U.S. brands China as among worst human trafficking offenders

U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson speaks at the 2017 Trafficking in Persons Report (TIP) Ceremony at the State Department in Washington, U.S., June 27, 2017. REUTERS/Yuri Gripas

By Yeganeh Torbati | WASHINGTON Tue Jun 27, 2017 | 6:02pm EDT

The U.S. State Department on Tuesday placed China on its global list of the worst offenders in human trafficking and forced labor, a step that could aggravate tensions with Beijing that had eased under President Donald Trump.

Trump, however, has grown increasingly frustrated over China’s inaction on North Korea and bilateral trade issues and is considering possible trade actions against Beijing, three senior administration officials told Reuters.

Myanmar was upgraded to the Tier 2 Watch List of nations that deserve special scrutiny, from Tier 3, which includes those countries not complying with minimum U.S. standards and making no significant effort to do so. Afghanistan, Malaysia and Qatar moved up to Tier 2, a list of nations making significant efforts to comply, from the Tier 2 Watch List.

Tier 1 designates nations that meet minimum U.S. standards.

The report said China convicted fewer sex and labor traffickers in the 12 months ended on March 31 than in the previous year, forcibly repatriated North Koreans without screening them for indicators of trafficking and handled most forced labor cases as administrative issues rather than criminal prosecutions.

“China was downgraded to Tier 3 status in this year’s report in part because it has not taken serious steps to end its own complicity in trafficking, including forced laborers from North Korea that are located in China,” Secretary of State Rex Tillerson said as he presented the report.

For the previous three years, China was on the Tier 2 Watch List. It was last in Tier 3, the lowest ranking, in 2013.

A Tier 3 rating can trigger sanctions limiting access to U.S. and international aid, but U.S. presidents frequently waive such action.

Twenty-one countries were downgraded from their status on last year’s report, and 27 countries were upgraded, said Susan Coppedge, the senior State Department official working on human trafficking issues, at a briefing with reporters on Tuesday.

Tillerson presented the report in the State Department’s Benjamin Franklin room alongside Ivanka Trump, the president’s daughter and adviser. A crowd of about 300 people, including Republican Senator Bob Corker, chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, and Republican Representative Chris Smith, who authored the anti-trafficking law that mandated the State Department report, attended the ceremony.

In a statement, Smith called for sanctions against China as punishment for its record on human trafficking.

Ivanka Trump has tried to make the fight against human trafficking one of her signature issues. She was instrumental in arranging a White House meeting with anti-trafficking activists that Trump attended in the first few weeks of the administration.

During a visit to Rome last month, she met privately with a group of African women who had been trafficked into prostitution.

Beijing confirmed this month that it had detained labor rights activists who scrutinized conditions at a Chinese company making shoes for Ivanka Trump’s namesake apparel line. The State Department has urged China to release the activists immediately.

The State Department on Tuesday also removed Iraq and Myanmar from a list of countries that recruit and use child soldiers.

The announcement confirmed a report by Reuters on Friday. U.S. officials told the news agency that Tillerson had disregarded recommendations of State Department experts, senior U.S. diplomats and the State Department’s legal office to keep the countries on the list.

The State Department declined to comment on how the decision was made, saying it “does not discuss details of internal deliberations.”

Human rights advocates criticized the decision, saying international observers continue to document child recruitment by both countries’ militaries.

Under the Child Soldiers Prevention Act of 2008, the U.S. government must be satisfied that “no children are recruited, conscripted or otherwise compelled to serve as child soldiers” for a country to be removed from the list and U.S. military assistance to resume.

“Taking (Myanmar) and Iraq off the list when they continue to use child soldiers is both contrary to U.S. law and harms children still in the ranks,” Jo Becker, children’s rights advocacy director at Human Rights Watch, said in a statement on Monday.

Coppedge said she had raised U.S. concerns about Myanmar’s response to the use of child soldiers directly with the Myanmar government in December, and acknowledged that in Iraq children are “highly vulnerable” to forcible recruitment by Iraqi forces in the fight against Islamic State, as well as by Islamic State.

But she did not directly respond when asked why the two countries were removed from the list, except to say that Myanmar “has made significant strides in removing children from military service.”

(Additional reporting by Arshad Mohammed; Editing by Lisa Von Ahn and Dan Grebler)

Source: Reuters “U.S. brands China as among worst human trafficking offenders”

Note: This is Reuters’ report I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean that I agree or disagree with the report’ views.


4 Comments on “U.S. brands China as among worst human trafficking offenders”

  1. Max says:

    The American “standard” is Lies and more Lies.


  2. Tyler Reber says:

    There argument is weak. They said human trafficking is worse because they convicted less. Isn’t that like saying corruption is worse now too because Xi Ji Ping can’t find as much when he took office?


  3. Simon says:

    American “watch list” is like a hypocrit giving scores on others based on somethikng they themselves don’t practice. Perhaps sending warplanes and bomb a few countries killing civilians might move you up the list?
    This is not even “pot calling the kettle black” it is “pot calling the kettle not back enough” because countries refuses to lower themselves to American standard.


  4. Fre Okin says:

    US should issue the Human Rights Watch report hrw.org/world-report/2017 together with the Human Trafficking report to let the public have a better understanding of who the bad actors are. While China do not have a stellar record, by showing the Human Rights Watch report, the public can see many of those countries in the Human Trafficking favored Tiers do not deserve their high ranking. Human trafficking is just an extreme form of human rights abuse. US allies human rights abuse are more subtle, hidden from the public, legal manipulation to legitimize criminal behavior against minorities.

    For example Australia don’t deserve to be in Tier 1 with her racist immigration policy. She should be in Tier 3 for her human rights abuse.

    Similarly India should be in Tier 3 instead of Tier 2 for her human rights abuse against Dalits, other minorities as well and in particular abusing Kashmiris and exiled Tibetans human rights, denying them their homeland free from Indian aggression.

    Japan also deserve Tier 3 for abusing Okinawan human rights. WTF is US to talk about human rights if she keep using legal hair splitting to deny Okinawans their human rights to live in peace?

    Israel, Saudi Arabia of course other perennial human rights abusers. So all these US allies are given a free pass, a slap on the wrist while highlighted China’s shortcomings. US do herself a disfavor for not highlighting her allies crimes against humanity that have being going on for ages!