China’s Manned Hypersonic Spaceplanes Much Better than US Unmanned OnePosted: June 21, 2017
Popular Science publishes Jeffrey Lin and P.W. Singer’s June-17 article titled “American and Chinese aircraft could be flying 4,000 miles per hour by 2030: How China and the United States compare in the hypersonic arms race”
The following comparison shows that China’s are developed by state-owned enterprises with abundant government financial support due to Chinese President Xi Jinping’s strategy on the development of integrated space and air capabilities for both attack and defense. Therefore, China’s are larger, manned and faster than America’s. US models are small and unmanned. As they have not yet been funded by US government, developers will not make great investment for fear of incurring heavy losses if they fail to receive orders for their planned products.
Lockheed Martin’s SR-72 Scramjet Hypersonic airplane
Turbine rocket combined cycle (TRCC) engine
Not a spaceplane
Speed: Mach 6
Altitudes: 18 and 62 miles
test flight by 2030
Boeing’s XS-1 DARPA Phantom Express
Duel-state-to-orbit (DSTO) two-stage spaceplane
hypersonic plane powered by liquid fueled rockets. Once the XS-1 is in near space Altitude: 18- to 62-mile, stage two leaves stage one to go to space.
Stage two (to replace satellite):
Weight: 1.5 ton
CASIC (the Chinese Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation)’s Teng Yun
DSTO two-stage spaceplane
Payload: 10-15 tons
For fast, global reconnaissance and strike
Manned or as launch rocket
Send five taikonauts or 2 ton cargo to Chinese space station.
To be delivered by 2030
Funds: $16 billion
CASC (Chinese Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation)’s spaceplane
A true spaceplane that can depart from and reenter orbit on multiple occasions during the same flight, traveling at greater speed compared to a near-space-only hypersonic aircraft such as SR-72.
SSTO (single-stage-to-orbit), a true spaceplane with only one stage
TRRE (The turbo-aided rocket-augmented ram/scramjet engine) paving the way for hypersonic near space planes and single-stage space launchers. The engine is to be developed by Beijing Power Machinery Research Institute to fly in 2025.
Manned for space travel
To fly with people on board by 2030
Comment by Chan Kai Yee on Popular Science’s article, full text of which can be viewed at http://www.popsci.com/hypersonic-arms-race-china-united-states#page-5