Putin Approves Export to China of Russian S-400 Air Defense Missiles


Russian S-400 air defense missiles

Russian S-400 air defense missiles

Russian Businessmen Daily reported on March 28, Russian President Vladimir Putin has agreed in principle to sell S-400 air defense missiles to China. Negotiation is going on between China and Russia on the quantity and price of the purchase. However, even an agreement has been concluded, Chinese military will not get the missile until 2016 as Russian troops’ need shall first be satisfied.

The newest information on the purchase shows that the two sides are discussing the supply of the missiles for two battalions and China wants to obtain complete information about the tactic and technological functions of the new weapon systems.

In comparison, according to the export contract signed in 2007, China has got S-300PMU2 air defense missiles for 15 battalions and four sets of command system for the missiles. Those missiles are now used to protect such large cities as Beijing and Shanghai. The report says if China has got S-400 air defense systems, it will be able to control the air not only on its own territory but also on Taiwan and the Diaoyus.

China was the fourth biggest importer of Russian weapons last year with the total value of weapon import exceeding $1.8 billion.

Source: qianzhan.com “Russia media: Putin has approved export of S-400 air defense missiles to China” (summary by Chan Kai Yee based on the report in Chinese)

Related posts:

  • Russia Decided to Sell S-400 Surface-air Missiles to China dated July 1, 2013
  • China’s Multi-layer Anti-missile System with Copies of Russian Anti-missile radar dated July 16, 2013

First Exposure Ever of China’s HQ-7B Air-Defense Missile


Launch of a new type of air defense missile

Launch of a new type of air defense missile. Photo by Wang Guanhua

Speedy concentration of mobile air defense missiles in IT-based warfare. Photo by Wang Guanhua

Speedy concentration of mobile air defense missiles in IT-based warfare. Photo by Wang Guanhua

Huanqiu.com publishes a report today with the above title that gives the impression that it is about HQ-7B missile, but except the two photos posted here all the text and other 5 photos are about Chinese military’s efforts related to IT-based warfare, which do not reveal any information worth translating.

Source: huanqiu.com “First Exposure Ever of China’s HQ-7B Air-Defense Missile” (summary by Chan Kai Yee based on the report in Chinese)


Tokyo Protests Chinese President Xi’s Remark on Japan’s Wartime Atrocities


A group of lawmakers including Japan's ruling Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) lawmaker Hidehisa Otsuji (front 3rd L), Japan Restoration Party member Takeo Hiranuma (front L) and LDP member Sanae Takaichi (front 2nd L) are led by a shinto priest as they visit the Yasukuni Shrine in Tokyo, in this photo taken by Kyodo April 23, 2013. REUTERS/Kyodo

A group of lawmakers including Japan’s ruling Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) lawmaker Hidehisa Otsuji (front 3rd L), Japan Restoration Party member Takeo Hiranuma (front L) and LDP member Sanae Takaichi (front 2nd L) are led by a shinto priest as they visit the Yasukuni Shrine in Tokyo, in this photo taken by Kyodo April 23, 2013. REUTERS/Kyodo

The government’s top spokesman on Sunday said the Foreign Ministry has lodged a protest with China over President Xi Jinping’s remarks on the number of Chinese killed by the Imperial Japanese Army during the Nanjing Massacre in 1937.

At a think tank forum in Berlin on Friday, Xi said Japanese troops killed more than 300,000 residents when it captured what was then its capital during the Second Sino-Japanese war.

Xi also said more than 35 million Chinese were eventually killed or injured as Japan waged a war of aggression stemming from its militarism.

Chief Cabinet Secretary Yoshihide Suga said the protest was lodged with the Chinese government on Saturday. Although Tokyo does not deny that the Japanese army was involved in the killing and looting of Nanjing, it has refrained from stating the number of victims because views on the historical matter vary, he said.

“It is extremely regrettable” for the Chinese leader to make such comments on Japanese history in a third country, Suga said during a television appearance Sunday morning.

Chinese experts at a bilateral panel of historians in 2010 concluded that more than 300,000 were killed in the Nanjing Massacre, while Japanese historians cap the number at 200,000. Some estimates as low as 20,000.

This atrocity and other historical disputes have placed a constant strain on bilateral ties for years, but another major sticking point — the sovereignty row over the Japan-controlled Senkaku Islands — came back with a vengeance after Japan effectively nationalized the chain in 2012.

China claims the islets as Diaoyu and Taiwan calls them Tiaoyutai.

Chinese ships have been shadowing or intruding into Japanese territorial waters around the islets ever since. On Saturday, three Chinese coast guard ships intruded for the seventh time this year, according to the Japan Coast Guard.

The Haijing 2101, Haijing 2151 and Haijing 2401 entered waters off Minamikojima, from around 10 a.m. to 10:15 a.m. Saturday, according to the 11th Regional Coast Guard Headquarters in Naha, Okinawa Prefecture.

A Japan Coast Guard ship told them to leave the waters, but the Chinese stayed for about two hours before departing.

In his Berlin speech, Xi responded to criticism of China’s growing military budget by saying that it is proportionate to the country’s size, and that Beijing’s aim is to prevent itself from ever again being oppressed or colonized by foreign powers.

On March 5, China announced a 12.2 percent rise in military spending to 808.23 billion yuan (¥13.38 trillion) for 2014.

Source: The Japan Times “Protest lodged over 300,000 figure: Xi remarks on Nanjing tally upset Tokyo”

Related post:

  • China’s Xi says Japan’s wartime atrocities ‘fresh in our memory’ dated March 30, 2014
  • Will China Make Diaoyus (Senkakus) Japan’s Crimea? Dated March 29, 2014
  • China’s behaviour over Diaoyus similar to Russian annexation of Crimea, says senior Japanese official dated March 25, 2014
  • China: Signals of Imminent War with Japan dated November 11, 2013
  • China Does Not Budge in its Brink of War Policy on Air Defense Identification Zone dated December 5, 2013
  • China advises nationals living in Japan to register with embassy in Tokyo dated November 26, 2013

College students are China’s hope for democracy; Over 100,000 protest in Taiwan


Demonstrators holding sunflowers shout slogans in front of the Presidential Office in Taipei March 30, 2014.  Credit: Reuters/Toby Chang

Demonstrators holding sunflowers shout slogans in front of the Presidential Office in Taipei March 30, 2014.
Credit: Reuters/Toby Chang

We Chinese are proud of our college students. They are the driving force of Chinese history.

See how similar are Taiwan college students’ campaign to defend Taiwan’s democracy to Chinese college students’ campaign for democracy at Tiananmen Square 25 years ago. They are so disciplined and well-organized, strong but peaceful.

They are so wise as to clearly know what is at stake. The pact Taiwan students are opposing is in fact beneficial to Taiwan as China wants to use economic benefit to attract Taiwan to unify with it. However, the students know that Taiwan’s democracy may be at risk if Taiwan allows China to dominate it by economic baits.

Some people believe that the best way out for Taiwan is independence, but Taiwan can never be a lasting independent state separated from China because it is too small and located too close to China and too far away from the United States who has promised to protect it when China tries to take Taiwan by force.

Now, Chinese leaders want a peaceful solution of the Taiwan issue so that they will keep on providing Taiwan with economic benefit to establish economic ties between China and Taiwan so tightly that the two will become inseparable.

However, no one can guarantee that future Chinese leaders will not want a military solution especially if Taiwan declares independence while the US has become weaker than China and been unable to defend Taiwan.

The only way for Taiwan to defend its democracy is to set an example of how people are benefited by democracy and how peaceful, disciplined and well organized the struggle for democracy can be.

Unlike Ukraine, they do not resort to violence to drive away a democratically elected president and thus began a crisis that caused Ukraine to lose a vital part of its territory.

Unlike the uneducated workers, peasants and wild Red Guards who were exploited by Mao’s great democracy to help Mao in his power struggle to seize power back from his political enemies, they refuse to be exploited by political parties.

Taiwan college students will set an example for democratization of China. The only hope for them to be sure that their democracy may survive is to help turning China into a democracy.

The following is the full text of Reuters report titled “Over 100,000 protest in Taiwan over China trade deal” on how college students succeeded in moving lots of people to support them:

More than 100,000 protesters took to the streets of Taiwan’s capital on Sunday as a two-week-long campaign against a trade pact with China gathered steam, piling further pressure on the island’s leader.

The rally in Taipei – where many were dressed in black and some clutched sunflowers to symbolize hope – was one of the largest in recent years in Taiwan, an island that split from China over six decades ago after a civil war.

Protesters say the deal to open 80 of China’s service sectors to Taiwan and 64 Taiwanese sectors to China was rushed through, and could leave Taiwan increasingly beholden to China’s Communist Party leaders.

Some called for the resignation of Taiwan’s China-friendly president Ma Ying-jeou, whose popularity has plunged despite helping to improve ties with China since taking office in 2008.

“We must safeguard our island’s interests,” said Chin Mei Ching, a 29-year-old mother who was pushing her one-year-old daughter in a buggy. “We have to guard against China using the economy to control us.”

A coalition of student and civil groups behind the demonstration said that around 500,000 people had massed in streets near the Presidential Palace and the parliament building that has been occupied by protesters for nearly a fortnight.

Police put the figure at 116,000.

Police erected steel barricades to prevent protesters from reaching major government buildings including the cabinet offices that were raided by students last Sunday, sparking scuffles and the use of water cannon by police.

“We will not back down,” Lin Fei Fan, one of the student leaders behind the occupation of Taiwan’s legislature, told Reuters inside the building. “The large turnout today shows there is a clear majority in Taiwan that demands President Ma address our concerns in an acceptable manner.”

Activists have plastered anti-Ma banners on the legislature walls, and stacks of armchairs block the exits.

ECONOMIC FOCUS

Ma has said the trade agreement is necessary for Taiwan’s economic future, but opponents say the deal could hurt small Taiwanese companies. Many also worry the pact will allow Beijing to expand its influence over a fiercely independent and proudly democratic territory that China sees as a renegade province.

“Save Democracy, Don’t Sell Our Country,” read a banner on Sunday.

The trade pact was signed by China and Taiwan last June as a way to boost economic cooperation between the two sides but has yet to be formally ratified by Taiwan’s legislature.

“China is using economic methods to invade Taiwan,” said protester Liou Jong-yuan, a 47-year-old engineer.

The protest could strain the recent rapprochement between Taiwan and China, particularly if Ma capitulates on the trade deal that the protesters want scrapped.

Ma Ying-jeou said on Saturday the protests would not affect the potential for a meeting with Chinese President Xi Jinping. Both sides have expressed interest in a historic meeting between their leaders, though no timeframe or venue has been set.

Taiwan and China have been ruled separately since the Communists won China’s civil war in 1949.

Source: Reuters “Over 100,000 protest in Taiwan over China trade deal”

Related posts:

  • Will Taiwan Copy Ukraine Revolt, Drive Away Pro-Beijing President, Cause Secession? dated March 12, 2014
  • 55% Taiwanese Regard Themselves as Chinese dated March 12, 2014
  • Brawl in Taiwan’s Parliament over China trade pact March 13, 2014
  • Taiwan leader says protest-hit China trade pact vital dated March 23, 2014
  • Taiwan’s Ma says ready to meet protesters over China trade pact dated March 26, 2014

Reuters Exclusive Report on Former Security Chief under House Arrest for Corruption


 China's Public Security Minister Zhou Yongkang reacts as he attends the Hebei delegation discussion sessions at the 17th National Congress of the Communist Party of China at the Great Hall Credit: REUTERS/Jason Lee/Files

China’s Public Security Minister Zhou Yongkang reacts as he attends the Hebei delegation discussion sessions at the 17th National Congress of the Communist Party of China at the Great Hall Credit: REUTERS/Jason Lee/Files

Chinese authorities have seized assets worth at least 90 billion yuan ($14.5 billion) from family members and associates of retired domestic security tsar Zhou Yongkang, who is at the centre of China’s biggest corruption scandal in more than six decades, two sources said.

More than 300 of Zhou’s relatives, political allies, proteges and staff have also been taken into custody or questioned in the past four months, the sources, who have been briefed on the investigation, told Reuters.

The sheer size of the asset seizures and the scale of the investigations into the people around Zhou – both unreported until now – make the corruption probe unprecedented in modern China and would appear to show that President Xi Jinping is tackling graft at the highest levels.

But it may also be driven partly by political payback after Zhou angered leaders such as Xi by opposing the ouster of former high-flying politician Bo Xilai, who was jailed for life in September for corruption and abuse of power.

Zhou, 71, has been under virtual house arrest since authorities began formally investigating him late last year. He is the most senior Chinese politician to be ensnared in a corruption investigation since the Communist Party swept to power in 1949.

“It’s the ugliest in the history of the New China,” said one of the sources, who has ties to the leadership, requesting anonymity to avoid repercussions for speaking to the foreign media about elite politics.

The government has yet to make any official statement about Zhou or the case against him and it has not been possible to contact Zhou, his family, associates or staff for comment. It is not clear if any of them have lawyers.

The party’s anti-corruption watchdog and the prosecutor’s office did not respond to requests for comment. In the secretive world of China’s Communist Party, targets of its investigations usually disappear, often for months or even years, until an official announcement is made.

Xi ordered a task force formed in late November or early December to look into accusations against Zhou, sources have previously told Reuters. They have not said what the allegations were except that they were related to violating party discipline, official jargon for corruption.

A third source with ties to the leadership said Zhou had refused to cooperate with investigators, insisting he was the victim of a power struggle.

“Zhou Yongkang is tough and claims its political persecution,” the source said.

Zhou rose through the ranks of China’s oil and gas sector before joining the elite Politburo Standing Committee in 2007, where as domestic security chief his budget exceeded defense spending. He retired in 2012 and was last seen at an alumni event at the China University of Petroleum on October 1.

BONDS, VILLAS, CARS, LIQUOR, GOLD

The first two sources said prosecutors and the party’s anti-corruption watchdog had frozen bank accounts with deposits totaling 37 billion yuan and seized domestic and overseas bonds and stocks with a combined value of 51 billion yuan after raiding homes in Beijing, Shanghai and five provinces.

Investigators had also confiscated about 300 apartments and villas worth around 1.7 billion yuan, antiques and contemporary paintings with a market value of 1 billion yuan and more than 60 vehicles, the sources added. Other items seized included expensive liquor, gold, silver and cash in local and foreign currencies.

The seized assets belonged to those in custody, the sources said, without saying how many people in total had been detained compared to just questioned. Most of the assets were not in Zhou’s name, they added.

According to the sources, the seized assets had a combined value of at least 90 billion yuan, although it was unclear what share of that total was ill-gotten and would be turned over to the state.

The amount eventually made public could be smaller to avoid embarrassing the party and angering ordinary Chinese, the sources said.

Such asset seizures, while large, are not uncommon in China, where excess has often been revealed from graft probes in recent years. In January, the respected Chinese magazine Caixin said authorities had seized a solid gold statue of Mao Zedong among other things from the mansion of a senior military officer who has been under investigation since he was sacked in 2012.

LONG LIST

The first two sources added that more than 10 of Zhou’s relatives had been detained. They included Zhou’s one-time television reporter wife Jia Xiaoye, his eldest son from a previous marriage Zhou Bin, Zhou Bin’s in-laws and Zhou Yongkang’s brother.

About 10 officials who held a rank equivalent to at least vice minister were also under investigation, the sources said.

Among them were Jiang Jiemin, former chairman of both state energy giant PetroChina and its parent China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC), former Vice Minister of Public Security Li Dongsheng and Ji Wenlin, ex-vice governor of the southernmost island province of Hainan.

Chinese state media has announced that all three were being investigated for serious violations of discipline. They were either proteges or aides to Zhou.

Reuters has been unable to contact the three men. It’s unclear if they have lawyers.

More than 20 of Zhou’s bodyguards, secretaries and drivers had also been detained, the sources said. Many other family members and associates had been questioned.

THE BIGGEST TIGER?

Since becoming head of the party in late 2012 and then president a year ago, Xi has vowed to go after both powerful “tigers” and lowly “flies” in an effort to crack down on the corruption he says threatens the party’s very existence.

But Xi is in a dilemma over whether to put Zhou on trial lest it further undermine public faith in the party, the three sources said, referring to the growing disillusionment in China over rampant graft and abuse of power.

Xi would also risk alienating other party elders who fear that they and their families could be next, political analysts say.

Putting someone as powerful as Zhou in the dock would be a political decision that only Xi could make after getting the consensus of senior party members, Xi’s predecessors and other retired top officials, they say.

In ordering the investigation, Xi broke with an unwritten rule that incumbent and retired members of the Standing Committee were immune from prosecution.

As a member of the Standing Committee, the apex of power in China, and a former domestic security chief, Zhou would have intimate knowledge of the skeletons in the party’s closet.

It is still unclear exactly why Zhou has been targeted, though an early sign that he might have overstepped was when he retired and the position of domestic security chief was dropped from the Standing Committee.

Sources have also said Zhou angered Xi and other leaders over Bo Xilai, whose career was ended in 2012 by a murder scandal in which his wife was eventually convicted of poisoning a British businessman who had been a family friend.

Before Bo’s downfall, Zhou had recommended that Bo succeed him as domestic security chief, multiple sources with direct knowledge of the matter have said.

Source: Reuters “Exclusive: China seizes $14.5 billion assets from family, associates of ex-security chief – sources”

Related posts:

  • China: Severe Anti-corruption Storm on the Horizon dated August 31, 2013
  • China’s top graft buster urges ‘shock and awe’ for offenders to intensify anti-corruption storm dated October 23, 2013
  • Severe Anti-corruption Typhoon to Sweep Entire China dated November 15, 2013
  • Anti-corruption Storm Sweeps the Top dated November 22, 2013

China Completes Deployment of Six 096 Nuclear Submarines with JL-3 SLBMs


One of the six  096 strategic nuclear submarine China has deployed

One of the six 096 strategic nuclear submarine China has deployed

Type 096 Qin class nuclear submarine began to be formally commissioned in July 2008. It carries 24 JL-3 SLBMs with a range of 15,000 km and MIRVs.

JL-3 SLBM is the submarine version of DF-41 land-based ICBM. DF-41 can have 10 MIRVs but JL-3 seems to carry less MIRVs as the report says the 24 SLBMs can hit at lease 64 targets simultaneously. As a result, a 096’s fire power is equivalent to that of six 094 Jin class strategic SLBM submarines.

Moreover, installed with an anti-satellite device, a JL-3 can hit an enemy satellite.

A 096 submarine has a maximum displacement of 10,000 tons and is said to be rival to US Ohio class nuclear submarine characterized by low noise, high undetectability and maneuverability, great survival ability and long-range attack capability.

Recently, there has been media report that a 096 submarine launched a JL-3 SLBM from the Yellow Sea and successfully hit its target in Gobi Desert 8,000 kilometers away.

In an interview with an international media, a US military officer said that it was quite probable that China has completed its deployment of six 096 submarines to have the capability of nuclear strike covering Europe, Asia, Australia and North America. .

Source: huanqiu.com “China’s deployment of six 096 nuclear submarines armed with JL-3 SLBMs gives rise to great panic in Japan”

Related posts:

  • China Successful Test of JL-3 nuclear SLBM Able to Hit Anywhere in the US dated February 19, 2014
  • China Test Launches in a Row of New Types of ICBM and SLBM within 10 Days dated December 24, 2013
  • China Conducts Second Flight Test of New DF-41 ICBM with 10 MIRVs dated December 19, 2013
  • China: DF-41 ICBM with Range of 14,000 km, Able to Break Through US Anti-missile Network dated October 8, 2013
  • SCMP: China’s Nuclear Arsenal Is Fully Mobile dated August 28, 2012

China’s Xi says Japan’s wartime atrocities ‘fresh in our memory’


China's President Xi Jinping waves to media following a joint news conference with German Chancellor Angela Merkel after an agreement signing, at the Chancellery in Berlin March 28, 2014.  Credit: Reuters/Fabrizio Bensch

China’s President Xi Jinping waves to media following a joint news conference with German Chancellor Angela Merkel after an agreement signing, at the Chancellery in Berlin March 28, 2014.
Credit: Reuters/Fabrizio Bensch

Chinese President Xi Jinping said on Friday during a visit to Berlin that Japan’s wartime atrocities were still “fresh in our memory”.

Japan occupied parts of China in the 1930s and 1940s. In December, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe angered China and South Korea by visiting Tokyo’s Yasukuni Shrine, which they see as a symbol of Japan’s wartime aggression as it honors convicted war criminals as well as others who died in battle.

“We Chinese have long held the belief that we should not do onto others as we do not wish they do onto us … China needs peace like humans need air and plants need water,” he said.

Source: Reuters “China’s Xi says Japan’s wartime atrocities ‘fresh in our memory’”

Related post:

  • Will China Make Diaoyus (Senkakus) Japan’s Crimea? Dated March 29, 2014
  • China’s behaviour over Diaoyus similar to Russian annexation of Crimea, says senior Japanese official dated March 25, 2014
  • China: Signals of Imminent War with Japan dated November 11, 2013
  • War of Words over ADIZ Goes on and May Lead to Hot War despite Biden Visit dated December 6, 2013
  • China Does Not Budge in its Brink of War Policy on Air Defense Identification Zone dated December 5, 2013
  • China advises nationals living in Japan to register with embassy in Tokyo dated November 26, 2013