China Building Six Kinds of World-Class Submarine Simultaneously

Recently, the website of US World Politics Review published an article titled “China’s Naval Modernization: The Implications of Seapower”, stating that China is speeding up its navy modernization to build an increasingly strong force on the sea. According to the article, China is building six different classes of submarine with world first-class technologies.

It is worth noticing that China has very advanced noise reduction technology for its conventional submarines to enable its conventional submarine fleet to rank among the best in the world

It is said that China’s 039B submarine is the type of Chinese navy’s submarine commissioned most recently. The submarine is capable of long-distance detection, tracking and attack with integrated control of its various kinds of weapons under centralized command throughout a battle. In addition, that new type of submarine generates much lower noise so that it can remain hidden while detecting and striking its targets.

The article says that at first China reduced the number of its warships to improve their quality. However, now Chinese navy is growing in both size and quality. It is expected that by 2020 there will be tremendous growth in Chinese navy both in number and quality.

According to the article, one of China’s greatest advantages in recent years is its ability to allocate lots of resources to its projects for national security, infrastructure and research and developments of technology. State leaders are facing unprecedented fierce competition for resources. They have to satisfy the demand for the production of missiles and space and electronic products in addition to that for production of most advanced defense products by Chinese shipyards that are making various kinds of modern submarines and warships.

Source: “US media: PLA is building six classes of submarines with first class technology in the world” (summary by Chan Kai Yee based on the report in Chinese)

Busy Commissioning of China’s Type 056 Advanced Frigates

Newly commissioned frigate the Fushun

Newly commissioned frigate the Fushun

A new Type 056 frigate was commissioned in early July, This has increased the number of frigates commissioned since June to three.

The frigate has been given the name of the Fushun and is now in service at North Sea Fleet. Since May 2012, China has launched more than 20 Type 056 frigates. So far more than 10 have commissioned. It is expected that there will be an upsurge of commissioning of such frigates to the rate of one frigate per month.

Source: “The commissioning of one new Type 056 frigate begins the upsuge of commissioning” (summary by Chan Kai Yee based on the report in Chinese)

Related posts:

  • Progress in China’s Warship Building: Large, Stealth, Powerful Engine dated June 28, 2014
  • US Newest DDG1000 Destroyer Plan Scrapped Due to China’s New 052D dated June 3, 2014
  • China Building 4 Newest 052D Destroyers Simultaneously at One Shipyard dated May 15, 2014
  • Jane’s Exposes China Secretly Building 12 Super Warships: What a Big Spending dated May 8, 2014
  • China challenging U.S. military technological edge: Pentagon official dated January 29, 2014
  • China’s 12 Advanced Weapons to Be Turned out or Developed in 2014 dated January 24, 2014

Progress in China’s Warship Building: Large, Stealth, Powerful Engine

Brand new Type 052D destroyer

Brand new Type 052D destroyer

PLA Daily, Chinese military’s official paper, reported on March 31 that the Kunming a new missile destroyer designed and made by China on its own was commissioned in Shanghai to maintain Chinese navy’s trend of turning out new warships in short intervals.

Last March, quite a few Chinese warships conducted emergency search for the missing flight MH370 of Malaysian Airline, the 17th batch of Chinese fleet was sent to patrol the sea areas in Africa frequented by pirates. On June 2, Chinese warships conducted joint anti-pirate drill with Cameroon navy and the next day two Chinese warships conducted a friendly visit to Indonesia.

From the Chinese warships that have appeared on Oceans, we can see the change and progress in China’s warship building technology.


In the 1950s, China could not make its own destroyers and had to import from Russia.

Since 1960, China has conducted research in missile destroyers. In December 1968, it began to build a destroyer on its own and commissioned the first China-made destroyer in December 1971.

The warship was characterized by high speed, long range and strong marine fire power. Series production of that type of destroyer began in 1972.

In the 1980s, there were great changes in the destroyers of sea powers, mainly in the deployment of more anti-ship and air defense missiles and warship-carried helicopter for anti-submarine and beyond-visual-range attack.

China followed the trend and began to develop new type of missile destroyers in the 1990s.

In the 21st century, due to rapid development of new high technology, China developed and built a new generation of missile destroyers with further enhanced seaworthiness and range and further overall improvement of functions. The new destroyer is now equipped with phased array radar, various warning, surveillance and detection equipment and attack weapons such as long-range missiles and regional air defense system with more IT technology and stronger comprehensive combat capabilities.

There have been the following major improvements:

1. Comprehensive power devices with stronger propulsion to ensure high speed and maneuverability. The new generation warships have replaced steam or diesel engines with advanced combined diesel and gas-turbine engine with flexible way of use and more sufficient power.

2. The trend of making warships undetectable by improving their coating and shape and reducing radar image, infrared emission and noise.

3. Comprehensive combat capabilities

Missiles have become the major weapons to replace the major role of cannons and torpedoes. There are now anti-ship, air defense and anti-submarine missiles of short and medium range and high, low and extremely low attitude.

Vertical launch technology has been applied in launching missiles to enable the warships to give full play of its comprehensive capabilities at the same time.

4. Multi-function radar able to search, monitor and track quite a few targets simultaneously.

5. Warship-borne helicopter for anti-submarine and sea battle operations.

Source: “Official media exposes progress in China’s warship building technology: Making warships larger and better undetectable and with more powerful engine (summary by Chan Kai Yee based on the report in Chinese)

  • Related posts:
  • US Newest DDG1000 Destroyer Plan Scrapped Due to China’s New 052D dated June 3, 2014
  • China Building 4 Newest 052D Destroyers Simultaneously at One Shipyard dated May 15, 2014
  • China challenging U.S. military technological edge: Pentagon official dated January 29, 2014
  • China’s 12 Advanced Weapons to Be Turned out or Developed in 2014 dated January 24, 2014

China Begins Building Jiaolong-600 Large Amphibious Aircraft

Model of Jiaolong-600 large amphibious aircraft

Model of Jiaolong-600 large amphibious aircraft

In order to satisfy China’s urgent need in extinguishing forest fire and emergency rescue at sea, provide equipment for the establishment of China’s national emergence rescue system to serve economic and national defense development, China has an urgent demand for large medium- and long-range firefighting amphibious aircrafts.

In June 2009, relevant state authority approved the project of the development of Jiaolong-600 large firefighting/emergency rescue amphibious aircraft. The special aircraft research institute of the Aviation Industry Corporation of China is to design the aircraft while China Aviation Industry General Aircraft Co., Ltd. is in charge of the project.

The aircraft carries a crew of three including two pilots and one mechanist. It will have a boat-shaped fuselage of big length-width ratio, T-shaped tail wing and a retractable frontal three-point landing gear. It is powered by 4 WJ6 engines and can take off from a runway not shorter than 1,800 meters or a water area 1,500 meters long, 200 meters wide and 2.5 meters deep. It is installed with an integrated navigation electronic system, infrared and optical survey system and marine rescue and first aid facilities for speedy and effective forest firefighting and marine emergency rescue tasks.

So far, the project has entered the manufacturing stage and begun to produce parts and components of the aircraft. Large structural parts will be made and onboard equipment will be delivered by the end of 2014 and maiden flight has been scheduled at the end of 2015.

Note: The amphibious aircraft is especially useful in giving emergency treatment to those wounded in a future naval battle in the East or South China Sea.

Source: “China begins to build Jiaolong-600 large amphibious aircraft: maiden flight at the end of 2015 perhaps” (summary by Chan Kai Yee based on the report in Chinese)

Related post:

China Developing World Largest Amphibious Aircraft dated January 16, 2014

China Building 4 Newest 052D Destroyers Simultaneously at One Shipyard

Three 052D destroyers being installed along side

Three 052D destroyers being installed along side

One of the three 052Ds being installed

One of the three 052Ds being installed

Another of the three being installed

Another of the three being installed

The third of the three being installed

The third of the three being installed

China drew great interest when it smoothly commissioned its first Type 052D Destroyer the Kunming, the newest type of China’s Aegis destroyer, on March 21, 2014. Recently a web user posted the above photos on the Internet of three 052Ds being installed alongside at a certain Chinese shipyard. It has been known that China has already built 4 such destroyers.

Obviously China is building such destroyers vigorously to expand its navy.

There is in addition a fourth 052D. A photo has been taken before it would soon to be launched at the shipyard.

A fourth 052D (Photo: Rexuelaonian of HSH Forum)

A fourth 052D (Photo: Rexuelaonian of HSH Forum)

The fourth 052D ready to be launched. (Photo: Rexuelaonian of HSH Forum)

The fourth 052D ready to be launched. (Photo: Rexuelaonian of HSH Forum)

Chinese Navy’s Future Development, Powerful Engine the Priority

China's first 052D missile destroyer commissioned in South Sea Fleet

China’s first 052D missile destroyer commissioned in South Sea Fleet

China’s new 052D destroyer, though quite superior, has some shortcomings: Its vertical launch systems have only 64 tubes, not enough for deployment of air defense missiles. However, any increase in the number of tubes require greater replacement of the warship, which China is unable to achieve due to its inability to produce powerful engines for warships.

That is a priority for the development of Chinese navy. Other areas of improvement are better stealth, stability and safety, better weapons such as electromagnetic cannons, laser weapons and hypersonic anti-warship missiles and better electronic equipment such as two radars on one warship, one long-range and the other shorter range but with accurate positionfinding.

Source: “Bear the mystery of the four major requirements for the next generation of Chinese warships” (summary by Chan Kai Yee based on the report in Chinese)

A nervous region eyes robust Chinese response to missing Malaysian plane

A woman and a girl look at a Malaysia Airlines plane on the tarmac of Kuala Lumpur International Airport March 13, 2014.  Credit: Reuters/Damir Sagolj

A woman and a girl look at a Malaysia Airlines plane on the tarmac of Kuala Lumpur International Airport March 13, 2014.
Credit: Reuters/Damir Sagolj

From high-resolution satellites to advanced warships, China’s military build-up is on full display in the hunt for a missing Malaysian jetliner – putting Asia on notice as to what Beijing might do in the future to further assert its regional presence.

Now in its sixth day, the search for the Malaysia Airlines Boeing 777 and its 239 passengers and crew has exposed tensions between Beijing and Kuala Lumpur, with Chinese officials from Premier Li Keqiang on down criticizing Malaysia’s handling of the crisis. China has sent a team of envoys and investigators to Malaysia to deepen its involvement.

While Beijing’s concerns reflect, in part, public anxiety over the fate of more than 150 Chinese on board Flight MH370, the search comes at a time when China has been flexing its muscles in the disputed South and East China Seas.

One aerospace and defense industry source with years of experience in the region said the Chinese response would stick in the minds of its neighbors.

“This is a demonstration of force in a peaceful context,” said the source, who declined to be identified because he was not authorized to speak to the media.

China has deployed four warships, four coastguard vessels, eight aircraft and trained 10 satellites on a wide search area far from mainland China. Chinese media have described the ship deployment as the largest Chinese rescue fleet ever assembled.

The missing plane’s last reported contact with civilian radar was near the mouth of the Gulf of Thailand, which opens into the South China Sea. The aircraft was bound for Beijing after taking off from Kuala Lumpur.

Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Qin Gang on Monday acknowledged Malaysia had the “main responsibility” for both the search and the follow-up investigation. He added, however, that Beijing had a responsibility not only to participate but to “demand and urge” Malaysia to step up its efforts.


Ironically, China’s ties with Malaysia had been among its warmest in the region despite a dispute over territory in the South China Sea.

However, Chinese warships staged a show of sovereignty just two months ago at the James Shoal, a submerged reef about 80 km (50 miles) off Malaysia’s Borneo island state of Sarawak – and some 1,800 km (1,125 miles) from mainland China.

Beijing regards those waters as its southernmost territory, the bottom of a looping so-called nine-dash line on maps that comprise 90 percent of the South China Sea. The Philippines, Vietnam, Brunei and Taiwan are also in dispute with Beijing over parts of the ocean.

The People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) deployment at the shoal was led by one of its three state-of-the-art amphibious assault ships. Two of those 20,000-tonne vessels – the Kunlunshan and the Jingangshan – have joined the search for the missing plane.

“The Chinese are drawing the conclusion that these guys are not ready for prime time,” said Ernie Bower, a Southeast Asia specialist at Washington’s Center for Strategic and International Studies, referring to Malaysia.

The fruitless search has shone the spotlight on a series of fumbling news conferences by Malaysian officials and a long delay in divulging details of the military’s tracking of what could have been the plane hundreds of miles off course.

Malaysian government officials say they are coping as best they can with a highly complex crisis.

Regional naval officials and analysts said one of the big questions now was what the protracted search – and China’s growing concerns over Malaysia’s response – would mean for Beijing’s approach to the region in future.

While many foreign experts see Beijing’s deployment as robust, Chinese state television and other media reports have referred to a lack of Chinese capabilities to conduct extended search and rescue operations far from the mainland coast.

More facilities would be needed for dealing with humanitarian disasters, one Chinese expert said, even though China had expanded listening posts, ports and runways at its facilities in the disputed Paracel and Spratly archipelagoes of the South China Sea.
“This will not be the last time. China has a responsibility and calling to join in,” said Ruan Zongze, a former Chinese diplomat with the China Institute of International Studies, a think tank affiliated with the Foreign Ministry.

The Chinese effort is already sparking concern among the public in Vietnam, where battles over sovereignty against China go back decades.

Social media has been active with postings, comments and deep suspicion about the presence of Chinese planes and warships near the Vietnamese coast.

Deputy Transport Minister Pham Quy Tieu, head of Vietnam’s search and rescue effort, told Reuters that China had asked permission for its ships and planes to enter Vietnamese territory and that Hanoi remained in “total control”.

“China only flies and searches at high altitude, its boats never go deep inside our waters. So we are not concerned about breaches of our sovereignty,” Tieu said.


Ian Storey, an expert on ties between China and Southeast Asia, said Beijing’s deployment reflected its regional military build-up and the PLA’s so-called “new historic missions”, which included protecting Chinese nationals abroad.

The crisis would bolster the case of those in China who believe that as the country’s global interests expand, its defense budget should grow to protect those interests, added Storey, from the Institute of South East Asian Studies in Singapore.

China this month announced a 12.2 percent rise in military spending to 808.23 billion yuan ($131.57 billion) for 2014, but gave no breakdown of how the money would be spent.

Its military spending, second only to the United States, has allowed China to create a modern force that is projecting power not only across the East and South China Seas, but further into the western Pacific and Indian Oceans.

Bower said the confused search highlighted weak military cooperation in Asia and the need for better coordination between Washington and its Asian allies and partners.

A long-running effort by the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) to tie China to a binding agreement on measures to lower tensions in the South China Sea includes search and rescue cooperation.

Such cooperation is part of the discussions, and ASEAN envoys said this could be accelerated outside the broader and more sensitive talks.

“Since we don’t have that collaborative effort well established yet, I think the Chinese are, whether intentionally or unintentionally, sending a message to their citizens that Malaysia is a small country that’s not able to manage well,” said Bower.

Source: Reuters “A nervous region eyes robust Chinese response to missing Malaysian plane”