China’s J-16 fighter jet is flawless and much superior to the Su-30: pilot


By Liu Xuanzun

Published: Mar 25, 2021 02:01 AM

A J-16 fighter jet attached to an aviation brigade of the air force under the PLA Eastern Theater Command soars into the sky during multiple training sorties on February 16, 2021. (eng.chinamil.com.cn/Photo by Li Yehong)

China’s J-16 multi-role fighter jet is flawless and is much superior to other similar aircraft including, the Su-30, revealed a pilot who has experience flying it as well as other types of aircraft.

The J-16 has been a frequent flyer near the Taiwan Straits and has also been deployed to safeguard China’s western borders. Analysts said on Wednesday that the fighter jet is one of China’s core elements of air defense forces.

“In terms of performance, the J-16 is a superior to all types of aircraft I have flown. Speaking of the control capacity of the aircraft, the J-16 is a 3.5 generation plane with huge breakthroughs in radar and fire control systems in comparison with previous aircraft, said Wang Songxi, a flying instructor at the People’s Liberation Army Northern Theater Command Air Force, during an interview with China Central Television (CCTV) on Tuesday.

The J-16 has no flaws, because it is equipped with many types of weapons and can operate under all weather conditions, Wang said.

Explaining the strong combat capabilities of the J-16, Wang drew some comparisons with other well-known aircraft.

Normal people usually can’t tell the difference between a J-16 and a Su-30 from their appearance, but many things are difference from the inside, Wang said, noting that there is a gap that makes the J-16 a generation more advanced than the Su-30.

Recalling a training dogfight with China’s other 3.5 generation fighter jet, the J-10C, in 2020, Wang said that the J-16 and the J-10C had to call it a draw, but Wang felt that the J-16 had the upper hand because it has two engines and two pilots, while the J-10C only has one engine and one pilot.

Wang said he once had a chance to fly the JL-10 trainer jet and conduct ground attack exercise with rocket projectiles with remarkable results. When compared with the JL-10, the J-16’s land attack capability is even stronger, Wang said.

The J-16 has also been improved for better stealth capability, as Jiang Jiaji, the first pilot to win the PLA’s Golden Helmet competition three times, told CCTV in early 2019. He mentioned that the J-16 is now covered with silver-gray painting which makes it less visible to the naked eye and electromagnetic devices.

Fu Qianshao, a Chinese military aviation expert, told the Global Times that the aerodynamic design of the J-16 stresses maneuverability rather than stealth but the coating can make it more difficult to detect.

Since September 2020, the J-16 has become a frequent participant of PLA’s routine exercises near the Taiwan Straits, according to Taiwan island’s defense authorities. The J-16 is also deployed by the PLA Western Theater Command in a move to better safeguard China’s territorial integrity in the western regions.

Source: Global Times “China’s J-16 fighter jet is flawless and much superior to the Su-30: pilot”

Note: This is Global Times’ report I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean whether I agree or disagree with the report’ views.


PLAAF J-16 fighter pilots seen using new helmet


by Andreas Rupprecht & Gabriel Dominguez

11 NOVEMBER 2020

Footage released on 11 November by the state-owned China Central Television 7 (CCTV 7) channel shows that People’s Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) pilots of J-16 multirole fighter aircraft are using what appears to be a new helmet featuring a helmet-mounted display system (HMDS) for increased situational awareness.

Photo J-16 helmet

A still from CCTV 7 footage released on 11 November showing the pilot of a PLAAF J-16 fighter aircraft wearing what appears to be a new helmet featuring an HMDS. (CCTV 7)

The footage, which was released as part of a report to mark the 71st anniversary of the founding of the PLAAF, shows the J-16 pilots wearing the helmet while preparing to carry out an aerial combat training mission at an undisclosed location.

No details were provided about the new helmet, how long it has been in PLAAF service, or whether it is only being used by J-16 pilots.

That said, the CCTV report noted that four members of the J-16 unit shown in the footage had won the service’s Golden Helmet aerial combat competition in 2018. The competition has been held every year since 2011 at the Dingxin Test and Training Base in Gansu Province to identify the service’s best fighter pilots.

Source: Janes “PLAAF J-16 fighter pilots seen using new helmet”

Note: This is Janes’ report I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean that I agree or disagree with the report’ views.


Chinese J-20 Stealth Jets Decades Ahead Of Any Indian Aircraft Including Rafale Jets


Published 2 days ago on June 23, 2020

By EurAsian Times Desk

Chinese experts have claimed that Indian, Russian, French and US-origin weapons are no match against Chinese weapons especially the J-20 stealth fighter jet which is decades ahead of any French or Russian jets that India operates.

JF-17 vs Rafale: Why Pakistani JF-17 Thunder Poses A Serious Threat To Indian Rafale Fighter Jets?

China’s state-run, Global Times (GT) not only ridiculed Indian but also Russian, French and US-origin weapons and claimed that their domestically manufactured weapons were better than the imported ones.

Chinese experts took a dig at Indian Air force since India has been using the US-made CH-47 Chinook transport helicopters to carry howitzers to the frontline and the AH-64 Apache attack helicopters for anti-tank missions.

Weighting its own superiority over India’s airforce capabilities, the GT wrote – “Chinese military experts said these weapons and equipment are no match for their Chinese counterparts like the PCL-181 and PLZ-05 self-propelled howitzers, Z-10 attack helicopters, and Type 15 and Type 99A tanks, as the capabilities of Chinese weaponry in terms of firepower, mobility, and tactics are far superior, and more so in high-altitude regions.”

However, Indian experts believe that “the Chinese airforce, in all probability, was never built around India as the main threat.”

Most of its famed bases are located far too inland to serve any practical purpose for an attack on India, let alone defending its border bases. To add to the problem, the few bases that the PLAAF has, which concerns India, are not mutually supportive – if one is attacked, the other does not come in its defence – something the IAF bases enjoy. The distance between Hotan and its nearest support, Kashgar, is approx 400-500 km, well beyond the supporting distance with present-day technology,” writes retired Wing Commander Amit Ranjan Giri.

Adding further to the criticism, the Chinese daily called Russian-made Mig-29s, Su-30s, French-made Mirage 2000 jets and joint Anglo-French Jaguar attack aircraft as popular products on the international market which are no match for China’s domestically developed J-10C and J-16 fighter jets.

It also mentioned that Chinese analysts believe that the country’s J-20 stealth fighter jet has a “generational advantage over Indian aircraft, a gap that cannot be fulfilled by any means.”

The Bravery Of Bihar Regiment Soldiers At Galwan Valley Against China’s PLA Troops Goes Viral

China that majorly uses domestic weapons questions India’s internationally imported arsenal and believes that “Indian troops use weapons made from all over the world, which means a high logistical support cost and incompatibility between systems”.

Previously, China had warned India of the anti-China sentiment that has penetrated the Indian masses. As reported by EurAsian Times, the GT had stated – If the boiling nationalist sentiment continues unchecked in India, it may lead to serious consequences, which would only weaken the market’s financial appeal to the outside world, making it easier it to be replaced with other Southeast Asian nation.

Source: eurasiantimes.com “Chinese J-20 Stealth Jets Decades Ahead Of Any Indian Aircraft Including Rafale Jets”

Note: This is eurasiantimes.com’s article I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean that I agree or disagree with the article’s views.


China’s missile and space tech is creating a defensive bubble difficult to penetrate


By: Mike Yeo   1 day ago

Photo DF-21D

A military vehicle carries a DF-21D missile past a display screen featuring an image of the Great Wall of China at Tiananmen Square in Beijing on September 3, 2015. (Greg Baker/AFP via Getty Images)

MELBOURNE, Australia — The U.S. Navy is facing growing asymmetric threats, not least of which is from China, and more specifically its anti-access/area denial strategy.

The Pentagon’s annual report on China’ military strength from 2019 describes the A2/AD strategy as a means to “dissuade, deter, or, if required, defeat third-party intervention against a large-scale, theater-wide campaign” mounted by China’s People’s Liberation Army, or PLA. In short, it appears Beijing’s aim is to prevent American and allied military forces from operating freely in the A2/AD airspace and maritime “bubble” around China’s coastline.

China has in recent years worked to extend the range of this bubble beyond the so-called first island chain and into the Western Pacific. The key to this effort is not just longer-range missiles, but also a growing number of space-based sensors.

The U.S.-based Union of Concerned Scientists reported that as of 2016, China had 192 satellites in orbit, a number that has since increased, with nearly all of these belonging to organizations or companies with close ties to the government and having dual roles to for civilian and military use.

Some of China’s satellites include several payloads that are almost certainly for military purposes, such as electro-optical sensors, synthetic aperture radar and electronic intelligence technology. The country also uses a constellation of Naval Ocean Surveillance System satellites providing persistent coverage of water surrounding China. These capabilities can also support targeting for China’s anti-ship ballistic missiles, and with sufficient numbers and integration, they could provide real-time target triangulation data to build up a robust picture of a target’s location to ultimately generate a targeting approach.

Meet the DF-21D

The long-range, conventionally armed ballistic missile DF-21D is meant for attacking moving ships at sea, most notably the U.S. Navy’s showpiece nuclear-powered aircraft carriers. The theory behind its creation is that a missile speeding down to sea level on a ballistic trajectory at speeds of Mach 5 or higher would prove extremely difficult to counter.

The road-mobile anti-ship ballistic missile system is mounted on a wheeled transporter erector launcher to improve survivability against enemy counter-strikes. Said to have a range of about 780 nautical miles, the DF-21D is a version of the DF-21 family of two-stage, solid-fueled, single-warhead conventional or nuclear medium-range ballistic missiles in use by the PLA Rocket Force.

The U.S. Defense Department suggests that the DF-21D reached initial operating capability with the PLA in 2010, with the system thought to employ maneuverable reentry vehicles with a terminal guidance system assisted by China’s network of satellites, such as the Jianbing-5/YaoGan-1 and Jianbing-6/YaoGan-2 that provide targeting data in the form of radar and visual imaging, respectively.

There are, however, questions about the missile’s effectiveness. China has reportedly tested the DF-21D against fixed land targets, but it’s unknown whether it was tested against a moving target. This makes it difficult to accurately assess the capability of the weapon, particularly from a maturity and efficacy standpoint. It also brings into question whether China’s sensor technology can generate the kind of real-time, highly precise data required to enable the DF-21D to accurately target an aircraft carrier maneuvering at 30 knots.

But the missile and its sensor net could be used to keep watch on and provide deterrence at maritime chokepoints among the first island chain, specifically the Miyako Strait between Okinawa, Japan, and Taiwan as well as the Bashi Channel between Taiwan and the Philippines. This would theoretically reduce the demand on a less-than-mature sensor net and kill chain to limited geographic areas through which potential targets would have to sail.

Considering the limited combat radius of carrier-borne aircraft without large-scale support from aerial refueling tankers, the ability to keep an American carrier battle group at arm’s length may be all that China’s A2/AD capability requires.

An attack with anti-ship ballistic missiles can be used in conjunction with other anti-ship missiles and timed to simultaneously arrive at a target. Such an attack could be mounted from longer-range anti-ship missiles like the YJ-12 and YJ-18. Both are Chinese improvements of Russian designs, derived from the Kh-31 air-to-surface missile and the 3M-54 Klub cruise missiles, respectively.

Both are capable of supersonic speeds, with the anti-ship YJ-18A variant attaining its maximum speed of about Mach 2 in its terminal attack phase following subsonic cruise. The YJ-12 can fly at speeds of between Mach 2 and Mach 4, depending on launch and cruise altitudes.

Both can also reach long ranges. The YJ-12 is widely believed to have a range of between 108 and 216 nautical miles, while the YJ-18 is believed to possess a range of 290 nautical miles. The YJ-12 can be launched from wheeled transporter erector launchers as well as from vertical launch cells on ships like the Type 052D or Type 055 destroyers. The YJ-12 can also be launched from aircraft, like the Xian H-6 bomber, the JH-7 fighter

Is a new long-range air-to-air missile on its way?

China’s indigenous Flanker derivatives are also expected to the primary carrier platform for a new long-range air-to-air missile reportedly in development.

Expected to be used to target an adversary’s high-value airborne assets such airborne early warning and control systems and tanker aircraft, the missile has been given the temporary designation “PL-XX.” Observers believe the eventual in-service designation will be PL-20.

The new missile was first observed in 2016 carried by a Shenyang J-16 multi-role fighter, however it almost certainly was an inert mock-up. It was seen earlier this year on a Xian JH-7 fighter-bomber.

Photo parade

On display during a parade by the People’s Liberation Army Air Force are Shenyang J-16s, foreground, and J-11Bs, background. (China’s Ministry of National Defense)

By comparing the known sizes of the parent aircraft and its hardpoints, it’s been estimated the missile is about 5.8 metres (20 feet) long and about 300 milometers (1 foot) in diameter, which is significantly larger than typical medium-range air-to-air missiles, like the American AIM-120. Four rear-mounted fins bestow maneuverability and control for the missile.

There is little verifiable information about the new missile’s performance; however, a public schematic of how China would use the weapon shows the ramjet or solid fuel-powered missile can attain a straight-line range of 300 kilometers (188 miles).

After launch, most likely with preliminary targeting data provided by a friendly airborne early warning and control aircraft, the missile would fly a parabolic trajectory on its way to its target, attaining an altitude of approximately 100,000 feet from a launch altitude of 50,000 feet, before plunging toward the target.

A mixture of GPS, inertial navigation systems and space-based radars are expected to provide launch and mid-course guidance, before an active electronically scanned array radar takes over at the terminal phase.

If China succeeds in putting such a weapon into service, the PLA Air Force will then be able to compel an adversary’s vital force-multiplier aircraft to operate farther away, or risk being shot down. This would reduce their effectiveness and that of the tactical aircraft they are supporting in the event of a conflict.

Source: Defense News “China’s missile and space tech is creating a defensive bubble difficult to penetrate”

Note: This is Defense News’ article I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean that I agree or disagree with the article’s views.


Images show PLAAF J-16 armed with YJ-83K anti-ship missile


Andreas Rupprecht, Mainz – Jane’s Defence Weekly

18 February 2020

A still taken from CCTV video footage showing a PLAAF J-16 multirole fighter aircraft carrying an YJ-83K anti-ship missile. Source: CCTV-7

For the first time images have emerged showing a People’s Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) J-16 multirole fighter armed with the radar-guided, 180 km-range YJ-83K anti-ship missile: an indication that China has enhanced the capabilities of this aircraft.

The images, which were part of a 16 February report by state-owned broadcaster China Central Television (CCTV) focusing on new equipment, show a J-16 belonging to the PLAAF’s 40th Air Brigade at Nanchang-Xiangtan carrying two YJ-83Ks. It is unclear, however, when the images were taken.

The turbojet-powered missile, which is armed with a 165 kg high-explosive, semi-armour piercing warhead, cruises at speeds of Mach 0.9 at an altitude of 20-30 m before descending to 5-7 m during the terminal phase (sea-skimming capability).

There have also been reports of the J-10C fighter being armed with the 5.3 m-long missile, but no images of this have yet emerged.

The J-16 had been seen carrying the KD-88 air-to-surface missile in the past, but not the YJ-83K, which in PLA Navy Air Force service is the standard anti-ship missile carried by all JH-7s and JH-7A fighter-bombers, H-6G bombers and J-15 carrier-borne fighters.

In addition to the radar-guided YJ-83K, an improved version called YJ-83KH has been developed featuring an imaging-infrared seeker. The weapon has a stated maximum range of 230 km.

Source: Jane’s “Images show PLAAF J-16 armed with YJ-83K anti-ship missile”

Note: This is Jane’s report I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean that I agree or disagree with the report’ views.


PLA Air Force Promotion Footage Shows J-20s, H-6N, etc.


J-20 fighter jet

Fomation of J-20 fighter jets

A J-20 flying

J-10C fighter jets

H-6N bomber

H-6N bomber

Y-20 Transport

Airdrop by Y-20

J-16 fighter jets

Su-35 fighter jets

Chinese air force publishes in its Weibo a promotional footage 1:11 minute long to mark its 70th anniversary with images of new types of warplanes including J-20, Y-20, J-10C, J-16, H-6K, KJ-500, etc. The above photos are taken from the footage

Source: mil.huanqiu.com “Air Force issues salute-double 11 (November 11) footage with images of new types of warplanes such as J-20 and H-6N” (summary by Chan Kai Yee based on the report, full text of which including the footage can be viewed at https://mil.huanqiu.com/article/7RvDl2DxKqk).


China Adds New J-16 Fighter Jets for Deep Strikes


Military observers say they have noticed more J-16s entering service recently. Photo: Weibo

SCMP says in its report “China’s air force quietly adds new J-16 fighter jets to ‘push the envelope’” today, “Military observers say they have noticed more J-16s entering service recently, based on the serial numbers seen on fighter jets used in recent drills – evidence that the PLA Air Force is quietly adding to its squadron.”

J-16 is a multirole all-weather fighter jet armed with anti-ship missiles, air-to-air missiles, satellite-guided smart bombs, cruise missiles and electronic countermeasure (ECM) jammers. Its long range, large payload and refueling capability enables it to strike deep into enemy territories so that according to analysts, its deployment has added offensive capabilities to China’s previously mainly defensive air force.

Comment by Chan Kai Yee on SCMP’s report, full text of which can be viewed at https://www.scmp.com/news/china/diplomacy-defence/article/2159280/chinas-air-force-quietly-adds-new-j-16-fighter-jets.


Great Combat Capability when J-20 Joined by J-16


J-20 is certainly superior to J-16 in functions and performance but J-16’s loading capacity is much larger. As there is a crew of two on J-16, it is able to conduct attacks in complicated situation.

Now J-20 and J-16 are deployed together in the east. They have been conducting drills for coordinated air combat there. J-20s are to achieve air dominance by hitting enemy refueling tanks, AEW&C aircrafts, ground radar and air defense systems to clear the way for J-16 to hit surface and land targets with its large and longer-range ammunition.

As J-16 has active phased array radar, it can track enemy warplanes for J-20 to hit them without being seen by them. On the other hand, J-20 can lock on enemy warplanes for J-16 to hit with J-16’s heavy long-range air-to-air missile. Of course, J-20 can also carry heavier loads outside, but J-16 does not cost so much to carry similar heavy loads as J-20 does. The flight of a stealth fighter jet is much more expensive than that of J-16 a third-generation fighter jet.

Of course in dealing with enemy stealth fighters, J-20s need to be accompanied by stealth warplanes. China is developing stealth drones and medium-sized stealth fighters for that purpose.

Source: mil.huanqiu.com “How aweful is the combat capability of J-20 joined by J-16? Strength of new way of combat worth expecting” (summary by Chan Kai Yee based on the report in Chinese)


China’s JH-7A Fighter/Bomber Replaced by J-16 Strong in Electronic Warfare


J-16 as appearing in September-30 parade. Photo from CCTV footage

A group of J-16s appear in the prade. Photo from CCTV footage

One thing worth notice in China’s military parade on September 30 is that JH-7A fighter/bomber that usually took part in such parade did not appear this time. In its stead, a brand new homegrown J-16G fighter/bomber was showcased in the parade.

J-16G has not only better ground and sea attack but also strong electronic warfare capabilities, which is very important in penetrating air defense to hit its targets.

Source: Global Times “Pilot: J-20 especially strong in maneuverability: It dominates in supersonic air combat” (summary by Chan Kai Yee based on the report in Chinee)


Further Speculation about China’s Mysterious Missile Carried by J-16


j-16-carries-mysterious-missile-1j-16-carries-mysterious-missile-2 j-16-carries-mysterious-missile-3 j-16-carries-mysterious-missile-4

In my post yesterday titled “Further Information of China’s New PL-15 Long-Range Air-to-air Missile”, the new missile carried by J-16 appeared in Internet photos is regarded as China’s homegrown long-range air-to-air missile (LRAAM) according to Singapore’s zaobao.com and Chinese-military-aviation.blogspot.hk. Southfront.org that provides the above four photos of J-16 carrying the missile, however, says in its report “China’s J-16 Fighter Jet & Its New Mysterious Missile (Photos)” that “Combat Aircraft” military magazine has three main versions of speculation about the mysterious missile. Full text of southfront.org’s report is given below:

Photos, showing the Shenyang J-16 fighter jet of the People’s Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF), carrying a huge missile under its wing, at an unknown location were published online on Monday. According to initial analysis, the length of the missile is almost six meters.

According to the Combat Aircraft military magazine, the missile in the photos, apparently, is a new Chinese air-launched missile.

The magazine has three main versions about the mysterious missile.

Firstly, it could be “an ultra-long-range weapon intended to defeat high-value assets such as E-3 AWACS surveillance aircraft or RC-135 intelligence-gatherers.” However, Combat Aircraft also noted that if it is such a kind of missile, “it is somewhat surprising” to see that the J-16, which has “a primary air-to-ground role,” carrying it.

Secondly, the magazine presumed that the photos could show an “anti-satellite weapon, equivalent to the ASAT that was tested from the US Air Force F-15A Eagle in the early 1980s.” As the author of the article noted, anti-satellite weapons have been actively being tested by China for some years now, however, “these have not as yet been intended for launch by fighters.”

Another assumption is that the “new missile is not an AAM at all, but an anti-radar missile” – a fully indigenous follow-on to the YJ-91, a Chinese version of the Soviet Kh-31.

Source: southfront.org “China’s J-16 Fighter Jet & Its New Mysterious Missile (Photos)”