US Pressure Boosts China’s Tech Development


Foreign Affairs’ article “China’s Sputnic Movent? How Washington Boosted Beijing’s Quest for Tech Dominance” on July 29, 2021 predicts US failute to hinder China’s development of technology by sanctions, cutting of supply of technology products, restriction of technology investment and cooperation, etc.

The article believes Chinese government’s stress and funding are not influencial enough to boost China’s development of technology, which it regards as China’s attempt to achieve technology dominance in the world, but in the entire article, it, in fact, mentions China’s efforts to achieve technology self-reliance. Self-reliance is certainly not dominance.

The article believes that cutting necessary supply of technology products for Chinese private enterprises will cause Chinese entrepreniurs to make great efforts for self-relience on such supplies and finally deprive US enterprises their share in the vast and growing Chinese market.

Comment by Chan Kai Yee on Foreign Affairs’ article, full text of which can be viewed at https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/united-states/2021-07-29/chinas-sputnik-moment.


China’s new ambassador arrives in U.S. with words of optimism


Michael Martina

July 29, 2021 8:15 AM HKT Last Updated an hour ago

WASHINGTON, July 28 (Reuters) – China’s new ambassador to Washington, Qin Gang, on Wednesday wished the United States victory against COVID-19 and said great potential awaited bilateral relations, striking an optimistic tone as he arrived at his new post amid deeply strained ties.

Qin’s arrival comes days after high-level talks in the northern Chinese city of Tianjin between U.S. Deputy Secretary of State Wendy Sherman and senior Chinese diplomats ended with both sides signaling that the other must make concessions for ties to improve. read more

Qin, 55, a vice foreign minister whose recent past portfolios have included European affairs and protocol, is replacing China’s longest serving ambassador to the United States, Cui Tiankai, 68, who last month announced his departure after eight years in Washington.

“I firmly believe that the door of China-U.S. relations, which is already open, cannot and should not be closed,” Qin told reporters at his residence in the U.S. capital after arriving from the airport.

“The China-U.S. relationship has come to a new critical juncture, facing not only many difficulties and challenges, but also great opportunities and potential,” Qin said.

He said relations kept moving forward “despite twists and turns,” and added that the U.S. economy was improving under President Joe Biden’s leadership.

“I wish the country an early victory against the pandemic,” he added.

Qin, who did two stints as a Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman between 2006 and 2014, has earned a reputation for often pointed public defenses of his country’s positions.

Relations between Beijing and Washington deteriorated sharply under former President Donald Trump, and Biden has maintained pressure on China, stepping up sanctions on Chinese officials and vowing that the country won’t replace the United States as the world’s global leader on his watch.

China’s Foreign Ministry has recently signaled there could be preconditions for the United States on which any kind of cooperation would be contingent, a stance some analysts say leaves dim prospects for improved ties.

The post of the U.S. ambassador to China has been vacant since October, when Republican Terry Branstad stepped down to help with Trump’s reelection campaign.

With many U.S. ambassador posts to allied countries still unfilled, Biden has yet to nominate a replacement for China, though former ambassador to NATO Nicholas Burns is considered a favorite candidate in foreign policy circles.

Reporting by Michael Martina; Editing by Leslie Adler

Source: Reuters “China’s new ambassador arrives in U.S. with words of optimism”

Note: This is Reuters’ report I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean whether I agree or disagree with the report’s views.


Chinese FM Wang Yi Sets 3 bottom Lines on US-China Relations


Teller Report says in its report “Wang Yi meets with U.S. Deputy Secretary of State Sherman” on July 27, 2021 that in his meeting with Sherman, Wang Yi sets 3 bottom lines on US-China relations:

“First the United States must not challenge, slander or even attempt to subvert Chinese characteristics. Socialist road and system.”

Second, the United States must not try to obstruct or even interrupt China’s development process; therefore, the United States shall remove all unilateral sanctions, high tariffs, long-arm jurisdiction, and technology blockade imposed on China as soon as possible.

Third, the United States must not infringe upon China’s national sovereignty, let alone undermine China’s territorial integrity, refering to Xinjian, Tibet, Hong Kong and Taiwan issues.

So far the US is containing China with the sancions, restriction and the attacks on China’s Xinjiang, Tibet, Hong Kong and Taiwan issues so that it is impossible for the US not to cross China’s bottom lines. As a result, conflicts or even wars are unavoidable.

The US has got the warnings but we will see whter it will change its course. This blogger doubt that and believes that conflicts, even military ones, can hardly be avoidable if Chinese military has grown even more powerful.

Comment by Chan Kai Yee on Teller Report’s report, full text of which can be viewed at https://www.tellerreport.com/news/2021-07-26-wang-yi-meets-with-u-s—deputy-secretary-of-state-sherman.B1f4Fj2Cu.html.


US-China Spars Worsening, Military Conflicts Avoidable? Unknown


AP says in its report “US, China hold high-level talks, highlighting differences” that the high-level face-to-face talks between US and Chinese diplomats on July 26, 2021 highlighted sharp differences though the tone was better than their last meeting.

The report says, “China issued a long list of demands and complaints, accusing the U.S. of trying to contain and suppress China’s development, while America brought up its concerns about human rights and other issues, and urged cooperation on matters including climate change, Iran and North Korea.”

It is speculated that US Deputy Secretary of State Wendy Sherman’s visit aimed at arranging a summit between US President Joe Biden and his Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping, but the sharp spars with her hosts made such a summit impossible.

However, what I expected about the meeting is US attempt to explain its desire to avoid the quarrel from worsening into a military conflict. I don’t know whether a consensus on that has been reached at the meeting.

Comment by Chan Kai Yee on AP’s report, full text of which can be viewed at https://apnews.com/article/joe-biden-government-and-politicss-china-15314780df6858b7a7b7c010781bdf87?utm_source=Sailthru&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=July26_Morning_Wire&utm_term=Morning%20Wire%20Subscribers.


EU Imports from Xinjiang Jumps despite US Sactions


According to SCMP’s report “Xinjiang’s exports to the EU boom, despite political concerns over forced labour”, EU’s “imports of products from the region rise 131 per cent in the first six months, according to an assessment of Chinese customs dataimports of goods from Xijiang.”

That means that EU’s support for US criticism of use of forced labor in Xinjiang is but a diplomatic show, US ban on imports of cotton, tomatoes, etc. only removes EU’s competitors in sourcing products with competitive prices and quality.

Comment by Chan Kai Yee on SCMP’s report, full text of which can be viewed at https://www.scmp.com/news/china/diplomacy/article/3142389/xinjiangs-exports-eu-boom-despite-political-concerns-over?utm_medium=email&utm_source=cm&utm_campaign=enlz-today_international&utm_content=20210725&tpcc=enlz-today_international&UUID=e3692333-3bc5-45f9-ab9b-53d39ff20411&next_article_id=3142430&tc=21&CMCampaignID=d5f02809053adf519668bbff9cbfcbe1


US Has to give China Some Sweetener to Attract Xi to Meet Biden


In order to attract Russian President Putin to Meet US President Biden, the US has to lift its sanctions on Nord Stream 2 Pipeline. Now in order to meet Chinese President Xi Jinping, Biden has to provide some sweetener too to attract Xi.

That is why before U.S. Deputy Secretary of State Wendy Sherman’s visit to China US, according to Reuters’ report “U.S. moves to drop charges against Chinese researcher arrested on visa fraud” on July 22, 2021, “The U.S. Justice Department on Thursday moved to drop all charges against a Chinese researcher arrested last year on visa fraud, a case that is part of the department’s ‘China Initiative’ which aims to prevent the transfer of U.S. technology to China.”

Only by so doing can the US get China’s Foreign Minister Wang Yi to meet Sherman. Poor America!

However, whether Sherman may get China agree to the summit between Biden and Xi remains unclear.

Why does Biden want to meet Xi so urgently?

Reuters says in its report “U.S. to stress need for ‘guardrails’ in Sherman’s talks in China”, “U.S. Deputy Secretary of State Wendy Sherman will tell China in upcoming talks that while Washington welcomes competition with Beijing, there needs to be a level playing field and guardrails to ensure that does not veer off into conflict, senior U.S. officials said on Saturday.”

“Welcome competition”? The issue now is not China competing with the US while the US welcomes the competition. It is US “competing” with China by attacking China on China’s Xinjinag, Taiwan and Hong Kong policies and denying China’s rights and interests in the South China Sea. In fact the US calls it competition but China does not call it so. China regards such attacks as wanton interference with China’s internal affairs.

The US uses a mild term to call it “competition” and wants China to accept it and avoid such “competition” aggravating into a conflict. Will China accept such mild description of actual serious conflicts caused by the US for the sole purpose to contain China? Certainly not.

Conflicts already exist due to such US ways of “competition”. If the US goes on doing so, there may even be military conflicts. That is what the US wants earnestly to avoid. That is why Biden wants to meet Xi so urgently.

As for China, it has no intention to compete with the US. What it wants is win-win cooperation with the US to facilitate China attaining its goal to grow into a prosperous, strong, democratic, culturally advanced, harmonious, and beautiful modernized nation by 2050.

The US is unhappy with that, but it is unable to stop China from attaining that goal in spite of all its attacks and sanctions on China.

While Sherman will be visiting China for a Biden-Xi summit, US high officials are busy to visit China’s neighbors in order to unite their forces to contain China, but China’s growing vast market is so attractive that the US cannot provide any alternatives to attract them away from China.

Poor America!

Comment by Chan Kai Yee on Reuters’ reports, full text of which can be viewed respectively at https://www.reuters.com/world/china/us-moves-drop-charges-against-chinese-researcher-arrested-visa-fraud-2021-07-23/ and https://www.reuters.com/world/us/us-stress-need-guardrails-shermans-talks-china-2021-07-24/.


China Launched a Little Baby Version of the X-37B Spaceplane


There’s one big difference, though.

BY KYLE MIZOKAMI

JUL 22, 2021

  • China announced it carried out a successful test flight of a reusable spaceplane.
  • China and the spacecraft’s manufacturer, CASC, did not reveal any details of the flight.
  • The mysterious vehicle is a stepping stone to large, more capable craft like the Air Force’s X-37B.

A Chinese aerospace manufacturer hailed a successful test flight of a new spaceplane that will broaden China’s reusable spaceflight capabilities.

The unnamed craft reportedly takes off like a rocket and lands like an airplane, much like the U.S. Air Force’s X-37B (pictured above), but can’t go all the way into orbit like the American spaceplane can. The Chinese version is the first of a series of reusable spacecraft that will benefit the People’s Liberation Army (PLA).

The launch took place last Friday at the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center in Inner Mongolia. China’s Global Times reported the suborbital craft “landed at an airport in Alxa Right Banner in North China’s Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.”

Suborbital spacecraft differ from orbital spacecraft in that they lack the power to reach full low-Earth orbit. After their engines shut down, suborbital spacecraft must return to Earth. Blue Origin’s New Shepard rocket, which just carried Jeff Bezos to space, is an example of a suborbital craft.

Companies like Blue Origin are interested in suborbital craft as vehicles for space tourism. China’s government is decidedly not interested in space tourism; instead, it sees the craft as a stepping stone to bigger, more capable spaceplanes. Space News says the craft’s developer, state-owned China Aerospace Science and Technology Corp (CASC), is planning a nuclear-powered shuttle by 2045.

CASC is an aerospace giant that builds rockets, missiles, and the Rainbow series of military drones. The company said the spaceplane launch served as a “flight demonstration and verification project” that “indicates China’s transition from a big space-faring nation to a strong one.”

Neither CASC nor the Chinese government shared any actual photos of the craft. That’s because China’s State Administration for Science, Technology, and Industry for National Defense said the vehicle is “too advanced to be put on display.”

China’s military will almost certainly operate reusable spacecraft in the future. The PLA has the same requirements as the U.S. Air Force, and could use a spaceplane to launch satellites into orbit, conduct reconnaissance missions, and perform other military tasks.

What We Know About the Air Force’s X-37B Shuttle

Boeing’s X-37B, as a refresher, is built to spend months in orbit, carrying out classified missions on behalf of the U.S.’s military space program. The spacecraft works in or out of the atmosphere with slightly different mechanics at play in each.

Where a classic amphibious vehicle is designed to manage on land or in water, the X-37B thrives in both air and space, using the physics of the atmosphere for self defense and eluding enemies. The reusable craft’s ability to orbit in either environment makes it both special and challenging in the existing landscape of airplanes and spacecraft.

The X-37B most recently launched its sixth mission—testing a solar power system that beams energy to Earth with a laser—in May 2020, and before that, it famously stayed in space for a record-setting 780 days, returning home in October 2019 from a mission that saw it host “Air Force Research Laboratory experiments, among others” and provide a “ride for small satellites,” per an Air Force press release.

The chief military advantage of spaceplanes is their payload bays, which enable them to launch and recover payloads, and then land on any sufficiently long runway in their path.

Source: Popular Mechanics “China Launched a Little Baby Version of the X-37B Spaceplane”

Note: This is Popular Mechanics’ report I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean whether I agree or disagree with the report’s views.


America’s Newest Carrier Is a Fiasco. The Navy Just Admitted Why.


The USS Gerald R. Ford joined the fleet 4 years ago. It has yet to make a single deployment.

BY KYLE MIZOKAMI

JUL 22, 2021

The Chief of Naval Operations, Mike Gilday, says the U.S. Navy built the aircraft carrier USS Ford with too many new technologies.

Now, the Ford is several years behind in its life cycle because of problems with many of those new technologies.

The last of the Ford’s four advanced weapon elevators, the most glaring example of the ship’s tech gone wrong, should enter service later this year.

The head of the U.S. Navy admits the service added too much untested tech to its latest and greatest aircraft carrier, the USS Gerald R. Ford.

When the Navy first built the Ford, it incorporated nearly two dozen new technologies, some of which are still giving the service headaches 4 years after the ship entered the fleet.

In a presentation recorded for August’s Sea Air Space exposition, Chief of Naval Operations Adm. Mike Gilday said adding 23 new features to the Ford was a “mistake” the Navy can’t afford to repeat.

THE STRANGE SAGA OF THE USS FORD

What Went Wrong?

Gilday said he needs to take “a much more deliberate approach with respect to introducing new technologies to any platform”—preferably one that only introduces up to two technologies per ship and thoroughly tests them on land first.

The USS Ford is the inaugural ship in the Ford-class aircraft carriers, the first new class of aircraft carriers in 40 years. The Navy was eager to cram new tech into the Ford, including a new search radar, electromagnetically powered aircraft catapults to replace traditionally steam-powered catapults, a new aircraft recovery system, and 11 electromagnetically powered elevators designed to shuttle bombs and missiles from the ship’s magazine to waiting aircraft.

But technical problems with the new features led to $2.8 billion in cost overruns and delays, resulting in a total ship cost of $13 billion—not including the actual planes on the carrier.

Those delays meant the Navy only commissioned the Ford in 2017, despite laying it down in 2009. Even then, problems lingered, especially with the electromagnetic aircraft launch system (EMALS) and the advanced weapon elevators (AWEs).

The ship’s first full deployment, originally scheduled for 2018, is now set for 2022.

As a result of the Ford fiasco, the Navy is building copies of new tech bound for its Constellation-class frigates on land to ensure they work properly, according to U.S. Naval Institute News. The Navy surprisingly didn’t do this for several pieces of key tech that went into the Ford. Gilday also said the last of the 11 AWEs will be operational sometime this year.

The Ford is currently in shock trials, a series of tests off the coast of Florida designed to ensure the ship can withstand shock and battle damage in wartime. The ship will then enter a maintenance period before its first deployment next year. Hopefully.

Source: Popular Mechanics “America’s Newest Carrier Is a Fiasco. The Navy Just Admitted Why.”

Note: This is Popular Mechanics’ report I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean whether I agree or disagree with the report’s views.


U.S. moves to drop charges against Chinese researcher arrested on visa fraud


Jane Lee

July 23, 2021 9:34 AM HKT

Last Updated 2 hours ago

July 22 (Reuters) – The U.S. Justice Department on Thursday moved to drop all charges against a Chinese researcher arrested last year on visa fraud, a case that is part of the department’s “China Initiative,” which aims to prevent the transfer of U.S. technology to China.

Tang Juan, who was a visiting researcher at the University of California, Davis School of Medicine, was arrested in July last year for allegedly concealing her military affiliation. Her jury trial was scheduled to start Monday.

In a filing with the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of California, prosecutors said they were moving to dismiss the indictment and vacate the trial. The filing gave no reasons.

The move follows a trial brief by the defense on Monday that called for a dismissal of the case based on recently disclosed evidence of a report by FBI analysts that questioned whether the visa application question on “military service” was clear enough for Chinese medical scientists at military universities and hospitals.

At least five Chinese researchers were arrested last year, two of whom are still in jail, over this question. Civil liberties groups including the American Civil Liberties Union and the Asian Law Caucus have voiced concern about the cases, which they say reflect anti-China bias. Defense lawyers say their clients’ real crime is running afoul of U.S.-China politics. read more

The Justice Department’s China Initiative was started three years ago under Republican former President Donald Trump to counter China’s national security threats.

The move by the Justice Department on the case comes as U.S. Deputy Secretary of State Wendy Sherman is scheduled to visit China. read more Sherman, the State Department’s second-ranked official, will meet with State Councillor and Foreign Minister Wang Yi and other officials.

The visit could help set the stage for further exchanges and a potential meeting between President Joe Biden and Chinese leader Xi Jinping later this year.

Before Tang’s arrest, she sought refuge in the San Francisco China consulate following an FBI interrogation with her mother and daughter. The judge in the case later ordered the FBI interview to be dropped as Tang wasn’t read her Miranda rights. The judge for the case of another Chinese researcher who was a visiting scholar at Stanford University Song Chen had ordered FBI interrogations to be dropped for the same reason.

Reporting by Jane Lanhee Lee; additional reporting by David Brunnstrom in Washington, D.C., and Dan Levine in Oakland, Calif.; Editing by Leslie Adler

Source: Reuters “U.S. moves to drop charges against Chinese researcher arrested on visa fraud”

Note: This is Reuters’ report I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean whether I agree or disagree with the report’s views.


Situation Report: China’s carrier catch-up


Foreign Policy Situation Report – Your finger on the button

JULY 15, 2021 | VIEW IN BROWSER

SPONSORED BY CHEMONICS

By Robbie Gramer and Jack Detsch

At the Jiangyan shipyard near Shanghai, the Chinese navy is busy building up its next crown jewel. The Type 003 Carrier—boring name aside—showcases China’s growing naval ambitions and poses one of the greatest new challenges to U.S. naval supremacy in the Asia-Pacific.

China isn’t saying much about its new carrier, but satellite imagery analyzed by experts at the Center for Strategic and International Studies this week shows it is making “considerable progress” on the carrier, with its flight deck, superstructure, and sponsons “nearly complete.”

The carrier, about 318 meters in length, will be the Chinese People’s Liberation Army Navy’s (PLAN) most technologically advanced and largest yet—and the largest non-U.S. carrier to be constructed in decades. U.S. Indo-Pacific Command estimates China could have four carriers by 2025, with potentially one more to come by 2030. It’s a sign China, already the world’s largest shipbuilder, wants to use that industrial might to supercharge its massive navy.

What the new carrier means. “The trend is that China is attempting to build a blue water navy, and that’s what this third carrier and plan beyond that represents,” said Eric Sayers, an expert with the American Enterprise Institute and former advisor to the commander of U.S. Pacific Command. “That’s not for its near seas. … That’s more for projecting power into the Indo-Pacific and beyond.”

China’s carrier upgrades and other investments in its navy have some experts worried Beijing could be getting more capable of showdowns with U.S. carrier strike groups in the region or launching a military assault on Taiwan, which top military officials have predicted could come within the next six years.

PLAN of attack. “I think they’re going to become more confrontational,” said Jerry Hendrix, a retired Navy captain and former U.S. Defense Department official. “With their carriers, they may think that they’re going to be able to establish sea control for long enough that they can pull off an amphibious assault.”

Tensions between Washington and Beijing have ratcheted up as China bristles at the U.S. Navy’s freedom of navigation operations (FONOPS) near disputed island chains in the South China Sea. In the latest round of the two superpowers’ naval chest-thumping, China claimed it “drove away” a U.S. destroyer sailing near the disputed Paracel Islands—claims the Pentagon has dismissed as “false.”

Sayers said China is, in effect, building up two navies simultaneously: one for its “near seas” and, increasingly, a blue water navy capable of operating in open oceans. “What the carriers represent is a growing confidence that they have the industrial capacity and the capability to deter the U.S. Navy in the near seas, or at least match them to some degree, but they can also invest in direct resources toward far seas power projection capability,” he said.

Catching up. The United States is already falling behind in the quantitative race with China—although naval experts caution the number alone doesn’t tell the whole story. China is estimated to have had 360 battleforce ships by the end of 2020, compared to the U.S. Navy’s 297 ships. Some of U.S. President Joe Biden’s picks for top Pentagon posts have voiced support for getting the United States to a 355-ship Navy, but Biden’s budget doesn’t seem to match those plans.

Then there’s the matter of what’s on the carrier itself. U.S. carriers have had catapult launch capabilities on board for decades, giving its Navy the ability to generate massive “sorties” (Pentagon speak for bombing runs).

But for China, it’s a big deal. Developing carriers with larger flight decks and catapult and resting gear platforms like the Type 003, which should be ready to go by 2022, gives Beijing the ability to throw more heavily armed fighter jets into combat at flight speed—a sign Beijing could challenge the dominance of U.S. flattops in the region.

Keeping U.S. naval planners up at night. The carriers’ significance is not lost on experts in Washington. “They’re moving beyond having aircraft carriers as just prestige platforms, and they’re moving to something much more complex,” Hendrix said. “They’re moving to a power projection platform that can throw ordinance a longer distance.”

“It’s certainly enough to keep the U.S. Pacific Fleet Commander awake at night,” Sayers added. “It’s not the PLA Navy of yesteryear.”

Source: Foreign Policy “Situation Report: China’s carrier catch-up”

Note: This is Foreign Policy’s report I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean whether I agree or disagree with the report’s views.