Singtao Daily says in its report today that at 1:30pm (11:30am according to SCMP), a group of terrorists threw explosives at and hacked with knives and axes innocent people at Meishi (meaning tasty food) Street, Shache County, Kashgar, Xinjiang.
The policemen patrolling nearby streets rushed to the scene, surrounded the terrorists and killed 11 of them. Neither Singtao nor SCMP mentions in their report whether any terrorist has been captured alive. Singtao says 39 have been killed or wounded in the heading of its report but its report only mentions 15 deaths and 14 injuries.
That is confirmed by SCMP report on the same incident.
Local police are investigating the case while no organization has claimed responsibility.
Both newspapers described Shache as a country often attacked by terrorists. The most serious recent attack took place in July when 37 innocent people and 59 terrorists were killed.
SCMP says in its report on the attack today, “Two days after the July attack, Jume Tahir, the government-appointed chief imam of the country’s biggest mosque in Kashgar, was hacked to death after leading morning prayers.
“Beijing has blamed both attacks on Xinjiang separatists, whom the authorities said received terrorism training. Rights groups and exiled Uygurs dispute the terrorism label and argue the violence is the result of repression by the authorities.
“Two teenagers were sentenced to death over the killing of the imam, and a third man was given life imprisonment in September. More than 20 people responsible for the attack in July were sentenced to death by a Kashgar court in October.”
Source: Singtao Daily “Xinjiang Terrorists attack with knives, explosives causing 39 casualties” (summary by Chan Kai Yee based on the report in Chinese)
Source: SCMP “15 dead after attack on busy street in Xinjiang”
Yesterday, I reblogged China Daily Mail’s post of Newsweek article “Is This the End of China’s Economic Miracle?” The article points out with insight that the reforms Xi Jinping needs to carry out are not the one or two sweeping changes that Deng initiated more than 35 years ago. They are far more numerous and in some ways far more complicated.
The article says that Xi has launched a tougher than expected crackdown on corruption, projected Chinese power abroad, cracked down viciously on dissidents at home and evoked nationalistic themes and ancient Chinese literature in trying to unite his citizens behind his own “China Dream,” which he defines as “the rejuvenation of the great Chinese nation.”
It says that Xi’s critics believe all of that has obscured the pursuit of reform, which is what the party needs most. They have even drawn unflattering comparisons of him to Mao and the cult of personality he created.
That was similar to people’s failure to understand Xi when Xi conducted his mass-line education campaign soon after he took over the reign instead of conducting a fierce campaign against corruption. At that time, people believed that corruption had to be his priority instead of mass-line education. Some people even thought that Xi was unable to really fight corruption.
I point out in the section “No Cyclone with Respect to Corruption at First”, Chapter 19 of my book Tiananmen’s Tremendous Achievements Expanded 2nd Edition that Fighting corruption is Xi’s first priority, but Xi had “no intention to make widespread national efforts for that soon after he took over. In fact, it is understandable. Xi did not have trustworthy teams of assistants necessary for doing the job.”
Moreover, there was official despotism in most areas. People were afraid of officials and did not dare to expose officials’ despotism and malpractices of formalism, bureaucratism, hedonism and extravagance.
Xi’s mass-line education campaign is in fact what I call “Xi Jinping’s Typhoon of Democratic Supervision” (the subhead of the section on it in Chapter 19). The following is excerpts from the section:
Those are the mistakes that almost everybody from top to bottom has to a certain extent committed; therefore, Xi Jinping calls his campaign an education campaign, i.e. a campaign to educate the officials in order to overcome those mistakes and implement his mass line. It means that all officials shall examine themselves before the masses of people so that it is a campaign that will make them all lose their dignity and face.
Does that work? Can officials really be made to examine and criticize themselves? Will the masses of people come out to expose officials’ mistakes in spite of being scared by officials? The higher officials’ ranks, the more serious their mistakes. Who dare to expose high officials’ mistakes? Take care that there may be retaliation!
Xi Jinping takes the measures Chinese dynasties were accustomed to—sending imperial commissioners. The central authority sent 45 supervision teams to 15 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities including Beijing, Shanghai, Tianjin, Jiangsu and Zhejiang, 7 ministries and commissions including the National Audit Office, Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission and National Health and Family Planning Commission and 7 central enterprises including Sinopec and State Grid and key colleges at vice minister-level including Nanjing University to ensure that the mass line education practice campaign will be carried out in an “orderly and effective manner” without being just for show, remaining in words only and or being deviated from the right course.
From the above we can see that Xi Jinping’s mass line education practice campaign is in fact his typhoon of democratic supervision.
It makes us see his super wisdom. Through this campaign, he wants to establish the foundation for eradicating corruption—democratic supervision. He pays attention to each and every aspect of the campaign in his arrangement.
When his mass line education had enabled the general public to conduct democratic supervision, he began his nationwide anti-corruption campaign. I predicted the campaign in my post “Severe Anti-corruption Storm on the Horizon” on August 31, 2013 as follows:
When initial success has been achieved in the mass line education practice campaign in September, a national struggle against corruption will be carried out with the suddenness of a thunderbolt after a harsh verdict is given to Bo Xilai. By that time, the 45 central mass line supervision and guidance teams and 10 Central Corruption Inspection teams are working with full steam and have gained some working experience and established their authority. Xi Jinping will take advantage of the universal awe caused by the severe verdict to switch the teams’ focus onto fighting corruption.
I describe Xi’s secret in turning the anti-corruption campaign into a storm in my book as follows:
Rights are indispensably accompanied with duties
Another clever move in Xi Jinping’s mass line education practice campaign is that he wants to guide the masses of the people to perform their duties of supervision in more actively exposing malpractices, making criticism and putting forward suggestions. In pursuing democracy, people often lay particular stress on people’s rights while neglect their duties. Xi Jinping is wise in advocating that the education campaign will not only grant people the rights of democratic supervision but also teach people to perform their duties of supervision. If in spite of the democratic rights of supervision people have, they have no sense of responsibility to exercise their democratic rights and turn a blind eye to the corruption they personally see, what is the use to have their rights?
Newsweek article wonders whether Chinese people will be patient enough to endure the hardship caused by the economic slowdown before Xi has carried through his reforms to put an end to the slowdown.
The blogger has to point out that like his mass-line education practice campaign that made preparations for his anti-corruption storm, the success of Xi’s fight has been making preparations for Xi’ economic reform. People will have the patience as Xi’s success in his mass-line campaign and anti-corruption storm have made them confident in the success of Xi’s reform. That’s Xi’s work style: making sufficient preparations for what he will do and carrying through to the very end what he is doing.
Readers may find the full text of Newsweek article “Is this the end of China’s economic miracle?” in my post of the same title reblogged from China Daily Mail yesterday.
Source: Chan Kai Yee Tiananmen’s Tremendous Achievements Expanded 2nd Edition
Source: Newsweek “Is This the End of China’s Economic Miracle?”
Related post at tiananmenstremendousachievements.wordpress.com:
- Severe Anti-corruption Storm on the Horizon dated August 31, 2013
- China’s Economic Slowdown Is Precisely What Xi Jinping Wants dated November 17, 2014
Ma Jijiang and his once poor family are the flesh and blood of China’s modern economic miracle, living proof of how radically the country has been reshaped since the late Deng Xiaoping changed the world in 1978 by proclaiming that to get rich is glorious and launching China’s experiment with market economics.
Ma grew up as the only son of peasants in central Henan province. In the late 1990s, his father, a factory worker, suffered an industrial accident that caused him to lose the lower half of his left leg to amputation, ending his working life. His mother, Hui-fang, was a wheat farmer, her skin coarsened by days working in Henan’s broiling summer sun. The family used to live off a dirt road adjacent to the wheat fields in which Hui-fang toiled, in a tiny wooden house lit by a single light bulb.
No longer. Ma was an uncommonly…
View original post 3,084 more words
China showcases at its recent Zhuhai airshow its B-611MR tactical ground-to-ground missile, unique in the world for its anti-radiation function. The missile is installed with a terminal broadband passive radar to enable it to hit electromagnetic target.
It in addition is unique for its high altitude, speed, accuracy and maneuverability and the best penetration capability. Its trajectory is not the traditional hyperbolic one but can change vertically so that it is impossible to foretell its orbit. As a result, it is able to avoid the interception of any existing anti-missile system.
In addition, its launch procedure is very simple. It is necessary only to give the data of its target to its computer and send the missile roughly at the direction of the target. Such quick launching process ensures the surprise of the attack and the safety of the missile operators.
Source: qianzhan.com “Exposure of PLA’s one more shocking weapon absolutely the best and only one in the world” (summary by Chan Kai Yee based on the report in Chinese)
SCMP says in its report “Scientists in Yunnan unlock secrets of ‘magical’ microbe-killing plant” today that Chinese scientists have found a plant in Xishuangbanna, Yunnan Province that has the potential to be a safe, effective microbe killer.
The herb medicine has long been known to tribal doctors. SCMP says, “Tribal doctors have used oil extracted from the seeds to cure stomach disorders and flesh wounds since ancient times. The mild flavoured fruit has a pleasant fragrance and is used as a food preservative.
“The herbal germ-killer shows promise in treating patients while avoiding the serious overuse of antibiotics in China, according to researchers at the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS).”
CAS Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden in Mengla county has studied the plant and confirmed its potential as an effective alternative to conventional antibiotics without side effect.
Due to excessive use of antibiotics in the world, especially in China, some germs have become resistant to conventional antibiotics. For example, nearly 7 per cent of tuberculosis cases in China are resistant to a variety of drugs.
Therefore, there is an urgent need for development of a new drug from the plant.
However, CAS scientists are very careful. They are preparing clinical trials of the drug but they want to do further research to know more about the plant before mass application of the drug.
Source: SCMP “Scientists in Yunnan unlock secrets of ‘magical’ microbe-killing plant”
Geologically, the Himalayas are regarded as the boundary of South Asia. As China lies to the north of the Himalayas, it is certainly not a part of South Asia and it has never claimed that in history.
However, Reuters says in its report “China looms over South Asian summit in the Himalayas” that China is much interested in having its status raised from “observer” in the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC). SAARC now consists of such full members as Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, the Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.
It is interesting that China at least borders with most SAARC members including Afghanistan, Bhutan, India, Nepal and Pakistan so that may regard some parts of it as within Shout Asia, but South Korea, a country entirely outside South Asia, is also interested in SAARC full membership.
For those who regard China as having the ambition to conquer the world, China’s interest in infiltrating into South China is quite natural. What about South Korea?
According to Reuters, SAARC has an urgent need for enhancing economic cooperation as it is a region with a fifth of the world’s population but barely any shared roads, fuel pipes or power lines.
For years China has been building roads, power stations, etc. and supplying weapons to some SAARC members. It’s a part of China’s efforts in building the Silk Road and the Silk Road of the Sea. The Silk Road was an ancient trade link on land between China and the parts of the world to the west of China. It is no longer useful as marine shipping is much easier and more cost effective.
However, now the sea route between China and those parts has become China’s trade lifeline and there is the danger of such route being blocked by US superior navy. Rebuilding the Silk Road and development of a new Silk Road of the Sea are now vital for China’s survival.
Ports and especially military bases along the Silk Road of the Sea are of great strategic significance for China.
On the other hand, through enhanced cooperation in building roads, railways, power stations and grids, and other infrastructure, the SAARC will provide a vast market and lots of cheap labor.
That is why not only China but also South Korea is interested in joining SAARC.
Reuters report only mentions that Pakistan wants to allow South Korea to become a full member in addition to China, but says nothing else about South Korea joining SAARC.
It describes China’s great interest in joining SAARC. It says, “Earlier in the week, the Kathmandu bureau of Chinese state news agency Xinhua distributed a newspaper that devoted several pages to promoting China’s full membership.”
It in addition quotes a Chinese Foreign Ministry spokeswoman as saying, “China attaches great importance to SAARC’s status and function. China is also willing to elevate the level of its relationship.”
The following is the full text of the Reuters report:
China looms over South Asian summit in the Himalayas
When eight South Asian leaders gather for a summit in Kathmandu on Wednesday, they will meet in a conference center donated by China to its cash-strapped Himalayan neighbor Nepal 27 years ago.
In the decades since it built the modernist brick and glass hall, China has massively stepped up its presence in South Asia, supplying ports, power stations and weapons.
China’s advance has been aided by bickering between India and Pakistan that stymies almost all attempts at integration in a region that is home to a fifth of the world’s population but has barely any shared roads, fuel pipes or power lines.
India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi has not welcomed Beijing’s renewed suggestion its status be raised from “observer” in the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC), in which India is presently the only major power.
SAARC summits bring together leaders from Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, the Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.
Modi’s hope of using the group as a counterweight to China is unlikely to gain traction at the two-day Kathmandu meeting, with officials saying Pakistan is blocking deals to increase transport and energy connections.
Pakistan mooted the idea of upgrading China’s and South Korea’s status in the organization at a meeting of SAARC foreign ministers on Tuesday. It was quickly rebuffed by India.
“We need to first deepen cooperation among SAARC, before we try and move it horizontally,” an Indian foreign ministry spokesman said. He said several countries agreed.
China has sent Vice Foreign Minister Liu Zhenmin and is expected to make a statement during the summit.
Earlier in the week, the Kathmandu bureau of Chinese state news agency Xinhua distributed a newspaper that devoted several pages to promoting China’s full membership.
The paper cited serving and former Nepali ministers expressing support for the proposal.
“China attaches great importance to SAARC’s status and function,” a Foreign Ministry spokeswoman told reporters in Beijing on Tuesday. “China is also willing to elevate the level of its relationship.”
The geographical limits of South Asia are not fixed – Afghanistan was included as a member in 2007, while Myanmar, which borders India and Bangladesh, merely observes. But the Himalayas are generally seen as dividing China from the subcontinent.
“There are many other possibilities in between observer status and full membership, we are happy that China has shown interest,” Nepal’s communications minister Minendra Rijal told Reuters, adding the issue needed consensus.
Source: Reuters “China looms over South Asian summit in the Himalayas”
China did achieve something in its efforts to set up the Free Trade Area of the Asia Pacific (FTAAP) at recent APEC summit in spite of US blocking.
Essential progress on free trade area (FTA) has been made with South Korea and Australia. Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has finally met Chinese President Xi Jinping and agreed with Xi and South Korea President to hold tripartite talks on FTA.
India does not want to be left out. In spite of recent border tension, yesterday Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi appointed his close aid Ajit Doval as a special envoy to resume border talks with China in order to make a breakthrough after failure in 17 rounds of previous talks.
Modi has long expressed his desire to learn from China in achieving substantial economic growth. Using India’s cheep labor to take over some of the labor-intensive industries from China where labor has become increasingly more expensive, is a shortcut for India to achieve prosperity. For that, India needs a large market for its industrial products. FTAAP is precisely what it needs.
The following is Reuters report on the coming border talks between India and China:
India names special envoy for China border talks
India on Monday named its powerful national security adviser as a special envoy on China, opening the way for resumption of talks on the disputed border, where tensions have risen in recent months over border patrols and stiffer defenses.
Ajit Doval, a close aide of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, will lead the negotiations with Chinese State Councillor Yang Jiechi to try and reach a settlement on dispute over the 3,500-km (2,175-mile) border that has clouded rapidly expanding commercial links.
In September, the two armies were locked in a faceoff in the Ladakh sector in the western Himalayas just as Chinese President Xi Jinping was visiting India for the first summit talks with Modi.
Both leaders vowed to work together to resolve the border row that has defied a solution even after 17 rounds of high level talks over the last decade and negotiations even earlier between the diplomats of the two countries.
China lays claim to more than 90,000 sq km (35,000 sq miles) disputed by New Delhi in the eastern sector of the Himalayas. India says China occupies 38,000 square km (14,600 sq miles) of its territory on the Aksai Chin plateau in the west.
Doval, a hardliner on national security issues, will conduct boundary negotiations as well as strategic consultations with China, Modi’s office said in a statement.
New Delhi has vowed to beef up defenses along the border to narrow the gap with China’s network of roads and communication links. Beijing has expressed concern about India’s plan to build roads and border outposts in Arunachal Pradesh in the east, which it refers to as south Tibet.
Indian officials say Chinese border patrols have been intruding deeper into their side of the de facto border, in a sign of assertiveness that has fueled concern in the region.
Source: Reuters “India names special envoy for China border talks”
China’s qianzhan.com quoted Russian military industry news website as saying that in early October, Chinese shipyard at Changxing Island installed radar, electronic system and weapons on the aircraft carrier it is making. The ship is scheduled to be launched before 2017 according to China’s plan to produce two China-made 48,000 to 64,000-ton conventional carriers.
From 2017 to 2020, China will build two nuclear aircraft carriers of 93,000-ton grade for protection of its trade lifelines on the ocean.
According to the report, the electromagnetic catapult on China’s nuclear aircraft carrier will be more than 100 meters long. It will use straight linear induction motor supported by complicated power supply and command systems. Its vital part is a highly efficient energy storage devise able to store 120MJ energy needed in ejecting an aircraft within 45 seconds. The device on the carrier can store a maximum of 140 MJ. Its power supply needs 3.1 MW for charging the device; therefore, must have the power not exceeding 4 MW. The carrier needs 60 MW of electricity for its engines, four catapults and other systems.
China has to vigorously develop its navy in order to protect its trade lifelines far away from its coast. Development of navy now costs about one third of China’s military budget, but there will be further increase through cutting the funds for its shrinking army.
The Russian media believes that in order to protect China’s trade lifelines, especially the supply of oil from Middle East, China has begun to infiltrate into the Indian Ocean. Not long ago Pakistani defense minister announced Pakistan’s hope that China will set up a naval base at its Gwadar Port that China has been helping it build.
China has taken an active part in Sri Lanka’s commercial projects at Hambantota Port. Another potential base will be at Sittwe Port, Myanmar.
Chinese navy has been intensifying its activities in Indian Ocean. In March 2011, two Chinese warships visited Abu Dhabi.
Source: “Good news about China-made aircraft carriers: Radar, electronic equipment and weapons having been installed” (summary by Chan Kai Yee based on the report in Chinese)
So far no countries have shown their interest in buying J-31, but China’s qiauzhan.com believes the following 10 countries are J-31 potential buyers:
Though a NATO member, it has tried to buy China’s HQ-9 air defense missiles. It may buy J-31 if the price and performance of J-31 is satisfactory enough.
Iran has been a major Chinese weapon buyer. As Western weapons are not available to it, it is only natural that Iran will buy J-31 to deal with its potential enemy such as Iraq and Israel.
Being US enemy in Latin America, it needs and can also afford purchase of J-31 to deal with the US and its allies there.
It needs J-31 to deal with India. As a part of China’s strategy in countering India, China is willing to provide it with preferential terms of purchase.
Kazakhstan has been a member of China’s quasi-military alliance the Shanghai Cooperation Organization and thus become an important part of China’s Central Asian strategy. China certainly wants to help it purchase J-31.
6. Sri Lanka
Like Pakistan, Sri Lankda is a part of China’s strategy in dealing with India; therefore, China is interested in selling J-31 to it.
Russia may buy J-31 if it is cheap enough.
8. North Korea
North Korea serves as a buffer between China and outside aggressive forces.
As Brazil has the ambition to be one of the world powers, J-31 certainly suits its need. As there are not conflicts of interest between China and Brazil, China may even be willing sell Brazil a production line of the stealth fighter jet.
10. Saudi Arabia
Saudi traditionally is China’s weapon buyer.
This blogger believes that Russia is able to develop advanced aircrafts at relatively low cost, North Korea lacks the money for the purchase while Brazil and Saudi may get weapons from the West. Unless China’s J-31 is exceptionally cheap and good, none of the four countries will buy it.
Source: qianzhan.com “What countries will vie with one another to buy China’s J-31 fighter jet? List of ten potential buyers” (summary by Chan Kai Yee based on the report in Chinese)