China Admires Russian People’s Support for Putin’s Mad Nuclear Move

Mad Putin

Mad Putin

China’s says in its report today that recently, a documentary entitled “The Road of Crimea’s Return” was shown in Russia that revealed that Putin was prepared to order Russian nuclear troops to be ready to fight in order to ensure that Crimea would return to Russia.

A recent Russian public opinion poll found that 50% of Russian citizens support Putin in using nuclear weapons while only 27% of them worried about that.

That made the web media admire Russian people and gives its report the title “A fighting nation is indeed fierce: a half of Russian citizens supported Putin to use nuclear weapons”

It gives this blogger the impression that 50% Russian people are as mad as Putin while Chinese media is not less mad.

Source: “A fighting nation is indeed fierce: a half of Russian citizens supported Putin to use nuclear weapons” (summary by Chan Kai Yee based on the report in Chinese)

Mobile, TV Networks Connected to China’s Spratly Islands, Reefs

A Spratly reef connected to mobile, TV networks

A Spratly reef connected to mobile, TV networks

China’s reports today that in early March, the islands and reefs occupied by China in Spratly Islands are covered by China’s mobile phone and TV networks. That is quite a big investment as those islands and reefs spread in quite a large area, but it is necessary if China uses its artificial islands there for development of tourism, fishery, fish farming and exploitation of oil and gas.

Source: “China’s Spratly islands and reefs connected to mobile phone and TV networks: Troops there no longer feel lonely” (summary by Chan Kai Yee based on the report in Chinese)

China aims to double doctor numbers as cure for healthcare woes

People queue at a hospital in Shanghai, September 2, 2014.  Reuters/Aly Song

People queue at a hospital in Shanghai, September 2, 2014.
Reuters/Aly Song

(Reuters) – China will almost double the number of its general doctors by 2020, trim its public sector and improve technology as it seeks to fix a healthcare system plagued by snarling queues and poor rural services, its main administrative authority has said.

China’s fast-growing healthcare market is a magnet for global drug makers, medical device firms and hospital operators, all looking to take a slice of a healthcare bill expected to hit $1 trillion by 2020, according to McKinsey & Co.

“Healthcare resources overall are insufficient, quality is too low, our structures are badly organized and service systems fragmented. Parts of the public hospital system have also become bloated,” China’s State Council said in a five-year roadmap announced late on Monday.

The roadmap, which laid out targets for healthcare officials nationwide between 2015 and 2020, said Beijing wanted to have two general doctors per thousand people by 2020, close to double the number at the end of 2013, as well as increasing the number of nursing and support staff.

China suffers from a scarcity of doctors – partly caused by low salaries – which has created bottlenecks at popular urban hospitals leading to rising tension between medical practitioners and often frustrated patients.

The roadmap said China would also look to use technology such as mobile devices and online “cloud systems” to meet some of the issues, a potential boost to tech firms like Alibaba Group Holding Ltd and its healthcare subsidiary Alibaba Health Information Technology Ltd.

China should also have digital databases for electronic health records and patient information covering the entire population to some degree by 2020, it said.

Providing access to affordable healthcare is a key platform for President Xi Jinping’s government. However, recent probes have turned the spotlight on corruption in the sector, while patients often have large out-of-pocket expenses due to low levels of insurance coverage.

The roadmap said China would push forward the development of grassroots healthcare, a fast-growing business segment, while reining in some large public hospitals in urban centers.

The document also suggested further opening to the private sector, where Chinese and international firms have been taking a growing role in running hospitals.

“The role of public health institutions is too big, with the number of beds accounting for around 90 percent of the total,” the State Council said.

Source: Reuters “China aims to double doctor numbers as cure for healthcare woes”

China’s Nuke Subs World Standards: PLAN insider

Photo of three new 093G nuke sub that has been posted on the Internet

Photo of three new 093G nuke sub that has been posted on the Internet

A missile being launched by a Chinese submarine

A missile being launched by a Chinese submarine

This blogger published at his blogs quite a few posts on China’s nuclear submarines, but none of them are from Chinese official source except the piece of news on China’s success in developing its fourth-generation nuclear submarine based on the speech of a Chinese provincial-level official in August, 2013.

The newest post in my blog on China’s nuclear submarines is on the construction of 3 newest Type 093G2 attack nuclear submarines in my post “China Building 3 Newest Type 093G2 Attack Nuclear Submarines” on February 15, 2015

The post was based on an article on Taiwan’s Defense International magazine. In the article there is a satellite photo that shows that by December 2014, China’s Hulu Island Shipyard had completed the construction of two Type 093G2 nuclear submarines. However, no details about the submarines are given except that judging by the satellite photo a 093G2 is installed with a vertical launch system (VLS), but it is not clear whether there are 12 or 24 tubes in the VLS.

Yesterday, the military channel of carried a report on CCTV’s interview with Chinese military expert Real Admiral Yin Zhuo about the 3 new nuclear submarines.

As CCTV is China’s top official TV media and Real Admiral is a navy insider, we believe, the report provides rare official information about China’s nuclear submarines.

First, Real Admiral Yin told the reporter that the design standards of China’s nuclear submarines are in the main equal to usual world standards.

When CCTV quotes media report that as 093G has VLS, it is better by far than Russia’s Oscar-class nuclear submarine and a real “aircraft carrier killer”. Yin said that was not a scientific view.

He said judging by the photo, the displacement of a 093G was but a few thousand tons but that of Russia’s Oscar-class is 20,000 tons. It can carry 24 missiles 4 tons each with a large range and supersonic speed. That is formidable fire power. A 093G is better in its VLS that enable it to attack targets in all direction.

Yin said: the initial design of 093G meant to give 093G powerful anti-ship and defense-breaking capabilities. The capabilities of land attack and relatively strong anti-submarine capabilities were added to the design later.

In addition, Yin revealed that a submarine was only able to detect surface ships within a distance of several dozen of kilometers, but the range of its anti-ship missile has a range of a few hundred kilometers while its anti-ground cruise missile has a range exceeding 1,000 kilometers. Therefore, the submarine relies on the information provided by satellite and aircraft, which transmit the information to the submarine through land-based long-wave radio station.

He said, “A submarine needs a full set of external communication system to ensure its combat capabilities. At present, we have complete capabilities to safeguard our Type 093G nuclear submarines. We can provide such protection no matter where they have sailed to for battle operation.

Source: “Our 093G nuclear submarine threatens large warships and can be installed with anti-ground cruise missiles” (summary by Chan Kai Yee basedon the report in Chinese)

Chinese Leaders’ Wisdom v. US Leaders’ Stupidity

Nobel Prize Laureate Paul Krugman

Nobel Prize Laureate Paul Krugman

Mao held that the masses of people are real heroes that create history, but in fact, he regarded them as fools to be led by him to die and suffer for him.

This blogger, however, believes that the masses of people are no heroes and unable to create history. It’s the leaders of nations that create history whether good or bad.

China has been able to achieve tremendous economic growth and gain the potential to surpass the US because it has been lucky to have three generations of wise leaders, Deng Xiaoping, Jiang Zemin and Xi Jinping.

The United States is unlucky to have a president who fought two wars without clear goals and do not know how to fight effectively. As a result, the US is deep in debts now and unable to lead the world due to lack of funds.

US Nobel Prize Laureate Paul Krugman gave a vivid description of Deng Xiaoping’s wisdom and Bush administration’s stupidity in his article “Rare and Foolish”.

He said that as far back as in 1992, Deng Xiaoping saw the importance of rare earths and said, “There is oil in the Middle East; there is rare earth in China”. At that time the US had a monopoly of rare earths but the Bush administration did not realize their importance. It allowed China to take over the technology and equipment to grab the monopoly from the US.

Mr. Frugman said in his article, “But policy makers simply stood by as the U.S. rare earth industry shut down. In at least one case, in 2003 — a time when, if you believed the Bush administration, considerations of national security governed every aspect of U.S. policy — the Chinese literally packed up all the equipment in a U.S. production facility and shipped it to China.”

Now, China is certain to have a wise leader who raised the slogan of Chinese dream to bring harmony to a divided nation (divided between conservatives and reformists) and put forth the ideas of free trade area Asian Pacific and the Silk Road and 21st Century Maritime Silk Road for exporting China’s surplus production capacities and cheap goods to less developed countries.

According to Chinese system, like Jiang Zemin, Xi has the potential to rule China for two decades as the core of the collective leadership of the CCP Dynasty with the power of an emperor. In the two decades, China will surpass the US unless there are wise leaders in the US to meet the challenges.

The following is the full text of Paul Krugman’s article:

Rare and Foolish
By Paul Krugman, OCT. 17, 2010

Last month a Chinese trawler operating in Japanese-controlled waters collided with two vessels of Japan’s Coast Guard. Japan detained the trawler’s captain; China responded by cutting off Japan’s access to crucial raw materials.

And there was nowhere else to turn: China accounts for 97 percent of the world’s supply of rare earths, minerals that play an essential role in many high-technology products, including military equipment. Sure enough, Japan soon let the captain go.

I don’t know about you, but I find this story deeply disturbing, both for what it says about China and what it says about us. On one side, the affair highlights the fecklessness of U.S. policy makers, who did nothing while an unreliable regime acquired a stranglehold on key materials. On the other side, the incident shows a Chinese government that is dangerously trigger-happy, willing to wage economic warfare on the slightest provocation.

Some background: The rare earths are elements whose unique properties play a crucial role in applications ranging from hybrid motors to fiber optics. Until the mid-1980s the United States dominated production, but then China moved in.

“There is oil in the Middle East; there is rare earth in China,” declared Deng Xiaoping, the architect of China’s economic transformation, in 1992. Indeed, China has about a third of the world’s rare earth deposits. This relative abundance, combined with low extraction and processing costs — reflecting both low wages and weak environmental standards — allowed China’s producers to undercut the U.S. industry.

You really have to wonder why nobody raised an alarm while this was happening, if only on national security grounds. But policy makers simply stood by as the U.S. rare earth industry shut down. In at least one case, in 2003 — a time when, if you believed the Bush administration, considerations of national security governed every aspect of U.S. policy — the Chinese literally packed up all the equipment in a U.S. production facility and shipped it to China.

The result was a monopoly position exceeding the wildest dreams of Middle Eastern oil-fueled tyrants. And even before the trawler incident, China showed itself willing to exploit that monopoly to the fullest. The United Steelworkers recently filed a complaint against Chinese trade practices, stepping in where U.S. businesses fear to tread because they fear Chinese retaliation. The union put China’s imposition of export restrictions and taxes on rare earths — restrictions that give Chinese production in a number of industries an important competitive advantage — at the top of the list.

Then came the trawler event. Chinese restrictions on rare earth exports were already in violation of agreements China made before joining the World Trade Organization. But the embargo on rare earth exports to Japan was an even more blatant violation of international trade law.

Oh, and Chinese officials have not improved matters by insulting our intelligence, claiming that there was no official embargo. All of China’s rare earth exporters, they say — some of them foreign-owned — simultaneously decided to halt shipments because of their personal feelings toward Japan. Right.

So what are the lessons of the rare earth fracas?

First, and most obviously, the world needs to develop non-Chinese sources of these materials. There are extensive rare earth deposits in the United States and elsewhere. However, developing these deposits and the facilities to process the raw materials will take both time and financial support. So will a prominent alternative: “urban mining,” a k a recycling of rare earths and other materials from used electronic devices.

Second, China’s response to the trawler incident is, I’m sorry to say, further evidence that the world’s newest economic superpower isn’t prepared to assume the responsibilities that go with that status.

Major economic powers, realizing that they have an important stake in the international system, are normally very hesitant about resorting to economic warfare, even in the face of severe provocation — witness the way U.S. policy makers have agonized and temporized over what to do about China’s grossly protectionist exchange-rate policy. China, however, showed no hesitation at all about using its trade muscle to get its way in a political dispute, in clear — if denied — violation of international trade law.
Couple the rare earth story with China’s behavior on other fronts — the state subsidies that help firms gain key contracts, the pressure on foreign companies to move production to China and, above all, that exchange-rate policy — and what you have is a portrait of a rogue economic superpower, unwilling to play by the rules. And the question is what the rest of us are going to do about it.

Source: New York Times “Rare and Foolish”

Potential Improvement in China-Japan Ties

Previously, Reuters says in its report “China, Japan agree to keep momentum alive for better ties”, “China and Japan held their first security talks in four years on Thursday and agreed to keep alive and foster a nascent recovery in bilateral ties plagued by the legacy of Japan’s wartime aggression and a territorial dispute.”

That is a clear aimed at easing the tension between the two countries.

Hong Kong’s RTHK reports early this morning that during the four-day annual Boao Forum that ended yesterday, Xi Jinping met former Japanese prime minister Yasuo Fukuda several times as Mr. Fukuda served as chairman of the forum.

RTHK quotes Fukuda as saying that during their meetings Xi did not mention historical issues. Regarding to Sino-Japanese relations, Fukuda says that undoubtedly, progress is being made towards improvement of the relations between the two countries.

The following is the full text of Reuters report:

China, Japan agree to keep momentum alive for better ties

(Reuters) – China and Japan held their first security talks in four years on Thursday and agreed to keep alive and foster a nascent recovery in bilateral ties plagued by the legacy of Japan’s wartime aggression and a territorial dispute.

The world’s second- and third-largest economies, however, failed to set a timetable for the implementation of a scheme designed to ensure real-time communication between their armed forces.

Sino-Japanese relations have chilled over what China views as Japan’s reluctance to properly atone for its wartime past as well as a dispute over a group of tiny East China Sea islets.

Patrol ships and fighter jets from both countries have shadowed each other regularly near the uninhabited islands that are controlled by Japan but also claimed by China, prompting fears that an accidental collision could spark conflict.

Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s moves to ease the constraints of Japan’s pacifist constitution on its military have unnerved China. Japan says China’s defense policy lacks transparency.

Abe held formal talks with Chinese President Xi Jinping last November. In the meeting, hailed by Xi as the first step toward improved ties, the two agreed to work for the implementation of a bilateral crisis management mechanism.

“Both sides agreed that the tide is beginning to turn for the better regarding relations between Japan and China following the summit meeting,” a Japanese Foreign Ministry official told a media briefing after the one-day meeting.

“They also agreed that it is important to keep on taking positive steps in various areas and at various levels to firmly establish this trend.”

China’s Foreign Ministry said in a statement the Chinese side had expressed concern about “Japan’s recent moves in the military and security fields” and hoped Japan “continues down the path of peaceful development”.

In a sign of a thaw in Sino-Japanese ties, foreign ministers of Japan, China and South Korea are set to meet on Saturday in Seoul for the first time in nearly three years.

Xi and Abe, in their talks last year, agreed to aim for implementation of a plan for hot lines between defense officials as well as communication between vessels and aircraft to convey each other’s intentions and avoid clashes.

While both sides at the Thursday meeting agreed to work to implement the scheme at an early date, no agreement was reached on a concrete schedule toward that goal, the official said.

(Reporting by Kiyoshi Takenaka; Additional reporting by Ben Blanchard in BEIJING; Editing by Robert Birsel and Paul Tait)

Source: Reuters “China, Japan agree to keep momentum alive for better ties”

Source: RTHK “Xi Jinping did not mention historical issues when he met Yasuo Fukuda” (summary by Chan Kai Yee based on the report in Chinese)

Pursue No World leadership, Secret of China’s Success with AIIB

China's President Xi Jinping (front C) poses for photos with guests at the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank launch ceremony at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing October 24, 2014. REUTERS/Takaki Yajima/Pool

China’s President Xi Jinping (front C) poses for photos with guests at the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank launch ceremony at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing October 24, 2014. REUTERS/Takaki Yajima/Pool

China’s suggestion on the establishment of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) proves very popular. According to Hong Kong’s Apple Daily’s report 3 hours ago, so far 40 countries have expressed their desire to join AIIB, making the number of its founder members rise to 41, including India, Indonesia, France, Germany, Italy, Britain, Switzerland, Australia, South Korea, Brazia, Russian and Netherlands.

The US wants to be world leader so that it has forced its veto power on IMF and World Bank and will not give up its veto even when the US is declining and emerging powers have been rising and want to make more contributions two the two organizations.

Forcing leadership on others is unpopular.

No wonder due to dissatisfaction with US monopoly in the two organizations, so many countries, including US allies are anxious to joint AIIB.

They want to join as AIIB will bring benefits to them. Reuters says in its report on AIIB on March 28, “South Korea hopes its infrastructure companies will benefit from the country joining the China-backed Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB), the finance ministry said on Friday.”

However, the most important factor is that China is wise not to seek world leadership in having veto power in AIIB.

WSJ, however, gave its report with US mentality to be world leader. Reuters says, “The Wall Street Journal reported this week that China had proposed to forgo veto power at the AIIB to attract more countries to join the new bank.”

China regards WSJ’s idea as absurd. Reuters says in the same report, “Chinese foreign ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying has however dismissed the notion that Beijing sought – or gave up – veto power as an ‘impossible proposition’.”

The following is the full text of Reuters report on AIIB today:

More countries say to join China-backed AIIB investment bank


(Reuters) – Russia, Australia and the Netherlands on Saturday became the latest three countries to say they plan to join the China-led Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB), adding clout to an institution seen as enhancing China’s regional and global influence.

The AIIB, seen as a challenge to existing institutions the World Bank and Asian Development Bank, has drawn a cool response from the United States, despite which European U.S. allies including Britain, France, Germany and Italy have already announced they would join the bank.

Other countries such as Turkey and South Korea have also said they would join. Brazil, China’s top trading partner, said on Friday it would sign up and that there were no conditions set. “Brazil is very interested in participating in this initiative,” the office of President Dilma Rousseff said in a statement.

Russian First Deputy Prime Minister Igor Shuvalov, speaking on Saturday at a forum in Boao on the southern Chinese island of Hainan, said the country plans to join the AIIB, according to the official Xinhua news agency.

Speaking at the same forum, Australian Finance Minister Mathias Cormann said the country was planning to apply to become a founding member, according to Xinhua.

And the Netherlands also plans to join, Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte said on his official Facebook page after a meeting with Chinese President Xi Jinping.

China’s Finance Ministry said earlier on Saturday Britain and Switzerland had been formally accepted as founding members of the AIIB, a day after Brazil accepted China’s invitation to join.

China’s Finance Ministry said Austria had also applied to join and had submitted its documents to China.

“We should push forward with the creation of a regional hub for financial co-operation,” Xi said at the forum, adding China should “strengthen pragmatic cooperation in monetary stability, investment, financing, credit rating and other fields.”

The AIIB has been seen as a significant setback to U.S. efforts to extend its influence in the Asia Pacific region to balance China’s growing financial clout and assertiveness.

(Reporting by Stephen Eisenhammer; Additional reporting by Ben Blanchard in Beijing, Engen Tham in Shanghai and Adam Jourdan in Boao; Editing by Michael Perry and David Holmes)

Source: Apple Daily “40 countries doing China a favor to support AIIB disregarding US opposition” (summary by Chan Kai Yee based on the report in Chinese)

Source: Reuters “More countries say to join China-backed AIIB investment bank”