CNBC says in its article “Trump official compares Huawei to ‘the Mafia’ as White House works on 5G battle plan” yesterday that as a senior US official denounced China’s Huawei as “the Mafia”, CNBC believes that White House has ratcheted up its war of words against Huawei. However as the official was not willing to disclose his name, it is difficult to determine whether what the article says is authentic.
However, the article is believable about Trump’s angry phone call with British Prime Minister Boris Johnson in the wake of the U.K.’s announcement that it would allow Huawei products in its 5G networks.
CNBC’s article is also believable about US New acting Director of National Intelligence Richard Grenell’s suggestion that “the United States would cut off intelligence cooperation with Germany if that country doesn’t keep Huawei out of its telecommunications network.”
The war of words against Huawei seems formidable but is not effective as US allies would not do as the US tells it to.
Sorry, the US does not seem powerful enough to kill Huawei.
Comment by Chan Kai Yee on CNBC’s article, full text of which can be viewed at https://www.cnbc.com/2020/02/25/trump-official-calls-huawei-mafia-as-white-house-works-on-5g-battle-plan.html.
February 21, 2020
ISLAMABAD: Pakistan has offered assistance to Germany and other ‘like-minded’ states in fighting Islamophobia, after a recent attack on shisha bars in which a suspected far-right extremist shot down nine people, including at least five Turkish nationals.
The Foreign Office, in a statement today, said that Pakistan strongly condemned the heinous attacks in Germany’s Hanau, expressing deep concern over rise in Islamophobia, xenophobia, and racial hatred.
“Pakistan remains deeply concerned at the rising tide of Islamophobia, xenophobia and racial hatred sweeping across many parts of the world. The attacks once more underscore that violent extremism knows no race, religion or nationality. We reiterate our call for concerted efforts to root out ideologies of hate, as well as address the underlying causes of hate crimes,” read the statement.
In the statement, the FO also extended offer to aid Germany and ‘like-minded states’ in countering Islamophobia and promoting ‘inter-religious and inter-civilizational harmony’.
The FO said that Pakistan stands with the government and people of Germany, particularly the bereaved families.
“We also express our deep condolences to the Turkish Government over the loss of innocent Turkish lives in the shootings. We wish the injured speedy recovery,” said the FO.
The attack late on Wednesday targeted two shisha bars in Hanau, a town close to Frankfurt in the western state of Hesse.
Police chased a car used to leave the scene of one shooting to its owner’s address, where they found the bodies of a 43-year-old German man and his 72-year-old mother, Hesse interior minister Peter Beuth said.
German federal prosecutors said they had taken charge of the case due to indications that the attack had an extremist motive, and newspaper Bild said the suspect had expressed far-right views in a written confession.
Source: geo.tv “Pakistan expresses solidarity with Germany, offers to ‘partner’ over efforts against Islamophobia”
Note: This is geo.tv’s report I post here f
Financial Times says in its article “Germany’s CDU stops short of Huawei ban in 5G rollout” yesterday, “Angela Merkel’s Christian Democratic Union has backed a strategy paper that could potentially curtail Huawei’s involvement in Germany’s 5G rollout by barring ‘untrustworthy’ companies deemed to be subject to state influence from the process. But the recommendations will disappoint the US by stopping short of banning Huawei technology outright. Ms Merkel, the German chancellor, has opposed any attempt to single out the Chinese telecoms equipment maker, preferring instead to tighten security requirements on all suppliers.”
In order to contain China, the US has tried hard to force its allies to ban Huawei with the threat of ceasing intelligence sharing, but like UK who has allowed use of Huawei equipment with some restrictions, Germany is unwilling to follow US leadership in containing China.
Comment by Chan Kai Yee on Financial Times’ article, full text of which can be viewed at https://www.ft.com/content/e17ba42a-4ce1-11ea-95a0-43d18ec715f5.
Eugene K. Chow
The National Interest•October 2, 2019
Key point: Good domestic-produced jet engines are major step forward for China’s defense industries.
Chinese engineering has become so advanced that German jet engines could soon get a major boost from China.
Officials in China have begun talks to sell sophisticated aerospace technology and manufacturing equipment to Germany for the production of high-performance jet engines.
As China moves to rapidly build its commercial and military aviation industry, the nation has made significant engineering breakthroughs, most notably in turbine blades, which convert the heat from fuel combustion into thrust. Turbine blades are one of the most critical components of an airplane, determining a jet engine’s safety, power and endurance.
Engineers in China have developed new processes that can make lighter and stronger blades using a hollow structure as well as single-crystal alloys that can withstand high temperatures and a special coating to facilitate cooling. These advances mean Chinese-made turbine blades are able to withstand temperatures several hundred degrees Celsius higher than the melting point of metallic alloys.
These advances are at the center of a possible sale to Germany along with manufacturing equipment that uses lasers to drill ultra-fine holes in turbine blades to keep blades cool by increasing air flow.
“Our machine has outperformed [Germany’s] on some benchmarks,” an anonymous source involved in the negotiations told the South China Morning Post. “The Germans have seen and grown interested in our technology.”
Discussions for the sale are still in the early stages, but even the possibility of an agreement with Germany, which created the world’s first production-ready jet engine and has long been revered for its design and manufacturing prowess, is a major victory for China as it seeks to shift its reputation away from cheaply made knockoffs to high-end innovation.
Aerospace is one of the key sectors of the “Made In China 2025” initiative, which calls for massive government investment to create thriving self-sufficient domestic industries. But long before the initiative was announced, China has been hard at work developing domestically-produced military aircraft.
In 2011, China stunned the world with the J-20, the nation’s first stealth fighter meant to rival America’s F-22 Raptor. With the J-20, China became only the second nation after the United States with a tactical stealth jet in service.
Just three years later, China unveiled the J-31 stealth multirole fighter jet, which looks remarkably like the American-made F-35 Joint Strike Fighter. Analysts believe the Chinese built the J-31 using stolen F-35 blueprints.
China’s fifth-generation fighters currently rely on Russian engines, but recent breakthroughs have given the nation the ability to manufacture their own. In September, images revealed China had built a stealth engine for the J-20 equipped with serrated afterburner nozzles and interior flaps to help minimize its radar signature.
As China turns its attention to commercial airliners, it is only a matter of time before it begins to produce jet engines for commercial use.
In China’s rapid rise, it has previously turned to German aerospace companies to gain intellectual property and industrial know-how. In 2013, China acquired Germany’s Thielert Aircraft Engines after it filed for bankruptcy. The agreement included Thielert’s technology as well as their manufacturing facilities and equipment.
More recently, China has set its sights on purchasing Cotesa, an innovative German aerospace manufacturer that supplies parts for Airbus and Boeing. But the deal is currently on hold pending a review by the German government under new rules that grant the state more authority to block foreign takeovers.
The rules were passed in the midst of growing concerns of Chinese companies acquiring German and other EU companies operating in sensitive industries like aerospace, robotics and computer chips.
China’s plan to supply Germany with jet engine turbine blade technology is likely to face similar hurdles as Germany partners with Pratt & Whitney, General Electric and other American engine manufacturers. Even if German authorities approve the deal, the sale could still be blocked by the U.S. government which considers jet engine manufacturers as strategic domestic companies.
Regardless of whether this deal succeeds or not, it is apparent that China is quickly becoming an elite player in the Jet Age.
Eugene K. Chow writes on foreign policy and military affairs. His work has been published in Foreign Policy, The Week and The Diplomat. This first appeared in January 2018.
Source: National Interest via Yahoo “China’s Air Force Has One Flaw It Could Never Fix (Until Now)”
Note: This is National Interest’s article I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean that I agree or disagree with the article’s views.
But will they build it?
by Michael Peck July 5, 2019
Ever since the guns fell silent in 1945, Europe has always been in third place in the global arms race.
Nations such as Britain, France and Sweden could devise weapons of clever and innovative design. But when it came to weapons technology, the innovation came from the United States and the Soviet Union/Russia, who were willing to spend vast amounts of treasure on military research and development.
But is a new generation of weapons coming that will put Europe on a par with America and Russia?
At the Paris Air Show last week, a model of the Future Air Combat System drew crowds. A sixth-generation fighter of Franco-German-Spanish parentage (though of largely French descent), it might be Europe’s counterpart to whatever manned jets—or drones—succeed the U.S. fifth-generation U.S. F-22 and F-35 stealth fighters, or Russia’s Su-57.
FCAS is built around futuristic concepts: stealth configuration, long-range missiles and—most importantly—manned-unmanned teaming. Like a stealth queen, the fighter will be attended by a retinue of drones that will do much of the dirty work of fighting, scouting and taking the brunt of enemy fire. The United States is working on the same concept with its Loyal Wingman program and the XQ-58 drone, a mini-F-35 lookalike that will work with manned aircraft like a pack of hunting dogs and their master.
Not to be outdone by its Continental cousins from whom it is separating, Britain is developing its own sixth-generation fighter. The laser-armed Tempest is envisioned entering service around 2035.
These advanced jets may have some advanced weapons. European defense firm MBDA unveiled some advanced missile concepts. Swarms of aircraft-launched gliders that can overwhelm a target fifty miles away, while the manned aircraft safely stand off from the fray. Stealthy, low-flying missiles that would enemy bunkers. A supersonic missile that can take out enemy aircraft, ships and air defenses.
But as Defense News reporter Christina Mackenzie described a model of the FCAS on display at the Paris Air Show, “no features were included in the stylized structure other than the general shape of a military aircraft, seemingly larger and flatter in appearance than today’s comparable fighter planes. That is likely because there isn’t much agreement about what an aerial weapon set to hit the skies in 2040 will look like.”
Which gets to the problem of a European military renaissance. There have been numerous weapons that are the fruits of European cooperation, such as the British-German-Italian Tornado jet, or the Franco-German HOT anti-tank missile. Yet Britain, Germany, Italy and France have their individual main battle tanks. Britain’s newest jet is the American-designed F-35. As Mckenzie notes, MBDA executives worry at the prospect of having to design different munitions for rival European and British next-generation fighters.
And with aging populations requiring more social services, and no more Soviet threat to unify them (though Putin’s Russia is doing its best), will the funding be there to support the development of an enormously expensive fighter like the FCAS all the way out to 2040? Does this make sense when there will inevitably be a U.S. competitor to the program? Even if America’s sixth-generation fighter turns out to be as big a boondoggle as the F-35, at least much of the cost will have been borne by American rather than European taxpayers.
Michael Peck is a contributing writer for the National Interest. He can be found on Twitter and Facebook.
Source: National Interest “F-35s Are So 2010: Europe’s 6th Generation Might Be a Game Changer”
Note: This is National Interest’s article I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean that I agree or disagree with the article’s views.
This blogger’s comment: F35’s excessive costs and delay in its development and its remaining unsolved problems have proved US incompetence in developing most advanced fighter jets; therefore, it is only natural that Europe wants to develop something better on its own.
SCMP says in its report “German firms find US less reliable than China as trading partner after getting caught between Trump and a hard place to do business” yesterday, “China ranked higher than US and Britain as trading partners in a survey of 2,000 German companies by Commerzbank”
According to the survey, “China was ranked third in an assessment based on political and economic conditions affecting trade, with a score of 30, led by Germany itself way out ahead on 65, and France on 39. The US, in fourth place, was a long way behind on 17 points, followed by Italy (11), Russia (10), Great Britain (8), Brazil (5) and Turkey (3), according to the results of the survey issued on Wednesday.”
China’s further opening-up with its new law on foreign investment succeeds in attracting German companies. US President Trump’s protectionism, on the contrary, will make things difficult for German companies to do business with the US.
Comment by Chan Kai Yee on SCMP’s report, full text of which can be viewed at https://www.scmp.com/business/banking-finance/article/3012302/caught-between-trump-and-hard-place-do-business-german.
May 17, 2019
China has slammed the US move and threatened to take its own steps to protect its companies. (Bloomberg pic)
BERLIN: German Chancellor Angela Merkel and the powerful BDI industry association distanced themselves on Thursday from the US government’s decision to put Chinese telecom equipment giant Huawei Technologies on a blacklist.
China has slammed the US move and threatened to take its own steps to protect its companies, in a further test of ties as the economic heavyweights clash over trade.
‘Europe needs to maintain its own course,’ the BDI said, adding that the European Union would decide independently which companies it would allow to build 5G network infrastructure.
‘Europe must not be dragged into the trade dispute between China and the United States,’ it added.
Merkel, asked during a news conference about the US decision on Huawei, said Germany would stick to its position that companies bidding in the country’s 5G auction must meet criteria set by the government.
Germany in March set tough rules for vendors supplying telecoms network equipment, but stopped short of singling out Huawei for special treatment due to concerns over its ties to the Chinese government.
The BDI urged the German government and the European Commission, the EU’s executive body, to stick to the planned auction procedure and quickly agree joint security standards.
‘German industry quickly needs legal and planning certainty in 5G expansion,’ the BDI said. It called for Europe-wide coordination on security specifications, which would be independent of equipment manufacturers.
Source: Reuters “Germany says Europe must maintain own course after US blacklisting of Huawei”
Note: This is Reuters’ report I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean that I agree or disagree with the report’ views
Forbes’ report “Huawei: U.S. And Europe Divided As Germany Officially Rejects Washington’s Demands” on April 14 says that Germany rejects US demands on excluding China’s Huawei in Germany’s attempt to develop 5G. That is what Chinese President Xi Jinping has achieved through his recent summit with EU, German and French leaders in forming a united front with EU in resisting US trade war.
Comment by Chan Kai Yee on Forbes’ report, full text of which can be viewed at https://www.forbes.com/sites/zakdoffman/2019/04/14/huawei-u-s-and-europe-divided-as-germany-formally-rejects-washingtons-demands/#4d1574133bea.
US opposition to China’s ambitious infrastructure and trade project is outdated
Published: April 10, 2019 13:12 Last updated: April 10, 2019 21:45
Mohammad Al Asoomi, Special to Gulf News
With the inauguration of China’s “The Belt and Road” initiative, simmering disputes over the dominance of trade routes will completely change. In the past, the bigger countries used to control trade routes by using force to take over strategic waterways and ports, including the Cape of Good Hope, which connects Europe with the East.
The British Empire had the lion’s share of this hegemony.
Again, and particularly after the Second World War, the rules of the game changed and the new superpowers, the US and the Soviet Union, aligned with countries that had major trade routes run through them. However, by the 21st Century, which saw the remarkable development of the Chinese economy, military force or political polarisation are no longer effective to dominate trade ways.
Instead, the strength of individual economies and massive investments in infrastructure projects related to trade are the determinants in establishing a prominent role for each country and in the management of trade and transportation lines.
This highlights the importance of the Belt and Road, for which various governments have allocated more than $2 trillion (Dh7.35 trillion) to connect continents, similar to what the ancient Silk Road did in its times. Countries’ positions have varied over China’s approach, although all necessary arrangements are being put in place whatever be the odds.
It is no surprise that some countries have joined the China project and expressed their willingness to open their ports to Chinese-led investments. Western European countries announced they are ready to contribute in spite of stiff US disagreement.
The German Chancellor Angela Merkel described the China plan as a major project that Europeans want to take part in. The positions of France and Italy are also similar to Germany’s stance.
In addition, Russia as well as dozens of Asian and African countries too have expressed their willingness to participate. Chen Yuan, governor of China Development Bank, said at the Boao Forum for Asia last month that the bank has provided $190 billion in funding for more than 600 projects under the Belt and Road plan since 2013, accounting for 34 per cent of the bank’s total global activity. This reflects the importance China attaches to the project.
The UAE, Saudi Arabia and Kuwait have made sound and important decisions by announcing their participation as well, especially as they occupy a strategic location in the crossroads of future movements. This will turn them into a key player in this project.
The US opposition remains questionable, as it comes within the framework of its competition with China, whose economy is ranked the world’s second largest and expected to top the US by the fourth decade of this century.
The US is opposing without offering an alternative at a time when most countries are keen not to miss such an important business opportunity. This means Washington has one of two options, either isolation, which would cost it a lot and stoke the fires of trade conflicts, or join the Chinese project, which would enhance cooperation and open up new and profitable prospects … but this time led by the Chinese dragon.
Source: Gulf News “Gulf does the right thing being a part of Belt and Road initiative”
Note: This is Gulf News’ article I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean that I agree or disagree with the article’s views.
Reuters says in its report “Pompeo calls on NATO to adapt to new threats from Russia, China” on April 4 that Pompeo issued the warning on the threat from Russia and China during a meeting of NATO foreign ministers marking NATO’s 70th anniversary.
By Chinese threat he means the 5G technology of China’s Huawei as the US has warned the threat of Huawei system and called NATO members to ban Huawei. Pompeo threatened NATO allies that the US would not fully share information with its allies who have adopted Huawei’s systems. However, EU has shunned U.S. calls to ban the company across the bloc though most EU members are NATO members.
Why? There is great interest involved. CNBC says in its report “5G could add $21 billion per year to the UK economy, Barclays predicts” on April 4 that by 2025 5G may add $21 billion per year to the economy of the UK so that UK has to set up 5G as soon as possible. In this respect, Huawei has the advantage of having got 5G technology early. According to UK investigation, Huawei does not constitute a threat.
Germany and France also want to be benefited by 5G. so that they are not willing to ban Huawei.
The US has also told EU members not to join China’s Belt and Road initiative (BRI) but Italy and some other EU members have joined BRI because they may be benefited by BRI. Due to potential benefit, major EU members Germany and France have expressed their interest in BRI.
The US shall not be sad that its world leadership does not work in Europe. Since it advocates isolationism, it shall be happy it is now isolated as it wishes.
Comment by Chan Kai Yee on Reuters’ report, full text of which can be viewed at https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-nato/pompeo-calls-on-nato-to-adapt-to-new-threats-from-russia-china-idUSKCN1RG1JZ.