China Tests ‘Guam Killer’ Missiles

Could strike U.S. carriers in South China Sea

Photo DF-26

Military vehicles carrying DF-26 ballistic missiles, drive past the Tiananmen Gate during a military parade to mark the 70th anniversary of the end of World War Two on September 3, 2015 in Beijing, China. / Getty ImagesJack Beyrer • June 11, 2021 1:30 pm

The Chinese military tested a set of intermediate-range missiles that could strike U.S. aircraft carriers in the South China Sea.

The People’s Liberation Army Rocket Force—Considered by experts to be one of the most dangerous branches of the Chinese military—tested the DF-26 missiles on Tuesday, according to Chinese state media. The missiles, which are known as “Guam killers” or “carrier killers” due to their extended range, could threaten the U.S. Navy’s ability to respond to crises in the South China Sea.

Col. Jiang Feng, the deputy commander of the brigade that tested the missiles, said the Chinese military conducted the test to ensure it is “able to fight at any time.”

“We have been holding night exercises on a regular basis recently, which usually continue until early the next day,” Jiang said. “We often change training grounds, striking targets and launch bases without prior notice to test the troops’ skills and pave the way for the brigade to fight, and be able to fight at any time.”

The advanced weaponry—which have a range of nearly 2,500 miles—can be used to strike naval targets but also have nuclear capabilities. During the Cold War, nuclear treaties between the Soviet Union and the United States prohibited the production of similar missiles.

The missile tests come shortly after the release of the Biden administration’s 2022 defense budget request, which pared back the Navy’s ability to build up its fleet and procure weapons. Acting Navy Secretary Thomas W. Harker warned in an internal memo, which was leaked on Tuesday, that the budget cuts could constrain the branch’s ability to develop missiles, destroyers, submarines, and fighter jets. Republican defense hawks say the constraints could leave the Navy ill-prepared in the event of a Chinese invasion of Taiwan.

Source: Washington Free Beacon “China Tests ‘Guam Killer’ Missiles”

Note: This is Washington Free Beacon’s report I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean whether I agree or disagree with the report’s views.

China puts upgraded HQ-9 missiIe system to extreme test

The related youtube footage

Xi calls for enhanced combat readiness from Chinese military during holidays

PLA aircraft continue drills near Taiwan as border troops get new gear

By Liu Xuanzun

Published: Feb 07, 2021 07:32 PM Updated: Feb 07, 2021 07:42 PM

Two fighter jets attached to a naval aviation brigade under the PLA Eastern Theater Command fly in formation during a round-the-clock flight training exercise in mid January, 2021. ( byTian Jianmin)

Chinese President Xi Jinping called for the Chinese military to enhance its combat readiness during the upcoming Spring Festival holidays when he recently inspected an aviation division of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) Air Force. Experts said other militaries should not have the illusion that they can make provocative moves during the holidays without meeting PLA’s countermeasures.

PLA warplanes continued their consecutive exercises near the island of Taiwan prior to the Spring Festival, and the high-altitude border defense troops of the Xinjiang Military Command received several new weapons and equipment including advanced howitzers and assault vehicles as “holiday gifts,” media reports said.

Xi, also general secretary of the Communist Party of China Central Committee and chairman of the Central Military Commission, on Thursday inspected an aviation division of the PLA Air Force being stationed in Southwest China’s Guizhou Province ahead of the Spring Festival, or the Chinese Lunar New Year, the Xinhua News Agency reported on Saturday.

He said that PLA troops should enhance their combat readiness during the Spring Festival holidays and safeguard national security as well as the happiness and peace of the people.

This year’s Spring Festival falls on Friday, and there is a seven-day national holiday from Thursday to February 17.

It is usual practice for the Chinese military to enhance its combat readiness in major holidays, Fu Qianshao, a Chinese military expert, told the Global Times on Sunday.

“History tells us that many wars broke out on holidays or at night when troops let their guard down. That is why we need to stay on high alert particularly when there are holidays, so we can stop any potentially dangerous moves or hostile reconnaissance,” Fu said.

While China has witnessed peace for a long time, provocative moves by other militaries had occurred during holidays in the past.

For instance, on January 25, 2020, the Spring Festival of last year, the US Navy sent the USS Montgomery littoral combat ship near the Nansha Islands in the South China Sea, and was tracked, identified and warned away by naval and aerial forces of the PLA Southern Theater Command, the command’s spokesperson said at that time.

During his inspection at the PLA Air Force aviation division, Xi inspected a special aircraft designed for information warfare.

Special mission aircraft developed on the basis of Y-8 and Y-9, including reconnaissance aircraft, electronic countermeasures aircraft and anti-submarine warfare aircraft, can enable the PLA to gain informational advantage in future warfare, a military expert who asked not to be identified told the Global Times on Sunday. The expert noted that these types of aircraft have been frequent visitors near the Taiwan Straits since the start of PLA military exercises in the region in September 2020, which have become routine.

PLA warplanes entered Taiwan’s self-proclaimed southwestern air defense identification zone for seven consecutive days since the start of February, Taipei-based newspaper Liberty Times reported on Sunday. The media outlet also noted that the intensive PLA operations come only days before the Spring Festival.

As the Spring Festival edges near, PLA border defense troops are also receiving unique “holiday gifts,” including 155mm-caliber vehicle-mounted howitzers, armored assault vehicles and light tanks, according to China Central Television (CCTV) reports.

An artillery regiment attached to the PLA Xinjiang Military Command based in the northern foot of the Tianshan Mountains recently received delivery of a batch of the 155mm-caliber vehicle-mounted howitzers, CCTV reported on Saturday. The howitzer, designated as the PCL-181, is China’s most advanced of its kind with longest range, and characterized by its high mobility, fast reaction time, high accuracy and capability to shoot at 360 degrees, even when operating in plateaus and harsh cold, analysts said.

Another Xinjiang Military Command unit, a combined arms regiment, commissioned a batch of third-generation Dongfeng Mengshi armored assault vehicles that are equipped with radio stations, the BeiDou Navigation Satellite System, heavy machine guns and grenade launchers, CCTV said.

Last week, CCTV reported that the Xinjiang Military Command also received delivery of and commissioned its first batch of China’s newly developed Type 15 light tanks in January.

These weapons and equipment are particularly effective in plateau operations and will serve as a solid boost to the Chinese border defense troops’ combat capabilities during and after the Spring Festival festivals, analysts said.

Source: Global Times “Xi calls for enhanced combat readiness from Chinese military during holidays”

Note: This is Global Times’ report I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean that I agree or disagree with the report’ views.

China’s Arms Race with the US

The Beginning of China’s Arms Race with the US

Previously, China had been developing advanced arms in order to modernize its military, but the speed was moderate as it saw no urgent need to strengthen its military. It should only had strong enough military to deter Taiwan’s pursuit of independence, but as the US did not allow Taiwan to declare independence, there was no urgent need to take Taiwan by force. China saw no significant military threat beyond that.

However when former US President Obama’s Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton made statements on South China Sea disputes during an ASEAN security gathering in July 2010, China began to have the impression that that the US wanted to contain China’s rise by denying China’s rights and interests in the South China Sea.

In order to defend China’s interests and rights in the South China Sea, China began to step up its military buildup. In a hurry, it conducted first test of its aircraft carrier when the boat had not yet been able to sail on its own. The first test was soon followed by two further tests, which clearly showed China’s urgency in its military modernization, In addition, it launched its third 071 landing platform dock (LPD) in September 2011. (071 LPD is a 20,000-ton amphibious transport dock similar to the US-built San Antonio-class LPD).

Type 071 LPD is a 20,000-ton amphibious transport dock similar to the US-built San Antonio-class LPD. With a range of 10,000 nmi (19,000 km) and a capacity to carry 600-800 troops, 4 Type 726 LCACs, 15-20 armored vehicles and 4 Z-8 helicopters, it will be quite useful if China has to solve South China Sea disputes by force. Now six Type 071s have been commissioned and 2 more are being fitted out.

Obama’s unprecedented participation in ASEAN summit meeting on November 11, 2011 and announcement of America’s return to Asia and pivot to Asia including increase in US military deployment in Asia to 60% of US forces confirmed China’s worries about US containment.

As a result US military threat, China seriously began its arms race with the US.

China put its own satellite GPS system into trial operation and declared its plan to launch 6 more satellites in 2012 to improve the system. Guided by this system, China’s missiles and bombs will be much more accurate.

Trump’s trade and tech wars further proved US hostility toward China, but as the arms race has greatly raised China’s military capabilities, Trump did not dare to launch a hot war with China.

Funds for Arms Race

Such busy military development first of all needed funds. Military spending normally is a country’s heavy financial burden. China, however, increased its military budget by at least 10% a year since then. Still China’s budged remained quite small compared with the America’s, but China can assign military research and development projects to its state-owned enterprises (SOEs) without government funding as such projects may also be useful for civil purposes. Even if they are solely for military purpose, China can fund the projects by reducing the state-owned enterprises’ distribution of profit to the government. That will certainly not be reflected in its military budget.

In 2011, Chinese SOEs’ profit totaled $357 billion, of which 10% to 15%, i.e. US$35.7 to US$53.5 billion shall be delivered to the government, quite a substantial amount compared with China’s military budget of $110 billion.

Alliance with Russia

In order to get Russian military technology, China joined Russia in vetoing UN resolution on Syria to hinder West’s plan to reduce Russian influence in the Middle East. Previously, Russia was upset as China copied the weapons it purchased from Russia by reverse engineering and unwilling to sell advanced weapons to China. Seeing the opportunity to set up an alliance to counter the West, especially the US, Russian President Putin told Russian officials unwilling to sell weapons to China that Russian sales of weapons to China are political so as to overcome their opposition to the sales

China Dream Includes the Dream for a Militarily Powerful China

In 2009, under the influence of Maoist sinocentric cosmology, PLA (People’s Liberation Army) senior colonel Liu Mingfu published his leftist book “China Dream: Great Power Thinking and Strategic Posture in the Post American Era” to reject Hu Jintao’s idea of China’s peaceful rise and advocate instead China’s “military rise”. Liu believes that China’s goal shall be to surpass the United States and become world number one militarily. The book was an instant success and soon sold out. However, Hu Jintao banned reprinting of the book due to Liu’s leftist theory that pursues military hegemony.

Xi Jinping, however, thinks that he can exploit Liu’s China dream to greatly facilitate his reform. He expands Liu Mingfu’s China dream into a dream for the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

Soon after he came to power, he brought all the Politburo Standing Committee (PSC) members to visit “The Road Toward Renewal” exhibition in Beijing. There, he said that the realization of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation was the greatest China dream for the Chinese nation now and called on people to strive to make the dream come true.

What does China Dream means for Chinese military?

The day after November 29 when Xi Jinping talked about China dream, for the first time, Liu Mingfu received a phone call from his publisher that reprinting of his book was allowed. It seems Liu’s idea on surpassing the United States and become world number one militarily is acceptable.

To make it clearer, when Xi Jiping visited Chinese navy on April 11, 2013, he talked about the dream for a militarily powerful China to emphasize that his China dream includes the dream for a militarily powerful China.

For Xi Jinping and most Chinese people, China dream means making China powerful to avoid a repetition of China’s history of being bullied by foreign powers for nearly a century. Chinese people regard US support for Japan, the Philippines and Vietnam in their territorial disputes with China as bullying China. That is why common Chinese people have such enthusiasm in China’s weapon development.

Since then, Chinese TV stations have begun to broadcast programs on China’s weapon development and comparison of Chinese weapons with foreign ones. They also have the programs on military situation. Those programs soon became very popular.

Chinese People’s Arms Craze in Imitating “Aircraft Carrier Style”

China’s official TV station CCTV’s footage of China’s first successful landings of a jet fighter aboard its aircraft carrier has an image of two crew members on the ship wearing bright yellow vests and helmets and using their outstretched right arms to point and direct a J-15 jet, while their left arms remain behind their backs.

image from the Liaoning from CCTV footage

The image had soon gone viral. Lots of Chinese web users were so happy at the news that they posted photos of themselves imitating the crew’s poses and dubbed the poses as “Aircraft Carrier Style”.

image from Chinese Internet

Since Xi Jinping has been so successful in arousing Chinese people enthusiasm for the dream for a militarily powerful China, will he refuse Chinese military’s reasonable demand for funding development of advanced weapons when the amount required exceeds by far China’s military budget. He will not refuse as long as China can afford.

China’s tax income grows rapidly along with its economic growth. In addition, there is the income from state-owned enterprises at Chinese government’s disposal. Moreover, lots of corrupt officials’ assets have been confiscated in the anti-corruption campaign while the mass line campaign has greatly reduced government’s spending for construction of luxurious government office buildings and officials’ residential buildings, purchase of luxurious cars and enjoying luxurious banquets. The funds saved can be used to fund military buildup.

Obviously the increase in funds and scientists’ and engineers’ enthusiasm in pursuing their China dream to make China militarily powerful will enable China to surpass the United States as soon as possible.

Article by Chan Kai Yee

AVIC building twin-seat version of top fighter jet

By ZHAO LEI | CHINA DAILY | Updated: 2021-01-12 08:54

Aviation Industry Corp of China, the nation’s leading aircraft maker, is poised to develop a twin-seat version of its J-20 stealth fighter jet-China’s most advanced combat plane, according to the State-owned conglomerate.

In a video clip recently published on AVIC’s WeChat social media account, the company showed a computer-graphics picture of four twin-seat J-20s flying in a group. The video was part of AVIC’s publicity campaign, which was launched last week and peaked on Monday, to mark the 10th anniversary of the debut test flight of the J-20, now a pillar of the People’s Liberation Army Air Force’s combat fleet.

It did not explain the image, but given the fact that China’s State-owned defense contractors would only display their products that have already been delivered to the Chinese military or that will soon start trial runs, the appearance of the twin-seat version in this video confirmed AVIC’s intention to develop variants of the radar-evading J-20.

Fu Qianshao, an aircraft expert who served with the PLA Air Force for decades, said the new double-pilot model will likely be tasked with conducting electronic warfare operations or guiding unmanned aircraft to strike enemy targets.

“The additional operator in the back seat will be responsible for controlling electronic warfare instruments or coordinating strike operations by his or her plane and attack drones,” he told China Daily on Monday. “It is better to have a crew member to focus on these extended functions as the pilot will be too busy to take care of all of those tasks in real air combat.”

An extra seat will bring more benefits than these, the expert added.

“The twin-seat variant can have a backup flight-control system installed for the back-seat operator to use in case the main system malfunctioned or was damaged in action, or the pilot was incapacitated.

“It can also be used to train new aviators to make them familiar with the cutting-edge fighter jet as quickly as possible,” Fu noted.

Wang Yanan, editor-in-chief of Aerospace Knowledge magazine, explained that the addition of a back-seat operator can enable the J-20 to better use precision-guided munitions and connect with the airborne early warning and control system.

Furthermore, if the J-20 is to cooperate with a drone swarm system consisting of many pilotless planes, it will need a crew member dedicated to controlling those drones, he said.

He pointed out that the twin-seat J-20 will need a new type of engine with stronger thrust.

China’s first stealth combat aircraft, the J-20 was designed by the AVIC Chengdu Aircraft Design and Research Institute in Sichuan province and is built by AVIC Chengdu Aircraft Industry.

The most sophisticated and powerful fighter jet in the nation conducted its maiden flight on Jan 11,2011, at an airport owned by AVIC Chengdu Aircraft Industry, making headlines on almost all media outlets on the mainland that day and immediately sparking a huge wave of jubilation from weapon fans across the country.

The plane was officially declassified in November 2016 when it staged a brief flight performance at the 11th China International Aviation and Aerospace Exhibition. It was commissioned to the PLA Air Force later that year, becoming the third stealth fighter jet in the world to enter service following the United States’ F-22 Raptor and F-35 Lightning II.

Source: China Daily “AVIC building twin-seat version of top fighter jet

Note: This is China Daily’s report I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean that I agree or disagree with the report’ views.

PLA’s new reconnaissance robot debuts in exercises

By Global Times

Published: Jan 07, 2021 11:10 PM

A new reconnaissance robot in service with the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA) recently made its debut in exercises, during which it coordinated with a swarm of aerial drones and newly commissioned assault vehicles.

At the beginning of the year, a brigade under the PLA Eastern Theater Command conducted exercises with new equipment, new training subjects and new tactics. These include the deployment of a type of special mission reconnaissance robot, the use of newly commissioned assault vehicles and the practice of coordinated aerial drone swarm operations, China Central Television (CCTV) reported on Wednesday.

During the exercises, the operation team arrived at the frontline via assault vehicles, the reconnaissance team used the robot to conduct reconnaissance on hostile outposts, the drone team used drones to conduct aerial surveillance, and the advance team seized control of high points and guided attacks on key hostile targets, CCTV reported.

According to the report’s video, the robot is a tank-like unmanned ground vehicle that runs on caterpillar tracks, with reconnaissance devices installed as its “turret.”

Smaller than a person, the robot seems very fast and mobile and can be controlled via a portable, tablet-like remote control station, the video shows.

“The robot can replace soldiers in early infiltration missions. It comes with reconnaissance and positioning functions, and can spot and destroy small targets,” said Zhang Xuanming, a squad leader of the PLA brigade, in the CCTV report.

Source: Global Times “PLA’s new reconnaissance robot debuts in exercises”

Note: This is Global Times’ report I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean that I agree or disagree with the report’ views.

Chinese Army Intensifies Drone Drills To Supply Frontline PLA Soldiers With Critical Equipment

Published 23 hours ago on November 19, 2020

By Younis Dar

The Chinese People Liberation Army (PLA) conducted a wartime drone supply-delivery drill in the Tibetan plateau, at an altitude of 4,500 meters, an exercise which was supervised by the PLA Army’s Logistics Department and the PLA Tibet Military Command’s Support Department recently.

China Military Online reported the exercise as part of the PLA’s war planning initiatives, aims to ensure unhindered supply of ammunition and military equipment irrespective of the conditions to the soldiers.

“The front is blocked by ‘enemy’ fire, and the vehicles and personnel of the transportation unit have much trouble in marching on. The drone delivery unit must act quickly to deliver supplies to the designated area!”

As part of the exercise, the drone delivery unit quickly acted upon an order, assembling and debugging nine drones, which were then flown to the area where the transportation unit was blocked.

PLA Tibet Military Command, which has a dedicated transportation unit, swiftly transported food supplies, drinking water, medicine and other urgently needed materials, loading them as payloads on the autonomous drones, which took off in a battle group successively.

The CMO quoted the chief of the PLA’s Logistic Department, who said the flight status of the drone is not always stable due to the influence of high altitude and bad weather.

The operators need to make a comprehensive judgment on the terrain, wind speed, temperature and other factors, to ensure the drones’ safe landing at the predetermined area,” he added.

As the Chinese state-based Global Times reported in September this year, the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA) Tibet Military Command recently adopted UAVs to provide logistics support for its troops that are currently stationed at an elevation of 4,500 meters completing exercise drills.

The experts claim that PLA’s deployment of such innovative technologies showcases its new modernized logistics support means while also exhibiting that China is prepared for potential conflict while engaging in negotiations with India.

The China Central Television released a video in September showing the PLA logistics soldiers packing the food, water and medicine, before putting them into several unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), which then deliver the payloads to the frontline soldiers, in areas where the access was blocked by terrain or other conditions.

The country has been conducting such drills ever since it was locked in a conflict with the Indian side and believes such logistics support would be vital for the soldiers during a military conflict.

Song Zhongping, a military expert, quoted by GT even said that such logistics are the key for soldiers’ performance in military conflicts, and logistics support can be challenging in complex plateau areas. Drones can be employed to quickly deliver supplies at designated points, improving the PLA’s combat effectiveness, he said.

The use of UAVs in military conflicts is getting increasingly common, not just in combat missions, but logistics support too, and any country that masters the UAV tech has high chances of commanding the edge in a battle. The use of UAVs is an important embodiment of future unmanned warfare.

Logistics remains an important part of any military since the supply of ammunition, food, and fuel must remain consistent on the battlefield. The frontline warfighters need at least 2-3 soldiers supporting them with logistics, which is called the tooth-to-tail ratio — the amount of trigger pullers versus logistics and supply personnel.

When the US invaded Iraq, its Army had a functional on-the-ground ratio of 1 combat to 2.5 support, while that number in WWI was closer to 2 combat versus 1 support. And transporting supplies to the frontline when the ground and aerial gunfire is raging is a dangerous task.

The armies around the world are working to reduce the number of humans required to do the job, and therefore, there has been unprecedented research and development in autonomous systems that can be employed for such tasks.

And China seems to be ahead of the world in the development of cutting-edge UAVs, as the reports suggest. Its military seems to be investing and paying attention to all aspects of a war, which makes its chance of winning any future war easier.

Source: EuroAsian Times “Chinese Army Intensifies Drone Drills To Supply Frontline PLA Soldiers With Critical Equipment”

Note: This is EuroAsian Times’ article I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean that I agree or disagree with the article’s views.

China to modernize military, arsenal in next 5 years

By Liu Xuanzun and Leng Shumei Source: Global Times Published: 2020/11/2 20:12:14

China will develop and produce modern, advanced weapons and equipment in the upcoming five years, as the world could witness the debut of China’s first long-range, stealth-capable strategic bomber, the country’s third and electromagnetic catapults-equipped aircraft carrier, among other new weapons that aim to safeguard the country’s sovereignty, territorial integrity and development interests, Chinese military experts and analysts predicted on Monday, after China’s recently released 14th Five-Year Plan (2021-25) and the Communiqué of the fifth plenary session of the 19th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC) set the tone for the development of the country’s national defense and armed forces.

The roadmap is in line with China’s overall national strength and the urgent needs of national defense brought by the likes of hegemonies, power politics and regional instabilities in other parts of the world when China is having more development interests overseas, analysts said.

The plenary session made “making significant strides in the modernization of national defense and armed forces in the next five years” one of the main goals for the development of the economy and society in the 14th Five-Year Plan, and stressed that the development of the economy should go side by side with the strengthening of the military.

Among others, it is arranged in the 14th Five-Year Plan that the military should be enhanced by technologies, the integrated development of mechanization, informatization and intelligentization should be accelerated, key and innovative fields should develop in a coordinated way, and the layout for national defense and technology industry should be optimized.

By the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA) in 2027, the centennial goal of military development should be achieved; by 2035, the country should achieve the modernization of the national defense and armed forces, it was announced at the plenary session.

Additions to arsenal

Looking back at the past five years, the Chinese military’s arsenal saw many breakthroughs across all services, with many new and top-level weapons and equipment commissioned or made debuts, including the J-20 stealth fighter jet, Y-20 large transport aircraft, Z-20 utility helicopter, H-6N strategic bomber, Type 055 large destroyer, Shandong aircraft carrier, Type 15 light tank, PCL-181 truck-based howitzer, DF-26 anti-ship ballistic missile, DF-17 hypersonic missile and DF-41 intercontinental ballistic missile.

To follow the 14th Five-Year Plan and reach the goals, China is expected to continue its momentum in the domestic development of modern weapons and equipment in addition to the military reform and scientific military exercises, analysts said.

The 14th Five Year Plan period will be a very hopeful and fruitful period for the PLA Air Force, as the long-range, stealth-capable strategic bomber will likely make its long-expected public debut, Fu Qianshao, a Chinese military aviation expert, told the Global Times on Monday.

China has been reportedly developing the new bomber, often dubbed the H-20, for many years, and its maker, the state-owned Aviation Industry Corporation of China, has been hinting its development since 2018.

“We have been studying on the bomber for a certain period. As we have conquered the difficulties in large aircraft production, stealth technologies and engine design and production. The time is ripe for us to roll out a new bomber,” Fu predicted.

The aircraft is expected to be a fourth-generation bomber, compared to China’s current H-6 bomber platform, which is only of the first generation, Fu said, noting that it will come out with world-leading design and technologies. Its stealth capability and range will at least as good as the US’ B-2 Spirit stealth bomber, Fu predicted.

In other warplane developments, Fu believes that China will start to mass-produce and improve the J-20 fighter jet, with its engines replaced with more powerful ones; drones and artificial intelligence will also see advanced developments.

In terms of the PLA Navy, Li Jie, a Beijing-based naval expert, predicted that China’s third aircraft carrier is very likely to be commissioned during the 14th Five Year Plan period.

The new carrier is expected to be much larger, and the country’s first one using a flat flight deck equipped with electromagnetic cat apults to release aircraft, a more efficient way than the ski-jump approach used on the country’s previous carriers, analysts said.

In accordance with the PLA’s carrier groups construction, the construction of supporting warships for the carriers, including destroyers like Type 052D and Type 055, as well as amphibious assault and landing ships, anti-submarine warfare aircrafts, will likely continue in the next five years, Li told the Global Times on Monday.

“Overall, in the following 10 years, the PLA Navy will develop more systematically and integrated, centering on the construction of aircraft carrier groups,” Li said.

In specific, new amphibious vessels will be launched and existing destroyers and frigates, such as the Type 055 and Type 054A, will be upgraded. The network integration of the PLA Navy will also be improved, Li noted.

China is reportedly developing the electromagnetic railgun, which is widely expected by analysts to be installed on an upgraded version of the Type 055.

A type of aircraft carrier-based stealth fighter jet, rumored to be developed based on China’s second type of stealth fighter jet the FC-31, could also make its debut in the coming years, along with the aircraft carrier-based early warning aircraft the KJ-600, observers said.

China’s centennial goal of military development in 2027 aims to develop the military with the capability to defend national sovereignty, safeguard against security threats posed by the hegemony in western pacific region and protect overseas development interests as China’s overseas economic presence grows, Li said.

As the world has seen a rise in strategic competition, constant armed conflicts and regional warfare, and increasingly obvious instability and uncertainty in security, China as a rising power with huge development interests both at home and abroad requires its military to adapt to new missions, Song Zhongping, a Chinese military expert and TV commentator, told the Global Times.

“The centennial goal is in line with national strength,” Song stressed.

Zhang Yesui, spokesperson for the third session of the 13th National People’s Congress, had pointed out in May that from a global perspective, the proportion of China’s defense expenditure to GDP has remained at around 1.3 percent for many years, far below the world average of 2.6 percent.

Source: Global Times “China to modernize military, arsenal in next 5 years”


China’s J-20 stealth fighter jet displays its new coating of stealth material and flies over the exhibition hall at Airshow China 2018 on Tuesday. Photo: Cui Meng/GT

The Shandong aircraft carrier is moored at a naval port in Sanya, south China’s Hainan Province. (Xinhua/Li Gang)

Source: Global Times “China to modernize military, arsenal in next 5 years”

Note: This is Global Times’ article I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean that I agree or disagree with the article’s views.

Chinese President Xi Jinping tells troops to focus on ‘preparing for war’

CNN Digital Expansion 2017. Ben Westcott

By Ben Westcott, CNN

Updated 1353 GMT (2153 HKT) October 14, 2020

Hong Kong (CNN) Chinese President Xi Jinping has called on troops to “put all (their) minds and energy on preparing for war” in a visit to a military base in the southern province of Guangdong on Tuesday, according to state news agency Xinhua.

During an inspection of the People’s Liberation Army Marine Corps in Chaozhou City, Xinhua said Xi told the soldiers to “maintain a state of high alert” and called on them to be “absolutely loyal, absolutely pure, and absolutely reliable.”

The main purpose of Xi’s visit to Guangdong was to deliver a speech Wednesday commemorating the 40th anniversary of the Shenzhen Special Economic Zone, which was established in 1980 to attract foreign capital and played a vital role in helping China’s economy become the second-largest in the world.

But the military visit comes as tensions between China and the United States remain at their highest point in decades, with disagreements over Taiwan and the coronavirus pandemic creating sharp divisions between Washington and Beijing.

The White House notified US Congress Monday that it was planning to move ahead with the sale of three advanced weapon systems to Taiwan, according to a congressional aide, including the advanced High Mobility Artillery Rocket System (HIMARS).

In a stern response from Beijing, Foreign Ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian called on Washington to “immediately cancel any arms sales plans to Taiwan” and cut all “US-Taiwan military ties.”

Even though Taiwan has never been controlled by China’s ruling Communist Party, authorities in Beijing insist the democratic, self-governing island is an integral part of their territory, with Xi himself refusing to rule out military force to capture it if necessary.

Despite the Chinese government’s disapproval, relations between Washington and Taipei have grown closer under the Trump administration. In August, US Health and Human Services Secretary Alex Azar became the highest-level US official to visit Taiwan in decades, when he traveled to the island ostensibly to discuss the pandemic.

In response, Beijing increased military drills around Taiwan. Almost 40 Chinese warplanes crossed the median line between the mainland and Taiwan on September 18-19 — one of several sorties the island’s President Tsai Ing-wen called a “threat of force.”

In a speech to the RAND Corporation on September 16, US Secretary of Defense Mark Esper said China “cannot match the United States” in terms of naval power and labeled Beijing a “malign influence.”

“(China and Russia) are using predatory economics, political subversion, and military force in an attempt to shift the balance of power in their favor, and often at the expense of others,” he told the audience.

In early October, Esper announced his “Battle Force 2045” plan, which calls for an expanded and modernized US Navy of 500 manned and unmanned vessels by 2045.

Source: CNN “Chinese President Xi Jinping tells troops to focus on ‘preparing for war’”

Note: This is CNN’s report I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean that I agree or disagree with the report’ views.

China may outmatch American military in missile development and shipbuilding, says US Defence Department report

  • China has already achieved parity with – or even exceeded – the United States in several military modernisation areas,’ says Pentagon

  • China is likely to double its nuclear warhead stockpile over the next decade, according to the report

Robert Delaney

Mark Magnier

Robert Delaney and Mark Magnier in the United States

Published: 3:54am, 2 Sep, 2020

China may have surpassed American military capabilities in the area of missile development and shipbuilding, and is likely to double its nuclear warhead stockpile over the next decade, the US Defence Department said in an annual report to US lawmakers.

China has already achieved parity with – or even exceeded – the United States in several military modernisation areas,” including shipbuilding, land-based conventional ballistic and cruise missiles, and integrated air defence systems, said the report, which was made public on Tuesday

Source: Excerpts of SCMP’s report “China may outmatch American military in missile development and shipbuilding, says US Defence Department report”, full text of which can be found at

Note: This is SCMP’s report I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean that I agree or disagree with the report’ views.