China Upgrades HQ-16 Air Defense Missile to Nearly Double Its Range


New imagery reveals that China has developed a new variant of its HQ-16 self-propelled surface-to-air missile. (CCTV)

New imagery reveals that China has developed a new variant of its HQ-16 self-propelled surface-to-air missile. (CCTV)

China’s official military forum mil.huanqiu.com quotes IHS Jane’s 360’s report as saying, “The China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation (CASIC) has developed a new variant of its HQ-16 (Red Flag-16) self-propelled medium-range surface-to-air missile (SAM), according to imagery released by Chinese state television in early September.”

It gives summary translation of the report on the increase of HQ-16’s range from 40 to 70 km but adds that China completed upgrading of HQ-16 by the end of September 2011 and began its deployment then. According to its sources, HQ-16 is capable of intercepting air vehicles, anti-ship missile and cruise missile with single missile hit rate of 70-98%.

Source: mil.huanqiu.com “Jane’s: Major upgrading of HQ-16 missile to nearly double its range” (summary by Chan Kai Yee based on the report in Chinese)

Source: IHS Jane’s 360 “China develops longer-range HQ-16 SAM variant”, full text of which can be viewed below:

China develops longer-range HQ-16 SAM variant

The China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation (CASIC) has developed a new variant of its HQ-16 (Red Flag-16) self-propelled medium-range surface-to-air missile (SAM), according to imagery released by Chinese state television in early September.

The new variant (referred to by some as the HQ-16B) appears to have an improved rocket motor and revised wings, which sources say increase the missile’s range to 70 km, up from the 40 km credited to the HQ-16, in service with the air defence units of the People’s Liberation Army Ground Force (PLAGF).

In late September/early October 2011 official Chinese media reported that co-development between Russia and China of the HQ-16 had been completed and that the missile had reached operational capability within the Chinese army. It is understood that development within China commenced as early as 2005.

The HQ-16 SAM is similar to the 9M38E series of export missiles that form part of the Russian Almaz-Antey Shtil systems China purchased for use on its Sovremenny-class (Project 956E/956EM) and Type 052B destroyers.

But the HQ-16 would also seem to have some aspects of the vertically launched 9M317M, never supplied to China as far as can be ascertained. In its naval guise, the HQ-16 is known as the HHQ-16 (Red Sea-16). The HQ-16 is also referred to as the HQ-16A.

Almaz-Antey reportedly provided missile technology to aid China’s development of the HQ-16, as it did with the HQ-9 SAM system, which is analogous to Almaz-Antey’s S-300 SAM.

The HQ-16 has reportedly been delivered to the Shenyang Military Region.

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