Sometimes, something obvious becomes unclear as it is something rare.
That is the case of Jiang Zemin remaining the core of the CCP Dynasty.
In my book “Tiananmen’s Tremendous Achievements”, I point out that the political system in China now is the CCP Dynasty. The dynasty is characterized by having a core with the power similar to an emperor.
Deng Xiaoping said Mao was the core of the first generation of leadership. Mao typically acted as an emperor with absolute power.
Deng called himself the core of the second generation of leadership, but was regarded as the paramount leader by people outside China.
How paramount is Deng the leader? He alone was able to decide to send troops to suppress democracy fighters at Tiananmen. Though retired, he alone was able to save his reform and opening up by his Southern Tour when conservatives prevailed.
How paramount is Jiang, the core of the third generation? People seem to have no idea about that. They invented the story that Jiang was beaten by Hu Jintao in power struggle when Chen Liangyu fell into disgrace for corruption. Certainly, there were quite a few other stories invented by people who know neither the China at present nor Chinese history.
I point out in my book, Jiang had a majority through his protégés in the Politburo Standing Committee (PSC) when he retired in 2002. In 2007, though Hu Jintao succeeded in promoting his protégé Li Keqiang into the PSC, Jiang promoted his Xi Jinping into the PSC as the successor to Hu Jintao and maintained a majority through his protégés.
That did not seem convincing enough.
Now before the major reshuffle at the 18th Party Congress, Jiang has done something absolutely convincing in the Bo Xilai saga.
Like the time before Deng’s Southern Tour, the conservatives are strong again this time. Bo Xilai even dared to set a Maoist Chongqing Model to challenge the reformists in China’s power center.
It was only with the help of powerful elders, the reformists were able to put Bo under house arrest. However, they are not strong enough to punish Bo harshly to prevent his return to power later.
Through investigation, they found Bo’s and his wife’s crimes of taking huge bribes, abusing power, etc., but they were not strong enough to punish Bo for such crimes.
As a result, Bo’s wife was not accused of taking bribes when she was prosecuted.
In the trial of Bo’s former protégé Wang Lijun, Bo was clearly involved but the prosecutor and court refrained to mention Bo’s name. Bo still seemed untouchable.
Soon afterwards, at the weekend of the week from September 16 to 22, Jiang Zemin made a rare public appearance in Beijing before quite a few high officials.
In its report on September 25, SCMP said that Jiang attempted to demonstrate his “lingering” influence.
Surprise! The timing of Jiang’s appearance demonstrated his dominant instead of “lingering” influence in deciding to punish Bo harshly.
SCMP finally realized that in its report today titled “Former China president Jiang Zemin played key role in punishing Bo Xilai, say analysts”.
However, it is hard for people to believe how a leader who has retired for 8 years, can maintain his dominant power.
That is precisely something with special Chinese characteristics.
We have now got used to China’s socialism with Chinese characteristics that in fact is capitalism. Why can’t we understand that a collective leadership with a core means the leadership of a core with the power of an emperor?
Even after the 1911 Revolution that put an end to China’s traditional hereditary dynasties, China has still been ruled by one dynasty after another.
Yuen Shikai ruled China with the power of an emperor. True, there was a democratic parliamentary election, but Yuen assassinated the majority leader soon after the election and maintained his dominance.
When Yuen died, no one succeeded him as the dominant emperor. China was in chaos of wars between various warlords.
Then another dynasty, Chiang Kai-shek Dynasty emerged but failed to be thoroughly dominant and lost to the Communists in the civil war.
Mao Zedong came to power and promised to establish democracy for the people and dictatorship against the enemy. He even wrote an article to tell people that they are allowed to disagree, but he turned out to be an absolute emperor who cruelly crushed whatever dissent.
However, he was certainly marvelously great! In spite of the 20 to 40 million death due to the famine caused by him and in spite of “Great Cultural Revolution” in which he persecuted lots of innocent people and reduced China to a nation without culture and knowledge, he remained worshiped by lots of China’s Maoists and quite a few people outside China including US well-known politician Henry Kissinger.
Therefore, people have got the wrong idea that Mao era had put an end to China’s history of dynasties.
However, the fact remained that Mao era was itself Mao Dynasty with Mao as its dominant Emperor though it was not a hereditary one.
The Chiang Kai-shek Dynasty, though fled to Taiwan, remained a hereditary one. Chiang was succeeded by his son Chiang Ching-kuo, who should be credited for Taiwan’s democratic transformation.
Deng Xiaoping created the CCP Dynasty by his idea of a collective leadership with a core. As described in my book, it is not a hereditary one that belongs to a family but a dynasty that belongs to a party.
It is certainly good for the CCP if there is a core like an emperor to run the country, but the core shall be wise and competent to maintain his dominance. If so, he will satisfactorily maintain stability.
However, that is a very hard job. The core can never really retire. At the age of 86, Jiang as the core has to leave his home in Shanghai for Beijing to deal a crushing blow to the conservatives.
You may still wonder how a core can maintain his dominance all his life.
That is again something with special Chinese characteristics. You perhaps do not believe that, but it is something real for decades.
Mao maintained his dominance until his death. So did Deng Xiaoping. Jiang maintained his dominance even today when he is 86.
You may wonder why even Mao was in a coma before his death, no one dare to challenge him. It was not until one month after Mao’s death powerful generals dared to arrest Mao’s protégés the Gang of Four.
That is again something with Chinese characteristics. In order to maintain his dominance all his life, the core has to skillfully apply China’s traditional art for being an emperor.
Mao applied the art taught in China’s classic “Han Fei Tze” to rule China with awe, tricks and intrigues. Jiang has applied the more advanced art for being the emperor developed in the 2,000 years after Han Fei Tze’s art proved unsuccessful when Emperor Qin Shihuang applied it and caused the collapse of his Qin Dynasty.
That is a long topic, but I have given some description of the art in my book.
In my book, I also point out that succession to core is the trickiest problem in China and may cause the CCP Dynasty to collapse. It is again a long topic to be discussed here, but I will write something short about it later.
In my friend Craig Hill’s interesting blog entitled “Super Heroes Are Emotionally Unstable”, he pities superheroes as they cannot lead a normal life: They are too strong to have sex with the girls they love and not even able to have babies due to the super strength of their perms…
I told him that I enjoy his story, but what we shall really pity is the superheroes in real life in China. I said, “We need real superheroes in our real life. When China was suffering under Mao Zedong’s tyranny, we wanted real superheroes to put an end to the tyranny and Chinese people’s suffering from starvation, poverty and oppression.
“China has got superheroes to make it prosperous and allow people to have much more freedom than they had ever had before, but no one believes those talented people with moral integrity are real heroes, let alone superheroes. That is why I wrote my book ‘Tiananmen’s Tremendous Achievements.’
He replied, “China seems to be developing faster than it can keep pace with. I think there was one ‘superhero’ in the Chongqing Police Chief, but his future seems uncertain at this point in time.”
He meant Wang Lijun who was recently held by the central authority for spending a day in American consulate there. There was report that he tried to seek asylum there.
“That guy is not even a hero though he has achieved some success in fighting against Chinese Mafia.
“The superheroes I referred to are first of all the leaders of Tiananmen Protests. If one has not lived under the terror of the Communist rule and personally known the cruel torture and killing of dissidents, one cannot really understand the courage needed to be such leaders. They are first of all the real superheroes with moral integrity.
“They wanted to bring down the Communist rule but failed. Can people who have failed to achieve their great goal be regarded as superheroes? Yes, they can because they have made great contribution in helping another group of superheroes achieve the goal left unachieved by them.
“In my book, I point out that before the Tiananmen Protests, China’s reform and opining-up was doomed to fail because of powerful conservatives’ resistance. Those conservatives represented the majority of the Party members who were then uneducated or poorly educated workers and peasants stubbornly advocating Maoist public ownership and planned economy.
“On the other hand, I describe in my book the emergence of a new generation of talented scholars with moral integrity who were studying hard and making preparations for seizing state power. One of their plans was to joint the Chinese Communist Party, rise to the top and transform it. They joined Jiang Zemin’s Shanghai faction and helped him take advantage of the pervasive fear created by the Tiananmen Protests throughout the Party to successfully carry out a silent peaceful coup d’état to substitute scholars’ dominance of the Party and state for uneducated workers and peasants’ dominance.
“Some of China’s current leaders are the oldest of the new generation and Xi Jinping and others are the youngest of the generation. Those who have played important role in the coup are Chinese people’s superheroes. If Xi Jinping and others are able to overcome the tremendous difficulties China will encounter in continuing its marvelous growth, they will also be China’s superheroes though not so great as their predecessors.
“They are only a small number of people. Can they have achieved such a great goal? China has a long history of good rule by a few elite scholars. For their current success, I would like to quote talented former premier Zhu Rongji’s recent speech. On January 18 this year he said that when he worked in Shanghai “under the leadership of President Jiang Zemin”, in order to have a satisfactory clean government in Shanghai and enable Shanghai to achieve successes however great, he only had to “watch closely our 506 bureau-level officials and give play to their talents”.
“The coup described in my book was one of the greatest revolutions in human history. It is too long a story to be covered by this short comment. If you are interested, please give me your mail address and I will send you a free copy of my book by airmail.”
There have been super tyrants such as Hitler, Mao Zedong and Qin Shihuang. However, there are still a small number of people who do not believe that Hitler is a super tyrant in spite of the facts of his launching of war and massacre of innocent people. Absurd enough, despite Mao caused the death of at least 40 million people in his great famine and the disaster of the Cultural Revolution, there are still quite a few people in the world who regard Mao Zedong as an idealist. Well-known American diplomat Henry Kissinger also tries to market Mao’s that image in his best-seller “On China”.
Qin Shihuang was denounced in China for over 2,000 years until his rehabilitation by a similar super tyrant Mao Zedong. For justification of the legitimacy of the rule of the Chinese Communist Party, the Party wanted earnestly to beautify Mao’s image. It has, therefore, encouraged the making of the film “Hero” to market Qin Shihuang’s image as a great emperor who unified China. According to their logics, Mao was similarly great as Mao also unified China.
There are clear records of Qin Shihuang’s crimes in Chinese history, but very few foreigners can read them as they are all in classic Chinese difficult even for Chinese college graduates to read. Now the image of that super tyrant as a great emperor is quite well-accepted in the West due to the success of the film “Hero”. The Chinese Communist Party has succeeded in making Westerners pay for being brainwashed.
As for superheroes, people do not even believe that there is any in real world. They take for granted China’s success in putting an end to starvation and poverty and achieving tremendous economic growth and never ask who have been able to make such unbelievable achievements in spite of repeated prediction of imminent collapse of Chinese economy. For example Gordon Chang’s prediction on the collapse of Chinese economy was well founded but Chinese superheroes were so unbelievably wise that they have succeeded in overcoming the difficulties regarded by ordinary people as insurmountable.
As China’s official history often distorts the facts, I have to write my book to denounce the super tyrant and praise the superheroes. Otherwise, no one will know those facts in the future.
In an interview with American Chinese basketball superstar Jeremy Lin, the Chinese Central Television (CCTV) reporter asked Lin whether he would play basketball for China in international matches. Lin said that he had not made up his mind yet.
The reporter is being condemned widely on the Internet. “Are gold medals so important that China wants an athlete from another country to help it win them?” asked some bloggers.
However, human history was a history of grabbing and snatching from abroad for thousands of years. Over 2,000 years ago, there were seven kingdoms in China. Qin, the strongest among them, fought one after another war to grab land from other kingdoms, but there was no United Nations to condemn it or a superpower to punish it for aggression. Finally Qin robbed all the land of the other six kingdoms, but the King of Qin who was later called Qin Shihuang, was praised in the recent popular film “Hero” for unification of China (a successful PRC propaganda) in spite of his cruel exploitation and persecution of Chinese people.
Quite a few Chinese still regard Genghis Khan as a great Chinese hero who conquered many countries, i.e. robbed all the land in those countries. They prefer not to remember that China was also a country whose land was grabbed by him. At first, his troops wanted to turn all Chinese land into grassland for breeding sheep and horses, but talented Chinese intellectuals persuaded them to allow Chinese people to continue their farming and thus create much more wealth for them.
Anyway, the Mongolian tyrants are not condemned for their grabbing.
In our current civilized world, grabbing by force is not feasible, but we can attract talented people by high remuneration and great respect. Obama precisely wants to do so. In his recent State of Union speech, he wants to change immigration rules to keep in America talent foreign intellectuals trained by American colleges. Certainly the same treatment shall be given to talented athletes too. Didn’t Yao Ming, a basketball star well-known in China, play NBA games in America?
The question is not whether a country is justified in grabbing talents by lawful means from abroad but whether it is cost effective for the country. Paying US$1,000,000 annual salary to win a gold medal seems too expensive, but if Lin is employed to set an example and help training Chinese basketball players and turn Chinese basketball matches into a business generating billions of dollars like the NBA in America, the return will be huge compared with the investment.