China Winning Arms Race with the US


Since the beginning of Deng Xiaoping’s reform in late 1970s, China has been modernizing its military and believed that it had made substantial progress until the 1990-1991 Gulf War. Chinese military was shocked by US advanced military technology and began to make real efforts to modernize. However, it takes time to modernize a very backward military.

Anyway, there was no urgency as China had been US faithful follower and believe that the US would not hurt it in spite of the gap of strength. For example, as US faithful follower, China voted for the West’s UN Security Council resolution for regime change in Libya though it might suffer huge losses due to the regime change. Due to China’s support of the resolution, Russia was isolated and dared not veto the resolution.

US-China confrontation began in the 1995-1996 Taiwan Strait Crisis when the US sent two aircraft battle groups in response to PRC’s missile tests around Taiwan. Finding itself no match to US forces, China began to step up its military buildup. It purchased from Russia Sovremenny-class destroyers, Kilo-class attack submarines and Su-30MKK and Su-30MK2 fighter jets.

Still, there were no urgency. At that time China had no intention to take Taiwan by force as, I believe, with US involvement, Taiwan might suffer great damage in the war so that China might not be benefited by taking a Taiwan in ruin.

China remained US faithful follower until 2010 when the then Obama’s Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton denied China’s rights and interests in the South China Sea in her speech. As the South China Sea locates far away from the US, the US has no right of claim whatever there. Moreover, the US always does not take side in other countries’ territorial disputes. Why would the US suddenly deny China’s rights and interests there? It would not have gained in any way by so doing. China began to realize that the US feared that China’s rise might threaten its world hegemony and wanted to create trouble to deter China’s rise. As there are great fish and energy resources in the South China Sea, China regard its right and interest there as its core interest. China regard Clinton’s speech as serious provocation.

China’s concerns were confirmed by Obama’s unprecedented participation in ASEAN summit meeting on November 11, 2011 and announcement of America’s return and pivot to Asia including increase in US military deployment in Asia to 60% of US forces.

In order to defend China’s interests and rights in the South China Sea, China began its unilateral arms race with the US. What China did in countering US containment is described in my previous posts.

China found that the weapons it had imported from Russia were far from enough to deter US aircraft carrier battle groups. However, there is nowhere to buy weapons powerful enough to counter the US as the US is the most advanced country militarily. No country is able to make weapons good enough to rival US ones. Even if they have, they may not be willing to sell their top weapons. As a result, China began to invest lots of financial and human resources in developing advanced weapons on its own.

China’s Tremendous Success in Developing Advanced Weapons

China’s military budget has merely been a fraction of US one and China was slow in its military modernization before US provocation, but since China began its arms race with the US, it has made tremendous progress.

Second Strike

It has achieved nuclear second strike capabilities. On land it now has deployed DF-31 and DF-41 ICBMs carried on mobile launchers that can hide in its 5,000km tunnels. With a range of 12,000 to15,000 km, DF-41 is one of ICBMs with the longest range in the world, able to hit anywhere in the United States. It carries 10 multiple independently targetable reentry vehicle (MITV) warheads difficult to intercept.

At sea, before the arms race China’s strategic nuclear submarines (SSBNs) were very noisy and regarded as other navies’ laughing stokes. Due to China’s efforts in arms race, China has developed very quiet nuclear submarines as silent as US SSBNs. Its advanced SSBNs carry JL-2 SLBMs with a range exceeding 7,000 km. Since late 2010, it has been testing JL-3 SLBMs with a range greater than 12,000 km that carries 10 MITVs. China is now building its most advanced Type 096 SSBN to be armed with JL-3s.

SSNs and Conventional Submarines

Under US military pressure, China has also improved its nuclear attack submarines (SSNs) with technology similar to its SSBNs. Its Type 093G SSN is as silent as US improved Los Angeles-class submarines. It is now building its quieter more advanced Type 095 SSNs. China has expanded its submarine shipyard in Huludao to be able to build 5 nuclear submarines at the same time. With such capacity, China may have more SSBNs and SSNs than the US in the future.

In addition, China is now able to make conventional submarines with air independent propulsion (AIP) the Yuan-class (Type 039A). It has developed submarine launched missiles to attack ship and submarine. Such missiles leave water to fly in the air and are therefore much faster to hit its target than a torpedo.

Anti-aircraft Carrier Missiles

To deal with US aircraft carriers, China has developed and deployed DF-21D and DF-26 anti-ship ballistic missiles. The missiles are so powerful as to be regarded as carrier killers.

Hypersonic Missiles

China even leads the US in hypersonic technology. It has developed and deployed DF-17 hypersonic missiles when the US has been trying hard to develop one.

Air Force

China has made great progress in modernizing its air force to be rival to the US. Its J-20 stealth fighter is said better than US F-22 and F-35. Compared with F-22, J-20 is developed later with quite some new technologies F-22 is unable to apply. Compared with F-35, J-20 is powered by two engines. It is heavier to carry more weapons and faster and better maneuverable. It is to be powered by very powerful WS-15 engines. Some media speculated that the engine is still not mature enough to use but others say that new J-20s have already been equipped with WS-15s.

Anyway, unlike before the arms race, China’s air force is now able to deal with US one.

As for further development, both China and the US are developing new long-range strategic bombers and 6th-generation fighters. The US has announced its success in test flight of its 6th-generation fighter but keep details about it in secret. There has been Chinese domestic report that China has tested its Mach 4.5 aircraft, details of which have also been kept secret.

Navy

Chinese navy has also developed new warships. Its Type 055 destroyer is better than US one. China is catching up with the US in building aircraft carriers. China has built and commissioned a homegrown carrier the Shandong, but it is a ski jump one without any catapults. According to report, China is now building a new aircraft carrier with electromagnetic catapult. There is speculation that China’s next aircraft carrier will be nuclear powered, but this blogger doubts that.

If China is able to build a carrier with electromagnetic catapult, it should be regarded as China has caught up with the US in carrier construction. China has no need to build a nuclear one as it does not need one. An aircraft carrier has to be accompanied with a group of warships to operate safely and efficiently. It does not make sense that only one ship in the group is nuclear powered while all others are conventional. Only when a carrier is to be used for world hegemony to deal with countries with no sufficiently powerful navy or air force does an aircraft carrier need to be nuclear powered to stay near its enemy for a long time with nuclear power without the need of refueling or the protection of enough number of conventional warships in its battle group.

As China does not pursue world hegemony, it needs no nuclear aircraft carrier that is too complicated and costly to maintain.

Anti-satellite and Anti-ASAT Capabilities

China has developed satellites to catch or blind enemy satellites. To counter other’s anti-satellite capabilities, China has developed Quaizhou series satellites to be on standby on their mobile launchers hidden in tunnels. Those satellites have already been adjusted to be able to replace the satellites shot down by the enemy. They will satesfy China’s needs for the satellites destroyed.

China’s above mentioned achievements in its arms race with the US proves that China has been winning in its arms race with the US.

Article by Chan Kai Yee


Chinese Navy Installs New Turbo Generators to Power ‘Electromagnetic Railguns’ On It Warships


Published 2 days ago on August 1, 2020

By EurAsian Times Desk

The Chinese Navy (People’s Liberation Army Navy) has installed new turbo generators on its warships. The decision to install the turbo generators comes in the midst of tensions with Quadrilateral Security Dialogue Members (QUAD) India, Japan, Australia and the United States.

The China State Shipbuilding Corporation’s (CSSC) 704 Research Institute announced recently that its 20-megawatt power generators had entered service, the Global Times reported. That’s enough electricity to light up a city of 15,000.

American Arleigh Burke-class destroyers, on the other hand, are only capable of a maximum power output of 7.5 megawatts using three 2.5-megawatt generators, making such a platform unfeasible for the railgun.

According to sources, the new turbo generators will power railguns and electromagnetic catapults in PLAN warships. The turbogenerators quadruple the power generation capacity of existing power plants.

Li Jie, a naval expert in Beijing, says that the more powerful generators “will mean all these high-energy-consuming systems can operate.”

China has been testing naval uses of a railgun since at least 2017, a weapon which uses electromagnets to accelerate a metal slug to incredible speeds. Rather than relying on explosives to destroy the target, the sheer force of the impact produces a huge release of energy, which is why railguns are called “kinetic energy weapons.”

The Global Times noted the turbo generators make it possible to use advanced integrated electric propulsion (IEP) technology, which basically turns ships into giant, hybrid gas-electric vehicles. The American Zumwalt uses such a design, as do the British Royal Navy’s Queen Elizabeth-class aircraft carrier and the cruise-liner RMS Queen Mary II.

Experts at EurAsian Times believe that the decision to deploy the new turbo generators comes at the time Beijing is facing the QUAD in the Pacific and the Indian Ocean. The QUAD united for the first time when they conducted naval drills in both Pacific and the Indian Ocean to send a covert message to China.

China’s claims to the South China Sea have suffered a set back in recent times with its largest trading partner -Australia labelling Beijing’s claim over the strategic waterway as ‘illegal’.

Source: eurasiantimes.com “Chinese Navy Installs New Turbo Generators to Power ‘Electromagnetic Railguns’ On It Warshipsz”

Note: This is eurasiantimes.com’s article I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean that I agree or disagree with the article’s views.


Chinese shipbuilder planning advanced amphibious assault ship


  • Plan to use advanced launch system on new landing helicopter deck – known as the Type 076 – would expand marines’ ability to strike targets on land and at sea
  • ‘Mini aircraft carrier’ will be fitted with electromagnetic catapult launcher for helicopters and drones
The new ships would be a more advanced version of the Type 075 vessels that have yet to enter service. Photo: Weibo

A Chinese shipbuilder is planning to build a more powerful amphibious assault ship that would be able to carry more helicopters and drones and help the country’s marine corps to fight more effectively on the high seas.

The ship would have a similar design to the Type 075 landing helicopter deck, but it would be equipped with an electromagnetic catapult launch system of the type that is currently only found on the most advanced aircraft carriers.

News about the proposal of the new design, which shipbuilders and military enthusiasts have called the Type 076, has been circulating on military websites since the start of the month.

Military observers said the plans, from the China Shipbuilding Group, the main government contractor, have not yet been approved by the leadership and work on the new ships will take at least five years.

The design has been circulating on military websites. Photo: Handout
The design has been circulating on military websites. Photo: Handout

China is involved in a series of territorial disputes in the South and East China Seas and the US has stepped up its presence in the area in recent years.

South China Sea: Chinese air force ‘sends warning’ to US Navy with live-fire drills
21 Jul 2020

A report in the Chinese military magazine Ordnance Industry Science Technology last Thursday said this will allow the marine corps to expand its combat range and air defences over a wider area.

The warship would have an estimated displacement of about 40,000 tonnes and will be China’s largest – and the world’s third largest – amphibious assault ship, behind the US Wasp-class and America class.

PLA ‘sends warning’ to US Navy with live-fire drills in South China Sea

It will be able to carry up to 30 helicopters, as well as a number of amphibious tanks, armoured vehicles, boats, and hundreds of marine troops for land attacks and follow-up ground operations.
First made-in-China aircraft carrier, the Shandong, enters serviceFirst made-in-China aircraft carrier, the Shandong, enters service

video

First made-in-China aircraft carrier, the Shandong, enters service

The development of its marine force comes amid China’s ongoing efforts to strengthen its military, which has also seen it launch five amphibious assault ships using an older design, the Type 071, since 2016.

Li said the plan to integrate the electromagnetic catapult technology with the design of the Type 075 faced a number of technological challenges, including modifications to the hull and flight deck.

“Only when the new Type 002 aircraft carrier finishes testing the three electromagnetic catapult can we make sure it’s a mature technology that could be applied on the flight deck of the Type 075,” Li continued.

“Indeed, the full development of the Type 076 will only be finalised when China successfully develops the first stealth carrier-based fighter jet, as well as other variants of stealth drones,” Li added.

video

Washington’s hardened position on Beijing’s claims in South China Sea heightens US-China tensions

Beijing-based military analyst Zhou Chenming described the design of the Type 076 as innovative because it would be the first time and electromagnetic catapult was used on an amphibious assault vehicle.

“Unlike aircraft carriers that can focus on sea and air defence and combats, the amphibious ships also need to take care of battles on land,” Zhou said.

“How to operate the electromagnetic catapult technology, as well as the need for combat on sea, air and land, makes this a complicated and challenging job.”

Source: SCMP “Chinese shipbuilder planning advanced amphibious assault ship”

Note: This is SCMP’s article I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean that I agree or disagree with the article’s views.


China steps up shipbuilding with two more aircraft carriers under construction towards 2035 navy goal


  • As China aims to equal US naval strength in the Pacific, its first domestically developed carrier begins final assembly process
  • Type 002 vessels will have advanced electromagnetic aircraft launch system allowing faster and more frequent take-off
Photos taken by military enthusiasts and posted on social media show the Type 002 aircraft carrier under construction in a dry dock in Jiangnan Shipyard outside Shanghai. Photo: Weibo

China is expected to launch its next-generation aircraft carrier within a year and construction on a sister ship for the new giant vessel has been hastened, two sources close to the projects said.

The Type 002 aircraft carrier – the country’s third carrier and the second to be domestically developed – has started the final assembly process, two independent sources told the South China Morning Post.

“Assembly of the new aircraft carrier has begun and is expected to be completed in the first half of next year, because the Covid-19 pandemic slowed down progress,” said the first source, who requested anonymity because of the sensitivity of the issue.

“Workers are also starting the keel-laying for the new carrier’s sister ship. Both ships have been built by the Jiangnan Shipyard outside Shanghai.” Laying the keel is deemed the official start of construction on a new ship.

“Construction for the second Type 002 will be faster than the first one because workers have learned and overcome a lot of problems building the first one,” the second source said. “It’s a challenging job because the Type 002 is our country’s first domestically designed aircraft carrier.”

previous satellite images taken in April 2019

by the US think tank the Centre for Strategic and International Studies.

Liaoning

and

Shandong

ships.

Unlike the first two Russian-designed Type 001 aircraft carriers that were equipped with ski-jump ramps, the new vessel will have the world’s most advanced electromagnetic aircraft launch system, equal to that used by the US Navy’s new-generation Gerald R. Ford-class aircraft carrier.

The electromagnetic take-off technology means less wear and tear on the aircraft and allows more planes to be launched in a shorter time than the ski-jump system.

Hong Kong-based military commentator Liang Guoliang said the Type 002 was not expected to be nuclear-powered because so far only Chinese submarines had used the technology and none of its surface warships were nuclear-powered.

“The nuclear-powered technology is designed for China’s fifth aircraft carrier, which is likely to be built in the Dalian Shipbuilding yard,” Liang said, referring to the manufacturer that built the Shandong ship.

The new Type 002 aircraft carrier – to be the Chinese navy’s third – has entered key assembly process in a dry dock in Jiangnan Shipyard outside Shanghai. Photo: Weibo
The new Type 002 aircraft carrier – to be the Chinese navy’s third – has entered key assembly process in a dry dock in Jiangnan Shipyard outside Shanghai. Photo: Weibo

A top engineer, Ma also developed the insulated-gate bipolar transistor (IGBT) chip, a key component of high-efficiency electric energy conversion systems. Liang said it prompted President Xi Jinping, who also chairs the CMC, to make changes to the aircraft carrier design because IGBT would better support the conventionally-powered ships using the more powerful and advanced electromagnetic launch systems.

Liang said he expected that a

new stealth carrier-based fighter jet

designed for the Type 002 would make its debut when the first advanced warship was ready to be launched next year.

However, Zhou Chenming, a researcher from the Yuan Wang think tank, a Beijing-based military science and technology institute, said the Type 002 carrier would continue to carry the J-15 ship-borne fighter jet, which is now flying on the decks of the Liaoning and Shandong.

China bought its first aircraft carrier, the Liaoning, from Ukraine in 1998 and spent eight years retrofitting it. The ship is the only Chinese carrier to have reached initial operational capability (IOC), the basic requirement for warships. The Shandong is expected to meet IOC standard next year.

Zhou said the Liaoning had been used as a training platform for crew members of China’s new aircraft carrier strike groups.

“The Liaoning is too old to be a warship as its hull was built in 1985. China’s blue-water navy should be based on the new-generation carrier strike groups like Type 002, or even future Type 003 carriers, and other advanced warships,” Zhou said.

China plans to build at least

six aircraft battle groups for the water by 2035

, as the Asian giant tries to equal US naval strength in the Pacific region.

“China has three fleets to take care of the Yellow Sea, East and South China seas, with each fleet demanding two aircraft carriers,” Zhou said.

“Unlike the US Navy which has a global strategy, all China’s aircraft carriers can only be used for offshore defence because of China’s geographic location, where all neighbours keep a close eye on it.”

The United States remains the world’s strongest naval force and has 11 carriers, with two more under construction.

This article appeared in the South China Morning Post print edition as: New aircraft carrier expected to launch within a year

Source: SCMP “China steps up shipbuilding with two more aircraft carriers under construction towards 2035 navy goal”

Note: This is SCMP’s article I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean that I agree or disagree with the article’s views.


USS Gerald Ford Flight Deck Now Certified; Can Conduct Carrier Qualifications


By: Megan Eckstein

March 23, 2020 5:40 PM

New aircraft carrier USS Gerald R. Ford (CVN-78) completed its Flight Deck Certification (FDC) and Carrier Air Traffic Control Center (CATCC) Certification on March 20, following two days of intense flight deck operations to prove the ship and crew’s capabilities.

Over a two-day period, F/A-18E and F/A-18F Super Hornets from four squadrons assigned to Carrier Air Wing (CVW) 8 conducted 123 day and 42 night catapult launches and trap recoveries aboard Ford, along with a Precision Approach Landing Systems (PALS) certification event.

Our sailors performed at a level that was on par with a forward-deployed aircraft carrier, and this was a direct result of the hard core training and deployment-ready mentality we have pushed every day for the past year,” Capt. J. J. Cummings, Ford’s commanding officer, said in a Navy news release.

Our team put their game faces on, stepped into the batter’s box and smashed line drives out of the park. It was fun to watch.”

With the flight deck and air traffic control center now fully qualified, Ford is eligible to perform carrier qualifications for new pilots and other missions to support the fleet. The news release notes that “[Ford] is now ready to give back to the fleet, as the only carrier qualification asset regularly available on the east coast this year.”

The certification comes a day after Ford announced it had recovered its 1,000th aircraft with its Advanced Arrest Gear system and launched its 1,000th aircraft from the Electromagnetic Aircraft Launch System (EMALS) catapults, two and a half years after the first of each took place on July 28, 2017.

CVW 8 Commander Capt. Joshua Sager said in a news release that “it’s great to share this moment in history with Ford. Integration between the air wing and ship’s company is crucial to the everyday success of carrier operations. Completion of the 1,000th catapult and arrestment shows that the ship and her crew have tested and proven the newest technology the Navy has, and together we are ready to meet the operational requirements of our nation.”

The teamwork between the air wing and the carrier’s crew was clear during the Carrier Air Traffic Control Center certification process.

According to the news release, the scenarios the carrier and pilots were asked to perform were meant to mirror some of the most challenging situations they may face during real operations abroad. In one, aircraft were stacked up behind the carrier in two-mile increments, the usual landing pattern for at-sea operations, requiring Ford to trap aircraft just 55 seconds apart.

It was very apparent the entire CATCC team put forth a great deal of effort preparing for their CATCC certification,” reads the certification letter from Commander Naval Air Forces Atlantic inspectors, according to the news release. “All CATCC functional areas were outstanding. Additionally, the leadership and expertise exhibited by the Air Operations Officer and his staff were extremely evident throughout the course of the entire week.”

From the controllers and flight deck crews, to the catapult and arresting gear teams, this ship demonstrated a level of professional competence that rivals any of her peers,” Sager, the air wing commander, said in the news release. “I truly look forward to further air wing integration in the coming at-sea periods.”

Source: “USS Gerald Ford Flight Deck Now Certified; Can Conduct Carrier Qualifications”

Note: This is USNI News’ article I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean that I agree or disagree with the article’s views.


The Chinese Navy Is Building An Incredible Number Of Warships


H I Sutton Contributor Dec 15, 2019

While the U.S. Navy launches a handful of AEGIS destroyers each year, the single image below of a Shanghai shipyard shows nine newly constructed Chinese warships. China’s Navy, known as the PLAN (People’s Liberation Army Navy), is modernizing at an impressive rate. And on a vast scale. A key ingredient is the construction of a fleet of large destroyers, amphibious warships and aircraft carriers. The below photo, snapped from an airplane window on December 13, and shared on social media, captures the vast scale of this construction.

Image Analysis of photo of Chinese shipyard showing multiple warships at various stages of … [+]H I Sutton, with permission from @Loongnaval

Nearest the camera, a line of four newly constructed destroyers catch the sunlight. Two are Type-052D air-defense destroyers, generally equivalent to the U.S. Navy’s Arleigh Burke Class AEGIS destroyers. These displace 7,500 tons and can carry 64 large missiles including long range surface to air missiles (SAMs) and cruise missiles. The other two are larger Type-055 Class ships. These are also described as air-defense destroyers but are verging on cruisers in terms of size and fit. These are about twice the displacement and carry over 100 large missiles.

Behind them is the shipyard with its mass of construction halls and cranes. In the basin where the newest ships are docked after launch are another four destroyers. Again there are both Type-052D and Type-055 ships. Together with another Type-055 under construction on the left of the image, this brings the total number of large destroyers visible to 9. To put that into context, the Royal Navy’s entire destroyer fleet is just 6 ships. And this yard is just part of a much bigger construction program.

There are also some hovercraft which will be carried aboard the PLAN’s expanding fleet of amphibious warships. They will be used for transporting tanks and supplies from ship to shore. These are generally similar to the U.S. Navy’s Landing Craft Air Cushion (LCAC).

At the side of the basin, in a dry dock, is a massive Yuan Wang Class satellite and/or missile tracking ship. These are the sort of ships which look like an ocean liner but with a series of gigantic satellite dishes pointing skyward. When completed this could be used to support missile tests.

But the most impressive vessel is hidden in the background haze, barely discernible to the untrained eye. Beneath several massive gantry cranes in a purpose-built construction area is China’s next-generation aircraft carrier. China already has two carriers in service but this new carrier is expected to be significantly different. Known as the Type-003, it is believed to have electromagnetic catapults like the latest U.S. Navy Ford Class carrier. It is not expected to be launched for some time.

Other developments are not visible in the photo. It is the same shipyard where China’s mysterious sailless submarine has been constructed. Although that submarine is not clearly apparent in the photograph, it may be present in the basin.

This image paints an interesting picture of Chinese naval modernization. Yet the biggest takeaway is that this shipyard is not alone. There are many yards across China which are similarly impressive. The Chinese Navy of today, and the future, is changed beyond all recognition from the Chinese Navy of the past. The world naval balance is shifting.

Source: Forbes “The Chinese Navy Is Building An Incredible Number Of Warships”

Note: This is Forbes’ article I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean that I agree or disagree with the article’s views.


The Navy’s new $13 billion super carriers have a high-tech feature that is apparently driving Trump crazy


Ryan Pickrell
Apr 3, 2019, 2:23 PM

In a wide-ranging speech on Tuesday, President Donald Trumphighlighted his long-standing fixation with the Navy’s newFord-class supercarrier.

Trump has repeatedly – and often unexpectedly – criticizedthe carrier’s new Electromagnetic Aircraft Launch System, orEMALS, advocating the return of the steam launchers that were used for decades.

Trump has insisted that crew members must be “Albert Einstein” to operate the new systems, which have faced theirshare of developmental setbacks.

President Donald Trump likes to talk about the US Navy’s new elite Ford-class aircraft carrier, which he has called a “100,000-ton message to the world.” But there is one frustrating thing he just cannot get over.

During a freewheeling 80-minute speech on Tuesday at a National Republican Congressional Committee dinner – where Trump also warned of cancer-causing windmills – the president unexpectedly turned to an old fixation: the Electromagnetic Aircraft Launch System, or EMALS, on the Navy’s newest carrier.

The Navy used EMALS instead of the steam launchers that were used for decades, as well as new advanced arresting gear, for smoother, more efficient launch and recovery operations. But developmental setbacks with the new equipment have driven upcosts, delayed delivery, and repeatedly drawn Trump’s ire.

Throughout his presidency, Trump has been noticeably obsessed with and highly critical of this new system.

April 2019: “We have an aircraft carrier, you can’t send planes off the damn thing.”

At the NRCC dinner on Tuesday, Trump lamented problems with the USS Gerald R. Ford’s electromagnetic launch system.

“The great aircraft carrier, the Gerald Ford … it’s getting close,” the president said.

“The largest ship ever built, they say. It’s a massive ship,” headded. “But they’re having trouble with the catapult system, because it used to be steam … They’ve decided to go magnetic. Never been done before. And electronic. So it’s very, very complex.”
Trump, who said he learned of the problems with the launch system during a visit to the Ford, added that “you have to go to MIT to figure out how this damn thing works.”

“We have an aircraft carrier, you can’t send planes off the damn thing. Historically, that has not proven to be a good thing for aircraft carriers,” he said.

He added: “This thing is $900 million over budget to throw the planes off, and we could have had steam, and it would have been done, and we would have saved hundreds of millions of dollars.”

November 2018: “You have to be Albert Einstein to really work it properly.”

In a call to service members on Thanksgiving last year, Trump brought up his problem with the catapults, quizzing a sailor on the new catapults.

“So when you do the new carriers, as we do and as we’re thinking about doing, would you go with steam, or would you go with electromagnetic?” Trump asked. “Because steam is very reliable, and the electromagnetic, I mean, unfortunately you have to be Albert Einstein to really work it properly. What would you do?”

“Yes sir, you sort of have to be Albert Einstein to run the nuclear power plant that we have here as well, but we’re doing that very well,” the sailor replied. “Mr. President, I would go electromagnetic.”

On Tuesday, Trump relayed his conversations with those involved in the catapult development and said they preferred steam.

June 2018: “It’s frankly ridiculous.”

During a meeting on hurricane preparedness with the Federal Emergency Management Agency last summer, the president unexpectedly brought up – among several other unrelated topics -his concerns about the EMALS on the Ford.

He criticized the military for buying new and unnecessary technology.

“They want to have all new. Instead of having the system that throws the aircraft off the [ship], which was always steam,” Trump said during the 40-minute meeting, according to The Washington Post. “They now have magnets. They’re using magnets instead of steam.”

He added: “They spent hundreds of millions of dollars. I’m hearing not great things about it. It’s frankly ridiculous.”

September 2017: “You have to be a computer genius.”

At a Republican fundraiser dinner, Trump criticized the new aircraft-launch system on the Ford-class carriers, comparing the high-end system to car-seat controls.

“It’s like when you get a new car and you have to be a computergenius to fix your seat, right?” he said, according to The Post.”The seat’s moving all over the place. It’s unbelievable.”

May 2017: “Goddamned steam.”

Trump first made his thoughts on EMALS crystal clear in an interview with Time magazine shortly after taking office.

“You know the catapult is quite important,” Trump said, adding that he was told the Navy was going with a “digital catapult system” to “keep up with modern” technology.

He said he had heard that the new system was not performing as well as the steam system.

Read more: US Navy’s carrier-based F-35C stealth fighters may not be ready for combat after all

“It sounded bad to me,” the president said. “Digital. They have digital. What is digital? And it’s very complicated. You have to be Albert Einstein to figure it out.”

He said that when he was told that the future carriers would feature the EMALS, he replied: “No, you’re not. You going to goddamned steam. The digital costs hundreds of millions of dollars more money, and it’s no good.”

Source: Business Insider “The Navy’s new $13 billion super carriers have a high-tech feature that is apparently driving Trump crazy”

Note: This is National Business Insider’s article I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean that I agree or disagree with the article’s views.


China will build 4 nuclear aircraft carriers in drive to catch US Navy, experts say


•Beijing expected to have at least six aircraft carrier battle groups by 2035 after it prioritised modernising its navy
•Nuclear-powered carriers thought to be equipped with electromagnetic launch catapults similar to those of the US

PUBLISHED : Wednesday, 06 February, 2019, 7:00am
UPDATED : Wednesday, 06 February, 2019, 10:20am

Minnie Chan, Guo Rui

China’s plan to have at least six aircraft carrier battle groups by 2035 will include four that are nuclear-powered as it builds up its naval capability closer to that of the US Navy, Chinese military experts believe.

They said the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) Navy’s hardware may by then be closer to matching the world’s leading superpower in aircraft carrier technology after decades of trying to close the gap – but it would still lag behind the Americans because of a lack of real combat experience.

All of China’s new carriers are expected to be equipped with electromagnetic launch catapults similar to those used by the United States, the experts predicted. The US’ electromagnetic aircraft launch system (EMALS) can launch more aircraft more rapidly than the older diesel launching systems.

China currently has one aircraft carrier in service – the Liaoning, commissioned in 2012 – and launched the Type 001A, its first home-built carrier, in April 2017.

“China’s nuclear-powered aircraft carriers with [EMALS-like systems] are expected to join the navy by 2035, bringing the total number of carriers to at least six – although only four will work at the front line,” Wang Yunfei, a naval expert and retired PLA destroyer naval officer, said in a recent interview with the South China Morning Post.

“The country needs to keep developing until it is at the same level as the United States.”

Beijing is keen to expand its aircraft carrier battle groups to fulfil its global naval ambitions and defend its growing overseas interests. Construction on its next conventional diesel-powered aircraft carrier, the Type 002 – the first equipped with the electromagnetic launchers – began last year.

Wang said the budget for the carrier projects would not be cut despite China facing an economic slowdown and a trade war with the US.

“Even if the economic downturn has an effect, we can adjust proportions in total military expenditure to make sure naval modernisation keeps going,” he said. “For example, we can cut the number of new tanks.

“The budget for military modernisation will not be cut, even if [the mainland] decided to [use force to] reunify Taiwan. In a war scenario, [Beijing] may reduce spending on things like infrastructure, but it would increase military expenditure.”

President Xi Jinping has ordered the PLA to modernise by 2035 and become a top-ranked fighting force by 2050. Song Zhongping, a television military commentator in Hong Kong, said China’s number of aircraft carriers would rise to reflect its global standing.

With the PLA planning to have four nuclear-powered carrier battle groups on the front line by 2035, the Type 001A and its next-generation carrier Type 002 would become temporary battle ships, Song said.

“The Type 002 conventionally powered carrier with an EMALS-like system may become the only one of that kind aircraft carrier, because China will next build multiple nuclear-powered aircraft battle platforms,” Song said.

Both Wang and Song said the Liaoning would be replaced by the Type 001A by 2035, by which time the former would be obsolete. Refitted from a half-built Russian hull after launching in the Soviet Union in 1988 and being bought by Beijing from Ukraine in 1998, it is used for carrier crew members’ training.

The PLA Navy will develop one of its fighter jets for use on its aircraft carriers, with debate ongoing over whether that will be the FC-31 or J-20. China currently has just one type of carrier-based fighter jet, the J-15, whereas the US has two.

Wang said Chinese engineers were developing a next-generation carrier-based fighter, describing it as a variant of the stealthy FC-31 fighter, whose fighting capability may be “a little bit behind the US’ F-35C”.

Song said that China’s overall capability would remain limited by a lack of combat experience.

“China’s aircraft carrier technology and its carrier-based fighter jets will be developed to match the same generation of their American counterparts, but hardware build-up is only part of the picture,” he said.

“The standard of warships’ crew training and damage control have remained key shortcomings of the PLA Navy, because it has not had as much real combat experience as the Americans.”

Source: SCMP “China will build 4 nuclear aircraft carriers in drive to catch US Navy, experts say”

Note: This is SCMP’s report I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean that I agree or disagree with the report’ views.


China Turbine Blade Breakthrough Enables Use of Electromagnetic Catapult


According to its report “China makes turbine blade breakthrough that could give Type 055 guided-missile destroyers an edge” the day before yesterday with Russian help, China has achieved “Milestone” advance in turbine blade development to “give Type 055 guided-missile destroyer an edge”.

The blade is the core component of powerful gas turbines. With such powerful turbines the destroyers may be equipped with super efficient integrated electric propulsion systems (IEPS) that would allow it to operate high-energy, hi-tech weapons such as laser guns and rail guns much more powerful than conventional weapons.

If such blade is used in the gas turbines of China’s new aircraft carriers, there will be sufficient energy for electromagnetic catapults.

Comment by Chan Kai Yee on SCMP’s reports, full text of which can be viewed at https://www.scmp.com/news/china/military/article/2179553/china-makes-turbine-blade-breakthrough-could-give-type-055.


China-Russia Alliance Add Wings to Chinese Military


It is common sense that Russia and China military cooperation will add wings to two tigers; therefore, Trump has tried in vain to improve relations with Russia in order to drive a wedge into the Russia-China alliance which has been made possible by the stupid strategy of his predecessor.

SCMP has two reports today on Russian technologies greatly enhancing Chinese military’s capabilities.

First, it says that China’s test of S400 air defense system imported from Russia proves the system’s ability to hit a supersonic ballistic missile at the speed of 3km per second in its report “Chinese missile force puts new Russian S-400 air defence system to the test” (at https://www.scmp.com/news/china/military/article/2179564/chinese-missile-force-puts-new-russian-s-400-air-defence-system).

Second, according to its report “China makes turbine blade breakthrough that could give Type 055 guided-missile destroyers an edge” (at https://www.scmp.com/news/china/military/article/2179553/china-makes-turbine-blade-breakthrough-could-give-type-055) with Russian help, China has achieved “Milestone” advance in turbine blade development to “give Type 055 guided-missile destroyer an edge”.

The blade is “the core component of 330-megawatt gas turbines”. With such powerful turbines the destroyers may be equipped with super efficient integrated electric propulsion systems (IEPS) that would allow it to operate high-energy, hi-tech weapons such as laser guns and rail guns much more powerful than conventional weapons.

If such blade is used in the gas turbines of China’s new aircraft carriers, there will be sufficient energy for electromagnetic catapults.

Comment by Chan Kai Yee on SCMP’s reports.