China’s Crazy Construction of 5 Newest Destroyers at the Same Time

The second 052D almost completed

The second 052D almost completed

The third and fourth 052Ds being built

The third and fourth 052Ds being launched and built

The fifth 052D being launched and further built

The fifth 052D being launched and further built

The sixth 052D being built on shipway

The sixth 052D being built on shipway

Type 052D destroyer is China’s newest and most advanced type of missile destroyer developed by China on its own. China has commissioned its first 052D the Kunming. According to available information, China is busy building at least five other 052Ds. Photos on the progress of their construction have recently been posted on the Internet.

Source: “Recent progress of the construction of five 052D destroyers” (summary by Chan Kai Yee based on the report in Chinese)

US Newest DDG1000 Destroyer Plan Scrapped Due to China’s New 052D

Comparison between 052D's 32-tube VSL for various kinds of missiles and 052C's 36-tube VSL for air-defense missiles only

Comparison between 052D’s 32-tube VLS for various kinds of missiles and 052C’s 36-tube VLS for air-defense missiles only


The US has recently scrapped its plan to produce DDG1000 destroyers as the mainstay of its navy because DDG1000 is not significantly superior to China’s Type 052D.

DDG1000 is advanced mainly in its vertical launch system (VLS) and radar. However, when China’s first Type 052D was commissioned on March 21, 2014, its more details have been revealed to show its VSL is by no means inferior to DDG1000’s.

A launch tube in 052D’s VLS can launch and control 4 different kinds of missiles, including air-defense, anti-ship, anti-submarine and ship-to-ground missiles of different sizes. The maximum diameter of the missile is 850 mm, bigger than DDG1000’s MK41 VLS.

Unlike US VLS only capable of hot launch or Russian VLS, cold launch, 052D’s VLS tubes are capable of both cold and hot launches of missiles and they also have CCL devices so that the smoke in hot launching of a missile is discharged through a concentric tube.

There are separate launch control electronic equipment for the control of each missile launched to simplify the procedures of control so that there are no longer the complicated control procedures of multi-layer transmission of information and orders.

The new type active phased array radar used on 052D now has a liquid cooling system instead of the air cooling system in Type 346 phased array radar on 052C that has a curved case to increase the area of contact for cooling. In the new radar, liquid goes through the antenna for cooling. As a liquid cooling system has bigger cooling capacity and the contact area is bigger in the antenna array, the new radar must have greater power and better sustained performance.

Due to the above-mentioned advanced equipment and functions, a DDG1000 is better than 052D only in bigger displacement and 26 more launch tubes. However, China is designing 12,000-ton Type 055 destroyer bigger than DDG1000. When 055 is commissioned, DDG1000 will be inferior. Therefore the US has to scrap its DDG1000 plan and decides to produce 10 Virginia class submarines and spent $11.4 billion to produce unmanned long-range bombers to deal with China’s new destroyers.

In the past, the US always believed that it always had the newest ideas in weapon development, but now it seems to be China’s turn.

The most serious problem is that the US remains outdated in sticking to its Air-Sea Battle strategy while for a decade, China has adopted the space-era strategy for the development of integrated space and air capabilities.

Source: “Preeminant new VLS makes China’s Type 052D destroyer rival to US DDG1000” and “Exposure of 052D destroyer’s mystic radar with overall performance better than existing one in US navy” (summary by Chan Kai Yee based on the reports in Chinese)

Related posts:

  • Better Hypersonic Glide Vehicle Makes China Leader of Weapon Development dated June 1, 2014
  • China challenging U.S. military technological edge: Pentagon official dated January 29, 2014
  • China’s 12 Advanced Weapons to Be Turned out or Developed in 2014 dated January 24, 2014
  • China Tests Mach 10 Hypersonic Weapon: US media dated January 14, 2014
  • Arms Race between China and America dated March 5, 2012

China Building 4 Newest 052D Destroyers Simultaneously at One Shipyard

Three 052D destroyers being installed along side

Three 052D destroyers being installed along side

One of the three 052Ds being installed

One of the three 052Ds being installed

Another of the three being installed

Another of the three being installed

The third of the three being installed

The third of the three being installed

China drew great interest when it smoothly commissioned its first Type 052D Destroyer the Kunming, the newest type of China’s Aegis destroyer, on March 21, 2014. Recently a web user posted the above photos on the Internet of three 052Ds being installed alongside at a certain Chinese shipyard. It has been known that China has already built 4 such destroyers.

Obviously China is building such destroyers vigorously to expand its navy.

There is in addition a fourth 052D. A photo has been taken before it would soon to be launched at the shipyard.

A fourth 052D (Photo: Rexuelaonian of HSH Forum)

A fourth 052D (Photo: Rexuelaonian of HSH Forum)

The fourth 052D ready to be launched. (Photo: Rexuelaonian of HSH Forum)

The fourth 052D ready to be launched. (Photo: Rexuelaonian of HSH Forum)

China’s Tenth Aegis Destroyer Launched Soon

052D and 052C destroyes at shipyard

052D and 052C destroyes at shipyard

Recently a set of photos have appeared at Military Forum website that indicate imminent launch of China’s 10th Aegis destroyer.

Japan plans to build 4 Aegis destroyers, but China will build twice or thrice more similar or even better destroyers in the same period. China has begun series production 052D Aegis destroyer and will soon begin production of more advanced 055 destroyer with displacement exceeding 10,000 tons.

052D destroyer is equipped with new-type 64-cell VLS (vertical launch system) and a large active phased array radar. The VLS can launch various kinds of missiles the destroyer is armed with including DH-10 and CJ cruise missiles, HQ-9B long-range air defense missiles and YJ-18 anti-ship missiles. China is one of the three countries in the world that have mastery of the technology to launch anti-ship missiles from their VLS.

The destroyer has all kinds of battle systems including air-defense missile system, anti-ship missile system, anti-submarine system, anti-sonar system, electronic battle system, warning system, major gun system, close-range anti-missile system, navigation system and auxiliary systems.

Its advanced C41 combat command system is in charge of all the detection and monitor systems and control all its weapons and helicopter. It collects all the data and audio and video information it has detected and monitored, merges them to make synthetic analysis of them to make judgment of the tactical situation and thus help commanders in making their decisions. It can automatically or manually give combat orders to organize the destroyer’s weapons in combat.

The data and information it has collected will be transmitted to the command center above the destroyer for coordination in the battle with other warships in the fleet. The combat command system can also receive the coordinated plan from the command center to coordinate with other warships of the fleet in the attack.

The destroyer has 004B 3-cell torpedo launch devises on both sides that can launch Torpedo-7A, 7B and 7C and other torpedoes from one cell or all cells simultaneously.

It has especially strong anti-submarine capability due to its good sonar system and Torpedo-8 rocket boosting torpedoes specially designed to kill conventional and nuclear submarines.

Its single barreled 70 caliber, 130 mm gun is a new development with longer range and higher firing speed.

Source: “The tenth Aegis destroyer launched imminently, China’s navy development superior to Japan’s” (summary by Chan Kai Yee based on the report in Chinese)

There are 30 photos in the report but only one is posted here. All be photos can be seen at

Related posts:

  • Photos of China’s Newest 052D Destroyer with Clear View of Its Fore and Back VLSs dated October 7, 2013
  • China Is Building Lots of 052D Aegis Missile Destroyers dated July 24, 2013
  • Photos of Chinese Aegis Destroyer (052D Destroyer) dated December 30, 2012
  • 052D, China’s New ‘Aegis’ Destroyer for Its Aircraft Carrier Fleet dated October 27, 2012

Photos of China’s Newest 052D Destroyer with Clear View of Its Fore and Back VLSs

Photo of China's newest 053D destroyer with clear views of its two VLSs

Photo of China’s newest 053D destroyer with clear views of its two VLSs

Web users have recently taken 12 clear pictures of a China’s newest Type 052DPhotos of China’s Newest 052D Destroyer with Clear View of Its
Fore and Back VLSs destroyer at a certain military port. From the photographs, we can clearly see the two vertical launch systems on the worship.

Source: “Photos clearly show the VLSs at fore and back decks of” (Translated from Chinese by Chan Kai Yee)

I give only one photo here. Those who want to see all the 12 photos, please visit the website

China Is Building Lots of 052D Aegis Missile Destroyers

052D Aegis missile destroyer. Source: HSH Forum

052D Aegis missile destroyer. Source: HSH Forum

052D Aegis missile destroyer. Source: HSH Forum

052D Aegis missile destroyer. Source: HSH Forum

New fire control radar on 052D destroyer. Source: HSH Forum

New fire control radar on 052D destroyer. Source: HSH Forum

New stealth 130 mm gun on 052D destroyer. Source: HSH Forum

New stealth 130 mm gun on 052D destroyer. Source: HSH Forum

In its recent report, quotes foreign media as saying that a third Type-052D missile destroyer has been launched. 052D is China’s new generation of Aegis destroyer. Together with the existing three 052C and two 052D Aegis destroyers, China now has 6 Aegis destroyers.

As China has to build more such destroyers for the establishment of a carrier combat group for the Liaoning aircraft carrier, China is now building four 052D and two 052C destroyers and plans to build one 12000-ton 055 large destroyer before 2014 and six 052D destroyers before 2016. In addition, 15 more may be built in the future.

That is indeed the most ambitious navy expansion.

Related posts:

  • China To Begin Building 12,000-ton 055 Large Missile Destroyer This Year dated January 26, 2013
  •  Photos of Chinese Aegis Destroyer (052D Destroyer) dated December 30, 2012
  •  052D, China’s New ‘Aegis’ Destroyer for Its Aircraft Carrier Fleet dated October 27, 2012
  •  China: Photos of Newest Destroyers Being Built in One Shanghai Shipyard dated April 16, 2012

Source: “New 052D destroyer launched: the Liaoning will not fight battles alone” (translated from Chinese by Chan Kai Yee)

Chinese Dream and China’s Arms Race with the US

What is Chinese Dream?

Aircraft carrier the Liaoning is Chinese Dream.

J-15 carrier-based and J-18 VTOL, J-20 and J-31 stealth fighters are Chinese Dream.

052D Aegis destroyer is Chinese Dream.

Really? Yes.

On November 27, 2012, China’s official CCTV displayed footage of China’s first successful landing of a J-15 jet fighter on its aircraft carrier. In the footage there is an image of two crew members on the ship in bright yellow vests and helmets using their outstretched right arms to point and direct a J-15 jet, while their left arms remain behind their backs. The image soon became so popular that Chinese internet users dubbed the crew members’ pose “Aircraft Carrier Style”, a reference to the popular Korean Gangnam Style song.

Countless people have posted pictures of themselves online doing similar poses, sometimes with funny personal touches. It indicated how hilarious they were at the news of the successive landing. (see my post “Arms Craze: Aircraft Carrier Style takes off in China” at

In his recent speech, Xi Jinping, the newly elected boss of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), stressed that Chinese people should cherish the Chinese Dream of China’s renaissance.

Chinese people’s enthusiasm in the “Aircraft Carrier Style” showed how popular Xi’s Chinese Dream is among Chinese people now when there has been a surge of nationalism due to the intensification of the maritime territorial disputes with the Philippines and Japan.

In fact the Chinese Dream is a very old Chinese topic, but some people, especially people outside China, regards it as something new.

In my book Tiananmen’s Tremendous Achievement, published last February, I said, “Restoring China’s position as a superpower is Chinese people’s age-old dream. They are willing to work hard and even sacrifice themselves for it. After the communist takeover in 1949, quite a few scholars who had received education in the West returned to China to help the CCP build China into a world power. Scholars educated in the West or having received Western education certainly disliked CCP’s people’s democratic autocracy and the restricted freedom in China. However, they were willing to sacrifice some of their freedom as long as the CCP was able to make China strong. When I was young, I met some of them and knew well their mentality.”

Why did they have such seemingly absurd mentality?

That is the mentality of the people of a great nation that has been bullied by foreign powers and made very poor and weak for over a century. People who have not experienced the misery and humiliation the Chinese suffered when China was poor and weak, cannot fully understand that mentality.

American journalists and academics would like to compare Xi’s Chinese Dream with their lofty American Dream. Americans’ forefathers who longed for freedom were lucky to have a place to immigrate and set up a great nation there with their lofty ideal: All men shall be equal and endowed with certain inalienable rights, including life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.

The Chinese Dream is certainly not so lofty or so immediately personal. When Chinese people’s forefathers had immigrated to California to do the backbreaking toil in building American railways, they were satisfied with a wage that was only a fraction of the wage Americans’ forefathers received then.

They made contributions in building up a great nation, but what did they get in return? They were discriminated against and humiliated. Local American workers protested and wanted to deprive them of the jobs that they relied on for their miserable survival.

Why did they leave their home sweet home to go thousands miles away to receive such maltreatment? Why did they not return home since they were not welcome?

They had nowhere to go. At that time, due to foreign aggression, China was in chaos. Those poor forefathers of the Chinese people could not find a way to survive at home. They were forced to leave China.

In fact, due to their country’s weakness and poverty, they suffered severe discrimination and humiliation in the US, much worse than black people and much worse than that other Overseas Chinese suffered in anywhere else.

The worst humiliation they suffered was in the 1900s. At that time, all people could enter the United   States from Canada freely except Chinese people, who had to be examined nude in a cage for cattle.

What dream could those poor Chinese forefathers have then? The American Dream? They could not even be nationalized to become American citizens. Even if they might have become American citizens, they would have ranked even below black people.

Gradually, a Chinese Dream emerged in the minds of those Chinese underdogs: They should obtain renaissance of the Chinese nation. In spite of their poverty, their donation constituted a major source of fund for Sun Yet-sen’s democratic revolution as seeing the prosperity brought about by American political system, they believed that democracy might brought about China’s renaissance so that when China regained its glory, they might go back to their home, sweet home to be free from discrimination and humiliation.

However, the revolution failed to bring about China’s renaissance. On the contrary, the situation went from bad to worse. Later when my cousins graduated from high school, they could not find jobs though the number of high school graduates was quite small in China then. Like those poor forefathers of Chinese people who left China for survival in the United States, my cousins had to leave home, sweet home to take jobs in Indonesia.

Later, after eight years of cruel Japanese occupation, almost all Chinese people who had suffered persecution and humiliation from Japanese invaders had the same Chinese Dream as that of the Chinese underdogs in America.

What about my cousins who had become quite rich in Indonesia?

Perhaps, the environment for overseas Chinese was better in Southeast Asia. However, my cousins remained patriotic. During the war of resistance against Japan, like other overseas Chinese, they donated funds to help the Chinese government and troops. Overseas Chinese’s donation was one of Chinese government’s major sources of fund during the war.

My cousins too had the Chinese Dream for China’s renaissance. After the war, they returned to China and brought with them their wealth. They said they wanted to use their business expertise to make China rich and strong. In spite of their wealth, they were discriminated against abroad and wanted China to be rich and strong.

People outside China perhaps find the Chinese Dream not lofty enough, not wise enough, not personal enough or not desirable enough, but it is the Chinese Dream arisen from China’s miserable past and a dream that Chinese people readily share. That is why party boss Xi Jinping wants to exploit it as a rally call.

American people must be clear about the humiliation Chinese people suffered in the US. Otherwise, US Senate would not have apologized for the Chinese Exclusion Act in 2011.

However, they certainly do not really understand the Chinese Dream now. That may give rise to trouble to both countries.

In early 1950s, the failure to understand Chinese people’s Chinese Dream caused the US to be defeated by the Chinese army with much inferior weapons and technology.

Some may argue that as neither side was able to drive the other away from the Korean Peninsula, the war was a draw. However, in a draw between the troops of a very weak and poor country and the extremely strong troops of 39 countries, people usually think that the weak and poor one is the winner.

Moreover, before Chinese troops entered North Korea, American troops had advanced near the border between China and North Korea. Chinese troops had driven American troops back to the border between North and South Koreas and American troops failed to regain the ground they got before the entry of Chinese troops.

Why was America defeated?

Because of the Chinese Dream.

At the ceremony of the establishment of the People’s Republic of China, Mao Zedong made his famous announcement “Chinese people have stood up.”

What did Mao mean? He meant that since the CCP has seized state power, the Chinese people have realized and will further realize the Chinese Dream of China’s renaissance; therefore, the Chinese people had stood up and would no longer be bullied.

In fact, Xi Jinping is not the first to rally Chinese people by calling them to realize the Chinese Dream. Since the establishment of the CCP, the CCP had tried to rally Chinese people around it, claiming that since the previous reform and democratic revolution all failed to achieve China’s renaissance, only the CCP’s ideology, the Marxism-Leninism, would enable China to achieve its renaissance.

As a result, most Chinese people were excited at Mao’s announcement, but American politicians, at least American general McArthur did not know what Mao meant and what Chinese Dream the Chinese people shared with Mao then. Since the Chinese people had stood up and would no longer be bullied, how could they fail to take action when foreign troops came near Chinese border?

If McArthur had understood what Mao meant and the Chinese Dream, he would not have regarded Chinese government’s warning as bluffing when his troops went near Chinese border. Nor would he have believed that China would not have sent its troops into North Korea when he did not find any Chinese troops during his personal reconnoiter flight above the area where Chinese troops were hiding.

In fact, if McArthur had understood the Chinese dream, he would have sent airplanes to reconnoiter at night with illuminating projectiles. He would have found tens of thousand Chinese troops were going to North Korea through six temporary bridges.

American people would not have had the erroneous idea that Chinese soldiers had been brainwashed when they were amazed at Chinese soldiers’ bravery that was inspired by the Chinese Dream.

However, American defeat in Korean War was not only a disaster for General McArthur, but an even greater disaster for the Chinese people.

The victory made Chinese proud and quite a few Chinese who had completed their further study abroad came back to help the CCP build up China with the mentality mentioned in my book.

However, the victory enabled Mao to establish his personality cult.

Moreover, Mao and quite a few Chinese communists were carried away by the victory and thought that since they could defeat the most advanced troops in the world, they could achieve similar quick victory in their economic development and catch up with the United States in a short time.

Their arrogance resulted in the absurd Great Leap Forward and then the worst man-made famine in Chinese history.

However, that was not the end of China’s misery. The power struggle caused by the economic failure gave rise to the Cultural Revolution that brought greater disasters to Chinese people especially their intellectuals.

Now, Xi Jinping, the newly elected party leader, talked about the Chinese Dream again. Those who know nothing about the Chinese Dream cherished by Chinese people for several generations regard the Chinese Dream talked about by Xi as something new. In a six-page long article on one of the two major American weeklies, the author says “Xi has exhorted citizens to pursue ‘national rejuvenation’ and a ‘Great Chinese Dream’” as if national rejuvenation and Chinese Dream are two separate things. As a result, the author asks, “what exactly is the Chinese dream?”

Xi clearly said in his speech, “In my view, to realize the great renewal of the Chinese nation is the greatest dream for the Chinese nation in modern history.”

In the article, the author says, “The symbolism is potent but vague on details.” He forgets the context of Xi’s speech. Xi first said in his speech, “lagging behind leaves one vulnerable to attacks and only development makes a nation strong.”

The goal of revival is first of all to make China so strong that it will no longer be bullied.

Since the US announced its return to Asia and rallied those who have maritime territorial disputes with China around it, China has begun its arms race with the US. In 2012 alone, China established its Beidou Navigation System that covers the Asian-Pacific area, commissioned its first aircraft carrier, developed its first carrier-based fighter J-15, conducted successful test flights of its stealth fighter J-31, VTOL stealth fighter J-18 and a new fighter jet J-16 about which no information has been revealed, commissioned its second, third and fourth 20,000-ton landing platform docks and launched two 052D Aegis destroyers.

According to Russian media, China sees itself in the remote future as a military superpower equal to and even in some areas surpassing the United States.

Chinese media hold that the US relies on its advanced air force in war. If China surpasses the US in its air force, the US will have nothing to rely on in bullying China.

That seems China’s way of “subduing the enemy without fighting”, a strategy advocated by Sun Tzu.

The surge of patriotism due to maritime territorial disputes has caused China’s aircraft research workers to work so hard that China is developing its advanced aircrafts and other weapons at an astonishing speed.

Xi’s rally call, the Chinese Dream, will certainly add stimulus to their enthusiasm and further speed up China’s weapon development.

Achievements in Weapon development are certainly important now for China in dealing with the territorial disputes, but for Xi, the rally call plays a vital role in consolidating his power.

Being a new leader Xi needs to establish his power base. The need is much more urgent as Xi has two very tricky tasks: eliminating corruption and deepening the economic reform. Like his predecessor Hu Jintao, Xi encounters the seemingly insurmountable resistance from vested interests and the conservatives.

Realization of the Chinese Dream will enable Xi to take harsh measures in fulfilling the tasks as corruption robs the state of its resources for weapon development while further reform will enable the state to achieve faster growth so that it will have more income for weapon development from taxation and state-owned enterprises.

Like the Korean War for Mao, the victory in a war against Japan and even against the US will enable Xi to firmly establish himself as a leader with absolute power; therefore, Xi has to succeed in making Chinese air force as strong as the US’s.

That is why the Liaoning aircraft carrier, J-15 carrier-based and J-18 and J-31 stealth fighter jets, etc. are a major part of the Chinese Dream

I am worried that if US support for the countries in their maritime territorial dispute with China results in a war between China and the US and if China wins, Chinese leader will enjoy very high prestige which perhaps may give rise to some personality cult that may bring disasters to China as Mao’s personality cult did in the past.

Therefore, I hope while realizing the age-old Chinese dream, Chinese people begin to cherish an even loftier Chinese dream: the implementation of Chinese constitution. However, only a relatively small proportion of people share that lofty Chinese Dream; while the Chinese Dream Xi advocated is very popular now. It proves how clever Xi is in exploiting popular feeling.

Compared with Xi’s Chinese Dream, the even loftier Chinese dream for the implementation of Chinese constitution is much less popular for the time being.

It took more than one decade for China’s democracy movement to grow from the Democracy Wall in 1978 into a national campaign in 1989, the Tiananmen Protests, which were unfortunately suppressed by the military.

The Chinese Dream for the implementation of Chinese constitution will also grow if people fight for it peacefully without violence. When it grows into a popular national campaign perhaps two decades later, it would not be suppressed by the military as due to the realization of Xi’s Chinese Dream, the military will have grown into a well-educated professional army unwilling to point their guns at innocent people.

We can already see such signs now. The most prominent sign was a commentary published on the sensitive date of June 5 on the party’s mouthpiece People’s Daily by Zhang Yang, the political commissar of People’s Liberation Army’s Guangzhou military command, in which Zhang warns against abusing the deployment of troops for non-combat missions.

It indicates the military’s reluctance to be used to suppress people. That was why Deng said after Tiananmen Massacre that China was “lucky” then as elders like him were still alive, hinting that if all the elders had died, no one would have been able to send troops to suppress the students. (See my post “Chinese army newspaper presses need for party loyalty” on June 9, 2012 at


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