China Breaks Foreign Technical Blockade, Builds Advanced Helicopters


Mil.huanqiu.com published a report yesterday on its interview with Chief Engineer Deng Jinghui, China’s top helicopter expert.

According to Deng, through 66 years of hard efforts, China has had 12 platforms and over 60 types of helicopters.

China’s new generation of helicopters adopts world advanced technology to achieve the capabilities of operation in all the various areas at all time and in all kinds of complicated weathers.

China has been able to achieve that in spite of foreign technical blockade.

For example, the advanced de-icing technology that prevent icing on the rotary wings of helicopter. For a long time only the US and France have mastery of such technology and been unwilling to pass it to any other country. When China asked France for help, French experts said that no matter how much China paid France, France was only willing to help China build one type of helicopter with de-icing technology.

Deng’s team has conducted research unswervingly and has finally mastered the technology for all Chinese helicopters that need such technology. Tests have proved that China’s technology is as good as that in the type of helicopter France has helped China to build with French technology.

For another example, the new fly-by-wire technology adopted only in America’s H-92 and UH-60M new type of Black Hawk and Russia’s Kazan Ansat helicopters. The flight control system using that technology is much lighter than conventional flight control. It greatly improves flight control, automatically helps stabilize a helicopter and prevent unsafe operation of a helicopter outside of its performance envelope. Without foreign help, Deng’s team has successfully developed and incorporated such technology in China’s newest helicopter.

Source: mil.huanqiu.com “Chief Engineer Deng Jinghui: Research and Development of China’s new helicopters has broken foreign technical blockade” (summary by Chan Kai Yee based on the report in Chinese)

Note: This report is official instead of speculation unlike Popular Science’s report on China’s new engines for J-20 with the speculation of the use of rhenium superalloy as US F-22’s engine uses such superalloy. I have a post on China’s success in developing a new superalloy for aircraft engine, but the report my post is based on does not specify what superalloy it is. As described in this post, due to the technical blockade, China has to develop its own technologies independently which may be the same as or entirely different from foreign one as long as the performance is similar or better.

The report on superalloy I based on says the alloy is the best in the world so that it may well be different from rhenium superalloy. Anyway, China has got Ukrainian help in develop aircraft engines with respect to superalloy.

Advertisements

Better Future of India-China Win-win than India-US Military Cooperation


China is making great efforts to improve relations with India. The end of the recent border standoff between the two countries proves that such efforts can really succeed. Why? As a border war can bring no benefit but will cost much neither India nor China wants to fight. On the other hand, win-win cooperation will bring much benefit to both sides.

The US is trying to use India’s border disputes with China to contain China but it can give India nothing but advanced weapons and weapon technology.

Economically, the US is taking jobs back home. Foreign Policy’s article “Trump Has Started a Brain Drain Back to India” on September 22 describes the difficulties for talented Indian people in finding jobs and immigrating to the US.

In addition, many US enterprises are now using Indian secretary, software and other services resulting in reduction of job opportunities in the US. Indians are going to have further employment problems due to Trump administration’s job policies.

US policies to bring jobs home also means less import of not only services but also goods so that India’s export of goods to the US may also suffer.

India certainly needs US advanced weapons, but the weapons are very expensive. Will the US subsidize its weapon exports to India? Not likely given US financial difficulties.

Moreover, India needs the weapons mainly to deal with China and Pakistan. If China and Pakistan have succeeded in their efforts to improve their relations with India, India will be benefited by having more funds for economic development and improvement of its people’s living standards as it can greatly reduce its military budget.

From the above perspectives we can see that there is great potential for win-win cooperation between India and China but no long-term prospects of military cooperation between India and the US.

Comment by Chan Kai Yee on Foreign Policy’s article, full text of which can be find at http://foreignpolicy.com/2017/09/22/trump-has-started-a-brain-drain-back-to-india/.


Ukraine Helps China Make Rhenium Superalloy for High Tech Warplanes


J-20 new prototype no. 2021 uses WS-10X engine. Photo: fyjs.cn

Popular Science’s September-9 article “China’s J-20 stealth fighter may be getting a new engine” that I reblogged on September 12 says that there is recently a new J-20 prototype no. 2021 installed with a new WS-10X engine better stealth with 14-15 ton vector thrust that enables J-20 to conduct supersonic supercruise without using fuel-thirsty afterburners.

According to the article, China is able to make such good aircraft engines as it has made breakthrough in rhenium-nickel superalloy technology. The article says, “Previously, the development of Chinese engines like the WS-10 were delayed as they suffered from quality control issues regarding single crystal turbine blades. China’s mastery of the rhenium superalloy (and by the private sector, no less) won’t just help China build current fighter engines, but also quickly research more capable, higher tech models.”

Why is China able to make such breakthrough so quickly? Global Times says in its article “Experts clarify rumor of changes in aircraft engine cooperation: Cooperation achievements in display” on September 20, “From the manufacturing point of view, China is relatively weak in the technology of making and casting of single crystal alloys, powder metallurgy, etc. In Russian-Ukraine system, those technologies have already been applied for more than one or several decades. They have played a great boosting role in improving China’s aircraft engines.”

Comment by Chan Kai Yee on Popular Science and Global Times’ articles, full text of which can respectively been found at http://www.popsci.com/china-stealth-fighter-new-engine and http://mil.huanqiu.com/observation/2017-09/11264854_3.html. The latter is in Chinese.


New J-20 WS-10X Engine Better Stealth, with 14-15 Ton Vector Thrust


Successful test flight of J-20 no. 2021 prototype. Photo: fyjs.cn

Successful landing of J-20 no. 2021 prototype. Photo: fyjs.cn

I reblogged Popular Science’s September-9 article “China’s J-20 stealth fighter may be getting a new engine” on September 12. According to the article, there was a new J-20 prototype no. 2021 installed with a new WS-10X engine better stealth with 14-15 ton vector thrust that enables J-20 to conduct supersonic supercruise without using fuel-thirsty afterburners.

On September 20, mil.huanqiu.com published the above photos of the successful test of the new J-20 prototype no. 2021.

Source: mil.huanqiu.com “Successful test flight of J-20 no. 2021 fighter jet” (summary by Chan Kai Yee based on the report in Chinese)


China Gets Motor Sich Engine Technology despite Frozen Share Holding


Display of cooperation achievements between Skyrizon and Motor Sich in Beijing Airshow

SCMP published a report titled “Chinese firm’s stake in Ukraine military aircraft engine maker ‘frozen’” on September 16 but retrieved it the next day.

The report says “The Ukrainian security services allege that the purchase of the company’s stock by groups controlled by Beijing Skyrizon Aviation was an attempt to take its assets out of the country, leading to its liquidation, the news agency Interfax-Ukraine reported.

“A court in Kiev froze shares for a 41 per cent stake in the firm owned by offshore companies controlled by Beijing Skyrizon last week, according to the article.”

However, lots of aircraft engines are displayed as achievements of cooperation between Motor Sich and Beijing Skyrizon Aviation and the two companies signed quite a few major cooperation projects in Beijing Airshow that opened on September 19.

What then is the truth of the cooperation between the two companies?

To learn the truth, Global Times has made an investigation and interviewed relevant people and found that the allegation about changes in the cooperation was groundless. It published a report titled “Experts clarify rumor of changes in aircraft engine cooperation: Cooperation achievements in display” that quotes Motor Sich CEO Boguslavyev as saying, “Our goal is to firmly perform the agreements with Skyrizon and we have already made major achievements. All leaders and all staff and workers in Motor Sich are very proud that we come to China to cooperate with Skyrizon.”

What China wants is Motor Sich’s technology. It does not matter whether China can obtain a controlling shareholding in Motor Sich as long as it can get its technology.

The allegation that China wants to move Motor Sich’s assets to China is absurd. As Motor Sich has not been sufficiently profitable, it has not upgraded its equipment for quite a long time. China is now able to produce more advanced equipment than what Motor Sich has. Why should China incur the costs to purchase and move equipment less advanced than what China has? The takeover of shareholding aims at obtaining technology alone instead of taking over less advanced equipment.

Moreover, the cooperation between the two enterprises is mutual beneficial. It not only enables China to obtain technology but also provide much needed funds for Motor Sich to replace its outdated equipment with advanced Chinese ones. In fact the cooperation also enables Motor Sich to obtain Chinese technology, for example, the technology of 3D printing for production of large structural parts.

In its report yesterday, the Voice of America showed its happiness that the US has succeeded in preventing China from taking over a major aircraft engine producer in the world. The US often fails to consider other countries’ interests. It does not care that if China does not invest in Motor Sich, Motor Sich may bankrupt leaving more than 20,000 staff and workers unemployed. Besides, it cares about control only but does not seek win-win cooperation that benefits both parties.

In the South China Sea, it only wants the Philippines to help it contain China but fails to protect Philippines’ interests. As a result, it loses the Philippines to China.

The situation of Motor Sich-Skyrizon cooperation is different, US selfishness only prevents the takeover but the win-win cooperation remains. As a result, it is a win-win-win conclusion. China and Ukraine are winners of cooperation, the US is also a winner, winner in preventing an equity takeover, which makes it happy mentally though brings it no actual benefit.

However, that is the limit of US ability. Global Times says China and France jointly developed helicopter engine is also shown in the airshow. France is US ally, but the US cannot stop such cooperation as it benefits both the Chinese and French parties. Such win-win cooperation makes China popular while US will be increasingly unpopular if it keeps on blocking such mutual beneficial cooperation.

No wonder China is making progress and obtaining technology so fast while the US becomes increasingly stagnant.

Comment by Chan Kai Yee on Global Times, Voice America and SCMP’s reports. Full text of SCMP’s report can be found at http://www.scmp.com/news/china/diplomacy-defence/article/2111493/chinese-firms-stake-ukraine-military-aircraft-engine

Global Times and Voice of America’s reports are both in Chinese and given summary translation by this blogger. Full text in Chinese can respectively be found at http://mil.huanqiu.com/observation/2017-09/11264854_3.html and https://www.voachinese.com/a/news-ukraine-froze-the-stake-china-bought-in-aircraft-engine-20170929/4036877.html.


Huge turnover for military elite at the 19th Party Congress?


Close observer of Chinese elite politics and Brookings Institute senior fellow Cheng Li 李成 has published a piece on China-U.S. Focus that says many analysts of Chinese elite politics were “astonished by the recently released list of military delegates to the 19th Party Congress.”
•Cheng says that most significantly, “it appears that only 17 percent (seven out of 41) of military leaders with full membership on the 18th Central Committee will retain their seats. In other words, about 83 percent of the military representatives who are full members of the 19th Central Committee will be new.”
•This would “constitute the largest-ever turnover of military elite in the history of the People’s Republic of China (PRC).”

What does this mean? To summarize Cheng’s analysis:
•President Xi Jinping is able to make sweeping changes because he has successfully reasserted “civilian command over the military.”
•The likely new leaders of the Chinese military represent “significant strides” in Xi’s campaign to professionalize the military, and to transform China’s defense organizations “from a Soviet-style, army-centric system toward what analysts call a ‘Western-style joint command.’”

—Jeremy Goldkorn, Editor-in-Chief

Source: SupChina “Huge turnover for military elite at the 19th Party Congress?”

Note: This is SupChina’s report I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean that I agree or disagree with the report’ views.


China moves to strengthen ties with Singapore


“Will do our best to bring Asean and China closer together,” Singapore Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong 李显龙 wrote in a Facebook post following a meeting with China’s premier, Li Keqiang 李克强, on September 19. The sentiment to increase cooperation between the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) — which Singapore will rotate in to lead next year — and China likely delighted Beijing, which has long viewed the city-state as an important but troublesome partner. Singapore, being three-quarters ethnically Chinese, is important to China as a gateway to Southeast Asia, but distrusted by Communist Party hardliners for its closeness to Taiwan and the United States — see here for a chart explaining the variety of Chinese views on Singapore.

On September 20, the top headlines on central state media outlets Xinhua (in Chinese, in English) and People’s Daily (in Chinese, in English) were about Lee’s meeting with a visibly buoyant President Xi Jinping. But as Bloomberg reports, it wasn’t just the president and his premier, it was all his men, too: Lee met with two more of the seven most powerful men in China, national legislature chief Zhang Dejiang 张德江 and anti-corruption chief Wang Qishan 王岐山 — a meeting that came as a “surprise to many China watchers and apparently even to Wang himself,” the South China Morning Post reports.

What are Singapore and China doing together, other than exchanging friendly bromides? SCMP has the relevant roundup:
•China is trying to get Singapore to have a Chinese company build the planned $14 billion, 350-kilometer (217-mile) high-speed rail line from Singapore to the Malaysian capital, Kuala Lumpur, expected to be completed in 2026.
•Both countries are implementing the Chongqing Connectivity Initiative, a package of financial services, transportation, logistics, and communications services that aims to improve connectivity between Chongqing and Southeast Asia.
•Chinese property developers have flocked to Singapore, as the city-state accounts for more than 15 percent of their outbound investment.
•Trade has flourished, growing 60 percent since 2009 to $85 billion last year, and the countries are currently negotiating an update to their bilateral free trade agreement. China has been Singapore’s top trading partner since 2013.

Source: SupChina “China moves to strengthen ties with Singapore”

Note: This is SupChina’s report I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean that I agree or disagree with the report’ views.