Huawei HarmonyOS launch shows breaking of US technology myth


By Xie Jun and Ma Jingjing

Published: May 25, 2021 10:39 PM

Chinese telecom giant Huawei is set to introduce its HarmonyOS for its mobile phones at the beginning of June, a move which not only shows the company’s successful shift to a new business focus that can largely free it from US supply chains, but also shows China’s technological rise that starts to break the US monopoly of operating systems, experts said.

HarmonyOS, or Hongmeng in Chinese, the Huawei-developed operating system which is currently used in gadgets like wearable devices and smart screens, will be rolled out for its smart phones on June 2, Huawei confirmed with the Global Times on Tuesday.

The company posted a short video on its Weibo account showing the boot screen of its HarmonyOS mobile phone, with many netizens commenting that they are anticipating the arrival of self-developed operating systems.

Chinese telecom analysts spoke highly of Huawei’s HarmonyOS phones, as it could not only help Huawei break US technological blockade, but also shows China’s powerful entry into the software field that has long been dominated by US IT giants like Apple and Google.

Zhang Yi, CEO of the iiMedia Research Institute, said that launch of the HarmonyOS by Huawei marks a “historic turning point” that China is increasingly free itself from the US restrictions on Chinese tech firms and the country’s general information industry.

“It sends a signal that Chinese companies can fight their way out of the US technological blockade as long as they insist on independent innovation, and that the so-called US technology myth is not unbreakable like many people thought,” Zhang told the Global Times.

For the company itself, a shift to the software business is also a wise choice as the software sector, whose upgrading cycle is much slower than hardware sets, can help Huawei win more time when its mobile phone business is facing difficulties arising from US chip supply restrictions, Zhang said.

“I think it’s just a matter of time before China breaks through mobile chip technological bottlenecks, but the rise of the software business will help Huawei survive this period instead of being beaten down by sudden blows,” Zhang said.

Huawei has been caught in the Trump administration’s strike against China’s technological rise, which resulted in global chips supplies to Huawei being blocked.

Huawei has been caught up in the US government’s strike against China’s technological rise, with measures taken that include the suspension of chip supplies.

AI-driven Huawei

Experts stressed that Huawei has found a new breaking point in smart solutions, software design and operating systems after its handset business was hit by the US sanctions.

Huawei’s capability and flexibility in rapidly pivoting to new services to gain a foothold – for example, from making smart phones to the building of the HarmonyOS operating system, to smart cars and cloud computing – makes it increasingly immune from Western countries’ suppression in the industrial and supply chains, Fu Liang, a veteran telecom industry analyst, told the Global Times.

“Large-scale business transformation makes Huawei more like an internet and software company instead of a mobile original equipment manufacturer (OEM),” Fu said, adding that Huawei has a great role to play in the vast 5G+AI market in China with its 30 years’ experience in information and communication technology (ICT).

Huawei founder Ren Zhengfei said in a memo recently that the company is focusing on software as the field’s development is fundamentally outside of US control, according to a Reuters report.

Huawei’s artificial intelligence business has flourished in multiple areas. For example, it has recently partnered with China Telecom’s branch in Northwest China’s Shaanxi Province in building “intelligent mines,” arming sites with intelligent applications like 5G video communication and remote control workshops. It also recently released a “trajectory prediction” patent which can be used in AI self-driving.

Fu also said that Huawei’s software services may be exported to emerging countries given that many intelligent services and products do not need cutting-edge chips of 7nm or smaller.

Domestic support

Huawei’s launch of its self-developed operating system and other AI solutions are gaining wide support from domestic companies, which experts said can support the company to catch up with industry leaders like Apple and Google in about three to five years.

A group of local tech companies have been actively taking part in the joint construction of a self-developed ecosystem with Huawei. For example, Shanghai-based smart city services provider Yanhua Smartech said in February that part of the company’s software products are compatible with HarmonyOS, and the firm will continue to develop compatibility between its own products and HarmonyOS in line with market demand.

Huawei disclosed that about 300 million mobile phone sets will be installed with HarmonyOS by the end of 2021, with about 200 million being Huawei sets.

Zhang said that at a time when many Chinese companies are facing the threat of sanctions from the US, they are in urgent need of software that can replace US products.

“This need, plus China’s huge mobile phone user base and HarmonyOS’ advantage in integrating different platforms, a feature in which other systems like Android and iOS do not show particular superiority, I think HarmonyOS might become the world’s top operating system in about 3-5 years,” he noted.

Note: This is Global Times’ report I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean whether I agree or disagree with the report’ views.


Software another path for Huawei to break US attack: analyst


By Global Times

Published: May 26, 2021 10:08 PM

From the launch of its self-developed Harmony operating system (OS) to being a provider of information and communications technology (ICT) solutions, Huawei is putting more effort into strengthening its software ability and shifting away from being a hardware manufacturer to shake off the negative effects of the US chip ban.

The efforts, with the rapid development of China’s 5G sector, are paying off — and they could help Huawei expand quickly at home and abroad, as the Chinese technology company will be largely immune from further US assaults, analysts said.

“As an ICT solutions provider, Huawei has so far cooperated with mines, photovoltaic enterprises and finance firms, as well as ports and pig farms. It is transforming itself from being a hardware supplier to a software and services supplier,” Ma Jihua, a veteran industry analyst, told the Global Times on Wednesday.

Profits from being a services vendor could be huge and possibly even better than being a hardware producer, Ma said.

Last year, as part of a plan to deal with the US’ technology crackdown, Huawei reportedly kicked off a project called Nanniwan, named after a revolutionary site in Northwest China’s Shaanxi Province, which will focus on gadgets that shun US technologies.

A large-scale production campaign was launched in Nanniwan during the War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression, aiming to tackle economic hardships, achieve self-sufficiency in production.

In February this year, Ren Zhengfei, Huawei’s founder and CEO, confirmed the existence of the project, explaining that this term actually refers to production and self-rescue.

“For example, we have made great breakthroughs in the fields of coal, steel, music, smart screens, PCs, and tablets. So, we can survive without relying on mobile phones.”

Analysts said that after almost a year of development and progress, the ICT sector is the area where Huawei has made the most breakthroughs so far.

For instance, investment in the vehicle sector has already become profitable. Other than providing smart solutions for a dozen carmakers, Huawei also announced plans to help carmakers sell vehicles through its flagship stores across China – the places where it has been selling smartphones.

In the coming Internet of Things (IoT) era, Huawei will definitely be at the forefront with its HarmonyOS and ability in 5G. It has the potential to surpass Apple and also Google, Ma said.

However, experts also cautioned that Huawei is facing fierce competition from domestic counterparts such as Xiaomi, which has made an early start in the smart home sector, and also from Alibaba and Tencent.

Moreover, Jiang Junmu, an industry analyst, told the Global Times on Wednesday that the dilemma in the hardware segment under the US ban may hamper the company’s further expansion in the software business.

“Only the integration of software and hardware can give full play to the capabilities of products and services,” Jiang said.

Source: Global Times “Software another path for Huawei to break US attack: analyst”

Note: This is Global Times’ report I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean whether I agree or disagree with the report’ views.


Huawei still tops global telecom equipment makers in 2020


By Global Times

Published: Mar 09, 2021 07:53 PM

A Huawei 5G base station installed on a rooftop in Zurich in 2019. Photo: Chen Qingqing/GT

Chinese technology giant Huawei Technologies remained top ranked in the global telecom equipment market during coronavirus-plagued 2020 with increased business revenue, despite a US-led discriminative crackdown, an industry report said.

Huawei had a 31-percent market share in terms of global telecom equipment revenue in 2020, followed by Nokia and Ericsson, each having a 15-percent share. Chinese telecom equipment vendor ZTE was No.4 with a 10-percent share, according to the report released on Monday by market research firm Dell’Oro Group.

While both Ericsson and Nokia improved their radio access network positions outside of China, initial estimates suggest Huawei’s global telecom equipment market share, including in Chinese mainland, improved by two to three percentage points for the year.

“With investments in China outpacing the overall market, we estimate Huawei and ZTE collectively gained around three to four percentage points of global revenue share between 2019 and 2020, together comprising more than 40 percent of the global telecom equipment market,” said the report.

Although Huawei was affected in the 5G segment due to microchips supply cut due to a US government discriminative ban, its advanced 5G technologies still lead other suppliers by one or two years, and it has played an irreplaceable role in China’s rapid rollout of 5G base stations to date, telecom industry observers said.

China has 718,000 5G base stations, mostly in medium-sized to large cities, including 330,000 shared among the country’s four major telecom operators, data from the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology said. More than 600,000 5G base stations were built and put into operation in China in 2020.

“Unlike microchips supply for mobile phones, Huawei can easily manage the chip supply for its 5G base stations,” said Xiang Ligang, an independent telecom analyst, predicting faster growth of 5G shipment this year for Huawei, despite some Western government’s unfair geopolitical restrictions.

A senior executive of Huawei claimed earlier that the company has built more than 140 commercial 5G networks that are deployed in 59 countries and regions so far.

The COVID-19 pandemic-related supply chain disruptions that affected some telecom networks in the early part of 2020 were mostly alleviated toward the end of the year, the Dell’Oro report said.

Analysts at Dell’Oro remain optimistic about 2021 and project the overall telecom equipment market to advance 3-5 percent on a yearly basis.

Source: “Huawei still tops global telecom equipment makers in 2020”

Note: This is Global Times’ report I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean whether I agree or disagree with the report’ views.


Brazilian telecoms snub U.S. official over Huawei 5G pressure: source


By Reuters Staff

BRASILIA (Reuters) – Brazil’s top four telecom companies have decide not to meet with a visiting senior U.S. official who has advocated excluding China’s Huawei Technologies Co [HWT.UL] from the Brazilian 5G equipment market, an industry source said on Friday.

The carriers declined a U.S. embassy invitation to meet on Monday in Sao Paulo with Keith Krach, U.S. under secretary of state for economic growth, energy and the environment, the person in contact with telecom sector executives said.

“This invitation is not compatible with free-market choices that we are used to. We should be able to freely make our best financial decisions,” the source said, requesting anonymity.

The invitation from U.S. ambassador Todd Chapman was first reported by Folha de S.Paulo newspaper, which together with the Valor Economico business daily said the companies preferred not to attend.

Telefonica Brasil SA, Grupo Oi SA, TIM Participações SA, controlled by Telecom Italia SpA and Claro, owned by Mexico’s America Movil, each control between 19% and 29% of Brazil’s wireless market.

They already use Huawei equipment in preparation for the auctioning of spectrum concessions next year in Brazil and do not support a ban on Huawei sought by the U.S. government.

The U.S. embassy did not immediately reply to a request for comment. The four carriers declined to comment.

The Trump administration has stepped up diplomatic pressure internationally to block the use of Huawei equipment, alleging that it could be used for spying by the Chinese state. Huawei has repeatedly denied being a national security risk.

“Huawei is the backbone of China’s global surveillance,” Krach wrote in an op/ed article published in August in Brazil’s O Globo newspaper.

Krach said the U.S. government and its partners were accelerating efforts to protect global economic security by restricting the involvement of Huawei in 5G networks.

“There are now more than 30 countries participating in the Clean Network,” he wrote.

Writing by Anthony Boadle; Editing by David Gregorio and Rosalba O’Brien

Source: Reuters “Brazilian telecoms snub U.S. official over Huawei 5G pressure: source”

Note: This is Reuters’ report I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean that I agree or disagree with the report’ views.


Sino-South Korea tensions thaw in bid to gain Huawei favour


Beijing appears to be making moves to keep ties warm with Seoul, removing criticism of its top K-pop band on the internet and perhaps rewarding the Moon regime, which has so far resisted US appeals to cut Huawei from its 5G networks

by Chris Gill October 16, 2020

Sino-South Korea tensions thaw in bid to gain Huawei favour

(ATF) In their often rocky relationship South Korea and China are having a mini détente. Comments by a BTS K-pop band member on the Korean war were widely criticised on China’s internet, but the PRC spokesman responded in a conciliatory tone and Beijing has used its state media to scrub negative comments about the band off the Chinese internet.

At the same time, news is emerging that super-wired South Korea will likely continue to use Huawei equipment in its already functioning 5G networks, which are facing various bottlenecks. It looks likely that under-the-radar Korea will keep using Huawei 5G equipment rather than ripping it out amid ongoing security concerns.

It is unclear what the eventual situation will become, but for now Korea needs Huawei tech. As more or less the only major economy to throw Huawei a bone, China has toned down the aggressive rhetoric. But part of the motivation is also to try and prevent more companies from Korea moving operations out of China.

Soon after the United Kingdom announced its ban on Huawei, a representative of the United States declared that the UK’s move was “persuaded” by the United States, and the US had also “persuaded” many other countries to ban Huawei, a tech analysis site in China called Golden Ten Data reported.

Recently, however, the “persuasion” of the United States was ‘rejected’ by a key ally, according to the site.

Korea’s Yonhap News Agency reported on October 14 that a South Korean official revealed that US officials asked the Moon government in Seoul to exclude Huawei and other Chinese telecoms from the country’s 5G network, but South Korean officials rejected the “proposal”. This is rather surprising given that South Korea’s Samsung looks to be one of the main beneficiaries of Huawei’s demise in many Western nations.

‘Decision left to telecom operators’

According to the news source, the United States reiterated on Tuesday Oct 13 that South Korea should exclude Huawei’s 5G equipment as soon as possible and switch to trusted suppliers to ensure the country’s network security during high-level economic talks being held with Seoul. But South Korean officials said it was up to domestic telecom operators whether they do or don’t use Huawei equipment.

And South Korean telecom operators have already made a statement. As early as May, CBN learned from people in the telecommunications industry in South Korea that the country’s three major telecom operators – SK Telecom, KT, and LG U+ – have all made it clear that they have no plans to boycott or exclude Huawei equipment in 5G network construction in the country.

The head of LG U+ R&D, which is using Huawei’s 5G base station equipment, also said that if South Korea wants to achieve the goal of being a “5G power”, regardless of price, security, or technological leadership, Huawei is the first choice.

LG U+’s high evaluation of Huawei has a lot to do with Huawei’s assistance. In August, the world’s first 5G commercial network test report released by the world’s leading information provider IHS Markit said that South Korea’s 5G network evaluation report showed that LG U+ faces insufficient 5G spectrum supply – it has 80MHz, compared to SKT and KT, which have 100MHz). But through the deployment of Huawei 5G Massive MIMO, it has achieved good results in overall leadership in key indicators such as maximum rate, average rate, delay, and speed consistency.

Based on Huawei’s equipment, LG U+ also stated that it will continue to cooperate with Huawei to deploy next-generation 5G mobile communication technology. Currently, among the 15,000 5G base stations deployed by LG U+ across the country, Huawei’s equipment accounts for about 95%.

Most ‘wired’ country stuck in a ‘bottleneck’

South Korea is the world’s most ‘wired’ country, so a delay in 5G would not be appreciated. It was the first country in the world to achieve commercial 5G – in 2019, when South Korean operators won the title of “the world’s first country to achieve commercial 5G”, hours ahead of the United States.

In the same year, a 5G market development country evaluation report by the OMDIA consulting agency showed that South Korea achieved full marks in five aspects – frequency band planning, business commercialisation, network coverage, user penetration, and 5G ecology – and won the “World’s Best 5G”.

It can be said that South Korea’s 5G strength has already been rated top in the world.

As for why South Korea rejected the “persuasion” of the United States, it could be a number of factors. President Trump has been pushing Seoul to pay far more for having thousands of US troops stationed there.

Or, is it related to the country’s 5G bottleneck and the decline in user satisfaction and development indicators? The growth trend of 5G users of the three major operators in South Korea has slowed down. At present, neither KT nor LG U+ can achieve their previous goal of a 5G user penetration rate of 20-25% by the end of 2020.

And the appeal of 5G mobile phones has dropped a lot for South Korean consumers. Samsung released a new 5G model Galaxy S20 on February 28 this year, but the sales volume on that day was only 70,000 units, which was half of the sales volume of the Galaxy S10 last year.

From the perspective of 5G network coverage and 5G network speed, an OpenSignal report in June showed that due to insufficient indoor coverage by 5G networks, most 5G mobile users in South Korea use 4G networks 80% of the time. The same report by OpenSignal ranked video experiences based on 5G networks in 20 countries around the world, but South Korea only ranked 8th, far behind Norway and Japan.

And unlike South Korea’s 5G system gradually falling into a bottleneck, China, one year after the commercialisation of 5G, now has the world’s most 5G base stations and the world’s highest capital expenditure on such a network.

South Korea wants to break through the bottleneck, so Golden Ten Data’s analyst thought “it is a wise choice to cooperate with Chinese operators”.

Source: Asian Times Financial “Sino-South Korea tensions thaw in bid to gain Huawei favour”

Note: This is Asia Times Financial’s article I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean that I agree or disagree with the article’s views.


Huawei may have found an ally in Japan, for now


Japan will not bar Chinese kit makers – including Huawei – from supplying telecoms network equipment in the country, it emerged this week.

The US is keen to see other nations follow in its footsteps and block Chinese companies from providing 5G equipment, but Japan is reluctant to join the growing club of governments that have bowed to pressure from Washington, it seems.

Citing a report in Japan’s Yomiuri newspaper, Reuters said that Tokyo will take its own measures in the event of any security concern in 5G, according to anonymous sources. The paper said that Japan will not join any framework designed to exclude a specific country, but would reconsider if there is any change to the US plan.

There are mixed messages as to whether US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and Japanese Foreign Minister Toshimitsu Motegi discussed the US’s Clean Network plan – designed to keep Chinese telecom and tech firms out of the US – at a meeting in Tokyo earlier this month, but it seems clear that cybersecurity issues were on the agenda in some form.

And while Japan might not be keen to join the US’s anti-Huawei quest in its current form, it is obviously keen to keep Washington on side. According to Reuters, it is seeking to strengthen its cooperation with the US on cybersecurity.

And furthermore, it is insistent it will take its own steps to reduce supply chain risks when procuring information and communications equipment, the newswire quoted Japan’s Chief Cabinet Secretary Katsunobu Kato as saying.

Huawei is not out of the woods in Japan yet.

Source: telecoms.com “Huawei may have found an ally in Japan, for now”

Note: This is telecom.com’s article I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean that I agree or disagree with the article’s views.


Op-ed: Trump’s campaign against Huawei, Chinese tech will backfire


PUBLISHED WED, SEP 9 202010:57 AM EDTUPDATED WED, SEP 9 202011:29 AM EDT

Paul Scanlan, Huawei CTO

KEY POINTS

  • The Trump Administration has amplified its campaign to harm Chinese technology companies, widening its focus from Huawei and 5G to the Chinese social media apps TikTok and WeChat.

  • This desperately misguided strategy is destined to backfire.

  • Most importantly, the administration’s campaign against Chinese tech may prevent the U.S. from accomplishing what claims to be its true objective: establishing a leading position in 5G and building on that lead in the future.

Photo Trump

U.S. President Donald Trump faces reporters prior to boarding Air Force One as he departs Washington for campaign travel to Florida and North Carolina at Joint Base Andrews, Maryland, U.S., September 8, 2020.

Jonathan Ernst | Reuters

The Trump Administration has amplified its campaign to harm Chinese technology companies, widening its focus from Huawei and 5G to the Chinese social media apps TikTok and WeChat. It’s clear that these maneuvers are designed to distract from pressing domestic issues and to hobble Chinese tech firms for the commercial benefit of U.S. competitors.

Sen. Marco Rubio, in an op-ed published by CNBC last week, called for the U.S. and its allies to find alternatives to Huawei to develop 5G networks.

This desperately misguided strategy is destined to backfire. First, it will destroy U.S. dominance in the global semiconductor industry — American chip-making equipment firms currently export about 90% of their production, most of it to East Asia, including China.

It will also deny U.S. businesses the chance to sell hardware, software and apps: last year alone, Huawei spent $18.7 billion buying components from U.S. companies. Tens of thousands of American jobs are jeopardized by the actions against Huawei at a time of massive unemployment.

Cutting off Huawei’s supply of US technologies may be intended to hurt the company in the short run. But the longer-term effect will be to push Huawei – and other companies headquartered in China – toward greater self-reliance, as a recent report by CSIS, a U.S. think tank, points out.

Research by the Boston Consulting Group shows that, over the long term, a full decoupling would shrink American chip-makers’ revenue by 37% and lower their global market share to 30% – while boosting the market share of Chinese chip companies by an order of magnitude.

Tens of thousands of American jobs are jeopardized by the actions against Huawei at a time of massive unemployment.

Most importantly, the administration’s campaign against Chinese tech may prevent the U.S. from accomplishing what claims to be its true objective: establishing a leading position in 5G and building on that lead in the future.

An opportunity to achieve this goal was presented to the U.S. government last year, when Huawei founder Ren Zhengfei offered to license the company’s 5G technology to one or more U.S. companies. American license-holders would then have access to Huawei’s entire 5G patent portfolio, including software source code, hardware designs, and technologies related to manufacturing, network planning, and testing. The license-holder could manufacture and operate leading-edge 5G networks with no security concerns; the U.S. government could appoint any U.S. company willing to take on the challenge.

Granted, the Administration has other options. It could acquire a controlling stake in either one or both of Huawei’s main competitors in the network equipment business, Ericsson or Nokia, as was suggested by U.S. Attorney General William Barr. It could nationalize America’s 5G networks, as was reportedly considered by U.S national security officials in 2018. Huawei’s offer presents a less interventionist option with the same level of flexibility, security and accountability.

America’s current 5G effort relies almost entirely on just two vendors, Ericsson and Nokia, as the U.S. companies that once dominated the market for telecoms equipment left the business years ago.

Licensing Huawei’s portfolio would jump-start 5G deployment in America and get the U.S. on a fast track to 5G leadership. Accelerating 5G connectivity would allow U.S. industries to take full advantage of the transformative capabilities that 5G and artificial intelligence will have on industries. This will provide a much-needed economic boost in the wake of the pandemic.

Perhaps even more importantly, rapid 5G adoption could serve as an incubator for future generations of wireless tech: 6G is expected to be commercialized around 2030.

For the U.S. telecommunications industry, Huawei’s offer represents a potentially transformative opportunity and an economically viable shortcut to ubiquitous 5G networks that will benefit American consumers, business and industry. More than that, it is a near last-ditch effort to rescue global innovation before it succumbs to a harmful isolationism that could end U.S. tech leadership once and for all.

Paul Scanlan is Chief Technology Officer at Huawei.

Source: CNBC “Op-ed: Trump’s campaign against Huawei, Chinese tech will backfire”

Note: This is CNBC’s article I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean that I agree or disagree with the article’s views.


China close to massive 5G base station target


Avatar Written by Mary Lennighan 1 day ago

China is close to hitting its target of rolling out a staggering 500,000 5G mobile base stations by the end of the year.

The country’s telcos have installed 480,000 5G sites, which equates to 96% of the target figure, the South China Morning Post reported, citing Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) director Wen Ku, speaking at a conference in Beijing recently.

Based on the first-half financials reported by China’s big three telcos last month, that suggests that the operators have together rolled out 82,000 5G base stations in the past two and a half months. With numbers like that, it is safe to assume that deploying the last 20,000 by year-end will not be too much of an ask.

As one might expect, China Mobile is responsible for the largest share of the build-out, having switched on 188,000 5G sites in 50-plus cities by the end of June. But the combined efforts of China Telecom and China Unicom are also making a big impact. The pair are involved in a shared 5G rollout initiative and have together deployed 210,000 5G base stations, including 150,000 in the first six months of the year. China Unicom said it was responsible for “more than 100,000” of the total, which would leave China Telecom having achieved a roughly similar sum.

As an aside, China Unicom recently said that the shared network project with China Telecom – dubbed ‘co-build, co-share’ has proved so successful that the pair have expanded it into 4G and other areas of their businesses, “in order to further improve resource utilisation efficiency.” That has to be a good idea when you’re dealing with a country the size of China.

China’s massive population makes it a compelling market to watch when it comes to 5G uptake.

The latest numbers – shared by MIIT minister Xiao Yaqing, again, as reported by the South China Morning Post, via the Xinhua News Agency – put 5G users in China at more than 60 million.

That’s a couple of tens of millions fewer than government figures suggested at the end of July, although admitted those stats referred specifically to 5G terminal connections, which could well mean something different.

Whichever way you look at it, there are a lot of 5G subscriptions in China already and the figure is set to grow, with telcos working hard to market the benefits the technology brings.

While endorsing 5G network construction, we also put an increased focus on accelerating the promotion of 5G applications,” China Unicom reported in its 1H results presentation.

In order to meet the needs of the mass market, we launched feature services such as ultra-high definition live broadcasts, cloud-based games and cloud VR solutions which are intended to be exciting and engaging, as well as providing the highest quality information and telecommunications services for our customers,” the telco said.

It looks like a ‘build it and they will come’ type of model. China’s telcos are certainly building it, and it would be unwise to bet against customer numbers growing significantly in the coming months

Source: telecoms.com “China close to massive 5G base station target”

Note: This is telecoms.com’s report I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean that I agree or disagree with the report’ views.


5G TECHNOLOGY EXPLAINED IN DETAILS: IT COMES TO CHANGE SOCIETIES




Since 2018, 5G has been on everyone’s lips. But we bet only a few people know what 5G is all about. If asking an average user, they will say it’s the faster variant of 4G. And though there is a gain of truth, 5G technology is more than you think. In this article, we will try to introduce to you all the highlights of this technology.

FROM 1G TO 5G

1G: This refers to the first generation of wireless telephone technology, namely mobile communications. It uses analog signals and has a speed of up to 2.4kbps. Phone with no screen could make calls.

2G (GPRS): This refers to the second-generation mobile technology. It uses digital telecommunications standards. The data rate is between 56-114kbps. 2G realizes the digitization of voice communication, and feature phones can send text messages with a small screen.

3G (WCDMA/CDMA 2000/TD-SCDMA): Refers to the third-generation mobile communication technology. It provides a data rate of 384kbps. So you can easily browse websites and stream music.

4G: This refers to the fourth generation of mobile technology, known as LTE (Long Term Evolution). Compared to 1G-3G, it is the best among these types. And it is stable and fast like Wi-Fi at home or office.

5G is the fifth-generation mobile communication technology and an extension of the 4G system. On June 13, 2018, the San Diego 3GPP meeting set the first international 5G standard. Compared with the former, 5G networks have three main characteristics – extremely high speed (eMBB), extremely large capacity (mMTC), and extremely low latency (URLLC).

HIGH SPEED

We all know that communication relies on electromagnetic waves. And the frequency resources of electromagnetic waves are very limited. Different frequencies have different speeds. Frequency resources are like cars. The higher the frequency and the more cars, the more information can be loaded at the same time. Therefore, the greater the frequency, the greater the bandwidth, and the faster the speed.

5G technology

Currently, we use low-frequency bands for 4G. Its advantages are good performance and wide coverage, which can effectively reduce the operator’s investment in base stations and save money. But the disadvantage is that if there are more people, the ‘road’ of data transmission will be narrow. Although the existing technology has been optimized, the rate is still limited. While 5G uses high-frequency bands, the use of high frequency can not only relieve the tension of low-frequency resources but because there is no congestion phenomenon, the ‘roads’ are wider and the bandwidth rate is increased.

To solve the propagation problem of high-frequency communication, it requires relying on the massive antenna (massive MIMO). MIMO stands for ‘multiple input multiple output’.

High-frequency resources also have a short wavelength. In antenna design, the distance between the antenna array and them can be very short, and the antenna array can be integrated in a small range. The increase in the number of antenna elements can bring additional gain.

Under these characteristics, 5G provides a peak data download rate of up to 10Gbps. The peak rate of 4G is about 100Mbps, and the speed is increased by 100 times. Ideally, users can download a 1GB HD video in seconds. 4K video requires a minimum download speed of 25Mbps. 4G cannot meet this requirement. Therefore, 4K live video broadcasting is possible under 5G environment. In addition, the demand for bandwidth in VR/AR is huge. And 5G is possible for the realization of virtualization such as VR.

HIGH CAPACITY

High-frequency millimeter waves can increase the transmission rate. But high-frequency signals are difficult to pass through walls. As the transmission distance increases, the transmission rate will drop faster than the low-frequency band of 4G. In order to ensure an efficient and stable transmission rate, more base stations are required for stable signal transmission. 5G technology introduces micro base stations with small size and low energy consumption. Such base stations can be installed and deployed anywhere in the city and can be installed in street lights, signal lights, shopping malls, houses, etc. Each base station can receive signals from other base stations and send data to users in any location. The signal reception is uniform; the carrying capacity is large; and the ubiquitous network is formed to solve the shortcomings of poor long-distance transmission in high-frequency bands.

This also makes the Internet of Things possible. In the 5G network, in addition to common 3C products such as smartphones and PCs, more terminal devices can also be incorporated into the network. Among them, we can mention smart furniture products that can be controlled via the network (smart sockets, smart air conditioners, smart refrigerators, and smart wearable devices). In the field of the Internet of Things, different application scenarios have different needs of the network.

Some terminal devices require a large amount of real-time data to quickly process feedback, while some terminal devices only require a small amount of data or a few bits of data transmission. It does not require a high transmission speed response, and may even update a small amount of data in a month or two. For example, the usage information display of water meters and electric meters. Therefore, in a 5G network, it is necessary to be able to automatically recognize the network requirements of the device terminal and use different network bandwidths. When a small amount of data is transmitted, 5G’s smart identification uses a narrow-band network that consumes less energy to transmit data, thereby effectively reducing energy consumption and use, and ensuring the usability of low-consumption terminal equipment for long-term operation.

LOW LATENCY

Compared with 4G, 5G has been greatly optimized and adjusted on the existing technical architecture. In order to achieve ultra-low latency, 5G will work together from all aspects of the access network, bearer network, core network, and backbone network.

While greatly reducing the transmission delay of the air interface, the forwarding nodes are reduced as much as possible and the distance between nodes is shortened. The network slicing technology divides the physical network into N logical networks to adapt to different application scenarios.

Read Also:  India’s Jio to get $4 billion from Google, says report

4G network application servers are concentrated in the central computer room, far away from the terminal, and need to pass through multiple transmission nodes in the middle. 5G uses edge computing technology to deeply integrate the access network and Internet services, deploy cloud computing equipment with computing, processing and storage functions at the edge of the access network, build a mobile convenient cloud, and provide an information technology service environment and cloud computing capabilities. It can reduce the forwarding and processing time during data transmission, and reduce the end-to-end delay.

Low latency makes driverless driving possible. Let’s take a look at this case: a car is running at a speed of 60Km/h; the emergency braking distance of 50ms is 1m, 10ms is 17cm, and 1ms is 17mm; the delay in 4G network is about 50ms; the braking distance is about 1m in 50ms. This may be the gap between life and death. So the delay of 5G networks as low as 1ms makes it possible for autonomous driving to ensure safe driving on the road.

5G technology

5G CONS AND PROS

CONS

5G sounds good. But in reality, there are still many fields, where equipment vendors, telecom companies, and even the government need to work together.

5G is included in sub-6GHz frequency bands and millimeter wave (mmWave) frequency bands. 4G technology will continue to develop and become a complementary technology in the frequency band below 6GHz. This also means that the telecommunications industry will not completely ignore 4G because of the development of 5G; on the contrary, the industry has expressed that it will moderately rebuild some 4G base stations and strengthen system signal switching.

Since 5G high-frequency millimeter waves are easily interfered, a larger number of base stations need to be deployed to achieve a certain coverage rate. For example, the Japanese government is planning to install 5G base stations on traffic lights and street lights, hoping to increase the density of base stations. This also means that small cells are more important than ever.

The development of 5G micro base stations with ‘massive MIMO’ and ‘beamforming’ has been able to overcome technical difficulties and achieve a certain level.

PROS

5G is wireless Internet technology. The most obvious feature is its extremely fast speed. It is generally 20 times that of 4G and up to 100 times. It can transmit massive amounts of data in a very short time, greatly reducing the delay, and the difference is large enough to bring about fundamental changes. .

In daily applications, the current 4G is actually limited by inherent technology, bandwidth is limited, and there are many restrictions on use. For example, in large concerts or public gatherings, when tens of thousands of people are online at the same time, the Internet speed will become very slow. The huge bandwidth of 5G can solve this problem.

Modern people have higher and higher requirements for audio and video quality. Many programs on Netflix and other streaming platforms have 4K ultra-high image quality options. However, due to the insufficient speed of 4G, very few people will use data streaming to watch. 5G solves this problem as well.

There are also games that require high network speed and latency. The current electronic game design is getting better and better, and the capacity is getting larger. Google’s streaming game platform Stadia advertises that there is no need to purchase an additional game console or download and install the game. 5G has come on time.

WHY 5G TECHNOLOGY IS NOT USED MUCH?

ALTHOUGH 5G NETWORK COVERAGE SPEED IS FAST, BUT CONTINUOUS COVERAGE IS INSUFFICIENT

Insufficient 5G network coverage, even if it is not an obstacle for people to use 5G, has become a factor that no one can ignore when users upgrade to 5G. After 5G enters the 1.0 era, with the accelerated maturity of 5G SA technology and the promotion of new infrastructure strategies, operators will inevitably further increase investment in 5G network construction in the next two years.

ALTHOUGH THE PRICE REDUCTION OF 5G TERMINALS IS FAST, THE COST PERFORMANCE IS NOT HIGH

With the rapid increase in the number of new 5G smartphones on the market, the price of 5G phones also has a rapid downward trend. The price of 5G smartphones has been reduced from about $550 at the beginning of the year to about $450 in May, and to about $250 at the end of June.

New 5G smartphones have been launched quickly and shipments have increased significantly. But it should not be overlooked that the cost-effectiveness of 5G smartphones is still relatively low. Although 5G low-end smartphones can satisfy everyone’s curiosity about 5G network speed, compared with 4G smartphones of the same price, the performance indicators of 5G models still have a lot of room for improvement.

ALTHOUGH THE INNOVATION OF 5G IS LOUD, THE LACK OF UNIQUE APPLICATIONS IS A FACT

With the support of manpower and funds, the innovative application of 5G has achieved gratifying results. The application of 5G in smart mines have become a reality. Judging from media reports, various vertical industry applications related to 5G are only in the pilot or pioneering stage. So there is still a big gap between mature technology or widespread popularization.

CONCLUSION

4G has achieved a significant increase in data rate, entered the era of mobile broadband, and changed people’s lifestyles. Whether it’s ordering, takeout, payment, etc., all have been changed by the mobile terminal. Thus, 4G changes lives, and 5G will change the whole society. It will give people a brand new media experience from virtual items such as VR/AR, virtual characters, and enhanced scenario information. It will also enter the era of the Internet of Things and penetrate into all walks of life -Internet of Vehicles, intelligent manufacturing, global logistics tracking system, intelligent agriculture, municipal meter reading, etc.

Source: gizchina.com “5G TECHNOLOGY EXPLAINED IN DETAILS: IT COMES TO CHANGE SOCIETIES”

Note: This is gizchina.com’s article I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean that I agree or disagree with the article’s views.


World splitting into pro and anti-Huawei camps


US President Donald Trump’s tech war on Huawei could push the firm even farther ahead in all things 5G

By SCOTT FOSTER

JULY 16, 2020

US President Donald Trump is pressing allies and others to ditch Huawei-made 5G equipment. Image: Facebook

TOKYO – The United States, Japan, Australia and now Britain have banned Huawei from their 5G wireless telecom networks. Canada seems likely to follow, New Zealand is moving in the same direction and Singapore’s two largest network operators have chosen to use equipment from Ericsson and Nokia rather than the Chinese tech giant.

The Five Eyes intelligence-sharing network, comprised of the US, UK, Canada, Australia and New Zealand, and two of their key Asian allies are moving into alignment on the issue.

Meanwhile, after the skirmish between Chinese and Indian troops in the Himalayas in which 20 Indian soldiers were killed, India banned WeChat, TikTok and 57 other Chinese internet applications on national security grounds. Huawei’s 5G equipment seems likely to meet the same fate in India.

Vietnam and Taiwan, which have their own particular issues with China, do not use Huawei equipment. Thailand, Malaysia and the Philippines do. Indonesia is not yet prepared to adopt 5G. Cambodia, not surprisingly, is going with Huawei and ZTE.

Former Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir, speaking at the Foreign Correspondents’ Club of Japan last year, said Huawei “can spy as much as they like, because we have no secrets.”

South Korea – which both leads the world in the roll-out of 5G services and has its own telecom equipment maker, Samsung Electronics – is a special case. Huawei supplies less than 10% of the 5G equipment used in South Korea, and that equipment goes to LG U+ (Uplus), the country’s smallest carrier.

Visitors look at television monitors by Samsung Electronics during the Korea Electronics Grand Fair at an exhibition hall in Seoul on October 27, 2016. Photo: AFP/Jun Yeon-Je

Samsung Electronics supplies the nation’s two dominant carriers, SK Telecom and KT, and has shipped 5G equipment to KDDI in Japan, ATT, Verizon and Sprint in the US and other customers overseas. Samsung also operates in the Chinese city of Xian with two fabs making NAND (short for “not and”) Boolean operator and logic gate flash memories, which it supplies to Huawei.

Samsung Electronics and South Korea have no economic interest in confronting Huawei. The US, on the other hand, has been badgering South Korea to get rid of Huawei equipment altogether.

That would almost certainly lead to retaliation from China and therefore might not happen. With Ericsson and Nokia also in the market, Huawei appears to have no further growth potential in South Korea.

Russia has welcomed Huawei 5G, as have Turkey, South Africa, Mexico, Brazil and several other countries, but not exclusively. Huawei is active in Ukraine, but that country seems ripe for an American-led campaign of disassociation.

The European Union, which has Ericsson and Nokia to protect, has not banned Huawei but is unlikely to let it dominate its 5G networks.

In 2019, Huawei’s regional sales including network equipment, cell phones and other products were distributed as such: China 59%; EMEA (Europe, Middle East & Africa) 24%; Asia-Pacific 8%; and the Americas 6%.

Five years earlier, in 2014, the breakdown was: China 38%; EMEA 35%; Asia-Pacific 15%; and the Americas 11%.

Over the five-year period, Huawei’s overseas sales almost doubled while its domestic sales increased 4.6 times. With the loss of the UK market, the probable loss of the Indian market and increasingly severe attitudes toward China in Western Europe, Huawei’s multi-year overseas expansion could go into reverse.

China is the world’s largest and – aside from South Korea – most rapidly advancing 5G market. By the end of 2020, industry sources expect China to account for more than 50% of worldwide 5G base station installations and more than 70% of total 5G subscribers.

A majority of those base stations will be supplied by Huawei and most of the remainder by ZTE.

To add further perspective, as Asia Times’s Spengler (David P. Goldman) put it recently: “Ericsson appears to have a 10% share in China’s 5G buildout … In terms of sales, that’s roughly equal to 100% of the US 5G equipment market.”

China reportedly has more than 250,000 5G base stations in operation now and is targeting 500,000 by the end of the year, which should bring 5G services to every major city. The next big target is five million.

GSMA, the global mobile communications industry association, estimates that China will invest approximately US$180 billion in mobile networks by 2025, with 90% of that spent on 5G. By then, the number of Chinese 5G subscribers is expected to exceed 800 million.

In addition to the upgrade of ordinary mobile communications and smartphone applications, widespread access to 5G should enable significant advances in public and private-sector online services, transport system monitoring and control, and industrial automation.

This is true in Japan as well, where NEC and Panasonic are introducing customized, closed (presumably secure) 5G wireless networks designed for use in the production control systems of so-called “smart factories.”

The increasing industrial sophistication of China, which is also the world’s largest and fastest-growing user of industrial robots, should offset its loss to lower-wage countries of hand assembly work.

It is fashionable in the West to say that this will make humans obsolete and exacerbate an already serious unemployment problem, but that is not necessarily the case.

Japan has both the world’s top industrial robot and factory automation equipment industry and the lowest unemployment rate among large industrial nations. For Japan, automation is a creator of higher quality jobs and a solution to the problem of a shrinking labor force – a demographic problem shared by China.

Fanuc industrial robots from Japan on a fully automated production line at German car manufacturing giant Volkswagen’s headquarters in Wolfsburg, northern Germany. Photo: AFP/John MacDougall

Fanuc industrial robots from Japan on a fully automated production line at German car manufacturing giant Volkswagen’s headquarters in Wolfsburg, northern Germany. Photo: AFP/John MacDougall

Taking a 10-year view, it would be prudent to consider a world in which China becomes more and more like Japan in this regard, only much bigger.

The US is trying to put a stop to this by cutting off Huawei’s and China’s access to components and equipment produced using American technology. This may have an impact in the short run, but it is already providing an incentive for China to diversify away from dependence on its rival and develop its own capabilities.

It would therefore also be prudent to consider a world in which European, Japanese, Korean – and Chinese – products and technologies have replaced those that Huawei previously bought from America.

Scott Foster, the author of Stealth Japan, is an analyst with Lightstream Research, Tokyo.

Source: Asia Times “World splitting into pro and anti-Huawei camps”

Note: This is Asia Times’ article I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean that I agree or disagree with the article’s views.