Global Times give a description of China’s new 4th-generation anti-stealth radars displayed at Paris air show that has just closed this week.
China’s integrated anti-stealth radar systems of YLC-8B, SLC-7 and SLC-12 radars and JY-27A, JY-26 and JYL-1A radars can not only detect and accurately find the position of stealth aircrafts but also guide missiles to shoot down them.
As a result, F-22s and F-35s are utterly unable to come close to China’s coasts to attack China.
The above-mentioned anti-stealth radars represent world most advanced long-range radar technologies.
They mark the speedy application of the integration of the coordinate surveillance and combined active and passive monitoring technologies and intelligent minute processing technology
The integrated system of JY-27A, JY-26 and JYL-1A codenamed “Sky Guard” is based on the experience in shooting down US F-117A stealth fighter in 1999 with a meter-wave anti-stealth radar.
JY-27A is the newest meter-wave radar much more advanced than that used 20 years ago to shoot down F-117A. It is an all-round digital array active phased array radar with agile wave beam scanning and strong task scheduling and resources management capabilities, which make it a strong multi-task and multifunction radar with much greater maneuverability and reliability in carrying out its tasks.
It adopts a series of new technology such as super resolution height measuring that is commensurate with complicate topography, continuous vertical coverage of air space and integrated anti-jamming technology. Such technologies enable it to overcome the traditional shortcomings of meter-wave radar that fails to cover low elevation, monitor airspace continuously or to measure the height of a target.
JY-26 is a UHF-waveband long-range three dimension early warning and guiding radar with duel frequency and super large aperture anti-stealth capabilities. JYL-1A is a new-generation S-waveband multifunction and multi-task radar with integrated capabilities of air defense early warning, anti-missile early warning, gun position detection and adjustment and airspace control.
In the system of YLC-8B, SLC-7 and SLC-12 radars YLC-8B is the core. It works at UHF-waveband, which due to its long wavelength can be diffracted by a stealth aircraft. It is thus able to serve as air battle command system and weapon interception system and can provide air force with integrated information of the position, distance, height and friend-or-foe nature of any target. It has strong intelligence integration and independent guiding capabilities.
SLC-7 radar in the system works at L waveband and has the advantages of high accuracy and maneuverability while SLC-12 in the system works in S waveband and is able to detect various targets such as conventional and stealth targets, drones, cruise missiles, air-to-ground missiles, static missiles and rocket artillery with high measuring accuracy and ratio of data.
The three radars supplement one another to form an anti-stealth early warning and monitoring system that can not only ensure detection of stealth targets but also guide air defense system in conducting accurate strikes.
The system provide a anti-stealth solution with complete types and wavebands for international users.
In the airshow, China also promotes its YLC-29 passive surveillance radar system that can detect a stealth warplane through its reflection of civilian FM radio signals. It may supplement the above two systems.
Some readers may wonder, since the systems are able to deal with China’s J-20 and J-31 stealth fighter jets, why China provide them for international users. To enable them to shoot down China’s stealth fighter jets?
China’s J-20 and J-31 have been developed for defending its airspace especially against the bully from US stealth warplanes.
China has no intention to attack other countries with its stealth warplanes. Selling the systems to other countries will enable not only China to recover its development costs but also other countries to resist US bully.
Summary and comment by Chan Kai Yee on Global Times’ article in Chinese titled “Experts: China’s 4th generation anti-stealth radars represent world most advanced standards”, full text in Chinese can be found at http://mil.huanqiu.com/observation/2017-06/10918602.html.
In an interview in early 2013 soon after China’s radar expert Wang Xiaomo won China’s top science and technology prize, Wang told the reporter his ambition to develop an early warning aircraft able to detect America’s F-22 stealth fighter jet.
There has so far been no news whether Wang has achieved that, but in April 2014, an Italian media reported that an F-22 was detected and locked on by Chinese radar.
Later in May 2014, China showcased three anti-stealth radars at 2014 9th China International Defense Electronics Exhibition in Beijing on May 8-10, 2014: JY-50, JYL-1A and JY-27A.
Among them, JY-50 and JYL-1A are mobile ones, but according to their photos, they are too big to be installed on an AEW&C aircraft. JY-27A is a fixed one much bigger with longer range. There are detailed descriptions of the detection and tracking and the three anti-stealth radars in Chapter 12 of my book Space Era Strategy: The Way China Beats The U.S.
However, it is still unknown whether Wang Xiaomo has developed an anti-stealth radar small enough to be installed on an early warning aircraft.
However long the range of JY-27A, it can only tell Chinese fighter jets the location of F-22s so as to avoid being hit by them. Only when such a radar is small enough to be installed in an AEW&C aircraft can the AEW&C launch or guide the missiles from other aircrafts or warships to hit down F-22s. That will be of vital importance. F-22 is developed to control the sky. In a battle, no enemy aircrafts will be able to fly if the sky is patrolled by 20 F-22s.
China’s J-20 stealth fighter jet is precisely developed to counter F-22 and grab from it the control of sky. However, it takes years to make J-20 good enough for that job. The development of AEW&C with ability to detect and track F-22 will probably be a shortcut to make the US lose air supremacy before J-20 is ready.
China is indeed making great efforts for that. On September 30, Voice of Russia said that according to news confirmed by China’s official media, China has developed and deployed in quite a few areas DWL-002 passive radar for detecting and tracking stealth fighter jets and drones. Voice of Russia says that DWL-002 is an improved version of JY-27A. According to the photo of the radar, its antenna is much smaller than JY-27A. It indicates China’s great efforts in developing anti-stealth radar.
I have mentioned in my book that China is carrying out an arms race with the US and has surpassed or surpassing the US in the development of quite a few key weapons. It’s time for the US to replace its outdated strategy with a strategy of our space era and amend its weapon development plan to meet China’s challenge.
As for details of China’s DWL-002 anti-stealth radar, I hereby provide the following full text of US defense news website’s report on it:
Does China Tout Its Anti-stealth Radars
By WENDELL MINNICK
Oct. 4, 2014 – 03:45AM
TAIPEI — America’s most advanced stealth fighter poses a great risk to China’s air defense network — and the military is going to great lengths to learn how to shoot one down.
China claims it has a new passive detection “radar” capable of identifying stealth aircraft, including the more advanced F-22 Raptor fighter based at Andersen Air Force Base on Guam.
The claims appeared in the last week of September in Chinese-language media outlets stating that the F-22 and Europe’s Neuron unmanned combat aerial vehicle are “obsolete” against China’s new DWL002 passive detection system.
Marketed by Beijing-based CETC International, the DWL002 passive detection system was displayed during the 9th China International Defense Electronics Exhibition in Beijing in May. It comprises one master reconnaissance station and two slave stations. The systems can be expanded to four stations and outfitted on trucks. The DWL002 has a detection range of 400 kilometers for fighter aircraft and 600 kilometers for airborne early warning and control aircraft, such as the US E-3 Sentry and E-2 Hawkeye.
At 400 to 600 kilometers, the DWL002 can cover all of Taiwan and the disputed Senkaku Islands in the East China Sea, but is not within range of US military bases on Okinawa. Nor can it reach the Philippines.
“Its range is limited by its parameter set and is most unlikely to achieve anywhere near 500 kilometers unless it is sited on a 10,000-foot mountain targeting aircraft at 30,000 feet,” said John Wise, UK-based radar analyst.
Despite the range problem, the Chinese media says the system provides a target capacity of 100 batches and a range of detectable signal types including pulse, frequency agility, pulse duration, tactical air navigation system, distance measuring equipment, jitter/stagger radar, and identification friend or foe.
Passive detection systems like DWL002 and YLC20 do pose a threat to low-observable aircraft, said Richard Fisher, a senior fellow with the US-based International Assessment and Strategy Center. “Passive systems like these simply listens for any electronic emission, which for the increasingly ‘networked’ style of American combat operations, ensures there will be plenty of signals to classify and locate targets.”
Fisher said one response would be to use optical data transmission systems where possible, but that would affect strategic flexibility as line-of-sight would have to be maintained.
The DWL002 is the product of inspiration from two other passive detection systems, said Vasiliy Kashin, a China military specialist at the Moscow-based Centre for Analysis of Strategies and Technologies. In 2004, the US blocked the sale of the Czech VERA-E passive detection systems to China, but the “Chinese had an opportunity to closely inspect the systems.” When China could not buy the VERA-E, Kashin said, they bought Ukrainian Kolchuga passive surveillance system.
“As I understand, DWL002 is a development of the YLC20 radar, which, in turn, was mainly based on the VERA-E,” Kashin said. The Chinese YLC20 is a passive direction-finding and locating system with a 600-kilometer range.
Americans may have forgotten China’s intimacy with US stealth aircraft and the driving force to obtain anti-stealth technology. During the May 1999 bombing campaign against Yugoslavia, a US B-2 stealth bomber dropped five bombs on the Chinese Embassy in Belgrade in May. In March, an F-117 stealth fighter was shot down during the war. Unconfirmed media reports suggest China was given part of the fuselage to study.
In 2011, satellite imagery available on Google Earth revealed a full-scale mock-up of the then-retired F-117 at the Luoyang Optoelectro Technology Development Center (LOEC) in Henan Province. A former US military attaché based in Beijing during the 1990s said the mock-up is not a surprise. LOEC also has a mock-up of the B-2, F-35 and F-22, he said.
Espionage has played an important part in China’s attempt to learn more about US stealth aircraft. In June, Su Bin, a Chinese citizen and the head of China-based Lode-Technology, was detained by Canadian authorities due to US government allegations that he provided China with classified data on the F-22 and F-35 stealth fighters.
Source: Chan Kai Yee Space Era Strategy: The Way China Beats The U.S.
Source: defensenews.com “Does China Tout Its Anti-stealth Radars”
In Chapter 12 “Better AEW&C, Radar, Etc. than the U.S.” of my new book Space Era Strategy: The Way China Beats The U.S., there is description of China’s three new radars that are capable of detecting stealth aircrafts: JY-50 Passive Radar for Detecting and Tracking Stealth Aircrafts, JYL-1A Radar to Detect and Track with High Precision Stealth Aircrafts and Tactical Ballistic Missiles and JY-27A Air Surveillance & Guidance Radar to Detect, Track Stealth Aircrafts and Missiles.
As the description is quite long, I do not provide excerpts here.
According to Voice of Russia’s report on Sep. 30, in addition to JY-27A, China has developed DWL-002 passive radar for detecting and tracking stealth fighter jets and drones. China’s official media has proved that and said that such radar has been deployed in quite a few areas.
The report says that old-typed meter-wave radar can detect stealth aircrafts but the radar is too big and lacks accuracy. China has copied the technology from a sample meter-wave radar it imported from Ukraine and some information of design from Ukraine to improve meter-wave radar. Through years of efforts, China has finally succeeded in making JY-27A and DWL-002 radars with modern algorism and high mobility.
Source: qianzhan.com “Russian media: PLA’s mystic weapon stealthily learned from Ukraine” (summary by Chan Kai Yee based on the report in Chinese)
Source: Chan Kai Yee Space Era Strategy: The Way China Beats The U.S.
Chinese Radar Detects, Locks on F-22, Causes US Withdrawal of F-22s from Japan dated April 2, 2014