By Liu Xuanzun Source:Global Times Published: 2019/8/13 15:54:30
China’s second aircraft carrier can carry at least 36 domestically developed J-15 fighter jets, some 50 percent more than the country’s first, China’s state broadcaster reported on Tuesday.
China’s first aircraft carrier the Liaoning can carry 24 J-15 fighter jets, China Central Television (CCTV) reported, noting the new ship’s increased number of jets will add to its capability.
Although the second carrier known as the Type 001A is similar to the Liaoning, it has an optimized flight deck, reduced weapon areas and a smaller superstructure with added deck areas, Li Jie, a Beijing naval expert, told the Global Times on Tuesday.
Li noted that it also has an enlarged hangar, but reduced space for missile storage compared to the Liaoning.
These extra areas allow the new carrier to carry 50 percent more J-15 fighter jets, Li said.
The 24 J-15s of the Liaoning could be a limiting factor as regional combat might require about 40 aircraft to seize air supremacy, Li said. The 36 jets on the Type 001A would expand its combat capability, he said.
In addition to the 36 J-15 fighter jets, the Type 001A can carry other types of aircraft including helicopters, Chinese analysts said.
The US operates much larger aircraft carriers, including the Nimitz class which can carry about 60 aircraft, while the country’s latest Ford class can carry about 75.
Hu Wenming, chairman of China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation and head of China’s aircraft carrier program, said “China now has a mature development and construction team, and the average age of team members is only 36,” CCTV reported.
“Whatever type of aircraft carrier our country wants to develop in the future, we can make it on our own,” Hu said.
The team can build any other type of warship given its expertise, Hu noted.
It took 26 months to build and launch the Type 001A, which is China’s first domestically developed aircraft carrier, CCTV reported, or almost half the time of a foreign aircraft carrier of similar type to finish construction.
The Type 001A was launched in April 2017 and has undertaken six sea trials since May 2018.
It is reportedly conducting its seventh, after setting sail on August 1. There were no signs the ship had returned to its dock as of press time.
Li said the latest, lengthy sea trial could be in preparation for its final delivery to the Chinese navy.
Source: Global Times “China’s Second Aircraft Carrier Can Carry 36 J-15 Fighters”
Note: This is Global Times’ report I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean that I agree or disagree with the report’ views.
August 2019 News Navy Naval Maritime Defense Industry
Posted On Tuesday, 06 August 2019 12:35
According to the South China Morning Post, the first Chinese-made aircraft carrier the Type 001A is expected to start a four-day sea trial in the next few days. According to military experts, the sea trials for the Type 001A had been faster and more efficient compared with those for its sister ship, the Liaoning, China’s first aircraft carrier.
The previous sea trials of the Type 001A was performed on February 27, 2019. It was the fifth sea trial in Dalian city, northeast China’s Liaoning province. It would have successfully tested its avionics, radar and communication systems in previous trials, so it is likely fighter jets will conduct take-offs and landings.
The Type 001A aircraft carrier is a first-generation Chinese aircraft carrier that was launched on 26 April 2017 for the People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) of China. It is the country’s second aircraft carrier after the completion of Liaoning, and the first built domestically.
The aircraft carrier was built by the Dalian Shipbuilding Industry, part of the China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation, in Dalian, Liaoning province, China. According to the state media service Xinhua, initial work on the vessel began in November 2013, and construction of its hull in a drydock began in March 2015.
The aircraft carrier’s design is largely based on China’s first carrier Liaoning, which was itself built from the partially-complete hull of the Soviet Kuznetsov-class aircraft carrier Varyag. It retains the ski-jump takeoff, which limits its air wing to helicopters and Shenyang J-15 fighter jets, and the ship is powered by conventional oil-fired boilers driving eight steam turbines derived from the Soviet-designed examples installed on Liaoning. It measures about 315 meters (1,033 ft) long, with a displacement of about 55,000 tonnes (70,000 loaded).
Chinese military experts said the new aircraft carrier Type 001A will likely enter service within 2019. In the meantime, China has already started building a third aircraft carrier.
Source: Navy Recognition “Chinese-made aircraft carrier Type 001A to start a 4 days sea trials”
In its report “Another blowout year: Review of homegrown new types of weapon, equipment in 2018” on December 28, mil.huanqiu.com presents the following new weapons China developed in 2018:
China Is the First to Test an Electromagnetic Rail Gun on Warship
Rail gun is very powerful due to the high speed of gun shot. The US is the first to test such a gun on ground without much success. China, though a late commer, has been testing the gun on a warship.
DF-26 Missiles Fully Commissioned
DF-26 is China’s new generation of intermediate ballistic missiles very powerful in hitting ground and surface targets. In 2018, it has passed the tests of trial installation and operation and combats. Now some rocket force units are entirely installed and operating such missiles.
Incessant News about B-20 Bomber
On May 8, 2018, the outline sketch of a new-type long-range bomber emerges in the major promotion film “Large Nation Takes Off” issued by the aviation industry. Outsiders speculate that the bomber is China’s new-type B-20 bomber, about which there had been lots of rumors.
Later CCTV’s documentary “Permanent Soul of the Army” also mentions “great progress obtained in the research and development of the new type long-range strategic bomber H-20”. It enhanced outsiders’ speculation.
Fourth Sea Test of China’s Homegrown Aircraft Carrier
After the three sea tests of the carrier on May 13, August 26 and October 28, China’s homegrown aircraft carrier began its fourth sea test on December 27.
The frequent sea tests indicate smooth progress of the tests and there is the speculation that the carrier will soon be commissioned.
Maiden Sea Test of China’s 10,000-ton Class Type 055 Destroyer
The test attracts keen interest among Western media and military analysts as Type 055 destroyer is bigger and more advanced than those of the US, Japan, South Dorea.
Shocking Display of J-10B with Thrust Vector Engines
On November 6, J-10Bs displayed highly difficult maneuvers such as Cobra and leaves floating maneuvering enabled by their thrust vector engines.
The show indicates China’s mastery of thrust vector technology.
Y-20 Transport Aircraft Modified as Refueling Tanker
In the past China lacks aerial refueling tanker due to insufficient production of IL-78s to satisfy its demand for large transport aircrafts. As China is able to make large transport aircrafts Y-20 itself now, it is able to modify Y-20 for aerial refueling. That has greatly increased the range of Chinese warplanes.
Comment by Chan Kai Yee on mil.huanqiu.com’s report, full text of which in Chinese can be viewed at http://mil.huanqiu.com/world/2018-12/13916315.html.
SCMP says in its report “As China’s Type 001A carrier sets out on fourth sea trial, analysts say call to service must be near” yesterday that the carrier began its fourth sea trial yesterday. According to analysis the short interval between the carrier’s third and fourth sea trill indicates that the “period of snagging on board the carrier is at an end”
The report quotes Hong Kong-based military expert Song Zhongping as saying, “The previous three sea trials mainly solved problems like communications and power, which builds a foundation for the exercises involving warplanes,” and“If the warplanes can smoothly take off and land, then it means the indigenous aircraft carrier will soon enter service.”
The carrier, though conventional, will be very useful if China conducts military reunification with Taiwan when Taiwan declares independence.
Comment by Chan Kai Yee on SCMP’s report, full text of which can be viewed at https://www.scmp.com/news/asia/article/2179704/chinas-type-001a-carrier-sets-out-fourth-sea-trial-analysts-say-call.
In its report “Type 001A: China’s first home-grown aircraft carrier on final sea run to combat readiness” today, SCMP says that China’s first homegrown aircraft carrier has set out from Dalian for its second sea trial for 6 to 12 months.
It quotes Hong Kong-based military expert Song Zhongping as saying,“This time the focus will be on testing the endurance of the new aircraft carrier’s propulsion system. The communications, command, damage control, lift operations and weapon systems will also be examinated.”
According to Song, the carrier will be handed over to Chinese Navy soon after it completed the second trial.
Comment by Chan Kai Yee on SCMP’s report, full text of which can be viewed at https://www.scmp.com/news/china/diplomacy-defence/article/2161567/chinas-first-home-grown-aircraft-carrier-final-sea-run