Kremlin hails special relationship with China amid missile system cooperation


Tom Balmforth

October 4, 2019 / 5:29 PM / Updated 13 hours ago

MOSCOW (Reuters) – The Kremlin said on Friday that Moscow’s move to help Beijing build an early warning system to detect missile attacks showed the two countries had a special relationship.

President Vladimir Putin said on Thursday that Russia was helping China build an early warning system to spot intercontinental ballistic missile launches, something only Russia and the United States possess at the moment.

This is a very serious thing that will radically increase China’s defense capability,” Putin said.

Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov declined to say when the system would be operational, but told reporters on a conference call that the move highlighted Russia’s close ties with China.

Moscow’s relations with Beijing have been marked by mutual wariness in the past and some in Russia are concerned about Chinese influence in the country’s sparsely populated mineral-rich east. Russia and China share a 4,200-km (2,600-mile) border.

But Russia pivoted east after the West imposed sanctions on Moscow over its annexation of Ukraine’s Crimea in 2014 and trade ties with China have since expanded.

Russia has special relations with China of advanced partnership…. including (on) the most sensitive (areas) linked to military-technical cooperation and security and defense capabilities,” Peskov told reporters.

China’s foreign ministry could not immediately respond to a Reuters request for comment during the weeklong National Day holidays.

Last year, Russia held its biggest military drills since the Soviet Union and invited China to take part, a move seen then as signaling closer military ties.

Reporting by Tom Balmforth and Katya Golubkova in Moscow and Ryan Woo in Beijing; Editing by John Stonestreet and Frances Kerry

Source: Reuters “Kremlin hails special relationship with China amid missile system cooperation”

Note: This is Reuters’ report I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean that I agree or disagree with the report’ views.


China, Russia Deepen Technological Ties


By Samuel Bendett

Researcher, CNA

Elsa B. Kania

Adjunct Fellow, CNAS

With joint dialogues, incubators, and technology parks, Beijing and Moscow are seeking to overcome deficiencies and compete with the United States.

China and Russia are deepening and expanding their ties — economic, military, technological — as external pressures limit their access to overseas markets and technology. Both countries hope the collaboration will help to compensate for domestic deficiencies and to compete successfully with the United States in today’s critical technologies.

This bilateral relationship, currently celebrating its 70th anniversary, has ebbed and flowed in the decades since the Soviet Union and the People’s Republic of China opened diplomatic relations. This relationship, now upgraded to and characterized as a “comprehensive strategic partnership of coordination for a new era,” is continuing to evolve amid today’s great power rivalry.

For Moscow, certain Chinese products, services and experience may be the lifeline for its industry, government, and military need to wean themselves from high-tech Western imports.

For Beijing, Russia’s skilled engineers and mathematicians are a valuable resource for tech and defense industry giants that are hungry for talent and faced with increasingly unfavorable conditions in the United States and Europe. And its military hopes to draw on Russian proficiency in designing advanced weapons and experience using emerging capabilities on today’s battlefields.

Consequently, the Sino-Russian strategic partnership has increasingly concentrated on technology and innovation. In the wake of Xi Jinping’s visit to Moscow in May 2015, the Chinese and Russian governments have signed a series of agreements to develop new realms of cooperation. In June 2016, China’s Ministry of Science and Technology and Russia’s Ministry of Economic Development signed the “Memorandum of Understanding on Launching Cooperation in the Domain of Innovation.” The notion of these nations as linked in a “science and technology cooperation partnership for shared innovation” has been elevated as a major pillars of this relationship.

To some degree, this designation has been rhetorical and symbolic, but it has also corresponded with greater substance. Over time, the partnership has become more mature and institutionalized. This policy support for collaboration in innovation has manifested in bilateral dialogues and exchanges, the development of industrial science and technology parks, and the expansion of academic cooperation between the Russian and Chinese Academies of Sciences. The countries have even founded a joint incubator aimed at young hi-tech entrepreneurs and business communities.

As China’s ambassador to Russia said last year, “Strengthening collaboration, promoting mutual investment, actively implementing promising innovation projects, expanding direct links between the scientific, business and financial communities of the two countries is particularly important today.” China seems eager to take this relationship even further by proposing to the Russian Academy of Sciences the creation of permanent S&T and R&D centers in Russia, where scientists from the two countries would hold meetings and jointly develop technologies.

The dynamics in play are reflected in the ongoing feud between the United States and China over Huawei. In response to official suspicion and hostility from Western governments, the mobile-computing giant has expanded its engagement with the Russian Federation. The company is enlarging its R&D centers and has begun recruiting to hire a thousand Russian specialists within five years. It has also expanded 5G tests and pilot programs in Russia.

AI is also emerging as a new priority in technological cooperation. For instance, the countries are seeking to expand the sharing of big data. In September, both countries signed a document establishing a hi-tech accelerator working with neural networks that would facilitate the entry of new products to China’s rapidly growing IT market. Around that same time, the head of the state-owned Russian Venture Company touted AI’s potential at a Shanghai investment forum, saying that “artificial intelligence seems to be promising, given the potential of the Chinese market, the results of cooperation, and the accumulated scientific potential of Russia.”

But obstacles remain. For instance, Russia initially had reservations about China’s “One Belt, One Road” initiative, which has been closely linked to scientific and technological collaboration. China’s track record on IP theft may also be a concern. Perhaps Moscow, which has long watched China reverse-engineer its defense technologies, is merely resigned. But it is notable that the Chinese government is publicizing promises to enforce IP protection vis-à-vis their Russian counterparts, implying that a détente may have been reached.

At this point, Russia seems to be more concerned about China stealing its best and brightest scientists. This month, the head of the Russian Academy of Sciences expressed concern that Beijing has begun to woo Russian STEM talent with better pay and work conditions, a sentiment that seems to run counter to so many joint S&T initiatives outlined earlier. And yet both China and Russia are grappling with the fact that young, promising scientists often seem to prefer working in the United States.

There are also fundamental asymmetries in this bilateral relationship that may limit or at least complicate cooperation. Russia lacks tech giants, such as China’s Alibaba, Tencent, and Huawei, that are starting to expand globally, including into the Russian market, and so Beijing is emerging as the dominant player.

Nonetheless, this technological partnership could prove consequential for Chinese and Russian ambitions to promote and sustain indigenous innovation. The United States should track the trajectory of China-Russia tech collaborations to mitigate the risks of technological surprise and ensure early warning of future developments.

This article previews the findings of a report to be released by the Australian Strategic Policy Institute later this fall that will offer a more detailed assessment of certain elements of Sino-Russian high-tech cooperation.

Source: Defense One “China, Russia Deepen Technological Ties”

Note: This is Defense One’s article I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean that I agree or disagree with the article’s views.


Russia helping China to build missile-attack warning system: Putin


October 4, 2019 / 1:23 AM / Updated 9 hours ago

MOSCOW (Reuters) – Russia is helping China to build a missile attack warning system, something which only Russia itself and the United States possess at the moment, Russian President Vladimir Putin said on Thursday.

This is a serious thing that will drastically increase the defense capabilities of the People’s Republic of China,” he told an international politics conference in the Russian resort town of Sochi.

Reporting by Andrey Ostroukh; Writing by Olzhas Auyezov; Editing by Chizu Nomiyama

Source: Reuters “Russia helping China to build missile-attack warning system: Putin”

Note: This is Reuters’ report I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean that I agree or disagree with the report’ views.


The Polar Silk Road Comes to Life as a New Epoch in History Begins


Matthew Ehret
May 16, 2019

Speaking at China’s second Belt and Road conference in Beijing featuring 37 heads of state, Russia President Vladimir Putin unveiled the intention to unite Russia’s Northern Sea Route with China’s Maritime Silk Road. This announcement should come as no surprise to anyone who has been paying attention to the close strategic friendship between both countries since the 2015 announcement of an alliance between the Russian-led Eurasian Economic Union and Belt and Road Initiative. This extension of the Maritime Silk Road represents a powerful force to transform the last unexplored frontier on the Earth, converting the Arctic from a geopolitical zone of conflict towards a new paradigm of mutual cooperation and development.

Putin gave a speech at the BRI forum on April 26 stating:

“the Great Eurasian Partnership and Belt and Road concepts are both rooted in the principles and values that everyone understands: the natural aspiration of nations to live in peace and harmony, benefit from free access to the latest scientific achievements and innovative development, while preserving their culture and unique spiritual identity. In other words, we are united by our strategic, long-term interests.”

Weeks before this speech Russia unveiled a bold plan for Arctic development during the conference Arctic: Territory of Dialogue on April 9-10. This bold plan ties to the “Great Eurasian Partnership”, not only extending roads, rail and new cities into the Far East, but also extending science and civilization into a terrain long thought totally inhospitable. At this Arctic conference, China and Russia signed the first scientific cooperation agreement together setting up the “China-Russia Arctic Research Center” as a part of the Polar Silk Road.

The BRI’s Success So Far

The Belt and Road Initiative has already won over much of Africa as BRI-connected rail, ports, and other infrastructure are providing a breath of fresh air to nations long held hostage by IMF/World Bank conditionalities. Pakistan and much of Southwest Asia are also increasingly on board the BRI through the growing China-Pakistan Economic Corridor. Seventeen Arab states consolidated 8 massive BRI infrastructure projects between April 15-16 and much of Latin America has also joined with hundreds of billions of dollars of infrastructure projects. Italy embraced this new BRI framework on March 23, and Greece joined the Central and Eastern European nations of the 16+1 alliance on April 9th. The Eurasian Economic Union is now in the final stages of a long planned economic treaty between China and the Russian-led economic block. Although America has been invited to the BRI on many occasions since its 2013 inception, no positive response has been permitted by the NATO-Deep State power structures manipulating the west.

While China’s activity in the Arctic is only manifesting now, its Arctic Strategy began many years ago.

The importance of the Arctic Silk Road for China

China deployed their first Arctic research expedition in 1999, followed by the establishment of their first Arctic research station in Svalbard, Norway in 2004. After years of effort, China achieved a permanent observer seat at the Arctic Council in 2011, and began building icebreakers soon thereafter surpassing Canada and nearly surpassing the USA whose two out-dated ice breakers have passed their shelf life by many years.

As the Arctic ice caps continue to recede, the Northern Sea Route has become a major focus for China. The fact that shipping time from China’s Port of Dalian to Rotterdam would be cut by 10 days makes this alternative very attractive. Ships sailing from China to Europe must currently follow a transit through the congested Strait of Malacca and the Suez Canal which is 5000 nautical miles longer than the northern route. The opening up of Arctic resources vital for China’s long term outlook is also a major driver in this initiative.

In preparation for resource development, China and Russia created a Russian Chinese Polar Engineering and Research Center in 2016 to develop capabilities for northern development such as building on permafrost, creating ice resistant platforms, and more durable icebreakers. New technologies needed for enhanced ports, and transportation in the frigid cold was also a focus. China additionally has a 30% stake in the Yamal LNG Project and the ‘Power of Siberia’ 3000 mile pipeline to China is 99% complete and will soon be the primary supplier of China’s oil and natural gas needs.

Source: Strategic Culture Foundation “The Polar Silk Road Comes to Life as a New Epoch in History Begins”

Note: This is Strategic Culture Foundation’s article I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean that I agree or disagree with the article’s views.


China-Russia Alliance Defeats US Hegemony in Peace or in War


Washington Free Beacon carries US expert Aaron Kliegman’s article “Report: China, Russia Deepening Defense Partnership”, that says, “Expert says Sino-Russian relationship a growing concern for the U.S.”

US former President Obama was stupid in pushing China and Russia together to form a de facto alliance against US hegemony. A few wise US experts including Mr. Kliegman have realized the threat of the alliance to US hegemony.

Obama’s successor President Trump seems to see that problem. His attempt to improve relations with Russia was hindered by his opponents. They exploited that to overthrow him with the allegation of Trump’s collusion with Russia to win his presidential election.

Trump tries to improve relations with China, but all US politicians around him are hostile to China due to Thucydides trap. As a result, Trump conducts a stupid trade war with China to please them and the Americans affected by them.

Due to US domestic politics of fighting for vested interests to hinder whatever s party’s attempt to achieve something for national interests, the US is unable to drive a wedge between China and Russia to break their alliance.

It is Kliegman’s wishful thinking that when the West is fighting one of the two allies, the other will exploit the conflict to achieve what the other wants. No, the other will help its ally to defeat the West because of their common interests as allies.

It is hard for the US to win a war with one the two allies but the US will certainly lose if the two allies joint force in a war with the US. That is the trouble the alliance constitutes for the US.

China helped Russia to develop its own food processing industry to enable Russia’s success of counter sanction against the West. Russia is now providing China will agricultural products to help China win trade war against the US. That is how the alliance works in peace time. In war, the alliance will join forces to win.

Comment by Chan Kai Yee on Washington Free Beacon’s article, full text of which can be viewed at https://freebeacon.com/national-security/report-china-russia-deepening-defense-partnership/?utm_source=Freedom+Mail&utm_campaign=ddfe752511-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2018_03_19_COPY_02&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_b5e6e0e9ea-ddfe752511-46069085.


China, Russia Kick Off Bilateral Naval Exercise ‘Joint Sea’


The Chinese People’s Liberation Army Navy and Russian Navy began a six-day naval drill in Qingdao, China on April 29.

By Franz-Stefan Gady
April 29, 2019

China’s People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) and the Russian Navy began a six-day joint naval exercise, codenamed Joint Sea 2019, in the port city of Qingdao on China’s Yellow Sea coast on April 29. Joint Sea 2019 is the latest iteration of an annual naval exercise between the PLAN and Russian Navy that has been taking place since 2012.

This year’s drill is reportedly split into two parts, with the shore part of the exercise conducted from April 29 to 30, while the sea component is set to take place from May 1 to 4 in the East China Sea and Yellow Sea.

On the PLAN side, the drill involves a submarine, two-guided missile destroyers, three-guided missile frigates, and a submarine rescue ship. Russia has dispatched elements of its Pacific Fleet to the exercise including a Steregushchiy-class frigate, a Slava-class guided missile cruiser, a Ropucha-class large landing ship, an Igor Belousov-class maritime search-and-rescue support vessel, and a Kilo-class diesel-electric attack submarine.

“Today, in accordance with the voyage plan, a Pacific Fleet detachment led by the flagship cruiser Varyag has arrived in the port of Qingdao, the People’s Republic of China, to participate in the Joint Sea 2019 Russian-Chinese bilateral naval exercise,” the Russian Ministry of Defense (MoD) said in an April 29 statement.

“Early in the morning, a Russian detachment made up of the cruiser Varyag, large ASW [anti-submarine warfare] ships Admiral Vinogradov and Admiral Tributs, corvette Sovershenny, large amphibious ship Oslyabya, rescue boat Igor Belousov and mid-size sea tanker Irkut met with the [Type 052 Luhu-class] destroyer Harbin (PLA Navy) and headed to Qingdao.”

Japan’s MoD spotted the Russian fleet cruising to the exercise 150 kilometers northeast of the island of Tsushima on April 24.

In addition, both sides dispatched seven fixed wing aircraft, four helicopters, and at least 80 marines to Qingdao this week.

According to the Russian MoD, the two sides will carry out joint maneuvers, live-fire exercises, search and rescue operations, as well as communication exercises. Joint Sea 2019 is also set to include anti-submarine warfare and anti-air warfare components.

Chinese Ministry of National Defense spokesman Ren Guoqiang, in a briefing earlier this month, said that the exercise will emphasize “joint maritime defensive operations” focused on “strengthening the two navies’ capability to commonly address maritime security threats.”

Past iterations of the Sino-Russian naval drill have been held at far-flung locations around the globe including the South China Sea, the East China Sea, the Sea of Japan, the Mediterranean Sea, and the Baltic Sea.

Source: The Diplomat “China, Russia Kick Off Bilateral Naval Exercise ‘Joint Sea’”

Note: This is The Diploma’s report I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean that I agree or disagree with the report’ views.


PLA Navy’s 70th Anniversary: Russia-China naval cooperation has a great future


Aljosa Milenkovic 15:46, 18-Apr-2019

On the occasion of the 70th anniversary of the founding of China’s navy, ships from all over the world will participate in the naval parade in Qingdao, hosted by China’s People’s Liberation Army (PLA) Navy.

Russia will also send two of its naval ships to take part in the joint maneuvers with the PLA Navy.

The two Russian destroyers were seen entering Manila port for a drill with the Philippines Navy earlier this month, just days before they arrive in the Chinese port of Qingdao on the Shandong Peninsula for the naval exercises.

It was another show of the might of Russia’s resurgent navy.

Rising from the ashes of USSR

Just years ago, because of a crippling state of its vessels and lack of funding, the Russian Navy was confined only to areas near its territorial waters.

In 2012, a decision was made to spend over 770 billion U.S. dollars on the massive military rearmament program. Since then, a good portion of that money has poured into the upgrading of the Russian Navy.

The aim is to protect and deter any possible threats coming from abroad, particularly from its Soviet-era rival, the U.S., which boasts of having the world’s largest navy.

As Davor Domazet, retired Admiral of Croatian Navy told CGTN, Russia had to be creative [as] with limited funds they have to balance U.S.’s superior maritime power.

“They cannot build aircraft carriers as a symmetric response to the U.S. Navy. So, they’ve chosen an asymmetric response, to develop a system that can destroy U.S. aircraft carrier strike group anywhere. And that did happen.” Admiral Domazet said.

Systems in question are the new hypersonic missile Kinzhal and Kalibr cruise missile, Poseidon underwater drone and several new types of submarines.

The Russian submarine fleet has existed since Soviet times and regarded as the most crucial element of the navy. Today, Russia continues that tradition, which is based on the unique tasks its naval forces have to accomplish, the most important of which is to have a strategic nuclear deterrence.

Strength through collaboration

In the Barents Sea and the White Sea, Russia’s latest submarines can be often seen conducting their trials as well as testing new weapons systems. Also, the pace of upgrading Russia’s naval might is unprecedented.

According to analysts, the Russian Navy is focused on flexing its muscles because of new challenges it currently faces. One of which is the need to control and protect the so-called North Sea Route, that opened in the Arctic due to global warming.

In the face of rising global threats, Russia is keen on closing the ranks with China’s PLA and its Navy.

In Moscow, CGTN spoke with Igor Korotchenko, a retired colonel of the Russian Army and the head of Center for Analysis of Global Weapons Trade, about this crucial partnership.

“Our military contacts are developing successfully and dynamically. We have good relations between our two defense ministers just as between the presidents of our countries. In that aspect, I think that in the area of joint missions where Russian Army and the Chinese PLA can complement each other, our mutual collaboration has a great future.” Korotchenko said.

Russian Navy’s participation in Qingdao naval parade is one more example of that collaboration.

Source: CGTN “PLA Navy’s 70th Anniversary: Russia-China naval cooperation has a great future”