CCP’s New Guiding Ideology—Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era


CCP (Chinese Communist Party) will amend its constitution to add Xi Jinping Though on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era to CCP’s list of guiding ideologies: Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory, Three Represents and the Scientific Outlook on Development.

The Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era appears repeatedly in Xi Jinping’s three and a half hours’ speech but without his name Xi Jinping placed before it.

In CCTV’s prime time news the day before yesterday on Xi attending a panel discussion of Xi’s speech, the report shows Xi talking about the new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics but does not mention the thought. It also shows others speaking about their impression of Xi’s speech.

However, the reports on other members of CCP Politburo Standing Committee members Zhang Dejiang, Yu Zhengsheng and Liu Yunshan attending panel discussions the day before yesterday and Li Keqiang, Wang Qishan and Zhang Gaoli, yesterday only provide those members speeches about Xi’s speech especially the greatness of the thought without providing what any others spoke. In addition, all of them put Xi Jinping before “Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era” to indicate such thought is Xi Jinping’s.

The following are photos taken from CCTV prime time news footages of the six CCP Politburo Standing Committee members Li Keqiang, Zhang Dejiang, Yu Zhengsheng, Liu Yunshan, Wang Qishan and Zhang Gaoli speaking at separate panel discussions on greatness of Xi Jinping Thought:





We have seen quite a few titles of Xi in Chinese official media: leader, commander, core, etc. but with Xi Jinping Thought, he will perhaps have the additional titles of helmsman and teacher. Whether there will be the adjective “great” before such titles I do not know, but I am certain the title of teacher fits him.

As for the title of helmsman, it was the title Lin Biao gave Mao. Lin was ignorant that in modern times, a ship is navigated by the captain and his top assistants instead of the helmsman, who but operates the helm at the captain’s order. Navigator must be a better title.

Comment by Chan Kai Yee on CCTV prime time news on CCP 19th Congress.

Advertisements

Volvo — now a Chinese company — takes on Tesla – China’s latest business and technology news


The Wall Street Journal reports (paywall) that Volvo, the Swedish car company owned by China’s Zhejiang Geely Holding Group, “unveiled its first high-performance electric-car model in Shanghai” on October 17.

•The car will come to market in 2019, under the stand-alone marque Polestar, which intends to compete head-on with Tesla.

•Polestars will be manufactured in Chengdu in southwestern Sichuan Province, where Volvo already has a plant.

•China is firmly on track to become the world’s electric vehicle (EV) powerhouse, with hundreds of startups launching new cars and technologies, and the government subsidizing and regulating the industry into a boom.

•As Caixin notes (paywall) in a report on the Polestar launch, the government has demanded that EVs comprise 12 percent of all carmakers’ total output in 2019. Volvo itself pledged in June this year to produce only electric or hybrid vehicles by 2019.

Source: SupChina “Volvo — now a Chinese company — takes on Tesla – China’s latest business and technology news”

Note: This is SupChina’s report I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean that I agree or disagree with the report’ views.


Putting the environment above the economy—China’s latest business and technology news


Jeremy Goldkorn October 19, 2017

Measures to reduce the air pollution that chokes China’s cities are starting to bite:
• Reuters reports that “China has ordered state oil companies to speed up the construction of pipelines to move natural gas to homes and factories” to reduce pollution and diversify power sources away from coal. However, both government-owned and private companies in energy and household heating are worried that the supply of gas may not meet demand because necessary infrastructure is not yet in place. Gas supply to households for heating has been prioritized, so factories will be the first to suffer power cuts if there are shortfalls in gas supply.
• Bloomberg says that steel output sank to its lowest level in at least six months, “as the anti-pollution drive touted in President Xi Jinping’s landmark policy address this week began to make its mark.” The campaign to cut pollution “is roiling metals markets.”
• Caixin reports that China’s Ministry of Environmental Protection (MEP) has submitted a document “to the State Council, the country’s cabinet, for approval.” It recommends that China’s railway system lower freight fees “to encourage the use of rail over trucking services in order to reduce the worsening air pollution in northern China.”

Source: SupChina “Putting the environment above the economy—China’s latest business and technology news”

Note: This is SupChina’s report I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean that I agree or disagree with the report’ views.


Tillerson’s Diplomatic Reform to Ally with India against China


For many years, the US, as one of the two hegimons and later the only hegimon in the world, has had only allies to protect but has seldom made efforts to obtain any ally to joint force in dealing with its potential enemy. Now US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson seems to make a diplomatic reform in earnest. According to Foreign Policy’s report “Tillerson Knocks China, Courts India Ahead of South Asia Trip” yesterday, the US now wants India to be a partner to jointly deal with their common potential enemy China.

The report says, “Tillerson offered a ‘love letter’ to New Delhi while taking direct aim at China’s ambitious plans to further deepen its influence throughout Asia.”

The US also wants to improve relations with China in order to get trade concessions from it to improve US economy; therefore, Tillerson has not shown his enmity against China especially China’s One Belt, One Road (Belt and Road) initiative openly since he took office as US Secretary of State. However, for the alliance there must be a common enemy and China happened to be a convenient target; therefore, he began to attack China’s Belt and Road initiative.

I shall say that Tillerson is indeed shrewd. I regard his efforts to win over India as a diplomatic reform as he wants to have India as a partner on equal footing, i.e. as one of the “two bookends” instead one in a partnership with the US as a bookend and the other, India, as an inner page with no importance.

Stephen Blank, a senior fellow for Russia at the American Foreign Policy Council, has pointed out, “every alliance has a horse and a rider.” That is certainly not true. It goes against common sense, but his words reflect US mentality about alliance that the US always regards itself as the rider and its ally as its horse. Now, Tillerson wants a partnership on equal footing instead one with the US as the rider and India as the horse. I shall praise him for his wisdom in conducting such a diplomatic reform.

Moreover, Tillerson perhaps sees China’s intention for the establishment of an Asian union with its Belt and Road initiative, but he really has no means to counter that. The report says that the United States in years past has tried and failed to advance its own development plan for a “New Silk Road” in Central Asia. However, it fails to point out that Central Asia is Russia’s sphere of influence. How can the US succeed in Central Asia when it has been containing Russia?

China’s Belt and Road succeeds in Central Asia as it has built trust with Russia and refrained to affect the politics there in order that the area remains Russia’s sphere of influence. Therefore, the Asian Union will be jointly headed by Russia and China instead of China alone. Like the EU, there will be no difference of rider and horse in the union. A union will be impossible if like the US any member wants to be the rider and treat others as horses. China and Russia have already had their Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) without choosing a leader. SCO may expand into the Asian Union.

Now, India has joined SCO as cooperation with SCO members is very important for Indian economy. In addition, China has also been making great efforts to improve relations with India while Russia is trying hard to form a Russia-China-India iron triangle to counter the US. It is interesting to see who in the end will really succeed in courting India.

Anyway such competitions of wisdom is much more interesting than military competitions.

Comment by Chan Kai Yee on Foreign Policy’s report, full text of which can be viewed at http://foreignpolicy.com/2017/10/18/tillerson-knocks-china-courts-india-ahead-of-south-asia-trip/?utm_source=Sailthru&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Editors%20Picks%2010/18&utm_term=%2AEditors%20Picks.


China vows to scrap secret interrogations of Communist Party members


Reuters Staff October 18, 2017

BEIJING (Reuters) – China’s ruling Communist Party will scrap the practice of secretive interrogations known as “shuanggui”, President Xi Jinping said on Wednesday, part of broader reforms of its anti-corruption architecture.

Cadres accused of graft and other disciplinary violations are routinely subjected to extrajudicial detention, isolation and interrogation by the party’s much-feared Central Commission for Discipline Inspection (CCDI).

The CCDI only hands cases over to police and judiciary for prosecution. International rights groups have raised concerns of torture, including sleep deprivation, being used to obtain confessions.

In a speech on Wednesday opening a key twice-a-decade party congress, Xi said shuanggui, which only applies to Communist Party cadres, will be replaced by “detention”. Xi did not elaborate and it was not immediately clear what the distinction between the two will be.

Officially, China describes “shuanggui” as an internal disciplinary practice that requires officials under investigation “to cooperate with questioning at a designated place and a designated time”.

In practice, those under investigation are routinely held incommunicado and without access to legal representation, and a number of high-profile deaths while in custody led to discussion of reforming the system as early as 2013. New trial rules released by the CCDI in January made mandatory video and sound recordings for the entire interrogation process.

“Those summoned are deprived of liberty for days, weeks, or months, during which time they are repeatedly interrogated and often tortured,” a Human Rights Watch report said in 2016.

It said at least 11 people, according to media reports, had died under shuanggui since 2010.

The move to scrap the practice is part of wide-ranging legal reforms and the creation of a new National Supervisory Commission that will take over from the CCDI and merge multiple anti-graft units into a single body.

The new agency will also expand the graft campaign’s purview to include employees at state-backed institutions who are not necessarily Communist Party members.

“This will ensure that supervision covers everyone in the public sector who exercises public power,” Xi said.

Since coming to power in 2012, Xi’s signature anti-corruption drive has jailed or otherwise punished nearly 1.4 million party members and he has emphasized the importance of improving China’s rule of law architecture.

In his congress address, Xi said China would keep up with the “irreversible” momentum of the anti-corruption campaign, and announced a central leading group responsible for overseeing China’s law-based governance.

“The fight against corruption has formed an overwhelming posture and strengthened in development,” Xi said in the three-and-a-half-hour speech carried live across the nation on state television.

Reporting by Philip Wen and Christian Shepherd; Editing by Nick Macfie

Source: Reuters “China vows to scrap secret interrogations of Communist Party members”

Note: This is Reuters’ report I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean that I agree or disagree with the report’ views.


Long speech, lots of tea: party meeting with Chinese characteristics


John Ruwitch October 18, 2017

BEIJING (Reuters) – The speech was long, the refreshments austere, but Zhang Weiguo, a Communist Party official from Hubei province in central China, was thrilled.

Chinese President Xi Jinping is served tea as he delivers a speech during the opening session of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing, China October 18, 2017. REUTERS/Aly Song

“It was strongly persuasive, infectious, cohesive, and had rally-appeal,” Zhang said after Chinese President and party boss Xi Jinping gave a nearly three-and-a-half hour speech in Beijing’s cavernous Great Hall of the People to kick off the 19th Communist Party Congress.

“I came out of the auditorium feeling infected, my motivation infinitely enhanced.”

The scene is a far cry from a convention of the Democratic or Republican Party in the United States, with their rock concert-like atmosphere, balloons falling from the rafters and raucous cheering crowds.

Instead, most delegates wore conservative business suits, turned pages of the speech in unison, and clapped politely on cue, giving the start of China’s most important political event in five years the vibe of an academic conference.

This is party politics with Chinese characteristics. Delegates from China’s dozens of ethnic minority groups were required, as always, to wear traditional costumes, often with elaborate headgear – and news photographers swarmed.

An Olympian wore the national team’s jacket. Military men and women, as well as police, donned crisp uniforms. All, including Xi, wore red identifications badges.

Entering the Great Hall for the event required airport-level security checks, with x-ray machines and metal detectors. Outside food and drink were not allowed. Journalists, many of whom had queued in the rain since before dawn, were permitted one mobile phone each.

Inside, Xi laid out a vision for a strong and confident China stretching decades into the future. The speech will be the subject of intensive study by party members across the country in coming months and serve as a model for its content and language.

Still, it was a marathon even by Chinese politicians’ standards, and some in the audience dozed off.

For those needing a refreshment, uniformed servers standing in order by height poured tea and hot water into Great Hall of the People paper cups outside the main auditorium.

One server who had been present for the 18th Party Congress five years ago said nothing had changed.

“Everything’s the same. Our service is getting better, though,” he said.

On stage, where the party’s powerful Central Committee and former leaders sat, hosts and hostesses periodically marched from the wings in unison to pour fresh steaming water into porcelain mugs. At the two-hour mark, some started taking toilet breaks.

Luo Jialin, a member of the Sichuan province delegation, rushed to the post office at the Great Hall of People and bought five books of congress-themed stamps with the Great Hall postmark for 450 yuan ($68).

“They are very commemorative, so I want to bring some back home,” said Luo.

The speech was broadcast live and images of groups of people watching it quickly circulated on social media – doctors at a hospital, Tibetan monks, prisoners in a detention center, and even children in kindergarten. One posting showed a cat sitting in front of a TV broadcasting the speech.

Printed copies of Xi’s speech for foreign reporters were produced in 12 languages, including Lao and Portuguese, up from eight five years ago. The Chinese version ran to 68 pages.

Pictures of the seldom-seen 91-year-old former President Jiang Zemin peering at his copy through a chunky magnifying glass flew across the internet.

Later, someone identified Jiang’s magnifying glass as German-made and posted a picture of an ad for it on Taobao. Price tag: 1,598 yuan, or about $240.

($1 = 6.6219 Chinese yuan renminbi)

Reporting by John Ruwitch, Christian Shepherd, Sue-Lin Wong, Philip Wen, Anita Li; Editing by Tony Munroe and Nick Macfie

Source: Reuters “Long speech, lots of tea: party meeting with Chinese characteristics”

Note: This is Reuters’ report I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean that I agree or disagree with the report’ views.


US Plays into China’s hands with its Freedom of Navigation Operations


Like quite a few US media, Reuters is unhappy that China has built large artificial islands to assert its claim to the area within its nine-dash line. As a result, it published an exclusive report on a US destroyer’s recent freedom of navigation operation in the South China Sea. It gave the report the title “Exclusive: U.S. warship sails near islands Beijing claims in South China Sea – U.S. officials” to give the impression that the US challenged China’s claim by the operation.

Reuters says in the report, “a guided-missile destroyer, carried out normal maneuvering operations that challenged ‘excessive maritime claims’ near the Paracel Islands, among a string of islets, reefs and shoals over which China has territorial disputes with its neighbors.”

However, the so-called challenge is Reuters’ invention. The US simply does not provoke China with the operation.

The fact is what Reuters says in the report, “Unlike in August, when a U.S. Navy destroyer came within 12 nautical miles of an artificial island built up by China in the South China Sea, officials said the destroyer on Tuesday sailed close to but not within that range of the islands.” If it was a challenge why US officials spoke “on condition of anonymity” when they provided Reuters with the information about the operation?

Moreover, according to Reuters when asked about the operation, “The Pentagon did not comment directly on the operation, but said the United States carried out regular freedom-of-navigation operations and would continue to do so.” Pentagon gave the impression that it was regular freedom of navigation operation not directed at any nation. Does Reuters really cannot understand Pentagon’s comment in English?

No, Reuters certainly understands but it wants its readers to believe otherwise by the distorting manner of its report. However, it has to tell the fact that precisely proves the contrary.

Later Reuters amended the report. In the amended version of the report, Reuters says, “China’s Defense Ministry said on Wednesday that a warship, two fighter jets and a helicopter had scrambled to warn the U.S. ship away, adding it had infringed upon China’s sovereignty and security with its ‘provocation’”.

Reuters describes Chinese government’s strong response to strengthen the impression that the US has indeed challenged China.

However, we have to judge US intention by its words instead of China’s response. As described above, the US kept a low profile. Its warship refrained from going within 12 nautical miles of any of the islands claimed by China. It has not made public the operation so that Reuters learned from US officials who did not dare to reveal their identities. When Pentagon was asked about the operation, it gave a vague general reply on US freedom of navigation policy instead of a specific yes-or-no reply.

China responded strongly in order to have the excuse to militarize its artificial islands. China spent billions of dollars to build the islands to prevent the attack of its homeland by US nuclear submarines from the South China Sea and in order to have firm control of the area it claims within its nine-dash line. The huge costs of construction will be wasted if China cannot deploy necessary weapons on the artificial islands. However, the deployment is vigorously opposed by the US and may scare China’s neighbors. Since US freedom-of-navigation operations are regarded by Reuters and others as military challenge to China, China can exploit the “challenge” as an excuse to justify its deployment of weapons on its artificial islands.

China’s strong response shows its wisdom in exploiting US operations. US military is simply stupid in playing into China’s hands by its freedom-of-navigation operations. However, the US perhaps cannot help doing so as it wants to make a show of US keeping naval presence in Asia to ease its allies and other countries’ worries about the rise of China.

Seeing that US low-profile freedom of navigation operation has provided China with the excuse to militarize its islands, US Defense Secretary Mattis told reporter that what the US warship did was but a regular freedom-of-navigation operation in his reply to a reporter’s question about the operation protested by China. He says, “Our freedom of navigation maneuvers are not done with any kind of offensive designs,” and “We do them in multiple areas around the world where we want to maintain freedom of navigation.”

Obviously, Mattis meant that the operation was not directed at China specifically but something US Navy does regularly around the world so that China should not regard it as provocation. He implied that since it was not provocation Chinese Ministry of Defense should not respond by further strengthening its naval and air defense capabilities in the South China Sea. Mattis is clever to see that the US has played into China’s hands by its freedom-of navigation operation, but it was too late. (See Washington Free Beacon’s report titled “Mattis Rejects Chinese Claim U.S. Warship Violated Sovereignty” on October 13 at http://freebeacon.com/national-security/mattis-rejects-chinese-claim-u-s-warship-violated-sovereignty/.)

Nor did Mattis realize that US Navy’s busy operations to maintain US presence in the South China Sea have made US naval crews overworked to such an extent as to have two crashes with commercial ships within two months. Poor US Navy!

Comment by Chan Kai Yee on Reuters’ report, full text of which can be viewed at http://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-china-military/exclusive-u-s-warship-sails-near-islands-beijing-claims-in-south-china-sea-u-s-officials-idUSKBN1CF2QG.