China Closely Monitors US Submarines with High-tech Devices


SCMP says in its report “Canada installs Chinese underwater monitoring devices next to US nuclear submarine base” today, “Chinese scientists, with the help of the Canadian authorities, have succeeded in positioning four monitoring devices in waters just 300km (186 miles) off the United States’ Pacific coast.”

The “information collected by the devices will help Chinese marine scientists better understand the environment of a strategic waterway close to the United States”.

“Now fully operational, they can be used to provide real-time streaming of data to the Chinese institute’s control centres in Sanya, a city on the island province of Hainan, and elsewhere.”

The news proves that China masters high anti-submarine technology and has good relations with US ally Canada.

Comment by Chan Kai Yee on SCMP’s report, full text of which can be viewed at https://www.scmp.com/news/china/society/article/2169474/canada-installs-chinese-underwater-monitoring-devices-next-us

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China to Test Flight H-20 Long-range Strategic Stealth Bomber


SCMP says in its report “Why the new H-20 subsonic stealth bomber could be a game changer for China” that according to CCTV China is making “great progress” in developing its H-20 subsonic stealth strategic bomber and “military analysts expect it will make maiden flight soon”.

According the report, H-20 has been developed since the early 2000s. It is “a stealth aircraft with a maximum take-off weight of at least 200 tonnes and payload of up to 45 tonnes.”

It can carry nuclear weapons and is expected to fly at subsonic speeds with an estimated range of more than 8,500 or 12,000 km according to military experts’ various estimates. As it is able to refuel in the air, the range can be greatly enlarged.

The bomber will thus complete China’s nuclear triad.

For conventional warfare, the bomber will enable China to hit US nuclear aircraft carriers far away in the ocean.

Military experts expect that H-20 will enter service by 2025.

Is that Made in China 2025?

If China can make such bomber for its Made in China 2025, what other high-tech goods China will not be able to make by 2025?

No wonder Trump is so worried about China’s rise as to carry out a trade war to stop China’s rise in spite of the sufferings the trade war may bring to American people.

Sorry for him and other American hawks. This and other similar news may make it hard for them to fall asleep at night.

Comment by Chan Kai Yee on SCMP’s report, full text of which can be viewed at https://www.scmp.com/news/china/military/article/2169472/why-new-h-20-subsonic-stealth-bomber-could-be-game-changer-china.


U.S., China, others tentatively agree to multilateral air encounter code


U.S. Secretary of Defense James Mattis and Singapore Defence Minister Ng Eng Hen meet ASEAN defence ministers during a lunch meeting at the ASEAN Defence Ministers’ Meeting in Singapore October 19, 2018. REUTERS/Edgar Su

October 20, 2018

SINGAPORE (Reuters) – Several countries including the United States and China agreed “in principle” on Saturday to multilateral guidelines to manage unexpected encounters between their military aircraft, joining 10 Southeast Asian nations already in the pact.

The world’s two biggest economies as well as Australia, India, Japan, New Zealand, Russia, South Korea tentatively joined the agreement, which was initially adopted on Friday by the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), according to a joint statement issued after a meeting of defense ministers from the 18 countries in Singapore.

The voluntary, non-binding guidelines build on an existing code to manage sea encounters adopted by all 18 countries last year, which was designed to mitigate risks following a boom in the region’s maritime and air traffic in recent years.

“We all know that if there is a physical incident it changes the name of the game…it creates a cascade of activities that you cannot control,” Singapore defense minister Ng Eng Hen, the host, said at a press briefing following the meeting.

The air code has been hailed as the first multilateral deal of its kind, although such arrangements exist at bilateral levels. The U.S. and China, for instance, in 2015 signed a pact on a military hotline and rules governing air-to-air encounters.

U.S. Defense Secretary Jim Mattis told his Chinese counterpart, Wei Fenghe, on Thursday that their countries needed to deepen high-level ties so as to navigate tension and rein in the risk of inadvertent conflict.

The U.S. military flew B-52 bombers across the South China Sea in September. Earlier this month, a U.S. Navy destroyer sailed near islands China claims, drawing the ire of Beijing.

Reporting by John Geddie; Editing by Sam Holmes

Source: Reuters “U.S., China, others tentatively agree to multilateral air encounter code”

Note: This is Reuters’ report I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean that I agree or disagree with the report’ views.


Chinese premier tells European, Asian leaders Beijing will continue reform


October 20, 2018

BEIJING (Reuters) – Chinese Premier Li Keqiang said at a meeting between Asian and European leaders in Brussels that China will continue to open up its economy, push forward reforms and improve its business environment, the official Xinhua News Agency reported on Saturday.

Li said Asian and European countries need to safeguard multilateralism and the rules-based free trade system, Xinhua reported.

China is in the midst of a worsening trade war with the United States, with U.S. President Donald Trump demanding sweeping changes to China’s intellectual property, industrial subsidy and trade policies.

Brussels shares Washington’s concern about China’s trade practices, but differs with the U.S. on how to force Chinese reform.

Li said that China’s economy is healthy but is facing challenges including changes to the external environment.

He said China will continue to move toward a market-oriented exchange rate, will not engage in competitive devaluation, and that the yuan can remain basically stable at a reasonable level.

The Chinese premier said he supports improvements to the rules of the World Trade Organization (WTO), but that changes must be carried out on the basis of the WTO’s existing rules and the interests of developing countries must be respected, Xinhua reported.

Reporting by Elias Glenn and Jenny Su; Editing by Sam Holmes

Source: Reuters “Chinese premier tells European, Asian leaders Beijing will continue reform”

Note: This is Reuters’ report I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean that I agree or disagree with the report’ views.


Europe-Asia statement to avoid China subsidies criticism: draft


October 19, 2018

BRUSSELS (Reuters) – A final communique for the Europe-Asia leaders summit will not include language calling for an end to trade and market distorting measures by governments at China’s request, according to the latest draft and EU diplomats.

An earlier draft, seen by Reuters, called for an end to “trade distorting measures through the elimination of unjustifiable market distorting measures by governments,” but that phrase has been removed in the latest text.

China requested the changes at a negotiation of senior EU and Asian officials overnight, two diplomats said.

Reporting by Robin Emmott; editing by Philip Blenkinsop

Source: Reuters “Europe-Asia statement to avoid China subsidies criticism: draft”

Note: This is Reuters’ report I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean that I agree or disagree with the report’ views.


Exclusive: U.S. weighs new warship passage through Taiwan Strait


Phil Stewart, Idrees Ali October 20, 2018

SINGAPORE/WASHINGTON (Reuters) – The United States is considering a new operation to send warships through the Taiwan Strait, U.S. officials tell Reuters, a mission aimed at ensuring free passage through the strategic waterway but which risks heightening tensions with China.

The U.S. Navy conducted a similar mission in the strait’s international waters in July and any repeat would be seen in self-ruled Taiwan as a fresh expression of support by President Donald Trump’s government.

The U.S. military declined comment and U.S. officials who discussed the deliberations, which have not been previously reported, did so on condition of anonymity. They did not discuss the potential timing for any fresh passage through the strait.

China views Taiwan as a wayward province and has been ramping up pressure to assert its sovereignty over the island. It raised concerns over U.S. policy toward Taiwan in talks this week with U.S. Defense Secretary Jim Mattis in Singapore.

Even as Washington mulls ordering a fresh passage through the strait, it has been trying to explain to Beijing that its policies toward Taiwan are unchanged.

Mattis delivered that message to China’s Defense Minister Wei Fenghe personally on Thursday, on the sidelines of an Asian security forum.

“Minister Wei raised Taiwan and concerns about our policy. The Secretary reassured Minister Wei that we haven’t changed our Taiwan policy, our one China policy,” said Randall Schriver, a U.S. assistant secretary of defense who helps guide Pentagon policy in Asia.

“So it was, I think, a familiar exchange.”

Washington has no formal ties with Taiwan but is bound by law to help it defend itself and is the island’s main source of arms. The Pentagon says Washington has sold Taiwan more than $15 billion in weaponry since 2010.

U.S.-CHINA FLASHPOINTS

Taiwan is only one of a growing number of flashpoints in the U.S.-China relationship, which also include a bitter trade war, U.S. sanctions and China’s increasingly muscular military posture in the South China Sea.

Mattis told Wei on Thursday that the world’s two largest economies needed to deepen high-level military ties so as to navigate tension and rein in the risk of inadvertent conflict.

Some current and former U.S. officials say U.S. warship passages in the Taiwan Strait are still too infrequent, and note that a U.S. aircraft carrier hasn’t transited the Taiwan Strait since 2007, during the administration of George W. Bush.

When the last two U.S. warships, both destroyers, sailed through the Taiwan Strait in July, it was the first such operation in about a year.

Beijing, which has never renounced the use of force to bring Taiwan under its control, responded to the July passage with a warning to the United States to avoid jeopardizing “peace and stability” in the strategic waterway.

It has also viewed U.S. overtures toward Taiwan with alarm, including its unveiling a new de facto embassy in Taiwan and passage of the Taiwan Travel Act, which encourages U.S. officials to visit the island.

Military experts say the balance of power between Taiwan and China has shifted decisively in China’s favor in recent years, and China could easily overwhelm the island unless U.S. forces came quickly to Taiwan’s aid.

China has also alarmed Taiwan by ramping up military exercises this year, including flying bombers and other military aircraft around the island and sending its aircraft carrier through the narrow Taiwan Strait separating it from Taiwan.

Taiwan’s President Tsai Ing-wen said last week the island will increase its defense budget every year to ensure it can defend its sovereignty, including resuming domestic development of advanced training aircraft and submarines.

“At this time, China’s intimidation and diplomatic pressure not only hurts relations between both sides, but seriously challenges the peaceful stability in the Taiwan Strait,” she said in a National Day speech in Taipei on Oct. 10.

Her remarks came ahead of island-wide local elections in late November that are seen as a bellwether for her ruling party’s performance in presidential elections due in 2020.

Reporting by Phil Stewart; Editing by Simon Cameron-Moore

Source: Reuters “Exclusive: U.S. weighs new warship passage through Taiwan Strait”

Note: This is Reuters’ report I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean that I agree or disagree with the report’ views.


EU-Asia United Front to Counter US Protectionism


SCMP highlights in its report “At Brussels summit, EU embraces China and other Asian powers, in the face of Trump’s protectionism”:

●EU states are being joined at the summit by more than 20 Asian leaders, including Chinese Premier Li Keqiang, as they hammer out a joint defence of free trade
●The meeting comes amid bitter disputes with Washington over Donald Trump’s protectionist policies

It seems quite difficult for the US to strike a trade deal with EU, let alone having some toxic pill against China in the hard deal.

In my opinion, given the good relations between US President Trump and his Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping, the probability of striking a deal between the US and China is bigger, if any.

Comment by Chan Kai Yee on SCMP’s report, full text of which can be viewed at https://www.scmp.com/news/china/diplomacy/article/2169237/brussels-summit-eu-embraces-china-and-other-asian-powers-face