China Controls Web to Protect People instead of Political Control


SCMP’s report “Macau junket operator Suncity vows to stop extending online betting to mainland China after expose by state media drew heat” describes Suncity’s setback in conducting operation of illegal online gambling in China.

We all know that China bans contents of porn, gambling, prostitution, drugs, violence, etc. to protect Chinese people, ­especially children, but the report mentions the ban on illegal betting along with the banning of the expression of politically sensitive opinions, which perhaps means the subversive opinion on substituting multi-party democracy that stresses rights but ignors duties for China’s democracy for both peoples rights and duties.

Such subversive opinions are not only banned on the Internet but also by law. Liu Xiaobo was imprisoned precisely for that. If propaganda for such opinions were allowed China would be messi governance in China similar to that in the United States. Drug such as cannabis would be legalized, and other drugs would be in vogue. So would porn and violence in media and publication to give rise to lots of crimes. According to US media reports 80% of female college students have been raped, but such crimes are rare in China.

Comment by Chan Kai Yee on SCMP’s report, full text of which can be viewed at https://www.scmp.com/business/companies/article/3018498/macau-junket-operator-suncity-vows-stop-extending-online-betting.


Chinese police shut down 1,100 social media accounts: Xinhua


December 8, 2018

BEIJING (Reuters) – Chinese police said on Saturday that it has closed 1,100 social media accounts, along with 31 websites, this year for unlawful activities such as trolling or blackmailing, the official Xinhua news agency reported.

The police found that some social media accounts on Tencent’s Wechat and Sina-owned Weibo fabricated accusations against companies and individuals, Xinhua said, citing the Ministry of Public Security.

These accounts then posted negative information online and demanded a ransom in exchange for deleting the posts, Xinhua said.

China’s strict online censorship rules have tightened in recent years with new legislation to restrict media outlets, surveillance measures for media sites and rolling campaigns to remove content deemed unacceptable.

The authorities this year have shuttered social media accounts for reasons that range from posting lewd content or sensationalist celebrity gossip to articles deemed politically incorrect by censors.

In November, the country’s top cyber authority scrubbed 9,800 social media accounts of independent news providers deemed to have posted sensational, vulgar or politically harmful content on the Internet.

The police also investigated 28 cases involving paid online trolls or ghostwriters hired to post online content and arrested 67 suspects, Xinhua said.

Reporting by Stella Qiu and Christian Shepherd; editing by Jason Neely

Source: Reuters “Chinese police shut down 1,100 social media accounts: Xinhua”

Note: This is Reuters’ report I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean that I agree or disagree with the report’ views.


China Cautious in Resisting Trump’s Trade War


SCMP shows its ignorance of Chinese people’s strong nationalism in its report “Don’t mention the trade war: what China doesn’t want people to know in its dispute with the US” on July 14.

The report says, “Beijing is taking a softer approach to deal with the US compared with its previous tactic of making public attacks and launching popular boycotts, which has been used against Japan, South Korea and the Philippines in the past.” But China has to deal with the US, the only superpower in the world now, in a way different from that in dealing with Japan, South Korea and the Philippines.

Relations with the US carry much heavier weight for China than with the above-mentioned countries even Japan the third largest economy in the world.

Therefore, even when Chinese college students protested US bombing of Chinese embassy, a much more serious incident than what caused the public attacks and popular boycotts mentioned in the report, Chinese Vice President Hu Jintao asked protesters not to go to extreme in a special TV speech on the event.

To avoid college students’ protests from growing into mass protests, the then Chinese President Jiang Zemin sent coaches for students’ travel to and fro the US embassy in order to prevent the students’ protests from rousing public indignation so that the mass of people may join the students.

Jiang was upset by the bombing but he was very careful in dealing with China’s relations with the US.

So are Chinese leaders now. They are very careful to tell media to avoid using the term trade war. The term “war” may cause some Chinese to regard it as something similar to a military war and respond accordingly. That will make the situation grow out of control.

I said in my previous post that soldiers may fight with emotion but commanders must fight with wisdom.

In a trade war, protests are utterly not helpful.

That is why according to the report, “State media outlets with a higher political ranking are allowed to publish news and editorials about the trade war, while local media and internet news portals are often told to republish what state media have already published and not to overplay the issue.”

Do not forget that US strategic goal is to make Chinese economy suffer so as to reduce China’s ability to get high technology.

China needs to attract US companies and talents to get their technology. For that, mass friendship to American people will be helpful while mass hostility may scare US companies and talents away.

Chinese leaders shall turn to their advantages the damages the trade war may cause. For example, the high tariff may cause some enterprises to bankrupt as they will be unable to export their goods to their major market the US. The government will subsidize them to move to the Silk Road economic belt for export to the US. In such movements, the staff and workers’ nationalism may make them willing to move along with the enterprises to backward countries in the economic belt so that the enterprises will have competent engineers, technicians and skillful workers as soon as they have moved there.

Moreover, I have mentioned the water diversion project to turn the desert in Xinjiang into farmland to produce agricultural goods not only as substitutes for imports from the US but even compete with the US in world market. The problem is that few Chinese are willing to move to remote Xinjiang to develop the area. The workers and staff unemployed due to the trade war will be willing to move there due to their nationalism. It is much better for them to protest against the trade war in the street.

With wise strategy, China will come out of the trade war much stronger and richer. The trade war will test Chinese leaders’ wisdom. Are they wise enough to win the trade war?

I have said in my previous post that tit-for-tat retaliation is stupid. Chinese leaders must be wise to win the trade war. Tit-for-tat retaliation at best is frontal engagement. China has to conduct ingenious surprise moves to win the war. That is Chinese gifted strategist Sun Tze’s teaching.

Comment by Chan Kai Yee on SCMP’s report, full text of which can be viewed at https://www.scmp.com/news/china/economy/article/2155264/dont-mention-trade-war-what-china-doesnt-want-people-know-its.


China’s Cybersecurity and Informatization Work Conference


Jeremy Goldkorn, Editor-in-Chief March 23, 2018

In a speech this weekend at a government conference on cybersecurity, President, Party secretary, and cyber commander-in-chief Xi Jinping doubled down on his commitment to internet security and information control.
•“Internet media should spread positive information, uphold the correct political direction, and guide public opinion and values toward the right direction,” said Xi, according to Xinhua News Agency.
•Censorship and national security are presented as part of the same issue in Xi’s speech — this approach has been an integral part of the notion of “internet sovereignty,” which Xi has been promoting heavily since 2014.
•There’s a translation of Xi’s speech at China Copyright and Media.

In related news: Tencent really knows how to do government relations, and an investigation shows you can buy personal data from food delivery firms in China for about as little as one mao, roughly one U.S. cent.

Source: SubChina “Cybersecurity and Informatization Work Conference”

Note: This is SubChina’s report I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean that I agree or disagree with the report’ views.


‘Critical’ journalism in China, explained by Maria Repnikova


Outside observers typically view China’s media as utterly shackled by the bonds of censorship, unable to critique the government or speak truth to power in any meaningful sense. In part, this is true — censorship and other pressures do create “no-go” zones for journalists in China, as well as gray zones that sometimes rapidly turn red.

But Maria Repnikova, a professor at Georgia State University, believes that the critical role of media in China is underappreciated. While allowing that “speaking truth to power” in the sense of a free press in a liberal democracy is obviously not how China works, many investigative journalists and journalist-intellectuals play a surprisingly active role in giving feedback and constructive criticism to the Party-state.

Maria discusses this theory in her new book, Media Politics in China: Improvising Power Under Authoritarianism, for which she interviewed 120 sources — journalists, officials, and experts — to uncover exactly how the improvised “dance” of mutual feedback between the media and the government in China really happens. On Sinica, she discusses both this research and her work on Russia, comparing the management of media in both countries and questioning how we should understand the role of media in authoritarian countries in general.

Source: SubChina “‘Critical’ journalism in China, explained by Maria Repnikova”

Note: This is SubChina’a report I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean that I agree or disagree with the report’ views.


China’s cyber watchdog raps top news apps over vulgar content


Reuters Staff December 29, 2017

BEIJING (Reuters) – China’s internet watchdog has ordered two top news feed sites to temporarily suspend parts of their platforms for broadcasting “vulgar” content and failing to implement censorship measures, amid tightening state control of what appears online.

Toutiao and Phoenix News, which host popular news streams similar to Facebook Inc’s feed, will suspend features including current affairs and Q&A sections from Friday evening for up to 24 hours, the powerful Cyberspace Administration of China (CAC) said in a notice on Friday.

The two platforms “broadcast pornographic and vulgar information, had serious issues of misguiding people, and had an evil influence on the ecosystem of online public discourse,” the regulator said in a statement on its website.

Online news platforms like Toutiao have grown rapidly by aggregating content. The platform has over 120 million active users a day and was valued at over $20 billion after a $2 billion funding round earlier this year.

However, China, under President Xi Jinping, has been tightening its grip on content, with strict new controls this year targeting online platforms. Many foreign news outlets and social media sites like Facebook or Youtube are already banned.

Officials say the measures are designed to maintain social stability as well as stamp out violence, nudity and fake news, but critics say the moves leave little room for dissent or critical opinion.

Toutiao and Phoenix did not respond to requests for comment outside of business hours on Friday.

According to the notice, the news apps produced and reposted news content without the necessary licenses. In China firms must apply for a license from the state to report news and appoint state-approved editors.

CAC has ordered several temporary and permanent suspensions this year, as well as levying fines against some of the country’s largest technology firms for censorship violations.

It handed down penalties to firms including Tencent Holdings Ltd, Baidu Inc and Weibo Corp in September for failing to properly censor content.

Reporting by Cate Cadell; Editing by Susan Fenton

Source: Reuters “China’s cyber watchdog raps top news apps over vulgar content”

Note: This is Reuters’ report I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean that I agree or disagree with the report’ views.


Xi Jinping Thought, Declaration of ‘China Can Say No’ (1)


Say no to what?
Say no to Western capitalist ideology while advocates Chinese Marxism;
Say no to Westernization while advocates socialism with Chinese characteristics;
Say no to multiparty democracy while advocates one-party dominance;
Say no to Western values while advocates China’s socialist core values;
Say no to Western human rights while advocates Chinese human rights;
Say no to Western press freedom while advocates China’s censorship and control of media; etc.

What is Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era?

Why do we say that Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era is China’s declaration that it can say no?

Chinese Communist Party (CCP)’s mouthpiece People’s Daily’s front-page editorial “Mission, Blaze New Trail on the Road to Rejuvenation” on 5 and 6 December makes it very clear.

What Chinese Communist Party regards as great after its 19th Congress is Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, but what is new in that thought? What Xi Jinping has done is but to continue what his predecessors did, including his reform, fight against corruption, efforts to lift people out of poverty, pursuit of economic growth in a scientific manner with focus on balanced and sustainable economic development, environmental protection, etc. Only, Xi has done so creatively with much higher efficiently and greater successes.

Neither is socialism with Chinese characteristics new. It was formally put forth by Deng Xiaoping 35 years ago at CCP’s 12th Congress in September 1982 though its contents have been much enriched in past 35 years.

Since the communist takeover in 1949, CCP had repeatedly claimed that China’s socialist system was superior to Western capitalist system, but when Deng took over the reign in late 1970s, CCP found that China lagged far behind Western democracies.

That was perhaps due to China’s mistakes of its failed pursuit of excessively high growth rate in the Great Leap Forward and disastrous Cultural Revolution. However, socialism failed not only in China but also in the Soviet Union that had not committed such mistakes. In spite of decades of socialist efforts, Soviet economy remained stagnant and Soviet people’s living standards, substantially below Western capitalist countries.

China’s Ideological Vacuum
As a result, people lost faith in socialism. That enabled Deng Xiaoping to begin China’s reform and opening-up capitalist in nature. However, conservatives in CCP opposed the reform with communist dogma. There were fierce debates whether the reform was socialist or capitalist in nature.

Deng Xiaoping who initiated the reform and opening-up simply did not care. Capitalism or socialism, the system that achieves good results is the good system. That is the meaning of his famous saying: Black cat, white cat, the cat that catches mouse is the good cat.

However, to reduce conservatives’ opposition, he had to invent the term of socialism with Chinese characteristics to justify his reform capitalist in nature in his report to CCP 12th Congress in 1982. Zhao Ziyang went further by his invention of the initial stage of socialism to justify Deng’s capitalist reform in 1987. Zhao believed that according to Marx, a society develops from feudal to capitalist and then to socialist system, but China jumped from feudal to socialist system without going through the stage of capitalism; therefore, China was but at the initial stage of socialism that needed the development of capitalism.

Deng accepted Zhao’s theory readily, but the large number of conservatives did not. They kept on attacking the reform with their socialist dogma. However, Deng’s reform was popular among Chinese people as it brought about fast economic growth and improved people’s livelihood.

The conservatives’ opposition to reform based on the theory of socialism made the theory unpopular among Chinese people, especially Chinese elite in universities and colleges.

When people saw that even the Soviet Union was switched to Western ways of democracy and capitalism, they completely lost faith in socialism. Chinese intellectuals’ demand for Western democracy, freedom of press, etc. grew from the Democratic Wall in 1978 to the Tiananmen Protests with mass support in 1989. The CCP had to deploy 330,000 troops to suppress the protests.

Later, the collapse of the Soviet Union gives socialism coup de grace. As CCP did not accept capitalism though conducting capitalism, there was ideological vacuum in China since then.

Jiang Zemin Brought Back Marxism with His Three Represents
Jiang Zeming used the most fundamental Marx theory on productive relations fitting the requirements of the development of productive force in the first of his Three Represents and thus brought back Marxism to China. However, he failed to revive socialist ideology in China as few Chinese knew Marxist theory so profoundly.

Jiang’s successor Hu Jintao did not seem to have much enthusiasm for the theory of socialism. His Scientific Outlook on Development mainly centered on “putting the people first”, the restoration of Confucian values.

CCP’s Revival of Socialism with Xi Jinping Thought
Now, Xi Jinping has carried on the reform and opening-up with Deng Xiaoping Theory, Three Represents, Scientific Outlook on Development and the Marxism he has further developed to make China qualified as a superpower.

The editorial says according to America’s Time weekly, through 40-year development, China has crossed the threshold of ‘superpower’ in quite a few areas in politics, economy, science, technology, etc. There is no longer any ideological vacuum in China. Instead, China has the great ideology of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era. China is now self-confident in its road, theory, system and culture.

China can say no now!

Comment by Chan Kai Yee on People’s Daily’s editorial, full text of which in Chinese can be found at http://paper.people.com.cn/rmrb/html/2017-12/06/nw.D110000renmrb_20171206_8-01.htm.