Chinese coast guard involved in most South China Sea clashes: research

Increasingly assertive action by China’s coast guard ships in the South China Sea risks destabilizing the region, according to the authors of new research tracking maritime law enforcement incidents across the vital trade route.

While the risks of full-blown naval conflict dominates strategic fears over the disputed waterway, the danger of incidents involving coast guards should not be underestimated, said Bonnie Glaser, a regional security expert at Washington’s Center for Strategic and International Studies think-tank.

CSIS researchers have detailed some 45 clashes and standoffs in the South China Sea since 2010 in a survey due to be published week on its ChinaPower website and seen by Reuters.

While the research includes clashes between a variety of regional states and types of vessels, the actions of China’s coast guard dominates the picture. China’s coast guard has been involved in 30 of the cases logged, two-thirds of the total. Four other incidents involved a Chinese naval vessel operating in a law enforcement capacity.

“The evidence is clear that there is a pattern of behavior from China that is contrary to what law enforcement usually involves,” Glaser told Reuters.

“We’re seeing bullying, harassment and ramming of vessels from countries whose coast guard and fishing vessels are much smaller, often to assert sovereignty throughout the South China Sea.”

The research includes the violent maritime stand-off between Beijing and Hanoi over the placement of a Chinese oil exploration rig off the Vietnamese coast in 2014, as well as tensions that led up to China’s occupation of the Scarborough Shoal off the Philippines in 2012.

It is being published as Chinese coast guard and other vessels return to Scarborough, sparking formal diplomatic protests from Manila.

China’s State Oceanic Administration, which oversees the coast guard did not immediately respond to requests for comment on the research.

The research defines an incident where a nation’s coast guard or navy has used coercive measures beyond routine law enforcement action.

In the short term, Glaser said she believed the risk of injury or death could be worse in civilian clashes than among navies patrolling the South China Sea, given the frequency and intensity of incidents in recent years.

Encounters by rival coast guards are not yet covered by expanding communications arrangements that are geared to preventing clashes between the region’s naval forces.

The survey cites research showing the unifying of China’s civilian maritime fleets in 2013, coupled with on-going budget increases, has given it the world’s largest coast guard.

It now deploys some 205 vessels, including 95 ships over 1,000 tonnes, according to the U.S. Office of Naval Intelligence – a far larger fleet than other regional countries, including Japan.

China claims much of the South China Sea, which carries the bulk of Northeast Asia’s trade with the rest of the world. Vietnam, the Philippines, Malaysia, Brunei and Taiwan also have claims in the area.

(Additional reporting by Ben Blanchard in Beijing; Editing by Lincoln Feast)

Source: Reuters “Chinese coast guard involved in most South China Sea clashes: research”

Note: This is Reuters report I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean that I agree or disagree with the report’ views.


3 Comments on “Chinese coast guard involved in most South China Sea clashes: research”

  1. Anonymous says:

    No doubt that according to this article that Chinese coast guard involved in most clashes in SCS. Would Reuters wrote otherwise? As expected, Reuters failed to mention the second most involved party, which were no doubt US navy who was not even located in SCS. If a clash involves only one party, it would not be a clash, would it not? And as always, it is American we-never-heard-of so called ‘experts’ who makes the baseless accusations, never neutral expert who really know the region. Meanwhile, the attitude of ASEAN countries is in the opposite of the American, to avoid making trouble so the economy can progress smoothly. Of course ASEAN economy has nothing to do with the American, and therefore is expendable. Unlike Chinese coast guard, ASEAN coast guards are generaly relative small and insignificant. Otherwise, the US navy will do a lot of their clashing with ASEAN coast guards instead of the Chinese coast guard.


  2. Simon says:

    What nonsense. The Chinese oil platform was stationed off the coast of the Paracels islands in Chinese waters which are under Chinese administration for over the last 40 years and for most part of the 20th century and before that since ancient times. It is Vietnam who illegally sent its fshermen to intrude in Chinese waters. The oil platform was nowhere near Vietnam’s EEZ so this is another piece of China bashing that does not deserve any respectful analysis.
    China’s clashes is to drive out illegal occupation and threatening behaviour of other countries in Chinese territories. Remember what kick started the Scarborough Shoal incident was because the illegal action by the Phillipines navy to arrest Chinese fishermen on traditional fishing ground shared by both countries so who was being aggresive and flexing their muscles?


  3. Fre Okin says:

    Basically looking back and now knowing PCA ruled All the Spratlys are rocks, it means the clashes in the South China Sea and the Natuna Archipelago are mostly due to the ignorant countries there making illegal law enforcement. The Chinese were merely protecting their fishermen and chasing away illegal foreign government vessels making extra maritime claim beyond their 12 NM border. Chinese ships were in international waters conducting freedom of navigation, what’s wrong with that?