” carries an article in its January 17 issue titled “US navy regards China’s hypersonic guide vehicle as the part of Chinese weapons with extensive threat”, pointing out according to US navy, the Mach 10 hypersonic guide vehicle (HGV) China tested on January 9 reflects China’s foresight on future war. Once China is able to apply that technology, it will has a weapon that can challenge all existing missile-defense systems and widen the range of its ballistic missiles. It takes a few years for such weapons to be usable depending on resolution of the difficult issues of controlling its guidance and making it hit accurately.

The report says that the HGV test makes a step forward of China’s research into anti-ship ballistic missile (ASBM) and probably signals the appearance of China’s second generation of ASBMs. According to US China military expert Richard Fisher, the DF-26 missile mentioned in rumor perhaps has a HGV warhead and will have a longer range of 3,000 km than DF-21’s 2,000 km. If China’s DF-31 ICBM is installed with such a warhead, its range will be lengthened from 8,000 km to 12,000 km.

The report believes that the US has to develop directed energy weapon to counter such missiles and the existing missile-defense systems cannot intercept missiles with a speed exceeding Mach 5.

Source: huanqiu.com “US media says China is developing DF-26 missile that will carry hypersonic warhead” (summary by Chan Kai Yee based on the report in Chinese)

Related posts:

  • China challenging U.S. military technological edge: Pentagon official dated January 29, 2014
  • China’s 12 Advanced Weapons to Be Turned out or Developed in 2014 dated January 24, 2014
  • Details of New-Version J-20 Stealth Fighter Jet with Lots of Improvement dated January 20, 2014
  • China’s New Stealth Aircrafts, J-23 and J-25 in addition to J-20, J-31 dated January 19, 2014
  • New Aircraft Carrier Confirmed Being Built for China to Have at Least 4 Carriers dated January 19, 2014
  • China Tests Mach 10 Hypersonic Weapon: US media dated January 14, 2014
  • The emergence of a new Cold War – China and Russia against the US dated March 25, 2013
  • Arms Race between China and America dated March 5, 2012

Lots of Missiles Deployed in Southeast China, Signal of Imminent Sino-Japanese War


Second Artillery Corp's missiles

Second Artillery Corp’s missiles

At the sensitive moment of Sino-Japanese tension when Japanese government has confirmed that Japanese aircrafts may fire tracers at Chinese aircrafts, Chinese official media CCTV released a footage of China’s Second Artillery Corp (China’s ballistic missile troops) carrying out military drill in Southeast China, firing more than a dozen missiles accurately at the same target. CCTV says that it proves that lots of frontline information technologies developed by China have been transformed into combat capability.

In addition, according to Canadian “Hanwa Defense Review”, China has moved forward to Southeast China the deployment of its Second Artillery Corp. There are quite a varieties of missiles deployed there, including DF-16 with a range exceeding 1,000 km and accuracy better than short-range missiles. Besides, according to a Japanese media, a few DF-21D aircraft carrier killers have been deployed along China’s east coast to deal with US aircraft carriers and Japanese large warships.

Source: qianzhan.com “Strongest signal of commencement of war between China and Japan: PLA masses lots of horrible fighter jets and missiles in Southeast China” (summary by Chan Kai Yee based on the report in Chinese)

Related posts:

  • The Mystery of Abe’s Wonderful Advice to China: Build Trust between China and US dated January 29, 2014
  • The Mystery of Japanese PM Abe’s Wonderful Advice to China dated January 28
  • Japanese PM Abe, Chinese President Xi Jinping Both Want a War. Can It Be Avoided? dated January 25, 2014
  • China sends surveillance jets to East China Sea defense zone dated January 26, 2014
  • China Does Not Budge in its Brink of War Policy on Air Defense Identification Zone dated December 5, 2013
  • Signals of Beijing’s Determination to Fight for Diaoyu Islands dated November 26, 2013

China challenging U.S. military technological edge: Pentagon official


Members of a military band attend a session of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) of the Shanghai Municipal Committee, in Shanghai January 18, 2014. Credit: Reuters/Aly Song

Members of a military band attend a session of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) of the Shanghai Municipal Committee, in Shanghai January 18, 2014. Credit: Reuters/Aly Song

The U.S. military’s technological superiority is increasingly challenged by China, and efforts to maintain an edge are complicated by shrinking defense budgets that have cut money for development, the Pentagon’s top weapons buyer said on Tuesday.

Frank Kendall, the deputy undersecretary of defense for acquisition and technology, told lawmakers the U.S. military’s technological superiority is being “challenged in ways that I have not seen for decades, particularly in the Asia-Pacific region,” where China is pursuing a rapid modernization program.

“Technological superiority is not assured,” Kendall told the Armed Services Committee in the House of Representatives. “This is not a future problem. This is a here-now problem.”

With China, Russia and other countries rapidly modernizing their militaries, Pentagon officials are voicing increasing concern about the possibility of losing the technological edge that has enabled the U.S. military to dominate the battlefield over the past 25 years.

U.S. defense officials say they do not expect a conflict with China or Russia, but the chances are that some of what they develop will be sold to other nations and the U.S. military may eventually face those systems.

Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel underscored the value of advanced research in a visit this month to Sandia National Laboratories in New Mexico, saying the “technological edge that we’ve been able to maintain is critically important … in the world that we’re in today with more complications, more combustibility.”

Admiral Samuel Locklear, the head of U.S. Pacific Command, told reporters in Washington recently the military’s “relative dominance” had been diminishing after a period of unequalled superiority.

“That’s not something to be afraid of; it’s just to be pragmatic about,” Locklear said, adding that the military would have to think carefully about which systems to develop in the future in order to maintain that edge.

Asked by a lawmaker how the technology race with China was going, Kendall indicated it was not positive, even though U.S. defense spending is far greater than China’s.

The base U.S. defense budget will drop below $500 billion in 2014 under a deal finalized in January, while China’s grew to $119 billion last year after another double-digit jump.

“Overall, China’s military investments are increasing in double-digit numbers each year, about 10 percent,” Kendall said. “Their budget is far smaller than ours. But their personnel costs are also far smaller than ours.”

Personnel costs make up roughly half of the U.S. defense budget.

Kendall told lawmakers the Pentagon’s ability to respond by developing new technologies was “severely limited by the current budget situation,” with the department facing hundreds of billions in cuts to projected spending over the next decade.

Lawmakers voiced concern about not having known about Pentagon concerns earlier and asked Kendall when he first realized U.S. technological superiority was being challenged.

“We’ve had a steady decline (in spending) over the last several years of cuts … We’ve been pleading with you guys to come over and tell us the problem,” Representative Randy Forbes of Virginia, a Republican, told Kendall.

Kendall said the issue became “a more visible concern” when the department conducted a strategic review after Congress approved the budget cuts in 2011.

Source: Reuters “China challenging U.S. military technological edge: Pentagon official”

Related posts:

  • China’s 12 Advanced Weapons to Be Turned out or Developed in 2014 dated January 24, 2014
  • Shocking Mystery of China’s Unshakable Determination to Buy Russian Su-35s dated January 21
  • Details of New-Version J-20 Stealth Fighter Jet with Lots of Improvement dated January 20
  • China’s New Stealth Aircrafts, J-23 and J-25 in addition to J-20, J-31 dated January 19
  • New Aircraft Carrier Confirmed Being Built for China to Have at Least 4 Carriers dated January 19