By Liu Caiyu and Liu Xin Source:Global Times Published: 2019/6/26 22:48:40
Ideology, not ethics, motivates Western media: observer
Another story on a so-called victim of the vocational training centers in Northwest China’s Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region made up by a Canadian media outlet was verified as “fake” on Wednesday, and experts called on some Western media to stick to journalism ethics and make fair reports on Xinjiang.
“It has been verified that Nurmuhemmet Tohti, as reported by The Globe and Mail, had never been in Xinjiang’s vocational education and training center and had never been arrested,” the Chinese Embassy in Canada said in a statement on its website on Wednesday.
The Globe and Mail reported on June 25 that Tohti had been detained and taken to an indoctrination camp in Xinjiang in November 2018.
The Chinese Embassy in Canada said that “by fabricating stories and adopting a double standard, some international anti-China forces wantonly hype and distort the Xinjiang related issue with sinister intentions.”
The Globe and Mail’s report on Tohti is the latest report from Western media on the “victims” of the training centers in Xinjiang, which were later verified as “fake” by the Chinese side.
At a regular news conference on June 18, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson Lu Kang said that the ministry has made efforts to obtain more information and offered responsible feedback to journalists who asked about individual cases related to Xinjiang, but “those same journalists failed to give it open and accurate coverage.”
Some Western media do not practice professional ethics, which made fake news on Xinjiang policies, and it seems they will not stop fabricating similar stories on the 10th anniversary of the riots in Urumqi on July 5, 2009, experts said.
The riots left 197 people dead and more than 1,700 injured. Terrorists from the “East Turkistan” forces engineered the riots, according to a white paper on Xinjiang released by the State Council Information Office in March.
Although China has reiterated on many occasions that the purpose of its policies in Xinjiang is to fight terrorism and extremism, but some Western media insist on telling unreliable stories of so-called victims of the training center, Li Wei, a counter-terrorism expert at the China Institute of Contemporary International Relations in Beijing, told the Global Times.
Li said that due to their long-term bias and political stance, some Western media would rather spread rumors than make fair points of view on Xinjiang.
Erkin Öncan, a Turkish journalist who focuses on China’s Xinjiang reports, told the Global Times on Wednesday that “Western media is ideologically motivated and ‘forgets’ journalism ethics when it comes to China.”
Li continued to note that China and its media should keep telling the truth about Xinjiang.
Erkin said China has taken some efficient actions against fake news on Xinjiang in the diplomatic sphere, although the Western media will always find a way to spread more fake news.
Aierken Tuniyazi, a senior Xinjiang official, said at the ongoing 41st UN Human Rights Council session on Tuesday that Xinjiang aims to educate and save those influenced by religious extremism by setting up vocational education and training centers. No violent and terrorist attacks have occurred in Xinjiang for nearly three years and local residents’ sense of security has been greatly improved.
Erkin invited members of the UN Human Rights Council to Xinjiang.
Source: Global Times “New Xinjiang report slammed”
Note: This is Global Times’report I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean that I agree or disagree with the report’ views.
High CCP Local Leaders Very Powerful, Able to Remove Top Party Leader
In 1962, Nikita Khrushchev must have firmly established his powerbase in the four years since he was elected First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. He began his reform of the party that seriously offended the vested interest of party officials. He stopped payments of the substantial allowance to party officials and set up the system that one-third members of each and every party committee from low-level councils to the Central Committee should be replaced at each election. Those could be regarded as his revolutionary measures to prevent party officials from becoming a privileged class.
However, those party officials had already been a group of privileged vested interest dominating the Soviet Union. At a plenary session of central committee, the high local officials finally conducted a coup to force him to resign and retire in October 1964.
Xi Jinping as a true revolutionary was certainly indignant at local officials malpractices of riding roughshod over the people. But what could he do? Khrushchev was crushed by the privileged local leaders even though he had established his powerbase for 4 years. Xi must have been helpless in opposing powerful local officials’ malpractices when he had just been raised to CCP’s highest office. He had to wait for at least 4 years till he had established a sound powerbase.
No, Xi as a revolutionary like stormy petrel enjoys the storm of revolution. He even launched a storm himself to fight local leaders’ malpractices.
Xi Jinping Cyclone
Less than 3 weeks after he was elected general secretary on November 15, Xi Jinping took blitz actions on December 4, 2013 to close all the black jails set up by local despots in Beijing and released all petitioners imprisoned there. The exact number of people released was not disclosed. There were posts on the Internet that claimed about 10,000 people were released.
Anyway, the black jail in Jiujingzhuang Village set up by Zhejiang officials alone released 300 petitioners that night according to people released from there. The number of people released must be very large.
That was really a great surprise as Xi had no powerbase at all at that time so that no one expected that he would do anything great. In his speech to the press on the day he was elected he mentioned many pressing problems such as corruption, being divorced from the people, formalism and bureaucratism CCP needed to resolve but not listed interception of petitioners as one of the pressing problems. During and after Hu Jintao’s meeting on work related to petitions, Xi had remained silent on the topic.
There had to be quite a lot preparations for quite much time to find all the black jails and organize sudden raids to close them but all the planning and arrangement had been maintained perfectly confidential in order to give rise to shocking impact on local CCP leaders with the effect of awe.
Xi’s most important task as general secretary is to overcome rampant corruption that may cause CCP to collapse. For that he had to make people bold to inform about corrupt officials. Interception and imprisonment of petitioners created terror among people to silence them
Those raids on black jails were Xi’s well-planned measure to start his anti-corruption campaign. Xi showed his courage in fighting official malpractices and wisdom and skill in planning and implementing such raids.
However, corrupt officials were large in number. They held high and powerful official positions and had formed influential groups. How can Xi defeat them in a short time without having established his own powerbase?
Article by Chan Kai Yee
Know oneself and know your enemy, one will never in peril in war
National Interest says in its article “F-22, F-35, Stealth, 6th Generation Fighter, Stealth Fighters” that US Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessment (CSBA) suggests the US to develop a sixth-generation fighter jet with penetrating counter-Air/penetrating electronic attack (PCA/PC-E) capabilities to attack both Russia and China at the same time.
The warplane shall be long-range and stealth with both the fighting power of F-22 and the electronic attack capability of an EA-18G Growler jamming aircraft to penetrate Russian and Chinese air defense.
Does the US know what capabilities Chinese air force has been developing? Chinese Central Military Commission Chairman Xi Jinping urged Chinese air force to develop integrated space and air capabilities for both attack and defense soon after he was elected. For that purpose, China has been developing supersonic warplanes that need not be stealth as it is too fast to detect in time or intercept when detected.
With such fighters US PCA/PC-E fighters simply cannot go near China even if the US is able to develop. Moreover US homeland will be attacked if the US attacks China.
The delay and excessive costs in developing F-35 make people doubt whether the US is capable of developing the 6th-generation fighter within 20 years. Test flight of China’s space planes, however, are scheduled for 2035.
Comment by Chan Kai Yee on National Interests’ article, full text of which can be viewed at https://nationalinterest.org/blog/buzz/f-22s-and-f-35-are-getting-old-how-make-sure-6th-generation-fighter-dominates-64181
In its report “The U.S. Air Force’s F-22 Raptor Stealth Fighters Have a Problem” on June 25, National Interest quotes Air Force brigadier general Heath Collins, the service’s program executive officer for fighters and bombers, as saying ““Historically, these rates for the Raptors have been notoriously low, typically hovering around 50 percent. The actual full mission-capable rates, which refer to the percentage of the fleet that is, on average, capable of meeting all mission requirements, may have been substantially lower than this, as well.” But Collins is quoted as stressing, “the [mission-capable] numbers are higher than they’ve ever been.”
Summary by Chan Kai Yee on US F-22’s problem as reported by National Interest. Full text of the report can be viewed at https://nationalinterest.org/blog/buzz/us-air-force%E2%80%99s-f-22-raptor-stealth-fighters-have-problem-64126\
That is a common Chinese saying that describes local chaos when the central government is weak.
Official Can “Set fire”, but Common People Cannot “Light Lanterns”
The saying originated from the true story of a prefecture governor’s despotic practice in Song Dynasty. The governor’s surname was Deng. At that time it was a crime to use the characters in an emperor’s name in writing while those similar in sound were not allowed to use in speaking.
The governor banned the use of the character of “deng” in his name as he regarded himself as a local emperor with authority similar to an emperor in his jurisdiction. Then came the Lantern Festival on January 15 of Chinese lunar calendar. In old China, it was one of the most important festivals as it marked the end of Chinese Lunar New Year which is officially regarded as Spring Festival now in the People’s Republic of China.
In Chinese cities at that time, there was a fire-prevention ban on lighting lanterns all night long but the ban had to be lifted at Lantern Festival for three days. The governor has to publish an announcement on that. Governor Deng’s subordinates should write and post an announcement for the governor: People are allowed to light lanterns during the three days of Lantern Festival. However, they would have committed a crime if they use the word lantern as the Chinese for it is “deng long (燈籠)”, in which the first character “deng” sounded the same as the governor’s name “Deng (鄧)”. Finally a clever official found a way out, he used “set fire” to replace “light lantern”. The announcement then read: “People are allowed to set fire during the three days of Lantern Festival (Lantern Festival is yuanxiao jie (元宵節) in Chinese that does not contain the sound “deng”.
A scholar passing by found the announcement absurd. He asked and learned the reason why people were allowed to “set fire” instead of lighting lanterns. To sneer at the despotic governor’s absurdity, he wrote on the lower part of the announcement: “Only the official is allowed to set fire, but common people are not allowed to light lanterns.”
What he wrote soon became a very popular saying in describing a despotic official’s absurd words or deed.
The Emergence of Quite Many Monkey Kings
For thousands of years, Chinese people lived under emperors’ feudal rule. Due to feudal officials’ severe oppression, people were afraid of officials.
They did not rise up until the poor governance made them unable to survive. People’s revolt made the dynasty collapse and the whole country was under chaotic rule of monkey kings until a new dynasty was set up to replace the old dynasty.
The founding emperor of a dynasty usually came to power in the uprising. He understood what Confucian sage Xun Tzu’s words: “People are water; king is a boat; water can support the boat as well as capsize it.”
Therefore, the founding emperor usually sets some strict rules on satisfactory governance to prevent the collapse of the dynasty he founded. However, most successors to the throne were weak and unable to control local officials resulting in the emergence of lots of local despotic officials that people regarded as monkey kings.
As officials tended to protect one another and thus caused people to have nowhere to complain about officials’ corruption and other malpractices. There was always a mechanism of final petition directly to the emperor or some high official such as the mayor of the capital city authorized by the emperor to deal with such petitions.
CCP has also set up such a mechanism at various levels to deal with people’s petitions.
At local level there are various levels of bureaus of letters and calls (“petition bureaus”) in central government, there is the National Public Complaints and Proposals Administration (National Letters and Calls Administration).
When Xi Jinping took over the reign, as local bureaus protected local officials and did not dare to punish them for their corruption and malpractices, lots of people went to the central government to lodge their petitions.
Local Despots Set up Black Jails to Imprison Petitioners They Intercepted
Xi’s predecessor Hu Jintao had already noticed the problem. He held a national meeting on letters and calls attended by some Politburo Standing Committee members including Xi Jinping. Hu ordered local governments to close all their representative offices in Beijing as he knew the representative offices of local governments in Beijing were in charge of intercepting petitioners and setting up and managing black jails in Beijing to imprison the petitioners they had intercepted. Local governments, however, simply ignored Hu’s order.
What should Xi, a true revolutionary do? Local government heads were very powerful, powerful enough to remove Xi. The story of Xi as a tiger able to subdue local monkey kings will be told in my later posts.
Article by Chan Kai Yee
Urumqi / Tue, June 25, 2019 / 09:02 am
Photo Kuytun winter
Swathes of beautiful lavender is luring a large number of tourists to Huocheng County in northwest China’s Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region.
The county is currently in the midst of an international lavender tourism festival, with lavender, local history, local cuisine and folk customs presented to visitors.
Huocheng is located on the same latitude as Provence in France, allowing them to share similar meteorological and soil conditions. It is the largest lavender production base in China and the third largest in the world. Its lavender planting area has reached 3,500 hectares, accounting for 97 percent of the country’s lavender output.
The county introduced lavender from France in 1965.
In recent years, government authorities guided local farmers towards lavender cultivation, helping them get rid of poverty. So far, about 800,000 tourists have visited the county to see the lavender.
Source: thejakartapost.com “Lavender boosts tourism in Xinjiang”
Note: This is thejapartapost.com’s report I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean that I agree or disagree with the report’ views.
SCMP says in its article “Not every economist thinks the trade war is a huge deal; ‘look at the numbers’, says CME executive director” that US tariff hikes has only reduced China’s growth rate by 0.01 percent and its further tariff hikes to 25% on $200 billion of Chinese exports will only reduce China’s growth rate by 0.033% so that IMF predicts only 0.1% drop to 6.2% in China’s growth rate well within China’s planned range between 6 and 6.5 percent.
That being the case, It will be Trump instead of Xi Jinping to make substantial concessions in their talks on the sideline of G20 summit. Will Trump do so? I doubt that; therefore, I am not optimistic about the outcome of their meeting.
Comment by Chan Kai Yee on SCMP’s article, full text of which can be viewed at https://www.scmp.com/business/banking-finance/article/3015887/not-every-economist-thinks-trade-war-huge-deal-look