China’s CASC quietly rolls out AR-1B precision missile

The new AR-1B seen mounted under the inboard hardpoint of the CH-5 armed reconnaissance UAV during Airshow China 2018. Source: IHS Markit/Kelvin Wong

Kelvin Wong, Zhuhai – Jane’s International Defence Review

13 November 2018

China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (CASC) has completed the development of a new air-launched precision-guided munition (PGM) designed specifically for use by armed reconnaissance and combat unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), Jane’s has learnt from company sources.

The new 80 kg-class PGM, designated AR-1B, is essentially a larger and more capable variant of the company’s AR-1 anti-armour PGM. According to company specifications, the AR-1B features a maximum speed and range of Mach 1 and 10 km and is typically launched at altitudes between 500 m and 5,000 m (1,640 ft and16,404 ft) and can engage moving or stationary threats out to a range of 10 km.

The missile’s semi-active laser (SAL) seeker is positioned in the nose section at a slight angle, off centre, with a stated off-boresight capability of ±25° and an accuracy of 1.5 m circular error probable (CEP) at maximum range. This arrangement provides a wider field-of-view for the SAL seeker – which offers lock-on before launch (LOBL) or lock-on after launch (LOAL) firing protocols – against targets immediately below or around the launch UAV platform, optimising its ability to provide close air support (CAS) fires.

“The key advantages that the AR-1B brings is its 43 kg warhead, which can be of the armour-piercing shaped charge or blast fragmentation type to defeat armoured vehicle or static targets, and hostile troop concentrations respectively,” a CASC spokesperson told Jane’s .

In contrast, the baseline AR-1 employs INS as well as SAL guidance to engage armoured targets or buildings up to 8 km away, although it has a less capable off-boresight capability of ±20°. The AR-1 is equipped with a 10 kg blast fragmentation or penetration warhead travelling at a maximum speed of Mach 1.1.

Source: Jane’s 360 “China’s CASC quietly rolls out AR-1B precision missile”

Note: This is Jane’s 360’s report I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean that I agree or disagree with the report’ views.


Airshow Unable to Show J-20‘s Three Most Outstanding Advantages

Impressive the flight shows of J-20 were at Zhuhai Airshow, the shows are not able to display the three most outstanding advamtages of J-20, according to its general designer Yang Wei. says in its report “J-20’s chief designer: Three most outstanding advantages of J-20 cannot be displayed at the airshow” that those most outstanding advantages are its outstanding invisibility, long-range strike capability and infomatized combat capability.

He says that third- and fourth-generation fighter jets are defined by Western developed countries according to their strategic requirements, focuses and priorities. After the fourth generation there are the fifth and sixth generations that they have not defined. Their strategic requirements differ from ours; therefore, in the future process of actual innovation and development we will differ from them in requirements and technology so that the form, shape, etc. of the aircrafts will also differ.

He gave the impression that due to different requirements and technology, China will define its fifth- and six-generations of fighter jets. His ambition is not surprising since he is able to design such wonderful fourth-generation fighter jet.

Comment by Chan Kai Yee on’s report, full text of which in Chinese can be viewed at

China says nobody can stand in its way in Pacific island cooperation

Ben Blanchard November 13, 2018

BEIJING (Reuters) – No country can block China’s cooperation with island nations in the Pacific and the area is no country’s sphere of influence, a senior diplomat said on Tuesday, ahead of a summit between President Xi Jinping and Pacific island leaders.

Australia, in particular, has been vying for influence with China in sparsely populated Pacific island countries that control vast swathes of resource-rich oceans.

Australia will offer Pacific countries up to A$3 billion ($2.18 billion) in grants and cheap loans to build infrastructure, Prime Minister Scott Morrison said last week.

Xi is due to meet leaders from eight Pacific nations it has diplomatic ties with at the end of the week in Papua New Guinea, where he will offer “important measures” for more cooperation, Vice Foreign Minister Zheng Zeguang told a news briefing.

“Other countries should not obstruct China’s friendly cooperation and exchanges with the island nations. Of course, they have no way to obstruct this cooperation and these exchanges,” Zheng said, without specifying any country.

Meeting in Beijing last week, the Chinese government’s top diplomat told his Australian counterpart that Beijing and Canberra should be cooperating in the South Pacific and not be cast as strategic rivals.

Zheng said China was willing to cooperate with other countries in the Pacific, and that everyone should “positively respond to the special difficulties island nations face and urgent needs” and help them to achieve sustainable development.

“The island country region is not any country’s sphere of influence. Everyone should jointly help the island nations,” he said.

“We hope that relevant parties can objectively and positively view China’s relations with Pacific Island nations, and earnestly abandon outdated concepts of Cold War thinking and zero-sum games, and do more to benefit the island nations’ development and improvement of livelihoods and regional peace and stability.”

China has spent $1.3 billion on concessionary loans and gifts since 2011 to become the Pacific’s second-largest donor after Australia, stoking concern in the West that several tiny nations could end up overburdened and in debt to Beijing.

Xi will be meeting the leaders of Papua New Guinea, Fiji, Vanuatu, Samoa, Micronesia, the Cook Islands, Tonga and Niue.

Zheng did not give a date for the summit, only saying meetings would be happening in Port Moresby on Thursday and Friday, ahead of the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) summit in Papua New Guinea on the weekend.

Six other Pacific island nations have diplomatic relations with Taiwan though, which Beijing regards as a wayward Chinese province with no right to formal foreign ties. Their leaders will not be attending the meeting with Xi.

Reporting by Ben Blanchard; Editing by Robert Birsel

Source: Reuters “China says nobody can stand in its way in Pacific island cooperation”

Note: This is Reuters’ report I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean that I agree or disagree with the report’ views.

Xinjiang Dealing with Terrorism, Typical of ‘China Can Say No’

As soon as China adopted Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, I had quite a few posts on its significance to the outside world equivalent to “China Can Say No”.

Say no to what?
Say no to Western capitalist ideology while advocates Marxism
Say no to Westernization while advocates socialism with Chinese characteristics;
Say no to multiparty democracy while advocates one-party democracy with Chinese characteristics;
Say no to Western values while advocates China’s socialist core values;
Say no to Western human rights while advocates Chinese human rights;
Say no to Western press freedom while advocates China’s censorship and control of media; etc.

In a few years before adoption of Xi Jinping Thought, China had advocated a wholesale rejection of universal values at home and regarded it as merely a weapon used by the West to undermine China’s socialist system. Chinese authorities have told universities and colleges not to advocate such values.

With Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, China declared that it is self-confident in its path, system, theory and culture.

In order to better defend China against the spread of Western human rights, China held the South-South Human Rights Forum in Beijing in December 2017 to advocate its own human rights system that stresses the rights to development, health, nutrition and housing.

The Forum was successful in advocating China’s human rights as it drew 300 participants from over 50 countries and representatives from the United Nations, the Arab League, the African Union, the World Bank and the World Health Organization.

However, the conflicts between Chinese and Western human rights did no emerge then.

Now, Reuters says in its report “China tells world to ignore ‘gossip’ about Xinjiang” yesterday that what China has been doing in countering Islamic extremism in its Xinjiang Autonomous Region encounters opposition from Western countries including Canada, France, Germany, and the United States.

Chinese Foreign Minister Want Yi simply told people to ignore such opposition.

Reuters quotes him as saying:

(People) should not listen to gossip or rumor, because the Xinjiang regional government, of course, understands the situation in Xinjiang best, and not some other people or organizations.

The efforts are completely in line with the direction the international community has taken to combat terrorism, and are an important part of the global fight against terrorism.

If we can take care of prevention, then it will be impossible for terrorism to spread and take root.

Ignore Western opposition, that is Wang Yi’s way China Can Say No.

Comment by Chan Kai Yee on Reuters’ report, full text of which can be viewed at

China’s World First Wind-Cooled Active Phased Array Radar

China’s LKF601E wind-cooled phased array radar instaalled on JF-17 Fighter jet. photo

China’s LKF601E wind-cooled phased array radar instaalled on JF-17 Fighter jet. photo

China’s LKF601E wind-cooled phased array radar instaalled on JF-17 Fighter jet. photo

Older fighter jets use pulse Doppler (DP) radar that is wind cooled while the fighter jets now use phased array radar that has to be liquid cooled. Liquid cooling is more efficient but cost more and is larger and more complicated to maintain. says in its report “World first! China showcases its wind-cooled active phase array radar at airshow” that China has developed world first wind-cooled active phase array radar with highly efficient wind-cooling system. Its wind-cooled active phase array radar LKF601E as shown in the above photos taken from Zhuhai Airshow 2018 is so small that it can be installed in China-Pakistan jointly developed JF-17 fighter jet to significantly enhance the fighter jet’s performance.

Moreover, due to the larger size of liquid-cooled phase array radar, older fighter jets cannot have their DP radar upgraded by replacement of liquid-cooled phase array radar due to lack of room. Now, wind-cooled phase array radar is smaller enough to replace DP radar without the need of large space. It makes upgrading older fighter jets easier and less expensive.

Comment by Chan Kai Yee on’s report, full text of which in Chinese can be viewed at

U.S. Treasury’s Mnuchin spoke with China Vice Premier Liu: WSJ

November 13, 2018

(Reuters) – U.S. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin has resumed discussions with China Vice Premier Liu He, with the two speaking by telephone on Friday, the Wall Street Journal reported on Monday, citing sources.

The conversation did not lead to any breakthrough, the WSJ reported. (

A U.S. Treasury spokesman did not immediately respond to a query about the report.

The development comes as China President Xi Jinping and U.S. President Donald Trump plan to meet on the sidelines of a G20 summit that is being held in Argentina at the end of November and early December.

Reporting by Kanishka Singh in Bengaluru; Editing by Leslie Adler and Cynthia Osterman

Source: Reuters “U.S. Treasury’s Mnuchin spoke with China Vice Premier Liu: WSJ”

Note: This is Reuters’ report I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean that I agree or disagree with the report’ views.

J-20 Opens Its Internal Weapon Bay during Real War Maneuver

J-20 opens weapon bay while flying, Photo by Men Guangkuo

J-20’s short-range missile on position ready to fire. Photo by Men Guangkuo shows the above photos in its report “Top show! J-20 uses that maneuver to take back its core position!” on the show of a formation of 4 J-20s on November 11, the last day of Zhuhai Airshow to celebrate the 69th anniversary of the founding of Chinese air force.

The first photo shows J-20’s internal weapon bay that is opened during its normal flight. We can see the 4 medium-range and 2 short-range air-to-air missiles in the internal weapon bay.

The second and third photos show its 2 short-range missiles on their sliding rail ready to fire when the J-20 opens its weapon bay during the sharp maneuver that it may make in real war.

Comment by Chan Kai Yee on’s report, full text of which can be viewed at