China has so far completed and tested three airports on Yongshu (Fire Cross) Reef, Meiji (Mischief) Reef and Subi (Zhubi) Reef, but Vietnam and the Philippines have also built airports on Chinese Islands illegally occupied by them.
The above is a photo of the airport on Meiji Reef 140 kilometers from Chigua (Johnson South) Island and 295 km from Yongshu Island. There is an airport 2,700 meters long completed and tested. More photos of the island are provided below:
Zhubi Reef is a large reef good for China to have built an artificial island with airport and port. The following are photos of it and its airport:
Yongshu (Fire Cross) Reef is located in the middle of the South China Sea. A big island with a large airport has been built on it due to its strategic value. The following are photos of it and its large airport:
All the three airports China built on its artificial islands are large civil airports though they can be used by warplanes, which have conducted test landing and takeoff there.
Zhongye Island is a Chinese island illegally occupied by the Philippines. It has an area of 0.33 square km. A military airfield with a concrete runway 1,500 meters long and 90 meters wide has been built on it to support the air force and navy stationed there. The following are photos of the airport:
Nanwei Island is a Chinese Island illegally occupied by Vietnam, where Vietnam has built a military base for its first line military command center in the South China Sea and stationed 550 troops. A concrete runway 600 meters long has been built there. The following are photos of the island and its airfield:
Danwan Reef is a Chinese reef illegally occupied by Malaysia since 1979. It has been expanded from 0.1 to 0.35 square km. Malaysia has built not only a navy base but also luxurious hotel and airport for prosperous tourism there.
Source: mil.news.sina.com.cn “Comparison of the airports on six major islands and reefs in South China Sea: See how China’s are superior to Vietnam’s, Philippines’ by far” (summary by Chan Kai Yee based on the report in Chinese)
Sources say due to changes in international situation and the need to resolve South China Sea issues, Chinese military has recently drawn up a plan to conduct reclamation at Mischief and Fiery Cross Reefs. The construction of the two artificial islands there will be equivalent to that for building an aircraft carrier, but the strategic gains will be very big.
Mischief reef will be a fishery center at the South China Sea to provide fishing and fish farming income enough to recover the construction costs so that the construction of the artificial islands will not be a financial burden on the state.
The artificial island at Fiery Cross Reef will be an unreplaceable military base with great strategic significance due to its location and size. Such a base will realize the value of the South China Sea for China and ensure China’s status in South East Asia.
It is planned that the military base built through reclamation at Fiery Cross Reef will be 3 meters above sea level and has an area of 5 square kilometers. The construction of the base will cost US$5 billion and take 10 years similar to the construction of a 100,000-ton nuclear aircraft carrier.
If this plan is adopted by the government instead of the plan to seize the Zhongye Island back from the Philippines, there will be no war at the South China Sea to affect China’s relations with the US and ASEAN.
Source: qianzhan.com “Revelation of China’s plan on US$5 billion ‘super aircraft carrier’, a shocking deployment at South China Sea”
- US Not Willing to Be Drawn into War by Japan or Philippines dated February 11, 2014
- US general criticises Japan, Philippines’ anti-China views dated February 10, 2014/2/12
- Aquino Desperate in Hinting UN, ASEAN Appeasing China dated February 6, 2014
- The US Will Be the Biggest Winner if Japan Is Defeated by China in the War dated February 5, 2014