China Develops Lots of Advanced Weapons in 2018

In its report “Another blowout year: Review of homegrown new types of weapon, equipment in 2018” on December 28, presents the following new weapons China developed in 2018:

China Is the First to Test an Electromagnetic Rail Gun on Warship

Rail gun is very powerful due to the high speed of gun shot. The US is the first to test such a gun on ground without much success. China, though a late commer, has been testing the gun on a warship.

DF-26 Missiles Fully Commissioned

DF-26 is China’s new generation of intermediate ballistic missiles very powerful in hitting ground and surface targets. In 2018, it has passed the tests of trial installation and operation and combats. Now some rocket force units are entirely installed and operating such missiles.

Incessant News about B-20 Bomber

On May 8, 2018, the outline sketch of a new-type long-range bomber emerges in the major promotion film “Large Nation Takes Off” issued by the aviation industry. Outsiders speculate that the bomber is China’s new-type B-20 bomber, about which there had been lots of rumors.

Later CCTV’s documentary “Permanent Soul of the Army” also mentions “great progress obtained in the research and development of the new type long-range strategic bomber H-20”. It enhanced outsiders’ speculation.

Fourth Sea Test of China’s Homegrown Aircraft Carrier

After the three sea tests of the carrier on May 13, August 26 and October 28, China’s homegrown aircraft carrier began its fourth sea test on December 27.

The frequent sea tests indicate smooth progress of the tests and there is the speculation that the carrier will soon be commissioned.

Maiden Sea Test of China’s 10,000-ton Class Type 055 Destroyer

The test attracts keen interest among Western media and military analysts as Type 055 destroyer is bigger and more advanced than those of the US, Japan, South Dorea.

Shocking Display of J-10B with Thrust Vector Engines

On November 6, J-10Bs displayed highly difficult maneuvers such as Cobra and leaves floating maneuvering enabled by their thrust vector engines.

The show indicates China’s mastery of thrust vector technology.

Y-20 Transport Aircraft Modified as Refueling Tanker

In the past China lacks aerial refueling tanker due to insufficient production of IL-78s to satisfy its demand for large transport aircrafts. As China is able to make large transport aircrafts Y-20 itself now, it is able to modify Y-20 for aerial refueling. That has greatly increased the range of Chinese warplanes.

Comment by Chan Kai Yee on’s report, full text of which in Chinese can be viewed at


US Air Force Scared by Chinese Air Force’s Growing Superiority

US Air Force Times’ article yesterday titled “China aims to defeat the US Air Force without firing a shot. Here’s how” reflects such fear covered by the allegation of China copying the US so that Chinese equipment is similar to the US. However, the article cannot deny that China can also innovate as proved by its independent development of missiles.

We all know that China’s DF-21D and DF-26 anti-ship ballistic missiles are capable of denying US aircraft carriers approach to Chinese coasts.

However, the claim of similarity at least reflects the writer’s admission that China’s equipment is equal in functions and performance. That, in fact, indicates the fear of US air force that Chinese air force’s superiority will grow to the extent that it may defeat its US counterpart without firing a shot.

The article is based on US think tank Rand Corp’s report that “was originally shared with Air Force leaders in September 2017, but was made publicly available this month (November 2018)” according to Air Force Times’ report.

Rand Corp’s report displays the following table of comparison between US and Chinese air force.

The first item in the table is already entirely wrong. It says that J-20 copies US F-22 and F-35. J-20’s canard pneumatic structure is entirely different from the conventional ones of F-22 and F-35.

Comment by Chan Kai Yee on Air Force Times’ article, full text of which can be viewed at

Aerial refuelling capability of China’s J-20 fighter confirmed

Two Chinese J-20 multirole fighters fly in formation during the 6–11 November Airshow China 2018 defence exhibition in Zhuhai. Source: Via China Ministry of National Defense

Andrew Tate, London – IHS Jane’s Defence Weekly

19 November 2018

Chinese state broadcaster CCTV has shown video footage confirming the in-flight refuelling capability of China’s J-20 multirole ‘fifth-generation’ fighter aircraft. However, the images, which show the platform’s refuelling probe being extended and retracted, were pixelated to obscure any details, and no images of the J-20 undertaking in-flight refuelling have yet to be released.

The J-20 was one of the principal exhibits at the 6-11 November Airshow China 2018 defence exhibition in Zhuhai, which has become a key event, not only for displaying Chinese equipment promoted to potential overseas customers, but also as a conduit through which information on China’s military capabilities can be released in a controlled but unofficial way. For instance, the images that have emerged of the platforms and weapons chosen for static and aerial display are of much higher quality and detail than those normally circulating on the internet.

The J-20’s flying display was one of the highlights of this year’s show, with the opening of the aircraft’s weapon bays resulting in many images of the air-to-air missile load featuring on the internet and in media outlets around the world. This display coincided with comments made by People’s Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) Deputy Commander Lieutenant General Xu Anxiang announcing Beijing’s intent to make the PLAAF a “world-class air force”.

Another aerial display at Zhuhai that prompted much interest was that of a J-10B fighter equipped with Chinese-made thrust-vectoring engines. When questioned during a conference in Zhuhai about whether the J-20 will be similarly equipped in the future, J-10B chief design engineer Yang Wei hinted that such trials with the J-20 may already have been conducted.

Other interviews conducted by state media at Zhuhai included that featuring J-20 test pilot Li Gang, who flew the aircraft during its inaugural flight in 2011.

Source: “Aerial refuelling capability of China’s J-20 fighter confirmed”

Note: This is’s report I post here for readers’ information. It does not mean that I agree or disagree with the report’ views.

Airshow Unable to Show J-20‘s Three Most Outstanding Advantages

Impressive the flight shows of J-20 were at Zhuhai Airshow, the shows are not able to display the three most outstanding advamtages of J-20, according to its general designer Yang Wei. says in its report “J-20’s chief designer: Three most outstanding advantages of J-20 cannot be displayed at the airshow” that those most outstanding advantages are its outstanding invisibility, long-range strike capability and infomatized combat capability.

He says that third- and fourth-generation fighter jets are defined by Western developed countries according to their strategic requirements, focuses and priorities. After the fourth generation there are the fifth and sixth generations that they have not defined. Their strategic requirements differ from ours; therefore, in the future process of actual innovation and development we will differ from them in requirements and technology so that the form, shape, etc. of the aircrafts will also differ.

He gave the impression that due to different requirements and technology, China will define its fifth- and six-generations of fighter jets. His ambition is not surprising since he is able to design such wonderful fourth-generation fighter jet.

Comment by Chan Kai Yee on’s report, full text of which in Chinese can be viewed at

J-20 Opens Its Internal Weapon Bay during Real War Maneuver

J-20 opens weapon bay while flying, Photo by Men Guangkuo

J-20’s short-range missile on position ready to fire. Photo by Men Guangkuo shows the above photos in its report “Top show! J-20 uses that maneuver to take back its core position!” on the show of a formation of 4 J-20s on November 11, the last day of Zhuhai Airshow to celebrate the 69th anniversary of the founding of Chinese air force.

The first photo shows J-20’s internal weapon bay that is opened during its normal flight. We can see the 4 medium-range and 2 short-range air-to-air missiles in the internal weapon bay.

The second and third photos show its 2 short-range missiles on their sliding rail ready to fire when the J-20 opens its weapon bay during the sharp maneuver that it may make in real war.

Comment by Chan Kai Yee on’s report, full text of which can be viewed at

Advanced Pili-10E Air-to-air Missile Makes J-20 15 Times More Powerful

Pili-10E air-to-air missile showcased at Zhuhai Airshow. photo says in its report “Since China has J-20, this fourth generation air-to-air missile also ranks among the most advanced in the world” that China’s Pili-10E air-to-air missile is among the best in the world as good as US AIM-9X. The advanced air-to-air missile makes J-20 over 15 times more powerful.

Due to its speedy maneuverability in making sharp turn, Pili-10E will make J-20 superior in dogfight.

Comment by Chan Kai Yee on’s report, full text of which can be viewed at

J-20 Uses Vector Engines and Has Superb Maneuverability

In its report “When will J-20’s engines be replaced by vector engines? Yang Wei: How do you know they are not used”, described China’s J-10Bs display of their superb maneuverability after its engines have been replaced by vector engines at the opening of the Zhuhai Airshow 2018 yesterday. Three J-20s also displayed their similar maneuverability in their flight performance at the airshow.

At the comment that vector propelling technology seemed so hard to master but now we have fully mastered it, J-10B’s chief engineer Yang Wei said that vector engines alone cannot provide such maneuverability. The fighter jets must have very fine pneumatic characteristics and the pilots must have excellent skill in controlling the warplanes.

When asked when J-20’s engines will be replaced by vector engines? Yang Wei replied: your question is about when vector engines will be used on J-20, but how do you know that vector engines are not used on J-20 now?

According to Yang J-20 is as good as other stealth fighter jets in functions and performance. As for its ability in sensing its status and the situation and operation of the networking system, we do not know how well J-20 is compared with others until it is tested in combat.

He said that he would keep on improving J-20 to make it even better in functions and performance.

Comment by Chan Kai Yee on’s report, full text of which in Chinese can be viewed at