China Busy Launching Satellites for Space-air Military Capabilities


China launched 19 and 20 satellites respectively in 2012 and 2013 mostly for its own and has thus become the country that launches the greatest number of satellites each year.

According to Jane’s Defence Weekly, only a small number of China’s new satellites are for non-military space programs. However, as pointed out in my new book Space Era Strategy: The Way China Beats The U.S., China’s space program is controlled by and serves Chinese military.

The following is the full text of Jane’s Defence Weekly’s recent article on Chinese satellites:

China launches latest of military, ‘experimental’ satellites

Andrew Tate, London – IHS Jane’s Defence Weekly
28 September 2014

China launched a Long March-4B rocket carrying the Yaogan-21 remote sensing satellite and an experimental satellite, Tiantuo-2, from the Taiyuan Satellite Launch Centre on 8 September.

Tiantuo-2, which was designed and built by the National University of Defence Technology (NUDT), “will be used for scientific experiments, natural resource survey, estimation of crop yields, and disaster relief,” according to Xinhua news agency.

This is the function China ascribes to most of its remote sensing satellites, but analysts believe that the Yaogan constellation is used for ocean surveillance.

The launch was the latest in a series by China. On 9 August a Long March-4C rocket launched the Yaogan-20 mission into orbit from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Centre. While Xinhua reported the payload to be a satellite with the same purposes as the Yaogan-21, other sources indicate that the payload comprised three satellites, which were deployed in such a way that would make them suitable for operating as an ocean surveillance system.

Analysts believe that a range of sensors, encompassing electro-optical imaging, electronic intelligence (ELINT) intercept, and synthetic aperture radars, are carried by Yaogan series satellites. The first of the series, Yaogan-1, was launched on 27 April 2006 and is believed to have deployed China’s first space-based synthetic aperture radar. Yaogan-9, launched on 5 March 2010, was the first deployment of a triple satellite formation, followed by similar deployments from Yaogan-16 in November 2011 and Yaogan-17 in September 2013. The Yaogan-20 triplet, which is possibly a replacement for Yaogan-9, is believed to be for ELINT, detecting ships’ radar emissions, and determining emitter location through triangulation.

Internet sources, citing Xinhua, report that the experimental Tiantuo-2 carries four video cameras capable of streaming real-time data on moving objects. It is speculated that the system will be capable of tracking objects on the earth’s surface using real-time ground-controlled directional alignment of the cameras. An NUDT statement reported that the satellite will be used to test technologies for more advanced video imaging satellites.

The first Chinese satellite launch of 2014 was on 31 March and was of Shijian 11-06 (SJ-11-06). Chinese media reported this as an experimental satellite and provided no further details. However, the positioning of the Shijian 11 constellation, and similarities to the launch vehicle and orbit of Shiyan Weixing 2 (SY-2), launched on 18 November 2004, which tested IR sensors, has led some analysts to believe that the purpose is to support a ballistic missile early warning system, with satellites equipped with infrared sensors to detect missile launches. SJ-11-06 is the fifth satellite in the constellation; SJ-11-04 was lost in August 2011 after failure of the second stage of the launch vehicle.

Two other launches carrying three satellites for non-military space programmes have recently taken place; from Taiyuan on 19 August and from Jiuquan on 4 September. China has a third operational satellite launch centre at Xichang in Sichuan province and a fourth is being constructed at Wenquan on Hainan Island. Chinese media have reported that the Wenquan launch centre “is almost completed and can already launch space vehicles”.

It is anticipated that Wenquan will be used extensively for launches associated with the manned space programme and the Tiangong-2 space station, as it will be able to launch the larger, 5 m-diameter Long March 5 series rockets with heavier payloads. The first launch could take place later in 2014.

Source: Jane’s defence weekly “China launches latest of military, ‘experimental’ satellites”

Related posts at tiananmenstremendousachievements.wordpress.com:

  • China’s Kuaizhou System Able to Replace Destroyed Satellite within Hours dated September 17, 2014
  • China’s New Gaofen-2 Satellite Able to See a Car from the Height of 600,000 meter dated August 20, 2014

39 Comments on “China Busy Launching Satellites for Space-air Military Capabilities”

  1. Love the site– very user friendly and whole lots to see!

    Like

  2. Thanks a ton for sharing your terrific site

    Like

  3. You’re an extremely beneficial internet site; could not make it without ya!

    Like

  4. You made some decent points there. I checked on the web for additional information about the issue and found most individuals will go along with your views on this website.

    Like

  5. First off I want to say fantastic blog! I had a quick question which I’d like to ask
    if you don’t mind. I was interested to find out how you center yourself and clear your mind prior
    to writing. I have had a tough time clearing my mind
    in getting my ideas out there. I truly do enjoy writing however it just seems like the first
    10 to 15 minutes tend to be lost simply just trying to figure out how to begin. Any
    ideas or tips? Kudos!

    Like

  6. Silke says:

    Simply wish to say your article is as astounding. The clearness for your submit is just excellent and that i could
    suppose you’re an expert on this subject. Well along with your permission let me to grasp your feed to keep updated with impending
    post. Thanks a million and please carry on the rewarding work.

    web site (Silke)

    Like

  7. Do you mind if I quote a couple of your posts as long as I provide credit and sources back to your website?
    My blog site is in the very same area of interest as yours and my users would really benefit from some
    of the information you provide here. Please let me know if this alright with you.

    Appreciate it!

    Like

  8. I think that everything published was very logical.
    However, think on this, what if you wrote a catchier
    post title? I am not suggesting your information is not solid., however what if you added a
    post title to maybe get people’s attention? I mean China Busy Launching Satellites for Space-air Military Capabilities
    | Tiananmen’s Tremendous Achievements is a little vanilla.

    You might peek at Yahoo’s home page and see how
    they create post headlines to grab people to click. You might try adding a video or a picture or
    two to grab readers excited about what you’ve got to say.
    In my opinion, it could bring your posts a little livelier.

    Like

  9. Thanks for one’s marvelous posting! I actually enjoyed reading it,
    you may be a great author.I will remember to bookmark your
    blog and will often come back later on. I want to encourage one to continue your great posts,
    have a nice day!

    Like

  10. Somebody necessarily assist to make critically articles I might state.
    That is the first time I frequented your website page and to
    this point? I amazed with the research you made to create this particular
    publish extraordinary. Excellent job!

    Like

  11. It’s not my first time to pay a quick visit this web site, i am
    browsing this web site dailly and take good data from here everyday.

    Like

  12. It’s awesome to pay a quick visit this site and reading the views of
    all mates concerning this article, while I am also keen of getting
    know-how.

    Like

  13. Thanks in favor of sharing such a nice thought, piece of writing
    is fastidious, thats why i have read it completely

    Like

  14. When some one searches for his required thing,
    thus he/she desires to be available that in detail,
    therefore that thing is maintained over here.

    Like

  15. What’s up, yes this post is truly pleasant and I have learned lot of things from it concerning blogging.
    thanks.

    Like

  16. Thanks to my father who shared with me on the topic of this weblog, this blog is
    in fact remarkable.

    Like

  17. If you want to increase your familiarity just keep visiting this website and be
    updated with the most up-to-date news update posted here.

    Like

  18. Have you ever considered about including a little
    bit more than just your articles? I mean, what you say is
    fundamental and everything. But think about if you added
    some great pictures or video clips to give your posts more, “pop”!
    Your content is excellent but with pics and videos, this website could certainly be one of the best in its niche.
    Excellent blog!

    Like

  19. First of all I would like to say fantastic blog!
    I had a quick question which I’d like to ask if you
    don’t mind. I was curious to find out how you center
    yourself and clear your head prior to writing. I have had a difficult time clearing my mind in getting my thoughts out there.
    I truly do enjoy writing however it just seems like the first 10 to 15 minutes are generally
    lost simply just trying to figure out how to begin. Any recommendations
    or hints? Appreciate it!

    Like

  20. Hi, i read your blog occasionally and i own a similar
    one and i was just wondering if you get a lot of spam responses?

    If so how do you stop it, any plugin or anything
    you can advise? I get so much lately it’s driving me insane so any
    assistance is very much appreciated.

    Like

  21. It’s very easy to find out any topic on web as compared to textbooks, as I found
    this paragraph at this web page.

    Like

  22. I visited various blogs but the audio feature for audio songs present at this
    web site is actually marvelous.

    Like

  23. Hi! This post could not be written any better! Reading through this
    post reminds me of my old room mate! He always kept talking about this.
    I will forward this post to him. Fairly certain he
    will have a good read. Thanks for sharing!

    Like

  24. Hi! I’ve been following your website for a long time now and finally got
    the bravery to go ahead and give you a shout out from Humble Texas!
    Just wanted to tell you keep up the fantastic job!

    Like

  25. For latest information you have to go to see internet
    and on the web I found this website as a best site
    for hottest updates.

    Like

  26. Definitely believe that which you stated. Your favorite justification appeared to be
    on the internet the simplest thing to be aware of. I say to you, I definitely get irked
    while people consider worries that they plainly don’t know about.

    You managed to hit the nail upon the top and defined out the whole thing without having side-effects
    , people can take a signal. Will likely be back to
    get more. Thanks

    Like

  27. Asking questions are really nice thing if you are not understanding
    anything completely, except this piece of
    writing gives fastidious understanding yet.

    Like

  28. What’s up, after reading this amazing paragraph i am also delighted to share my know-how
    here with friends.

    Like

  29. Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally, it seems
    as though you relied on the video to make
    your point. You clearly know what youre talking about, why throw away
    your intelligence on just posting videos to your site when you could be giving us something enlightening to read?

    Like

  30. You can definitely see your expertise in the work you
    write. The world hopes for even more passionate writers such as you who are not afraid to mention how they believe.
    Always go after your heart.

    Like

  31. Thanks for finally writing about >China Busy Launching Satellites
    for Space-air Military Capabilities | Tiananmen’s Tremendous
    Achievements <Loved it!

    Like

  32. My spouse and I stumbled over here coming from a different page and thought I may as well check things out.
    I like what I see so i am just following you.
    Look forward to looking into your web page again.

    Like

  33. Quality posts is the secret to interest the visitors to pay a visit the website, that’s what this website is providing.

    Like

  34. Great site you have here but I was wanting to know if you knew of any community forums that cover the same topics
    discussed in this article? I’d really love to be a part of
    online community where I can get feed-back from other experienced people that share the same interest.
    If you have any suggestions, please let me know. Thanks!

    Like

  35. I always used to read piece of writing in news papers but now as I am a user of
    web thus from now I am using net for content, thanks to web.

    Like

  36. Thanks a lot for sharing this with all folks you actually understand
    what you are talking about! Bookmarked. Kindly additionally discuss with my site =).
    We could have a link alternate agreement between us

    Like

  37. Every weekend i used to pay a quick visit this web page, as i want
    enjoyment, since this this web page conations genuinely good funny
    stuff too.

    Like

  38. […] China Busy Launching Satellites for Space-air Military Capabilities (tiananmenstremendousachievements.wordpress.com) […]

    Like