Active Defense Means Attack for Defense. The strategists of active defense regard attack as the best way of defense.
Lowyinstitute.org’s article “China’s counteroffensive in the war of ideas” on February 24, 2020 shows US strategists’ entire ignorance of China’s strategy.
China’s latest Defense White Paper makes it very clear that China’s strategy is active defense but the article still regards “anti-access, area denial” as China’s military strategy and believes that China’s offensives in the war of ideas are counteroffensives that mirror “its ‘anti-access, area denial’ military strategy”.
China held two South-South Human Rights Forums in 2017 and 2019 not for counteroffensives but for spreading the human rights it advocates among the vast number of developing countries. The Beijing Declaration approved by the participants of the 2017 forum regards the rights to subsistence and development as basic human rights different to the human rights system advocated by the West.
To advocate its one-party system, China held high-level dialogue between the Communist Party of China (CPC) and political parties from around the world from November 30 to December 3, 2017.
SCMP says in its report about the dialogue that according to Xinhua, the meeting was attended by representatives from over 300 overseas political groups mostly from Southeast Asia, Central Asia and Africa, but the Republican Party in the US and Russian ruling party United Russia also sent representatives.
Xi said in his speech to the dialogue, “We do not import foreign models, and we do not export the China model, either,” and “We will not require other countries to copy what we do.”
Xinhua says in its report, “Many speakers attributed China’s success to the choice of a path based on its own characteristics and praised its standing of ‘not exporting the Chinese model.’”
That implies that China provides an example of choosing the way of development based on a country’s own characteristics instead of importing other countries’ ways, which clearly means negation of importing Western democracy.
In addition, Xi said the Chinese Communist Party would step up communications with overseas political groups and enable 15,000 of their members to visit China for inter-party exchanges in the coming five years.
China will certainly incur lots of costs in providing accommodation, travel and other treatments to the 15,000 members of overseas political groups to convince them that Western democracy is not their only choice.
The above shows that China is making offensive instead of counteroffensive in conducting its active defense—Attack is the best way of defense.
Comment by Chan Kai Yee on lowyinstitute.org’s article, full text of which can be viewed at https://www.lowyinstitute.org/the-interpreter/china-s-counteroffensive-war-ideas.
By Christian Shepherd and Ben Blanchard | BEIJING Mon Jun 26, 2017
Chinese Nobel Peace Prize winning rights activist Liu Xiaobo has been released from prison on medical parole and is being treated in hospital for late-stage liver cancer, his lawyer said on Monday.
Liu, 61, was jailed for 11 years in 2009 for “inciting subversion of state power” after he helped write a petition known as “Charter 08” calling for sweeping political reforms in China.
In December 2010, Liu was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his activism promoting human rights in China, causing Beijing to freeze diplomatic ties with Norway. China and Norway normalized ties in December last year.
Mo Shaoping, Liu’s lawyer, told Reuters that Liu was being treated for late-stage liver cancer in Shenyang and that medical parole had been approved. He did not elaborate.
The prison bureau of Liaoning province, where Shenyang is located, confirmed the medical parole in a short statement on its website, adding that Liu was being treated by eight people it described as “well-known tumor experts”.
The public security ministry and justice ministry did not immediately respond to faxed requests for comment.
A man who answered the telephone at the Shenyang hospital where Liu is being treated said he could not check information on individual cases as there were too many patients there.
Tibetan writer and family friend Tsering Woeser said she had been in tears after reading online reports of Liu’s illness.
“I’m shocked and deeply saddened,” she told Reuters. “All we can do now is pray for him.”
Liu Xia, Liu’s wife, who has been under effective house arrest since her husband won the Nobel Peace Prize, is suffering from depression but has been allowed to visit him in prison about once a month, a source close to the dissident told Reuters.
Liu was not allowed to attend his father-in-law’s funeral last year and his mother-in-law’s funeral this year, said the source who asked not to be identified.
Liu had been incarcerated at Jinzhou Penitentiary in Liaoning, his home province in northeast China, before being moved to the hospital for treatment.
In Oslo, the five-member Norwegian Nobel Committee which awards the peace prize strongly criticized Beijing.
“The committee is pleased that Liu Xiaobo is out of prison, but at the same time regrets in the strongest terms that it took a serious illness before the Chinese authorities agreed to release him,” it said in a rare statement.
“He was in reality sentenced for exercising his freedom of expression and should never have been jailed,” it added, reiterating a standing invitation for Liu to come to Norway.
Rights group Amnesty International also confirmed the news of Liu’s illness. Patrick Poon, a China researcher for Amnesty, said on Twitter that the diagnosis was made on May 23.
William Nee, also of Amnesty, said authorities should ensure Liu was getting adequate medical care and he called for the immediate and unconditional release of Liu and his wife.
“Obviously, it’s a shameful situation and it’s incredibly sad to see one of China’s most prominent intellectuals suffer from such a terrible illness when he never should’ve been detained in the first place,” Nee said.
He also called for the Nobel Committee and the international community to speak up “forcefully” for Liu now.
Supporters, many of whom have been campaigning for Liu’s release for years, took to Twitter and other platforms to express sadness at the news of his illness and denounce the Chinese government’s treatment of him.
Activists have flagged numerous cases of abuse in detention over the years, including denial of medical treatment for political activists, charges generally disputed by the government.
“There have been lots of similar cases where the individual was released on medical parole just before they die,” well-known and outspoken activist Hu Jia told Reuters.
China has acknowledged problems of mistreatment in the criminal justice system and has repeatedly vowed to crack down to address them.
(Additional reporting by Benjamin Kang Lim, Venus Wu in Hong Kong, Alister Doyle in Oslo and Stephanie Nebehay in Geneva; Editing by Robert Birsel and Toby Chopra)
SCMP reports: “Friend denies Li Bifeng funded his escape as writer gets 12 years on contract fraud charges
“A Sichuan court jailed writer Li Bifeng for 12 years yesterday on fraud charges, his lawyer said.
“Li’s supporters said the authorities suspected he helped dissident author Liao Yiwu flee the country last year.
“The Shehong County People’s Court in Suining jailed Li, 48, for ‘contract fraud’, fining him 300,000 yuan (HK$372,000), his lawyer Ma Xiaopeng said.
“The court indictment, posted online, said Li, also a businessman, signed a contract to buy 63 properties for 33 million yuan from a company two years ago. He paid 20 million but failed to pay the remainder by the deadline, voiding the contract, it said.”
“Li has been jailed twice before. The first occasion was for five years in 1990, after the Tiananmen crackdown, for counter-revolutionary crimes. Then, in 1998, he was jailed for seven years for economic crimes after investigating strikes by workers in Mianyang, Sichuan, on behalf of the US-based group, Human Rights in China.
“Li was arrested in September last year, two months after his friend Liao fled China.
“Rights activist Huang Qi said the authorities believed Li helped Liao escape, and added that Li had helped a lot of jailed dissidents’ families in the past.
“Liao, who now lives in Germany, insisted yesterday that he had never received help from Li, even though they are good friends. ‘I never thought they would sentence him so heavily on this drummed up excuse,’ he said. “They are retaliating.’”
For details, please visit SCMP website at: