China’s 2nd Homegrown Carrier Must Use Electromagnetic Catapult

China’s ground test electromagnetic catapult. photo

In my post “China’s Aircraft Carrier to Have Homegrown Electromagnetic Catapult” yesterday, I quoted SupChina’s report “China upgrades its carrier and pushes its ocean claims” as saying that according the South China Morning Post (SCMP), China has “developed a medium-voltage, direct-current transmission network” to equip its conventionally powered Type 002 carrier with an electromagnetic aircraft launch system.

On the day, Chinese military expert Yin Zhuo says in “Asia Today” of CCTV4 that China’s medium-voltage, direct-current integrated power system is more than 10 years advanced than US medium-voltage, alternating-current integrated power system that has been installed on US newest Zumwalt-class destroyer.

According to CCTV4, Chinese integrated power system is highly efficient so that a conventionally powered aircraft carrier has enough power for electromagnetic catapult. As a result China will go its own way in building conventionally powered instead of nuclear powered aircraft carrier.

According to Yin Zhuo, electromagnetic catapults installed on US newest aircraft carrier the Ford have had quite a few accidents and even a quite serious accident in their test operation. China’s however has successfully sent J-15s to the sky more than a thousand times. Due to its satisfactory performance, Yin says that China’s second homegrown Type 002 aircraft carrier must use electromagnetic catapult.

CCTV4 compared Type 002 with Type 001 under construction. Type 002 will have a displacement of 80,000 tons, much bigger than the 65,000 tons of Type 001. It will have 48 J-15 fighter jets, 12 more than the 36 J-15s that Type 001 has. It will in addition have 4 AEW&C aircrafts indispensable for an aircraft carrier sailing far away from homeland. Chinese fixed-wing AEW&C aircraft is too heavy to take off from Type 001, but they can take off from Type 002 with the help of electromagnetic catapult.

Comment by Chan Kai Yee on CCTV4’s report, which can be viewed at


China’s Aircraft Carrier to Have Homegrown Electromagnetic Catapult

SupChina says in its report “China upgrades its carrier and pushes its ocean claims” that according the South China Morning Post (SCMP), China has “developed a medium-voltage, direct-current transmission network” to equip its conventionally powered Type 002 carrier with an electromagnetic aircraft launch system.

The report says, “The system ‘would mean less wear and tear on the planes and allow more aircraft to be launched in a shorter time than the ski and steam-catapult systems.’”

The US is dealing with the challenges of the electromagnetic catapult on its nuclear powered carrier, but China has developed such catapult on conventionally powered carrier.

The report says, “Several military sources also boasted to the SCMP that the technology surpassed the jet launch technology of some U.S. aircraft carriers.”

Moreover, it says, “An expert in military technology told the SCMP that the new technology could in the future also be used to launch missiles and satellites.”

What? A Chinese carrier will be both a floating air base and air defense and can even fight a star war by launching an ASAT satellite!

The US promised to sell its electromagnetic catapult to India, but India has no nuclear powered carrier and even 65,000-ton INS Vishal it is planning to build in the future is not nuclear powered so that there remains the question whether it has enough power to operate the catapult provided by the US.

India had better buy Chinese one to equip its conventionally powered carriers, but is China willing to sell given that India is joining the US to contain China.

Comment by Chan Kai Yee on SupChina’s report, full text of which can be viewed at

China Developed Landing-aid Device for Landing on Aircraft Carrier

According to PLA’s website, China has developed a device to help warplane land on aircraft carrier.

The report says that CCP 19th Congress representative Li Yuan revealed to reporters in the morning of October 19 when she entered the site of Congress through a room to meet reporters that No. 704 Research Institute of China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation (CSIC) has developed a device to help warplane land on aircraft carrier.

19th Congress representatives Li Yuan (middle) and Meng Xiangfei (left) briefing reporters. photo

Then another representative Meng Xiangfei of State Supercomputer Tianjin Center said that the Center’s Tianhe Supercomputer had played its role in the development of the device.

Source: “China’s carrier-borne warplanes have a homegrown “Magic Lamp” to help them land on aircraft carrier” (summary by Chan Kai Yee based on the report in Chinese”

China’s 3rd Aircraft Carrier Not Nuclear but Uses Catapult for Takeoff

A recently published image of China’s land-based aircraft carrier development facility at Wuhan shows that the height of the island’s forward upper superstructure has been increased to facilitate faring in the array panels of the phased array radar. (Via CJDBY website)

IHS Jane’s Defence Weekly says in its article “China’s land-based carrier mock-up undergoing further modifications” that according to photos of the mock-up island of China’s new aircraft carrier published in Chinese online forums, “the height of the island’s forward upper superstructure on the carrier mock-up has been increased to facilitate faring in the array panels of the phased array radar. In addition, the smaller square apertures above those for the main array panels suggest that the Type 002 may be equipped with a dual-band, phased-array radar: a configuration that appears to be similar to that on China’s Type 055 destroyers, the first of which was launched in June.”

Another major modification of the mock-up is the removal of parts for sky-jump takeoff on the deck. That gives rise to the speculation that catapults will be used for takeoff but it is unclear whether the catapults are steam or electromagnetic ones.

As no modification is seen in the back of the mock-up island, the article believes that China’s third aircraft carrier will be conventional instead of nuclear one. says in its article “Jane’s speculation of the configuration of China’s new-type aircraft carrier: Conventional powered plus catapult takeoff”, “So far there is no evidence that indicates construction has been underway and there is speculation outside China that the construction of the third aircraft carrier has been delayed for modification of design to allow the installation of electromagnetic instead of steam catapults.”

Source: IHS Jane’s Defence Weekly “China’s land-based carrier mock-up undergoing further modifications” (summary by Chan Kai Yee, full text of which can be viewed at

Source: “Jane’s speculation of the configuration of China’s new-type aircraft carrier: Conventional powered plus catapult takeoff” (summary by Chan Kai Yee based on the article in Chinese)

China’s Major Progress in Aircraft Carrier Technology

China’s Type 003 aircraft carrier. This display at the Military Museum of the Chinese People’s Revolution looks even further into the future. Here you can spot speculative features like catapults, J-20 fighters, and stealthy unmanned combat aerial vehicles (UCAVs). The nuclear-powered Type 003 supercarrier likely won’t enter service until after 2030. Photo:

Popular Science describes China’s major progress in aircraft carrier technology in its article “China’s making major progress with its aircraft carrier tech: Say hello to China’s first catapult-equipped carrier.” The article is mainly based on what have been seen at China’s test site of steam and electromagnetic catapults, display of models in China’s Military Museum and information from Chinese military fans’ posts.

The article provides a fan-made computer-generated image of China’s second homegrown aircraft carrier and speculates that the carrier will have a displacement of 70,000 tons and powered with China-designed and made 170-230-megawatt CGT-60F heavy duty, F-class gas turbine to provide adequate power for huge steam catapults.

Such description, though speculation, may be true as without catapult, the carrier has no protection from its own fixed-wing AEW&C aircrafts at high sea. China must have a blue-sea aircraft carrier if it wants to have a blue sea navy.

The article describes China’s new J-15B, J-15T and even J-31 carrier-based aircrafts, which are based on the test flights already seen. When the carrier is operating at high sea far away from Chinese coast, it has no protection from China’s stealth J-20s. It certainly must have its own stealth fighter jets to counter others’.

J-31 may be as good as F-35, but J-20 is absolutely superior so that the model of China’s third homegrown carrier carries J-20s heavy stealth fighter jets. If so, the carrier must be a nuclear one with a displacement of 90,000 tons. Such a carrier may be commissioned by 2030

This blogger has no doubt that China is capable of obtaining such technologies, but believes that aircraft carrier is too expensive to build and maintain. To dominate the sea, China had better use its resources in building aerospace bombers and super quiet and fast attack nuclear submarines. China has the technology of super submarines and may have already begun building some. It will test flight manned aerospace aircrafts by 2030. Shall China build such expensive aircraft carrier?

Perhaps, as Chinese economy keeps on growing at 7% p.a., China will grow rich enough to afford all such advanced weapons.

Comment by Chan Kai Yee on Popular Science’s article, full text of which can be found at

China’s Next Homegrown Aircraft Carrier Will Use 4 Steam Catapults

China’s Science and Technology Daily says in its report yesterday that there has been recent media report that China’s next homegrown Type 002 aircraft carrier to be launched by the end of this year the earliest will be equipped with 4 steam catapults instead of electromagnetic ones.

The newspaper interviewed Chinese naval expert Li Jie for that. According to Li, steam catapults have been in use for half a century and proved very reliable while electromagnetic one is a brand new technology that needs actual proof of its reliability in spite of its great advantages compared with steam ones. China had better wait and see.

Moreover, electromagnetic catapult consumes lots of electricity so that the aircraft carrier must be a nuclear one with total power exceeding 60 MW. Judging by Li’s words, China’s next aircraft carrier will not be a nuclear one.

Source: Science and Technology Daily “Will China’s Type 002 aircraft carrier be equipped with 4 steam catapults? Expert gives explanation” (summary by Chan Kai Yee based on the report in Chinese)

China’s Space Era Strategy Overwhelmingly Superior to US Air-Sea Battle

The Chinese hypersonic spaceplane, with a combined cycle engine that hops between jet, scramjets, and rockets, promises to be the ultimate form in reusable and easy space travel. In theory, it could cross the Pacific Ocean in one hour. China hopes to have these fast birds in the sky (with people onboard!) by 2030.

There is no denial that the US regards China as its top potential enemy. Obama made it very clear that his Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) was directed at China.

Obama’s pivot to Asia, in spite of his claim that it was not directed at China, was directed at China. That was clear to everybody.

The US is obsessed with military solution. That is why it maintains an excessive military budget in spite of its shortage of funds for its people’s welfare and its essential but dilapidated infrastructures. Obama’s major approach for his pivot to Asia was to deploy 60% of US military in Asia.

China follows its gifted strategist Sun Tzu’s teachings: Subdue the enemy with strategy is the best of best, with diplomacy the next best, with fighting the third option while with attacking enemy cities the last choice. China’s approaches now are first of all strategy, the strategy of weapon development to achieve military superiority and the strategy to exploit its geographical advantages.

It first built seven artificial islands to fully exploit its geographical advantages to prevent US attack of its homeland.

Chinese President Xi Jinping’s stress on development of integrated space and air capabilities for both attack and defense is the space era strategy that requires the development of technology for space travel. It is difficult but formidable. When China has succeeded in building an aerospace bomber so fast as capable to chase an ICBM, the US will have not even the ability to defend its homeland, let alone the capability to attack China.

However, US politicians and military, being strategy illiterate, adopts their air-sea battle strategy with which it won World War II when computer has not been invented yet. Now, they stick to the outdated strategy in spite of their failures in Korea, Vietnam, Iraq and Afghanistan.

Their new aircraft carrier is indeed very advanced but will be easy prey of an aerospace bomber.

I have just had a post that compares US and Chinese hypersonic flying vehicles based on a Popular Science’s article. It shows how ambitious Chinese are compared with US unmanned models with limited military capabilities.

China will certainly subdue the US with its superior strategy. It is only a matter of time.


Strategy illiterates have not learnt from the lessons from World War II. That is America’s major problem.

Germany adopted advanced technology to develop best tanks, lots of warplanes and rockets and made Britain and the Soviet Union suffer seriously.

British battleship was sunk by Japan’s aircrafts as it fails to realize the importance of air force. Like Britain, the US fails now to realize the importance of integrated space and air capabilities. Its space competition with the Soviet Union was a waste of huge resources for a show of technical superiority. When It has won the competition, it neglects space and transfers its resources to pursue near-term weapon superiority.

China’s space program is not for a show. It aims at obtaining technology for weapon development and exploiting space resources.

It is very clear the US is repeating Britain’s failure. US best aircraft carriers will be destroyed by aerospace bombers like Britain’s battleships by bomber aircrafts.

Article by Chan Kai Yee